Internet/Broadband-an overview
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN2
Brief History of the Internet
 1968 - ARPAnet(Advanced Research
Projects Agency)
 1974 - TCP specif...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN3
Evolution of the Internet
1945 1995
Memex
Conceived
1945
WWW
Created
1989
Mosaic
Created
1993
A
Mathe...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN4
Internet Growth Trends
 1977: 111 hosts on Internet
 1981: 213 hosts
 1983: 562 hosts
 1984: 1,00...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN5
Growth of Internet Hosts *
Sept. 1969 - Sept. 2002
0
50,000,000
100,000,000
150,000,000
200,000,000
2...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN6
Internet Users-Region Wise
0
50000000
100000000
150000000
200000000
250000000
AFR ASI EUR ME NA LA OC...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN7
Growth Rate % (2000-2004)
0
50
100
150
200
AFR ASI EUR ME NA LA OCE
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN8
Internet Access-World Share
AFR
1% ASI
31%
EUR
28%
ME
2%
NA
29%
LA
7%
OCE
2%
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN9
Internet Penetration %
0
20
40
60
80
100
USA UK AUS S-KR SWD SWZ ROW
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN10
Internet Users-2000 & 2004
0
20000000
40000000
60000000
80000000
100000000
CHN IND JAP NPL PAK SGP S...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN11
Growth Rate % (2000-2004)
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
CHN IND JAP NPL PAK SGP SRL
%Growth
231.6
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN12
Broadband Policy-2004
 Broadband connectivity as defined in
Broadband policy-2004 is an “always on”...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN13
Broadband Services
 High speed Internet Access
 Video-on-Demand
 Interactive Games
 Share market...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN14
Broadband Services
 E-mail & instant messaging
 Personal websites and online magazines
 Education...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN15
Broadband Users
 There are about 100 million Broadband
subscriber worldwide and are increasing by
a...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN16
Broadband Penetration %
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
IND MAL CHN KOR
0.02 0.4
1.4
25
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN17
Internet v Broadband Sub’s in India
0
10
20
30
40
2005 2007 2010
Internet Sub’s
Broadband Sub’s
6M
3...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN18
Broadband Technologies
Broadband Technologies
Wireless
3G Mobile
Wireline
Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity)
...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN19
Wireless LAN Standards
Standard Data Rate
(Max.)
Distance Frequency
IEEE 802.11a 54 Mbps 50 Meters 5...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN20
Broadband Wireless Technologies
 Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity)
• Wireless LAN with Broadband option
• M...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN21
Broadband Wireless Technologies
 WiMAX-Worldwide interoperability for
Microwave Access
• IEEE 802.1...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN22
Broadband Wireless Technologies
 Satellite
• Uses VSAT (very Small Aperture Terminals) &
DTH (Direc...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN23
Broadband Wireline Technologies
 DSL-Digital Subscriber line
• Technology for high bandwidth to hom...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN24
Broadband Wireline Technologies
 Cable Modem
• Allows high speed access to the Internet via a
cable...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN25
Broadband Wireline Technologies
 Optical Fibre Technologies
• Optical fibre with its unmatched capa...
ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN26
Broadband Wireline Technologies
 PLC-Power Line Communication
• Also referred as BPL (Broadband ove...
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3 broadband servies-250611

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3 broadband servies-250611

  1. 1. Internet/Broadband-an overview
  2. 2. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN2 Brief History of the Internet  1968 - ARPAnet(Advanced Research Projects Agency)  1974 - TCP specification  1984 – On January 1, the Internet with its 1000 hosts converts en masse to using TCP/IP for its messaging
  3. 3. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN3 Evolution of the Internet 1945 1995 Memex Conceived 1945 WWW Created 1989 Mosaic Created 1993 A Mathematical Theory of Communication 1948 Packet Switching Invented 1964 Silicon Chip 1958 First Vast Computer Network Envisioned 1962 ARPANET 1969 TCP/IP Created 1972 Internet Named and Goes TCP/IP 1984 Hypertext Invented 1965 Age of eCommerce Begins 1995
  4. 4. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN4 Internet Growth Trends  1977: 111 hosts on Internet  1981: 213 hosts  1983: 562 hosts  1984: 1,000 hosts  1986: 5,000 hosts  1987: 10,000 hosts  1989: 100,000 hosts  1992: 1,000,000 hosts  2001: 150 – 175 million hosts  2002: over 200 million hosts  By 2010, about 80% of the planet will be on the Internet
  5. 5. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN5 Growth of Internet Hosts * Sept. 1969 - Sept. 2002 0 50,000,000 100,000,000 150,000,000 200,000,000 250,000,000 9/69 01/71 01/73 01/74 01/76 01/79 08/81 08/83 10/85 11/86 07/88 01/89 10/89 01/91 10/91 04/92 10/92 04/93 10/93 07/94 01/95 01/96 01/97 01/98 01/99 01/01 08/02 Time Period No.ofHosts Sept. 1, 2002 Dot-Com Bust Begins
  6. 6. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN6 Internet Users-Region Wise 0 50000000 100000000 150000000 200000000 250000000 AFR ASI EUR ME NA LA OCE 2000 2004
  7. 7. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN7 Growth Rate % (2000-2004) 0 50 100 150 200 AFR ASI EUR ME NA LA OCE
  8. 8. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN8 Internet Access-World Share AFR 1% ASI 31% EUR 28% ME 2% NA 29% LA 7% OCE 2%
  9. 9. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN9 Internet Penetration % 0 20 40 60 80 100 USA UK AUS S-KR SWD SWZ ROW
  10. 10. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN10 Internet Users-2000 & 2004 0 20000000 40000000 60000000 80000000 100000000 CHN IND JAP NPL PAK SGP SRL 2000 2004 5,000,000 16,580,000
  11. 11. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN11 Growth Rate % (2000-2004) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 CHN IND JAP NPL PAK SGP SRL %Growth 231.6
  12. 12. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN12 Broadband Policy-2004  Broadband connectivity as defined in Broadband policy-2004 is an “always on” data connection that is able to support interactive services including Internet access and has the capability of minimum download speed of 256 kbps to an individual subscriber from the POP of the service provider
  13. 13. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN13 Broadband Services  High speed Internet Access  Video-on-Demand  Interactive Games  Share market dealing & personal banking  News, travel & leisure information  Music/Movie Download  Chatrooms & newsgroups
  14. 14. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN14 Broadband Services  E-mail & instant messaging  Personal websites and online magazines  Educational materials & research resources  Tele-medicine  Work at home  Internet radio & webcast concerts
  15. 15. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN15 Broadband Users  There are about 100 million Broadband subscriber worldwide and are increasing by about 2,00,000 every month • Asia Pacific – 45% • USA – 30% • Europe, Middle East & Africa – 25%
  16. 16. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN16 Broadband Penetration % 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 IND MAL CHN KOR 0.02 0.4 1.4 25
  17. 17. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN17 Internet v Broadband Sub’s in India 0 10 20 30 40 2005 2007 2010 Internet Sub’s Broadband Sub’s 6M 3M 18M 9M 40M 20M
  18. 18. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN18 Broadband Technologies Broadband Technologies Wireless 3G Mobile Wireline Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) Satellite DSL (Digital Sub’s Line) Cable Modem Optical Fibre Technologies PLC (Power Line Communication) WiMAX
  19. 19. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN19 Wireless LAN Standards Standard Data Rate (Max.) Distance Frequency IEEE 802.11a 54 Mbps 50 Meters 5.0 GHz IEEE 802.11b (Wi-Fi) 11 Mbps 100 Meters 2.4 GHz IEEE 802.11g (Backward compatiable with 802.11b) 54 Mbps 100 Meters 2.4 GHz HiperLAN2 (ETSI Standard) 54 Mbps 50 Meters 5.0 GHz
  20. 20. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN20 Broadband Wireless Technologies  Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) • Wireless LAN with Broadband option • Most widely used LAN standard (IEEE 802.11b) • Uses 2.4 Ghz band & delivers data over distances of 100 meters
  21. 21. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN21 Broadband Wireless Technologies  WiMAX-Worldwide interoperability for Microwave Access • IEEE 802.16 standard • Service area range of 50 kms • Provides shared data rates up to 70 mbps.
  22. 22. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN22 Broadband Wireless Technologies  Satellite • Uses VSAT (very Small Aperture Terminals) & DTH (Direct To Home) terminals • C, Ku & Ka bands are used for services involving fixed terminals • Offers data rates 9.6 Kbps for a handheld terminal and 60 Mbps for a fixed VSAT terminal • Future will support up to 155 Mbps
  23. 23. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN23 Broadband Wireline Technologies  DSL-Digital Subscriber line • Technology for high bandwidth to home and small businesses over ordinary copper telephone lines • Achievable data rate depends on the distance and cable impairments
  24. 24. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN24 Broadband Wireline Technologies  Cable Modem • Allows high speed access to the Internet via a cable television network • Uses cable modem technology through the use of Set-Top-Box at the customer premises
  25. 25. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN25 Broadband Wireline Technologies  Optical Fibre Technologies • Optical fibre with its unmatched capacity to carry enormous amount of information over unlimited distances can be deployed for broadband access in:  FTTH (Fibre-To-The-Home)
  26. 26. ALTTC/DX/IBB_OV/AKN26 Broadband Wireline Technologies  PLC-Power Line Communication • Also referred as BPL (Broadband over Power Lines) • Can provide broadband Internet access through ordinary power lines • Most extensive networks in the world, surpassing the phone network as well as the cable network in size and coverage • Suffers from technological challenges due to interference with noise, radio and television etc.
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