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Private Branding Primer Presentation for Cramer-Krasselt Winn-Dixie Stores September 18, 20xx Michael J. Williams © 20xx M...
Part I -  Background Introduction – What is a  Brand?
Brand Definition <ul><li>According to Webster’s New World Dictionary the word “brand” is defined as a.) an identifying mar...
Brand Personality <ul><li>Every brand has a personality or product makeup to create a reason for the consumer to purchase....
Brand Positioning <ul><li>Every consumer product has competitive and alternative choice challenges.  Positioning a brand w...
Brand Positioning <ul><li>&quot;Differentiation&quot; is the collection of differences in features and benefits versus com...
Creative Development <ul><li>What is unique about your business or brand vs. direct competitors? Which of these factors ar...
Brand Strategy <ul><li>Controlled, integrated program of communication methods and materials designed to present a brand t...
Brand Strategy <ul><li>Tools: </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Selling </li></ul><ul><li>Selling S...
Qualitative Research <ul><li>Past History </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Image Evaluation </li></ul><ul>...
Linguistic Screening <ul><li>Communicating with the brand strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Clarity and Precision </li></ul><ul>...
Quantitative Research <ul><li>Primary Research: Setting up a study that specifically tests theories or beliefs.  This rese...
Conjoint Analysis <ul><li>Develop products and services that sell. </li></ul><ul><li>Answers critical questions  </li></ul...
Risk Benefit Management <ul><li>Evaluations of future risk:  </li></ul><ul><li>Real future risk as disclosed by the fully ...
Brand Tracking & Ranking <ul><li>Use of Syndicated Service: </li></ul><ul><li>Scantrak, InfoScan  </li></ul><ul><li>Nielse...
Part I -  Background Brand Marketing
Product <ul><li>Introductory Stage – new idea that demands investment spending to gain awareness, get trial and distributi...
Price <ul><li>The tangible product or service must be offered to the consumer at a price that will produce an acceptable r...
Packaging <ul><li>VIEW  Concept </li></ul><ul><li>V isibility – how visible a package design is </li></ul><ul><li>I nforma...
Promotion <ul><li>Consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Cash Refunds </li></ul><ul><li>Contests, sweeps </li></ul><ul><li>Coupons </l...
Channels of Distribution <ul><li>Products must be made available when and where the consumer dictates. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
Target Audience <ul><li>Define your target customer group by identifying the market that has “a similar set of needs and c...
Part I -  Background Consumer Behavior
Consumer Decision Process <ul><li>Source:Engel, Blackwell and Kollat, Consumer Behavior 6 th  ed. </li></ul>
Awareness <ul><li>The first step is to stay current with changing customer needs. Successful positioning usually links phy...
Affiliation <ul><li>People buy products that they feel are sound and valid.  Purchasing behavior is determined by many pat...
Sampling <ul><li>Effective yet costly way of introducing a new product. </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to stimulate a higher rate...
Repurchase <ul><li>Use of Sales Promotion tools </li></ul><ul><li>Couponing </li></ul><ul><li>Value added sizes </li></ul>...
Retention <ul><li>Once a brand has invested in a consumer, it must be willing to spend to keep them. </li></ul><ul><li>Loy...
Loyalty <ul><li>Loyalty is achieved when the set of buying criteria is met by the product on a consistent basis.  </li></u...
Part I -  Background History of Private Branding
What is a store brand product? <ul><li>Store brand products encompass all merchandise sold under a retail store's private ...
What products are sold as store brands? <ul><li>Major retailers can offer consumers as a store brand almost any product th...
Advantages to store brands <ul><li>For the consumer, store brands represent the choice and opportunity to regularly purcha...
Who makes and markets them? <ul><li>Manufacturers of store brand products fall into four classifications:  </li></ul><ul><...
Growth of Private Brands <ul><li>Store brands now account for one of every five items sold every day in U.S. supermarkets,...
Part I -  Background Company Mission Statement
Objectives <ul><li>To generate revenue and profits that are acceptable to stockholders R.O.I. targets. (measurable) </li><...
Strategies <ul><li>Use store brands to increase business as well as to win loyalty of customers.  </li></ul><ul><li>Give r...
Tactics <ul><li>Creation of a store brand that uses the retailer as the brand . </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a store bran...
Part II -  Private Brands Who, What, Where and Why of Private Brands
Who are these Private Brands? <ul><li>Private Brands that: </li></ul><ul><li>Account for 91% awareness of consumers  </li>...
Consumer Reaction to  Private Brands <ul><li>Consumer Awareness of Store Brands -  91%  (86%) </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers ...
Who are these Private Brands? (continued) <ul><li>Shopping Products – Price/Value have strong influence on the buying deci...
What is a Private Brand? <ul><li>Answer: It is a  brand  product that is exclusive for its retailer.  It is found in a  sp...
Where are Private Brands? <ul><li>Wide Distribution   </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Drug </li></ul><ul><li>Mass...
Why are there Private Brands? <ul><li>Several reasons but all relate to improving the  Bottom line.  Retailers can generat...
Part II -  Private Brands Rationale
Control Reasons for Private Brands <ul><li>Retailers can  control  product, price, channel of distribution and promotion. ...
Marketing Reasons  <ul><li>Retailers can give a reason for the consumer to  shop their stores exclusively  for all their n...
P&L Reasons <ul><li>Basically, private brands can return more money to the  bottom line  of companies.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Part II -  Private Brands Advantages and Disadvantages
Advantages of Private Brands <ul><li>High price/value perception. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyday, less expensive to the consum...
More Advantages <ul><li>Fastest growing segment in consumer products. </li></ul><ul><li>Retail outlet dependent. </li></ul...
Disadvantages of Private Brands <ul><li>Low Price = Low Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Previous customer experience with failur...
Part II -  Private Brands Types of Private Brands
Types of Private Brands <ul><li>Store Brands </li></ul><ul><li>Store Sub Brands </li></ul><ul><li>Umbrella Brands </li></u...
Store Brands <ul><li>Retailers name is very prominent and evident on the packaging. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>...
Store Sub Brands <ul><li>Products where the retailer’s name is low key on the packaging. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li>...
Umbrella Branding <ul><li>A generic brand independent from the name of the retailer’s name.  Umbrella brands are used in d...
Individual Brands <ul><li>Name used in one category.  This is used to promote “real discount” product line. </li></ul><ul>...
Exclusive Brands <ul><li>Again a name is used in one category but to promote “added value” products within a category. </l...
Part III – Private Brand Program Decision to Develop and Market a Proprietary Brand.
Business Commitment - then <ul><li>A&P's a famous brand—to your grandparents. In 1912, A&P stores instituted &quot;cash an...
Business Commitment - now <ul><li>Kroger is considered a market leader today.  Below are excerpts from its business plan. ...
Business Commitment - now <ul><li>Kroger Named One of Best-promoted Brands   </li></ul><ul><li>SEPTEMBER 04, 2002  -- STAM...
Business Commitment - now <ul><li>“ Also figuring into Kroger's designation was the fact that its private label goods acco...
Financial Support <ul><li>Private brands are viewed as “cash cows” but need developmental and promotion funding. </li></ul...
R.O.I <ul><li>What are the retailers’ guideline for national brands? </li></ul><ul><li>What other costs/revenue are associ...
Your Customer <ul><li>The most important consideration for long term growth and business building. </li></ul><ul><li>Remem...
Intangibles <ul><li>Retailers know that consumers can buy a national brand anywhere, but they can only buy private brand a...
Part III – Private Brand Program Product Development
Research & Development <ul><li>Does the retailer already have a private label or parts of a private label program?  </li><...
Submissions and Testing <ul><li>Product Attributes:  </li></ul><ul><li>(all attributes are product driven) </li></ul><ul><...
Quality Control <ul><li>Customer Service available </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>FDA Requirements...
Packaging <ul><li>Clear and Informative </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains the integrity of the product within. </li></ul><ul><li...
Legal and Regulatory <ul><li>Trademark protection </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Drug Administration rules </li></ul><ul><li>B...
Part III – Private Brand Program Marketing
Platform Creation <ul><li>Mission/Vision </li></ul><ul><li>We are customer focused and our objectives are ambitious but wi...
Positioning <ul><li>Wegmans Brand Not Your Average Store Brand   </li></ul><ul><li>At Wegmans, we have a unique philosophy...
Segmentation <ul><li>Safeway SELECT Verdi Self-Rising Pizza 1st Place, 1999 San Francisco Taster's Choice Panel - Outscore...
Competitive Analysis <ul><li>Market Leaders – Kroger, Albertson’s, Safeway </li></ul><ul><li>Market Movers – Royal Ahold N...
Strategic Tactics <ul><li>Compare your brand positioning with your competition's positioning. You should not be able to su...
Execution of Tactical Plan <ul><li>Recommended Tactic </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a store brand that differentiates and ...
Modeling <ul><li>Data Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Regression Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Pantry...
Part III – Private Brand Program Creating the Private Brand
Creative Direction <ul><li>Establish the brand's character or &quot;personality.&quot; This is done through descriptions t...
Client Input <ul><li>WINN-DIXIE's strength lies in our family of more than 120,000 loyal and productive associates.  Our c...
Client Input <ul><li>OUR EFFORTS are focused on delivering total customer satisfaction and low price leadership. And this ...
Client Input <ul><li>With increased square footage, we are able to surround the customer with more departments and more ti...
Naming / Branding <ul><li>What does the Winn-Dixie retail brand stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>Position </li></ul><ul><li>Pe...
Product Assignment <ul><li>What Private Label brands does Winn-Dixie currently own? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the strengt...
Art Direction <ul><li>Who is in charge to position and give the brand its personality? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a single-...
Implementation Calendar <ul><li>Determined on a product or category basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement on strategic direct...
Metrics Architecture <ul><li>PERT model – The Program Evaluation and Review Technique to insure that the projects are on t...
Client Agreement and Close <ul><li>Putting together a Private Brand program that enhances: </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate goa...
Part IV – Support Product / Brand Management
Creating Awareness <ul><li>Retailer is in the position of strength with their brand: </li></ul><ul><li>Signage </li></ul><...
Promotional Flighting <ul><li>Retailer can control the promotional schedule of their private brand: </li></ul><ul><li>Best...
Displays <ul><li>Retailer can build brand usage through secondary locations. </li></ul><ul><li>Universal displays that are...
Merchandising <ul><li>Retailer have the additional advantage of knowing the national brands merchandising tools to use for...
Planograms <ul><li>Retailer will be able to give the private label brands the best locations when doing their planograms a...
Up-sell and Cross-sell <ul><li>Retailer can up sell their private brand especially when they implement a segmentation posi...
Advertising & Public Relations <ul><li>The private brand products’ advertising will have the same voice as the retailer ad...
Monitoring and Brand Building <ul><li>Retailer can monitor sales by SKU, product line and category. </li></ul><ul><li>With...
Part IV - Support Ongoing Brand Support
Supporting Product Categories <ul><li>Brand Management teams – Private brands need the same business planning that the nat...
Maintaining Segmentation <ul><li>Conducting product and line review to determine if the brand position is being supported....
Line Extensions <ul><li>Brand Management will have the responsibility of new product line extensions based on demand from ...
New Product Introductions <ul><li>New Product Development teams will stay current with emerging trends and new competitive...
Measurement and Enhancements  <ul><li>Quarterly assessment based on revenue and profitability. </li></ul><ul><li>Measureme...
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Transcript of "Private branding primer1"

  1. 1. Private Branding Primer Presentation for Cramer-Krasselt Winn-Dixie Stores September 18, 20xx Michael J. Williams © 20xx Michael J. Williams
  2. 2. Part I - Background Introduction – What is a Brand?
  3. 3. Brand Definition <ul><li>According to Webster’s New World Dictionary the word “brand” is defined as a.) an identifying mark or label on products of a particular company; trademark, </li></ul><ul><li>b.) the kind or make of a commodity, </li></ul><ul><li>c.) a special kind or variety </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brand Personality <ul><li>Every brand has a personality or product makeup to create a reason for the consumer to purchase. It can be connected to product innovation, packaging presentation, advertising and creative support, channels of distribution. Consumers want to buy products that they identify and have an affinity link. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Brand Positioning <ul><li>Every consumer product has competitive and alternative choice challenges. Positioning a brand with a U.S.P. (Unique Selling Proposition) gives it a competitive edge. A brand has a greater chance to break out of a perceived “Me-Too” commodity item to a necessary product that consumers choose over the competition. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Brand Positioning <ul><li>&quot;Differentiation&quot; is the collection of differences in features and benefits versus competitive products. The key is to determine how important these collective differences are to the buyer. Communication of important differences is the basis for a successful positioning strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Al Ries & Jack Trout, Marketing Warfare </li></ul>
  7. 7. Creative Development <ul><li>What is unique about your business or brand vs. direct competitors? Which of these factors are most important to the buyers and end users of your business or brand? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these factors are not easily imitated by competitors? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these factors can be easily communicated and understood by buyers or end users? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you construct a memorable message (USP) of these unique, meaningful qualities about your business or brand? </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, how will you communicate this message (USP) to buyers and end users? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Brand Strategy <ul><li>Controlled, integrated program of communication methods and materials designed to present a brand to prospective customers. </li></ul><ul><li>To communicate need-satisfying attributes of products to facilitate sales thus contribute to long term profit performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Promotional Strategy, Engel, Warshaw and Kinnear </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brand Strategy <ul><li>Tools: </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Selling </li></ul><ul><li>Selling Support </li></ul><ul><li>Publicity </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Promotional Strategy, Engel, Warshaw and Kinnear </li></ul>
  10. 10. Qualitative Research <ul><li>Past History </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Image Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Needs Hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Trend Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul>
  11. 11. Linguistic Screening <ul><li>Communicating with the brand strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Clarity and Precision </li></ul><ul><li>Easily Understood </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding slang, jargon and confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Building positive image </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidance of negative imagery </li></ul>
  12. 12. Quantitative Research <ul><li>Primary Research: Setting up a study that specifically tests theories or beliefs. This research will be quantified and statistically important in the decision process. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Research: Research that is purchased from a well known and trusted source such as AC Nielsen, Scantrak, Towne-Oller </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conjoint Analysis <ul><li>Develop products and services that sell. </li></ul><ul><li>Answers critical questions </li></ul><ul><li>Product attributes that customers do care about. </li></ul><ul><li>Most preferred attribute levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Effectively perform pricing and brand equity studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: SPSS Inc. Headquarters, 233 S. Wacker Drive, 11th floor Chicago, Illinois 60606 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Risk Benefit Management <ul><li>Evaluations of future risk: </li></ul><ul><li>Real future risk as disclosed by the fully matured future circumstances when they develop. </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical risk, as determined by currently available data. </li></ul><ul><li>Projected risk, as analytically based on system models structured from historical studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived risk, as intuitively seen by individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Risk Benefit Analysis , Richard Wilson and Edmund A.C. Crouch, Harvard University Press </li></ul>
  15. 15. Brand Tracking & Ranking <ul><li>Use of Syndicated Service: </li></ul><ul><li>Scantrak, InfoScan </li></ul><ul><li>Nielsen Marketing Research, IMS Intl, MIS, Towne-Oller, IRI </li></ul><ul><li>Use of in-store database: </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty Cards, </li></ul><ul><li>Panel groups </li></ul>
  16. 16. Part I - Background Brand Marketing
  17. 17. Product <ul><li>Introductory Stage – new idea that demands investment spending to gain awareness, get trial and distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive Stage – selling an established product, must use incentives to both consumer and the trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Commodity Stage – product at maturity, brand preference weakens, physical variations among competing products narrows, method of production stabilize. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Promotional Strategy, Engel, Warshaw and Kinnear </li></ul>
  18. 18. Price <ul><li>The tangible product or service must be offered to the consumer at a price that will produce an acceptable return on investment. </li></ul><ul><li>The price chosen must be carefully tuned to the consumers’ willingness to pay. </li></ul><ul><li>Competitors’ actions especially important when there are many similar products. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal constraints i.e. FTC, Robinson-Patman Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Promotional Strategy, Engel, Warshaw and Kinnear </li></ul>
  19. 19. Packaging <ul><li>VIEW Concept </li></ul><ul><li>V isibility – how visible a package design is </li></ul><ul><li>I nformation – ability of package to communicate key product attributes </li></ul><ul><li>E motionally - appealing to see if package communicates the product personality. </li></ul><ul><li>W orkability – how well the package protects its contents </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Promotional Strategy, Engel, Warshaw, and Kinnear </li></ul>
  20. 20. Promotion <ul><li>Consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Cash Refunds </li></ul><ul><li>Contests, sweeps </li></ul><ul><li>Coupons </li></ul><ul><li>Premiums </li></ul><ul><li>On-packs, value packs </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Contests </li></ul><ul><li>Free goods </li></ul><ul><li>Dealer loading </li></ul><ul><li>Dating </li></ul><ul><li>Display allowances </li></ul><ul><li>Merchandising, Point-of-sale </li></ul>
  21. 21. Channels of Distribution <ul><li>Products must be made available when and where the consumer dictates. </li></ul><ul><li>The last 50 years has seen the growth of mass channels with the last 20 years seen the growth of super centers (hypermarkets) and big box specialty retailers. </li></ul><ul><li>Objective is to adapt to consumer requirements for product availability </li></ul>
  22. 22. Target Audience <ul><li>Define your target customer group by identifying the market that has “a similar set of needs and concerns that your product or service can satisfy.” </li></ul><ul><li>Demographics – objectively defined </li></ul><ul><li>Psychographics – emotionally defined </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Creating Brand Loyalty, by Richard D. Czerniawski and Michael W. Maloney AMACOM, 1999 </li></ul>
  23. 23. Part I - Background Consumer Behavior
  24. 24. Consumer Decision Process <ul><li>Source:Engel, Blackwell and Kollat, Consumer Behavior 6 th ed. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Awareness <ul><li>The first step is to stay current with changing customer needs. Successful positioning usually links physical (functional) needs to psychographic (emotional) needs. For example, Starbucks did this by linking coffee (functional) to a social atmosphere (emotional). </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Creating Brand Loyalty, by Richard D. Czerniawski and Michael W. Maloney AMACOM, 1999 </li></ul>
  26. 26. Affiliation <ul><li>People buy products that they feel are sound and valid. Purchasing behavior is determined by many patterns: </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural and ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Habits </li></ul><ul><li>Referrals by centers of influence </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising </li></ul>
  27. 27. Sampling <ul><li>Effective yet costly way of introducing a new product. </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to stimulate a higher rate of trial. </li></ul><ul><li>Large CPG companies can afford it. </li></ul><ul><li>Done in conjunction with product research. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Repurchase <ul><li>Use of Sales Promotion tools </li></ul><ul><li>Couponing </li></ul><ul><li>Value added sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Point-of purchase promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Rebates </li></ul><ul><li>Free goods </li></ul><ul><li>Displays and secondary placement </li></ul>
  29. 29. Retention <ul><li>Once a brand has invested in a consumer, it must be willing to spend to keep them. </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty programs – Betty Crocker points </li></ul><ul><li>Self Liquidating Premiums – Pillsbury cookbook offers </li></ul><ul><li>Contests – Coca Cola instant winners </li></ul><ul><li>Cross Sells – Free or discounted offers – Frito Lays chips and Pepsi coupon </li></ul>
  30. 30. Loyalty <ul><li>Loyalty is achieved when the set of buying criteria is met by the product on a consistent basis. </li></ul><ul><li>The pattern becomes a habit and will continue as long as the product continues to meet the expectation of the consumer. </li></ul><ul><li>If the product fails to deliver its expected result the consumer will start the purchase process by sampling competitive products. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Part I - Background History of Private Branding
  32. 32. What is a store brand product? <ul><li>Store brand products encompass all merchandise sold under a retail store's private label. That label can be the store's own name or a name created exclusively by that store. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: PLMA </li></ul>
  33. 33. What products are sold as store brands? <ul><li>Major retailers can offer consumers as a store brand almost any product that is manufactured and mass merchandised. Food, drug and discount store brands cover full lines of fresh canned, frozen and dry foods, snacks, ethnic specialties, pet foods, health and beauty aids, over-the-counter drugs, cosmetics, household and laundry products, lawn and garden chemicals, paints and hardware, auto aftercare, stationery, and housewares. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: PLMA </li></ul>
  34. 34. Advantages to store brands <ul><li>For the consumer, store brands represent the choice and opportunity to regularly purchase quality food and non-food products at savings compared to national brands, without resorting to coupons or promotional pricing. Store brands consist of the same or comparable ingredients as the national brands and because the store's name or symbol is on the package, the consumer is assured that the product is manufactured to the store's quality standards and specifications. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: PLMA </li></ul>
  35. 35. Who makes and markets them? <ul><li>Manufacturers of store brand products fall into four classifications: </li></ul><ul><li>Large national brand manufacturers that utilize their expertise and excess plant capacity to supply store brands </li></ul><ul><li>Small, quality manufacturers who specialize in particular product lines and concentrate on producing store brands almost exclusively. Often these companies are owned by corporations that also produce national brands </li></ul><ul><li>Major retailers and wholesalers that own their own manufacturing facilities and provide store brand products for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Regional brand manufacturers that produce private label products for specific markets </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Store Brands Today by the Private Label Manufacturers Association (PLMA) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Growth of Private Brands <ul><li>Store brands now account for one of every five items sold every day in U.S. supermarkets, drug chains and mass merchandisers. </li></ul><ul><li>They represent a nearly $50 billion segment of the retailing business and are achieving new levels of growth every year. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Part I - Background Company Mission Statement
  38. 38. Objectives <ul><li>To generate revenue and profits that are acceptable to stockholders R.O.I. targets. (measurable) </li></ul><ul><li>To build and grow a business that is fiscally sound. (measurable) </li></ul><ul><li>To be a customer driven business that provides products and services (measurable) </li></ul>
  39. 39. Strategies <ul><li>Use store brands to increase business as well as to win loyalty of customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Give retailers a way to differentiate themselves from the competition. </li></ul><ul><li>Store brands serve to enhance the retailer's image and help cement its relationship with consumers. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Tactics <ul><li>Creation of a store brand that uses the retailer as the brand . </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a store brand that differentiates and uses segmentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of several brands that are category or product dependent. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Part II - Private Brands Who, What, Where and Why of Private Brands
  42. 42. Who are these Private Brands? <ul><li>Private Brands that: </li></ul><ul><li>Account for 91% awareness of consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Generate over $50 billion segment of the retail business. </li></ul><ul><li>Store brands account for one of every five items sold in U.S. food, drug and mass merchandisers. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Private Label Manufacturer’s Association, Gallup Study </li></ul>
  43. 43. Consumer Reaction to Private Brands <ul><li>Consumer Awareness of Store Brands - 91% (86%) </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers Who Buy Store Brands Regularly – 83% (77%) </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers Who Say Store Brands are as Well Packaged as National Brands – 76% (68%) </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers Who Say Store Brands Taste and Perform as Well as National Brands – 72% (67%) </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer Who Say Price Has Major Effect on Buying Store Brands – 61% (67%) </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Gallup Poll, Gallup 1996 versus (1991) 1996 </li></ul>
  44. 44. Who are these Private Brands? (continued) <ul><li>Shopping Products – Price/Value have strong influence on the buying decision. </li></ul><ul><li>Specialty Products – Exclusivity and “uniqueness” position </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience Products – Ease of use and availability in the places people shop </li></ul>
  45. 45. What is a Private Brand? <ul><li>Answer: It is a brand product that is exclusive for its retailer. It is found in a specific retail location. </li></ul><ul><li>It has the same attributes as nationally branded products. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Where are Private Brands? <ul><li>Wide Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Drug </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Merchandisers </li></ul><ul><li>Combo Stores </li></ul><ul><li>Home/Hardware Stores </li></ul><ul><li>Clubs </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Department Stores </li></ul><ul><li>Gen. Merchandisers </li></ul><ul><li>Specialty Retail </li></ul><ul><li>Catalogers/ Direct Mail </li></ul>
  47. 47. Why are there Private Brands? <ul><li>Several reasons but all relate to improving the Bottom line. Retailers can generate more revenue and more profit from there own private brands. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Part II - Private Brands Rationale
  49. 49. Control Reasons for Private Brands <ul><li>Retailers can control product, price, channel of distribution and promotion. </li></ul><ul><li>Retailers can control the source of production. </li></ul><ul><li>Retailers have more control with national or regional brands (slotting allowances, co-op adv., display allowance, PFAA, couponing). </li></ul>
  50. 50. Marketing Reasons <ul><li>Retailers can give a reason for the consumer to shop their stores exclusively for all their needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Build store identity and loyalty with private brands. </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer or build a retailer quality name to the private brand name. </li></ul>
  51. 51. P&L Reasons <ul><li>Basically, private brands can return more money to the bottom line of companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Private brands are the fastest growing segment in packaged goods marketing. </li></ul><ul><li>They continue to outperform branded products in quality, value and customer loyalty . </li></ul>
  52. 52. Part II - Private Brands Advantages and Disadvantages
  53. 53. Advantages of Private Brands <ul><li>High price/value perception. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyday, less expensive to the consumer than national brands. </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived as “good” or “better” than a national brand. </li></ul><ul><li>Offers the consumer more variety within the category. </li></ul>
  54. 54. More Advantages <ul><li>Fastest growing segment in consumer products. </li></ul><ul><li>Retail outlet dependent. </li></ul><ul><li>Retailers offer “satisfaction guaranteed.” </li></ul><ul><li>Trust in retail name equals trust in product. </li></ul><ul><li>Product provides a need based on a want. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Retail Industry, Brands versus Private Labels. Part 2 </li></ul>
  55. 55. Disadvantages of Private Brands <ul><li>Low Price = Low Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Previous customer experience with failures i.e. if the private label jelly isn’t good then their other products aren’t good. </li></ul><ul><li>A negative backlash on the retailer’s image. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of standardization between categories. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Retail Industry, Brands versus Private Labels. Part 2 </li></ul>
  56. 56. Part II - Private Brands Types of Private Brands
  57. 57. Types of Private Brands <ul><li>Store Brands </li></ul><ul><li>Store Sub Brands </li></ul><ul><li>Umbrella Brands </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Brands </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusive Brands </li></ul>
  58. 58. Store Brands <ul><li>Retailers name is very prominent and evident on the packaging. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Walgreen's Aspirin </li></ul><ul><li>Publix Microwave Popcorn </li></ul><ul><li>CVS Baby Powder </li></ul>
  59. 59. Store Sub Brands <ul><li>Products where the retailer’s name is low key on the packaging. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Wal-Mart presents Sam’s Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Albertson’s Simply Clean Detergents </li></ul><ul><li>Kenmore Appliances by Sears </li></ul>
  60. 60. Umbrella Branding <ul><li>A generic brand independent from the name of the retailer’s name. Umbrella brands are used in different product categories. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Superbrand dairy products (Winn Dixie) </li></ul><ul><li>Martha Stewart Everyday housewares (K-Mart) </li></ul>
  61. 61. Individual Brands <ul><li>Name used in one category. This is used to promote “real discount” product line. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Hampton Bay Lighting (Home Depot) </li></ul><ul><li>Great Value Foods (Wal-Mart) </li></ul><ul><li>FMV foods (Kroger) </li></ul>
  62. 62. Exclusive Brands <ul><li>Again a name is used in one category but to promote “added value” products within a category. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Private Selection (Kroger) </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Graves Housewares (Target) </li></ul>
  63. 63. Part III – Private Brand Program Decision to Develop and Market a Proprietary Brand.
  64. 64. Business Commitment - then <ul><li>A&P's a famous brand—to your grandparents. In 1912, A&P stores instituted &quot;cash and carry&quot; transactions at a time others kept customer tabs. A&P was among the first grocers to make its own products like A&P Bokar Coffee (which Cmdr. Richard Byrd carried on his 1929 Antarctica expedition). The company launched Woman's Day magazine in 1937. And at its loftiest, A&P's revenue in 1950 was second only to General Motors. But that was then. Source: CIO Magazine September 2001 </li></ul>
  65. 65. Business Commitment - now <ul><li>Kroger is considered a market leader today. Below are excerpts from its business plan. </li></ul><ul><li>OUR MISSION is to be a leader in the distribution and merchandising of food, health, personal care, and related consumable products and services… </li></ul><ul><li>We will conduct our business to produce financial returns that reward investment by shareowners and allow the Company to grow… </li></ul><ul><li>We will constantly strive to satisfy the needs of customers as well as, or better than, the best of our competitors. Operating procedures will increasingly reflect our belief that the organization levels closest to the customer are best positioned to serve changing consumer needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: www.kroger.com </li></ul>
  66. 66. Business Commitment - now <ul><li>Kroger Named One of Best-promoted Brands </li></ul><ul><li>SEPTEMBER 04, 2002 -- STAMFORD, Conn. - Kroger was the only supermarket banner named one of the best-promoted brands of the past two years by Promo, a trade publication based here. The magazine's editors lauded the Cincinnati-based chain for the accuracy of its customer database, its marketing partnerships with consumer packaged goods companies, and its private label branding efforts. &quot;Top CPGs beat a path to Kroger for targeted mailings; Kroger dices its database well to hit just the right cardholders,&quot; writes the magazine in its September issue. Promo added that Kroger is one of the chains most successful at executing loyalty marketing programs driven by manufacturers but delivered in-store. Also figuring into Kroger's designation was the fact that its private label goods account for 23 percent of total sales. Source: Progressive Grocer </li></ul>
  67. 67. Business Commitment - now <ul><li>“ Also figuring into Kroger's designation was the fact that its private label goods account for 23 percent of total sales. “ </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Progressive Grocer </li></ul>
  68. 68. Financial Support <ul><li>Private brands are viewed as “cash cows” but need developmental and promotion funding. </li></ul><ul><li>Private brands can command the best real estate from a retailer. </li></ul><ul><li>Private brands need the same support of a Brand/Product team as national brands in order to stay current and adjust to consumer needs. </li></ul>
  69. 69. R.O.I <ul><li>What are the retailers’ guideline for national brands? </li></ul><ul><li>What other costs/revenue are associated with national brand programs? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the return from the private label program at an acceptable level for replacing national brand programs? </li></ul>
  70. 70. Your Customer <ul><li>The most important consideration for long term growth and business building. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember the adage, “If you do not take care of your customer, somebody else will.” </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Customer Centered Growth, Richard Whitely and Diane Hessan, The Forum Corporation </li></ul>
  71. 71. Intangibles <ul><li>Retailers know that consumers can buy a national brand anywhere, but they can only buy private brand at their store. </li></ul><ul><li>Must give the consumer a reason to keep coming back to your store to purchase the products they need and want. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Part III – Private Brand Program Product Development
  73. 73. Research & Development <ul><li>Does the retailer already have a private label or parts of a private label program? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the retailer have talent to execute a program? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the retailer have relationships with manufacturers and suppliers? </li></ul>
  74. 74. Submissions and Testing <ul><li>Product Attributes: </li></ul><ul><li>(all attributes are product driven) </li></ul><ul><li>Size and shape </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Taste </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of use </li></ul>
  75. 75. Quality Control <ul><li>Customer Service available </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>FDA Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Batch Coding </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of manufacturing processes </li></ul>
  76. 76. Packaging <ul><li>Clear and Informative </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains the integrity of the product within. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Communicates product attributes and benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Re-enforces a family and branded position </li></ul>
  77. 77. Legal and Regulatory <ul><li>Trademark protection </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Drug Administration rules </li></ul><ul><li>Batch coding </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredient integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Handling procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Inspections </li></ul>
  78. 78. Part III – Private Brand Program Marketing
  79. 79. Platform Creation <ul><li>Mission/Vision </li></ul><ul><li>We are customer focused and our objectives are ambitious but within reach: we intend to be the best and most successful food retailer and foodservice operator in every region in which our companies are active. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Royal Ahold NV </li></ul>
  80. 80. Positioning <ul><li>Wegmans Brand Not Your Average Store Brand </li></ul><ul><li>At Wegmans, we have a unique philosophy when it comes to our &quot;store&quot; brand. We believe that price is only part of the equation. The other part is quality. That's why we use only the best ingredients, work closely with our chefs throughout product development, and test and re-test until it's right. It's also why we stand by every Wegmans brand product with a simple guarantee: Any problems...just bring it back for a refund. Give it a try. We think you'll be satisfied. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: www.Wegmans.com </li></ul>
  81. 81. Segmentation <ul><li>Safeway SELECT Verdi Self-Rising Pizza 1st Place, 1999 San Francisco Taster's Choice Panel - Outscores Tombstone, Red Baron, DiGiorno & Freshcetta. </li></ul><ul><li>Safeway SELECT Gourmet Club Frozen Chicken Breasts 1st Place, 1999 San Francisco Taster's Choice Panel - Outscores Butterball Chicken Requests & Tyson . </li></ul><ul><li>Safeway SELECT Healthy Advantage Blueberry Waffles 1st Place, 1999 San Francisco Taster's Choice Panel - Outscores Kellogg's Eggo & Trader Joe's. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: www.Safeway.com/awards </li></ul>
  82. 82. Competitive Analysis <ul><li>Market Leaders – Kroger, Albertson’s, Safeway </li></ul><ul><li>Market Movers – Royal Ahold NV </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Innovators – Target, Wal-Mart, Wegmans </li></ul><ul><li>Market Laggards – Pathmark, A&P </li></ul>
  83. 83. Strategic Tactics <ul><li>Compare your brand positioning with your competition's positioning. You should not be able to substitute anyone else's brand name for yours in your brand positioning statement. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Creating Brand Loyalty, by Richard D. Czerniawski and Michael W. Maloney AMACOM, 1999 </li></ul>
  84. 84. Execution of Tactical Plan <ul><li>Recommended Tactic </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a store brand that differentiates and uses segmentation – example: Kroger’s good-better-best positioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Good = F.M.V. (For Maximum Value) </li></ul><ul><li>Better = Kroger Brand </li></ul><ul><li>Best = Private Selection </li></ul>
  85. 85. Modeling <ul><li>Data Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Regression Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Pantry Diary Panels </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive History and Analysis </li></ul>
  86. 86. Part III – Private Brand Program Creating the Private Brand
  87. 87. Creative Direction <ul><li>Establish the brand's character or &quot;personality.&quot; This is done through descriptions that reflect personality traits or values. Consistency in advertising messages will eventually bring these characteristics to customers' minds automatically. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Creating Brand Loyalty, by Richard D. Czerniawski and Michael W. Maloney AMACOM, 1999 </li></ul>
  88. 88. Client Input <ul><li>WINN-DIXIE's strength lies in our family of more than 120,000 loyal and productive associates.  Our continuous training programs are committed to enhance the associates' ability to provide customer service with professionalism, while improving their personal skills to move ahead with the Company. </li></ul><ul><li>By aggressively building new and larger locations, remodeling and enlarging existing locations and offering an expanded line of merchandise and services, Winn-Dixie looks forward to continued growth. </li></ul>
  89. 89. Client Input <ul><li>OUR EFFORTS are focused on delivering total customer satisfaction and low price leadership. And this goal, we believe, is the key to gaining new customers and increasing sales and profit. We will accomplish this by being flexible and responsive to the ever-changing needs of our customers. </li></ul><ul><li>More emphasis is placed on the location directors taking greater responsibility for merchandising to meet the needs of each store's customers. Today's customer prefers one-stop shopping. In response, we continue moving to larger stores in centralized locations. </li></ul>
  90. 90. Client Input <ul><li>With increased square footage, we are able to surround the customer with more departments and more time-saving choices from service centers like seafood, floral, pharmacy, deli, bakery, international wines and cheeses, banking, ATMs, photo processing, postage stamps and money orders. We are also expanding general merchandise, health and beauty care and frozen food areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Our satellite communications system increases our efficiency to network with all Winn-Dixie locations, allowing our associates to spend less time on paperwork and more time assisting the customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: www.Winn Dixie.com </li></ul>
  91. 91. Naming / Branding <ul><li>What does the Winn-Dixie retail brand stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>Position </li></ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Strengths and Weaknesses </li></ul>
  92. 92. Product Assignment <ul><li>What Private Label brands does Winn-Dixie currently own? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the strengths and weaknesses of those brands? </li></ul><ul><li>How are these brands managed? </li></ul><ul><li>Does each product group have its business plan versus its competitive environment? </li></ul>
  93. 93. Art Direction <ul><li>Who is in charge to position and give the brand its personality? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a single-minded effort or a multi- branded strategy? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the elements that must remain the same? – logos, trademarks, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the competition? </li></ul>
  94. 94. Implementation Calendar <ul><li>Determined on a product or category basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement on strategic direction. </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement on tactical plan </li></ul><ul><li>Budgetary commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Priority determination. </li></ul><ul><li>Calendarization </li></ul>
  95. 95. Metrics Architecture <ul><li>PERT model – The Program Evaluation and Review Technique to insure that the projects are on track and assigns accountability. </li></ul><ul><li>Pre and Post Analysis – Measurements before and after an event to validate actions taken. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase and Repurchase Tests </li></ul>
  96. 96. Client Agreement and Close <ul><li>Putting together a Private Brand program that enhances: </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate goals and objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Builds long term growth </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances the bottom line as measured as R.O.I </li></ul>
  97. 97. Part IV – Support Product / Brand Management
  98. 98. Creating Awareness <ul><li>Retailer is in the position of strength with their brand: </li></ul><ul><li>Signage </li></ul><ul><li>In store promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Real estate – the retailer owns the shelf space </li></ul><ul><li>Promotional banners, shelf talkers, merchandising </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising message and delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Store Tie-ins and events </li></ul>
  99. 99. Promotional Flighting <ul><li>Retailer can control the promotional schedule of their private brand: </li></ul><ul><li>Best location, display and end caps. </li></ul><ul><li>Price feature advertising </li></ul><ul><li>In store sampling </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonality impact </li></ul>
  100. 100. Displays <ul><li>Retailer can build brand usage through secondary locations. </li></ul><ul><li>Universal displays that are multi-purpose and promote the overall brand position. </li></ul><ul><li>Dominate the best locations in the store to up-sell and cross sell the private brand. </li></ul>
  101. 101. Merchandising <ul><li>Retailer have the additional advantage of knowing the national brands merchandising tools to use for their house brands. </li></ul><ul><li>Retailer will have a first look at what competitive national brands are doing to support their lines and can react to the competition. </li></ul>
  102. 102. Planograms <ul><li>Retailer will be able to give the private label brands the best locations when doing their planograms and space allocation. </li></ul><ul><li>Retailer will be able to allocate secondary space such as end caps and seasonal shelf space to their private brands. </li></ul>
  103. 103. Up-sell and Cross-sell <ul><li>Retailer can up sell their private brand especially when they implement a segmentation positioning by also selling a enhanced premium product in the same category. </li></ul><ul><li>Retailer can cross sell products with on-packs or couponing. Example: private brand cheese with private brand crackers. </li></ul>
  104. 104. Advertising & Public Relations <ul><li>The private brand products’ advertising will have the same voice as the retailer advertising and create Brand Synergy. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the overall Public Relations will be the integration of the Private Brand products into the overall company mission. </li></ul><ul><li>With validation by outside sources, the private brands gain true brand identity in the marketplace. </li></ul>
  105. 105. Monitoring and Brand Building <ul><li>Retailer can monitor sales by SKU, product line and category. </li></ul><ul><li>With IT investment, the retailer knows with categories will produce the most revenue and profit. </li></ul><ul><li>Retailer now has the control of changing the marketing mix to enhance his own private brand position. </li></ul>
  106. 106. Part IV - Support Ongoing Brand Support
  107. 107. Supporting Product Categories <ul><li>Brand Management teams – Private brands need the same business planning that the national brands have. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotional support – Private brands need to be an integrated part of the retailer’s overall promotional calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising – Like national brands in order grow, the retailer has to put support dollars behind their private brand. </li></ul>
  108. 108. Maintaining Segmentation <ul><li>Conducting product and line review to determine if the brand position is being supported. </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting the Private brand through in-store banners, signage, Point of Purchase displays, circular and insert advertising, Television and radio advertising, web site support </li></ul>
  109. 109. Line Extensions <ul><li>Brand Management will have the responsibility of new product line extensions based on demand from consumers and competitive products. </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Management will also update and discontinue product that no longer meet revenue and profitability goals. </li></ul>
  110. 110. New Product Introductions <ul><li>New Product Development teams will stay current with emerging trends and new competitive product introductions. </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for the recommendation of new categories that are grocery and non-grocery related. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain the Private Branded position for new products. </li></ul>
  111. 111. Measurement and Enhancements <ul><li>Quarterly assessment based on revenue and profitability. </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements of consumer transactions and size of purchase. </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement of dollar share and market share. </li></ul><ul><li>Updates and product improvements as warranted. </li></ul>
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