When do you use the Passive Voice?How do you form Tenses in the Passive? Is the Agent (BY) necessary? Examples and Activities
H O Bricklayers and other U workersPeter, the builder S E
When do you use the PASSIVE VOICE?(Present & Past Tenses)-We are interested in the object-or We don’t know who caused the action Ex.: My bike was stolen.- There must be an object in the active sentence Active: Peter built a house. Passive: A house was built by Peter,- Sometimes only the passive voice is possible: Ex.: I was born in Madrid.
How do you form Tenses in the PASSIVEVOICE? (1)(Present Tense) ACTIVE Peter builds a house PASSIVE A house is built by Peter
How do you form Tenses in the PASSIVEVOICE? (2)(Past Tense)ACTIVE Peter built a housePASSIVE A house was built by Peter
Is the AGENT (BY) necessary in the PASSIVEVOICE?(Present & Past Tenses)-We are normally not interested in the "doer" of an action in a passivesentence. So there is NO AGENT in the passive voice.- When we do not know who was the "doer", we use someone orsomebody in the active sentence. So there is NO AGENT in the passivevoice.- When we want to mention who was the "doer" of the action, we use thepreposition by. The whole phrase is called by-agent in English.
EXAMPLES AND ACTIVITIES Write complete passive sentences1. What do these expressions mean?2. Where can you find these notices? English spoken Book bought and sold Children under 16 not admitted to this club No smoking Rubbish cleared on Mondays Washing Money returned All cars checked machines if not satisfied before sale repaired
-Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the correct form: CAUSE DAMAGE HOLD INCLUDE INVITE MAKE OVERTAKE SHOW TRANSLATE WRITE1. Many accidents ____________ by dangerous driving.2. Cheese ________________ from milk.3. The roof of the building _________________ in a storm a few days ago.4. There’s no need to leave a tip. Service ________________ in the bill.5. You ______________ to the wedding. Why didn’t you go?6. A cinema is a place where films ________________ .7. In the USA, elections for President _______________ every four years.8. Originally the book __________________ in Spanish and a few years ago it _________ into English.9. We were driving along quite fast but we ______________ by lots of other cars.
-CHOOSE between present simple or past simple / active or passive1. Five hundred people _______________ (employ) in that big factory.2. Water ____________ (cover) most of the Earth’s surface.3. Most of the Earth’s surface _____________ (cover) by water.4. The letter ____________ (post) one week ago and it ____________ (arrive) yesterday.5. I was born in London but I _____________ (grow) up in the North of England.6. While I was in London, my camera ______________ (steal) from my room.7. While I was in London, my camera ______________(disappear) from my room.- REWRITE using passive sentences1. Somebody cleans the room every day. - …2. They cancelled all flights because of fog. – All …3. People don’t use this road very often. - …4. Somebody accused me of stealing money. – I …5. People advised us not to go out alone. - …