Research Through DRDO: Academic Institutions• Dte of ER & IPR• AR & DB/Dte of Aero• ARMREB/Dte of Armament• LSRB/Dte of Life Sciences• NRB/Dte of Naval R & D• CARS/DRDO Labs
DRDO Vision• Make India prosperous by establishing world class science & technology base and provide our Defence Services decisive edge by equipping them with internationally competitive systems and solutions.• Devotion to design & development of state-of-art Defence systems. Has chain of over 50 labs all over the country, covering a wide spectrum of disciplines. Has endeavoured to undertake and pursue research in various scientific fields in pursuit of acquiring self- sufficiency in critical technologies needed for design and development of world-class equipment/systems. Hass been collaborating with various Academic Institutions, R&D Organizations and Industries for achieving this.
Grants-in-Aid• DRDO has instituted a Grants-in-Aid Scheme to nurture research talent and to create research facilities in IITs, Universities, higher technological institutions, colleges and other research centers including industries in the country for promoting basic research, design and development.• The scheme is co-ordinated through specialist panels constituted for various disciplines
Mission• To encourage and fund basic research in pertinent scientific disciplines of broad relevance• Enabling and supporting emerging talent to create & evolve a knowledge-base potentially applicable to the Defence.• To enhance the intellectual level, physical infrastructure and scientific understanding in the field of Armaments/Aeronautics/Naval & Marine aspects/Electronics/Signal Processing/ Materials/ Hydrodynamics etc. to meet the future challenges.
Functions• Supports basic research to generate new knowledge & to train young minds to generate & apply that knowledge.• Setting down the principles & practices governing the relationship of DRDO with academic "think tanks“ & non profit research institutions in India and abroad as well as laboratories of the other agencies like CSIR.• Fund any specially designed sensors, instrumentation, data acquisition and display system considered necessary for carrying out research.• The Boards/Dte(ER) approve research programs for funding based on evaluation & recommendations of specialist panels/labs(s).
Objectives• To foster knowledge-based growth of various disciplines in the country, strengthening and integration national resource of knowledge, know how, experience, facilities and infrastructure• To catalyze the much needed cross-fertilization of ideas and experiences between Defence and non- Defence experts in scientific and technical fields that contribute to technology advancement• To launch and coordinate research in specified areas in academic institutions/non-profit institutions/ industries
Objectives• To create conditions suitable for attracting talent through research collaborations and other academic exchanges• To adopt synergic approach towards national needs and priorities in the relevant fields, keeping in view the global advancements, in order to develop competence in key areas• To help in creating self-sufficiency in critical technologies needed for development of items of competitive nature• To lead to technological innovations useful for short and long term combat multiplier
ARMREB• Constituted in 1997 for promoting innovative research in scientific fields useful for armament discipline.• Armament being a complex multi-disciplinary field involves: -Ballistics & Aerodynamics, - Materials & Metallurgy, - Mechanical & Electronic engineering, - Opto-electronics & Computer Techniques, - Explosives & Pyrotechnics, - Modeling, simulation and system analyses, etc.
Specialist Panels• Materials for Armament Applications (MAA)• Armament Sensors & Electronics(ASE)• Energetic Materials Combustion & Ballistics(EMCB)• Detonics & Shock Waves (DSW)• Armament Design (new panel under consideration)
Materials for Armament ApplicationsAdvanced Study of Materials•Behaviour at high strain rate•Low temperature impact properties•Mechanics of material behaviourDevelopment of New Materials•Ultra high strength metallic materials•High impact properties at sub zero temperature
Materials for Armament ApplicationsAdvanced Composites•Metal matrix composites•Polymer matrix compositesLight Weight Materials•Special aluminum alloys•High strength low density alloys•Titanium alloy
Materials for Armament ApplicationsMaterials Processing Technologies•Power Metallurgy•Liquid Forging•Near Net Shape FormingAdvanced Manufacturing processes•Filament winding for long barrels•Strip Lamination process & Flow FormingTechniques for Rocket Motor Tubes•Metal Injection Moulding
Materials for Armament ApplicationsSurface Engineering•Special Coating Technique•Tribological Processes•Smart Materials, their use and Development•NDT of Materials
Armament Sensors & Electronics• Sensors- RF Sensors based on CW, FMCW or pulsed system, IR Micro Wave & MM Wave System, Laser system for height sensing, System with inbuilt intelligence for target discrimination, Incorporation of ECCM features etc.• Power Source- Small size turbogenerator, Reserve batteries & Primary batteries• EM Sensors- Seismic Sensors, Electro impulse generator, Acceleration sensors, High ‘g’ sensors
Armament Sensors & Electronics• Electro Potting Material- Silicon and Resins Polyurathene foam, Study of elec & mech properties during storage and high ‘g’ environment• Wireless Technology- Remote setting of electronic timer, Remote activation and deactivation of electronic system, Telemetry and guidance system• Design Reliability- Reliability of single shot systems, Modeling and Simulation
Armament Sensors & Electronics• Signal Processing- Digital signal processing of real time systems, Building intelligence into systems• Motor Drive Electronics & Control- Simulation and modeling, Automation
Energetic Materials Combustion & Ballistics• Synthesis of New Class of Materials- Strained poly-nitro-cyclic compounds (bicyclic, tricyclic, polycyclic), Poly-nitro aromatics & hetero aromatics, Compounds with mixed functional grounds (nitro, azido, nitro, amino), High temperature nitration, New high-energy binders and polymer materials, Photo-synthesis, laser induced and microwave initiated reactions, Nano materials for High Energy Systems.• Propellants & Explosives- Propellants with high burning rates and explosives with low vulnerability, Pulse detonics engine, High combustion / detonation efficiency, Stability & aging aspects, Reusing and disposal of aged propellants and explosives, Techniques for safety and hazard investigations, Life prediction of propellants and explosives, Biodegradation of High Energy Materials.
Energetic Materials Combustion & Ballistics• Physical Studies- Studies on composition of reagents & yield enhancement of new HEMs, Reproducibility of techniques & standardization.• Modelling- Software development for explosives, propellants & pyrotechnics, Model studies to determine efficiencies of systems & prediction methods• Ballistics- Interior, Exterior, Intermediate & Terminal Ballistics; Launch Dynamics of Rocket Exterior Ballistics, Aerodynamic Aspects of Ballistics, Meteorological Aspects of Exterior Ballistics
Detonics & Shock Waves• Initiation of Explosives• Overdriven Detonation Waves• Equation of State of Explosives• Hazard Assessment, Sensitivity & Safety Related Responses• Advanced & Novel Experimental Techniques• Dynamic Shock Loading of Materials• Blast Damages, Effects & Scaling• Micro Detonics & Detonation in Gaseous Media
Aeronautics Research & Development Board (AR & DB)
AR & DB: PANELS• Aerodynamics• Aerospace Resources• Materials & Manufacturing• Systems/Systems Engineering• Propulsion• Structures• Special Interest Group for Micro Aircraft (SIGMA)
Aerodynamics• Establishment of New Test Facilities and augmentation of Existing Facilities• Experimental Investigation and Techniques in Aerodynamic• Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics/ Aerodynamics• Flight Vehicle Development, Flight Test Support/Analysis• Design Related Activity
Aerospace Resources• Merger of Manpower Development Panel and Aerospace Information Panel.• Over a period, advances in aeronautical development have resulted in challenging programmes like Light Combat Aircraft, Advance Light Helicopter (ALH), Guided Missiles, Aero Engines, Unmanned Vehicle, Transport aircraft, Decelerator System and Space programmes. This created a sudden spurt in the requirement of manpower to meet the immediate demands and plan for future activities.• There is also a requirement of aeronautical manpower for the ongoing production, overhaul/ maintenance of military & civil aircraft, engine & systems
Aerospace Resources• Panel formulates strategies and plans with a view to give boost to the development of aeronautical manpower and attract talent to aeronautical engineering.• Panel also focuses on effective dissemination of information keeping track of fast changing developments in this high tech area of information technology. Panel aims at a modern, well-organized information system that can guarantee instant access to all the significant information to Aerospace Scientists.• Charter being finalized.
MaterialsEMERGING MATERIALS• Smart Materials• Stealth Materials• Sensor Materials• Composites, Functionally Gradient Materials and Laminated Structures• Cellular Materials• Intermetallics and Refractory Metals and Alloys• Surface Engineering• Joining of Dissimilar Materials• The Mechanical and Physical behaviour of Materials at Cryogenic and very High Temperatures
MaterialsCRITICAL TECHNOLOGY AREAS• Design and Lifting Methodology• Modeling and Simulation• Very High Temperature Materials and their Mechanical & Physical BehaviourADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF MATERIALCHARACTERIZATION• Properties of Materials in small volumes• High Temperature Properties• Cryogenic Properties• Microstructure• Non-Destructive Testing
Manufacturing• Digital Manufacturing• Advanced Image Processing related to inspection• Multitasking• Lean Manufacturing• Augmented Virtual RealityNano Manufacturing• Molecular Manufacturing & directed self assembly• Micro and Nanotechnology• Coating and Surface Engineering Technologies
Systems/Systems Engineering• Aircraft Systems such as Avionics, flight control, utility, Sensors and set up facilities for design, validations, integrations and of aircraft systems such as flight simulation, systems integration, flight testing etc. including software development.• Aero-gas turbine engine and rocket propulsion.
Systems/Systems Engineering• Airborne AMD (antimissile defence) system• Optical, infrared & laser systems• Intra- Aircraft comm & data bus structures• Cockpit displays, Aircraft simulators & virtual reality applications• Real time target identification• Self Adaptive capability for reconfiguration in the event of physical & information damage (Adaptive Control Systems)• Collision avoidance sensors and algorithms
Systems/Systems Engineering• Real time information processing• Smart Sensors & Life cycle Estimation• Ageing Aircraft, On Board/ Otherwise Health Monitoring & Damage Tolerence Practices• Damage Estimation & Human-Machine Interface• Psychophysiological processing for dynamically modified cockpit confign & information flow• Human Fatigue Management
Systems/Systems EngineeringProjects promoted:• Outcome - promising application as a retrofit to the engines, manufactured under license or in the new engine under consideration for development.• Demonstration of a new/advanced concept or a measurement technique under simulated conditions of promising application in gas turbine engines/ propulsion systems.• Generation of general purpose design data through parametric investigation and/or validation of general purpose computerized design/ analysis methods experimental design data.• Fundamental investigation to understand in depth the behavior of components/ systems & evolve scientific basis for explanation of behavior, as a pursuit of knowledge related to the propulsion field.
Structures• Composite Structures• Fatigue and Fracture• Dynamics and Aero elasticity• Finite Element Analysis• Non-Destructive Testing• Experimental Stress Analysis• Development of Software and Expert System
Structures• Integrated Airframe Design• Active/Adaptive Aero elastic surfaces• Hybrid structures for improved durability and damage tolerance• Low cost bonding structures• FEM Structural Modeling to include composite sandwich, smartstructures and strength, stiffness and life of bonded repairs• Onboard Health Monitoring & crack growth
Structures• Structural Dynamics• Conformal Structures• Light weight structures for high aerodynamic, acoustic loads, severe flutters, vibration & thermally induced stresses• Efficient procedures to identify critical load cases
SIGMA• Special Interest Group for Micro Aircraft• Charter under formulation
Major Research Initiatives of AR&DBGAS TURBINE ENABLING TECHNOLOGY (GATET)•To fill the Technology gaps and develop HumanResources in Military Engine Development.•Scope is to Invite & Sanction projects to variousAcademic & other Research Institutions•Thrust Areas: Compressor & Fan/ Stall andSurge Studies, Blade Design & Fluid StructureInteraction Studies, Tip Clearance Studies,Combustor, Afterburner & Nozzle/ Combustion
GATETThrust Areas……•Flame Stabilization Studies, Multiphase Flows andFuel Injector Studies, Thrust Vectoring, Turbine /Heat Transfer- Blade Design & Cooling, Fluid flowand Heat Transfer, Large-Eddy Simulation, EngineMathematical Model & Simulation, Controls andSystem Engineering/ Multivariable ControlSchemes, Life Cycle Management, Sensors andMeasurement Devices/ Design, Development andCalibration of Sensors including Non-IntrusiveSensors for High Temp Measurements,
GATETThrust Areas……Unsteady CFD / Structure Interaction & Mechaspects of Turbo-machinery- Engine/Modulesimulation using CFD, Aero Elastic study ofTurbo-Machinery Blades & Control of BladeFlutter, Evaluation for Surface cracks in GasTurbine Components and Structures, SurfaceCrack Growth Prediction, Life PredictionMethodologies , Magnetic Bearing/Seals
NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR MICRO AIR VEHICLE (NP-MICAV)• Objectives- To develop Micro Air Vehicle and their related technologies.• Scope of the NP-MICAV- to Sanction & Monitor projects to various Academic and other Research Institutions in various specialised areas of Micro Air Vehicle
LSRB• Man and weapon are the two symbiotic components of the defence system. Development of weapon systems is crucial, the well-being & effective performance of the man behind the weapon is equally important.• Ensuring the operational effectiveness of the soldier.• To ensure that the soldier is, and continues to be, in top form of physical and mental fitness, his physiological, psychological, medical and nutritional needs need to be effectively met.• Need for protection from environmental hazards
LSRB• Includes bio-sciences, bio-technology bio- engineering, weather & environmental studies, ecology and bio-safety, psychology mind-body studies, medical and other sciences.• The mission - to expand & deepen the knowledge- base of Life Sciences in the country to strengthen and use of national resources of knowledge, know- how, experience, facilities and infrastructure.
Major Thrust Areas of LSRB• Life support system• Biomedical technologies for air, land and sea operations• Military psychology• Cognitive engineering• Human adaptation to extreme environments, ergonomics• Human factors/engineering for eqpmt dev• Man machine interface
Major Thrust Areas of LSRB• Nutrition, radioprotection, stress management, combat fatigue• Bio-defence against human, animal and plant pathogens• Specialized food technologies• Vector and malaria control• Biotechnology & high altitude agro animal technologies• NBC detection, protection and decontamination
FOCUS• Generation & enhancement of knowledge base leading to the exploitation of sea.• Projects imagination driven, not requirements-driven.• Focus on substantial phenomena or observations that are not understood and where lack of understanding is a serious obstacle to scientific/technological progress.
FOCUS• The knowledge base generated embodied in high quality technical manpower & in new techniques/design tools.• The expected end result : a small group of qualified people whose expertise, resulting from the research, can be drawn upon to build an exploitable area of technology in various disciplines and also a body of knowledge which establishes (or rationally abandons) a potential application of a new or inadequately understood scientific principle.
Specialist Panels• Materials• Hydrodynamics (including propulsion aspects)• Scientific Computing• Sonar & Signal Processing• Ocean Environment• Marine Systems
Materials• Smart composites including sensors, conductors etc.• Bio-processing of polymers and composites required for soft and flexible, materials and structures.• Development of plastic adhesives, rubber & composites with targeted structural, acoustic & electromagnetic performance levels coupled with strength & durability.• Establishment of a material database enlisting the compositions, characteristics, designs related properties, utilities in naval environment etc.• Effect of moisture, salinity, low temperature, high hydrostatic pressure and cyclic impact loads on the performance and durability of the products.
Materials• Materials for transmission, reflection and absorption of acoustic signals.• Magnetic anomaly detection (MAD) techniques for under water surveillance. Need for development of Material systems for this method of detection or counter measures.• Materials for infrared detection systems, Infrared Suppression System (IRSS)• Stealth Materials, Nano technology, NEMS/MEMS etc• Corrosion, Erosion, Bi-degradation• FS Welding & weld consumables• Any other
Hydrodynamics• Concerned with all aspects of usually external flow past a moving or stationary, submerged or free surface piercing disturbed water body.• The goal is to ultimately design, develop, produce and implement better, faster, superior, more efficient and versatile marine vehicles with leading-edge technology.
Hydrodynamics• Broadly divided into two complimentary groups: -Theoretical & Computational Hydrodynamics - Experimental Hydrodynamics.
HydrodynamicsTheoretical and Computational:• Ship motions and wave loads• Free surface aspects. State-of-the art computing methods linear and non linear free surface flow problems• Wave and wake dynamics• Propulsor hydrodynamics and hydro acoustics. To develop analysis and computational methods over 2 and 3-D lifting surfaces• Cavitation and bubble flow• Viscous ship hydrodynamics to determine viscous flow over submerged bodies.• Special areas like water entry and hydrodynamic impact, shallow water hydrodynamics, bluff-body hydrodynamics
HydrodynamicsExperimental• Turbulence measurement• Measurement of flow details in the stern region• Methods for wave pattern measurements and other free surface details• Experiments related to cavitation and cavity dynamics• Measure of pressure field on propeller blades under unsteady loading
Sonar & Signal BehaviourEnvironment Modeling:• Development of under water acoustic propagation models• Modeling of ambient noise and target radiated noise• Fractal-based modeling of under water noise and associated scheme of target detection /identification• In-water turbulence and sub-bottom interaction of high frequency field• Modeling of extended target in the multipath ocean environment• Model and wave packet decomposition of under water acoustic signals
Sonar & Signal BehaviourSpace-time Signal Processing:• Source localisation & ocean characterization by matched field processing.• Detection & localisation of targets in presence of strong interference.• U/W acoustic imaging of targets.• Ambient noise mapping & ocean surveillance using tomographic techniques.• Channel-tuned/target-tuned signal design for sonars.• Wavelet based transient detection techniques.• Wavelet based denoising of underwater acoustic signals.• High data-rate robust under water acoustic communication.• Spatial signal processing for stealth.• Precise undersea tracking and positioning techniques.
Sonar & Signal BehaviourSensing Methods and Techniques:• Acoustic transducers.• Processing of non-acoustic oceanographic effects.• Non-acoustic target signature detection.• Exploitation of fluorescence properties of anthropogenic objects and biological species to discriminate threat from false alarm.• Opto-acoustic diver communication.
Sonar & Signal BehaviourNon-conventional Signal and InformationProcessing• Chaotic signal processing• Cyclostationary signal processing.• Signal processing using higher-order spectra.• Advanced undersea navigation techniques.
Ocean EnvironmentOcean/Atmosphere Monitoring System• Development and deployment of moored met-ocean buoys.• Development of algorithms for retrieval of met-ocean parameters from satellite data.• Validation of satellite products using data from buoys/ships.Now cast/Forecast System• Development and implementation of improved models of the ocean and the lower atmosphere.• Studies, with ocean models and coupled ocean atmosphere models related to generation of initial/to boundary conditions• SST (Sea surface temp) and MLD (Mixed layer depth) models• Assimilation of ARGO (a component of the Integrated Ocean Observing System) profiles and moored buoy data and SST, SSH (sea surface height) data into models.
Ocean EnvironmentProcess Studies• Theoretical/modeling work related to air - sea coupling .• Studies on mixing and dispersion in the coastal ocean.• Studies on ocean-atmosphere processes in Coastal region on time scales ys.• Storm surges• Estuarine dynamics• Wave modeling in deep land coastal waters• High-resolution ocean circulation modeling to characterize features such as eddies and internal waves.Internal waves and eddies• Internal wave & meso scale(2-2000 KM) eddy structures, occurrence, effects• Coupling between surface and interval wave fields• Shallow water terrain modeling
Ocean EnvironmentAcoustic, Magnetic , Optical & Satellite Studies• Ambient nose climate of our coastal seas• Biological scattering layers-structure, occurrence and effects• VLF/Long Range acoustic propagation• Ocean acoustic tomography for deriving 3D imagery of sound velocity, temperature, currents and ambient noise• Extraction of geo - acoustic parameters from seismic data• Magnetic parameters - spatial and temporal variations• Use satellite data for shallow water bathymetry, wave and wind conditions in coastal regions to aid prediction of sea conditions (on line) for Beach Landing operations• Optical properties of the ocean/Optical scattering by zoo- plankton
Scientific ComputingParallel & Distributed Computing• Large scale computational linear algebra and optimisation.• Numerical methods for large sets of partial differential Equation problems.• High performance access to distributed information bases.• Distributed file systems and operating systems.• Parallel computing architectures, languages and environments.
Scientific ComputingData Management and Visualisation• Data ware housing and data mining and pattern recognition.• Data compression.• Storage and retrieval techniques.• Video indexing and image database.• Visualisation.
Scientific ComputingComputational vision and Computational Image Processing• Low level Image processing.• Modelling and restoration.• Image based metrology.• Geometry and multiple views.• Shape and object representation.• Active and real time systems.Design of Embedded System• Systems involving design & dev of data acquisition, recording, processing system and embedded control systems; and including hardware fabrication.
Scientific ComputingAlgorithm techniques• Geometric algorithms.• Randomised and approximation algorithms.• On-line algorithmsOthers• High Speed Computing• Grid Computing• Cloud Computing• High Performance Computing
Marine Systems• Underwater sensors inclusive of their calibration devices, instrumentation and control system• ROVs and AUVs, their subsystems like manipulators and robotic arms, software for their e-mail operation and control, and position finding systems• Deep sea moorings, tether cables, cable winches with slip rings (including underwater slip rings) for electronic and optical communications• Ship based machinery and systems, thrusters, dynamic positioning systems with their control software• Special propulsion systems and futuristic marine engines and power plants
Marine Systems• Hyper-baric R&D of mech and elec sub-systems, components like bearings, seals, electric and hydraulic motors and their valve systems for deep sea applications• Diving and underwater habitat• Ocean energy, batteries for underwater applications, neutrally buoyant tether• Marine risers and their deployment systems• Stealth technology
RESEARCH FIELDS• MEMS & NEMS• Life Sciences• Chemistry• Low Observable technologies• GaN Devices• Si based technology• Technologies for soldier support• Nanotechnology• Tera Hertz
RESEARCH FIELDS• Laser• Solar Energy• Hypersonic• Multiband Conformal Antennae• Nano photonics• High Power Microwave• Network Centric Operations• High Efficiency Aerodynamics• Active Protection System• Artificial Intelligence
PHYSICS• Plasma heating• High power laser pumping• High energy RF acceleration of electrons• Impulse Radars• High powered Microwave generations• Directed energy weapons• Liquid crystals / material science• High pressure physics• Phase transformation• Window materials for opto electronic devices
PHYSICS• Optical pattern recognition• Optical data security• Holography• Optical Image processing• Glassy semiconductors• Microwave communications and super conductor electronic devices• Femto second laser spectroscopy• Semiconductors• Physics of new materials• Semi conducting thin films for solar cell applications
PHYSICS• Fabrication of Ferro electric capacitors with better fatigue, retention and imprint• Non conventional energy sources• Organic solar cell• Low cost materials for sensor actuators and energy storage devices• Photo voltaic devices• Optical recording• Development of tunable and high energy infrared source in the 3-5 micron region• Adaptive optics• Wave-front sensing• Laser based nano metrology
PHYSICS• Optical instrumentation & manufacturing• Condensed matter physics• Development of bio-concrete material and bio-cement for improving strength• Microwave imaging• High frequency carrier lifetime measurements• Micro electromechanical systems
Directed Energy• High power fibre lasers• Small non-nuclear e-bomb• Ultra and infra sonic beams• RF beam
Armaments• Modelling and simulation of Armaments related issues• Shock wave/high pressure physics• High rate of fire electric gun• Non lethal and riot control• Electric rail guns• E-bomb
Munitions• Electromagnetic gun• Insensitive munitions• Low cost navigation and guidance systems for PGMs (Precision Guided Munitions)
Situational Awareness• Multi sensor data fusion• Automated target recognition and identification• Battlefield damage assessment• Multilhyper spectral imaging• Extended echo-ranging techniques• Laser communication
Situational Awareness• Quantum computing• Automated text understanding• Ad-hoc self configuring multi-path network• High efficiency photo-voltaic devices• Intelligent agent for knowledge retrieval, filtering, sensitization and deconflicting
Protection• Electric reactive armour• UV camouflage technique• Radar absorbing and optically transparent material (RAOT)
Security & Encryption• Automated network intrusion detection and response capability• Advanced high speed protocol encryption and advanced key management for Tactical and Strategic networks
Electronic & Information Warfare• Development of chaff & flares• Development of algorithms for location fix• Advanced jamming techniques• De - contamination technology for NBC agents• PZT generators and pumps
Materials for Sensors• Radars: RT Duroid, alumina, ferrite, GaAs, GaN, InP, SIC, SI Ternary, Quaternary semi conductor• Laser: Nd : YAG, Nd:YV044, Nd:GGG, FrYb phosphate glass, AIGaAs, PPLN,• BaTiO4, In GaAsP, In AIAsP• Sonars: PZT, PMN-Pt, Magnetostrictive• Bio : Electro active polymers, Li Niobate• Thin film: Anti reflection & Interface coatings for IR
Life Sciences• Stem Cell Technology• Immuno chemical based Bio-sensor technology for detection of Pesticides, Allergens and micro organisms• Mapping of disease arthropod vectors/pathogens in border areas• Development of semi chemicals based environmentally safe disease Vectors control technology
CHEMISTRY• Molecular Imprinting Technology• Optical Transducers• Carbon nano-rods• Nano wires production on large scale• Surface organometallic chemistry• Solvent Extraction Technology• Alcohol-Air fuel cell• New polymer Anchored Metal complexes• Photo chemistry
CHEMISTRY• Luminescent Molecular Devices• Non linear optics• Polymer chemistry• Soft Electrochemical processing of innovative materials• Naturally - occurring carbohydrates• Photo alignment• Development of photoactive materials• Organic synthesis• New reagents and Newer methodologies
CHEMISTRY• High temperature polymer composites• Novel supra molecular Assy for Toxic chemicals• Conducting polymers• Textile products from spide silk• Nanometric ferrofluids for magnetic scales and lubrications• Medicinal Inorganic chemistry & Bio inorganic molecules with medicinal application
DIRECTED RESEARCH AREAS withAPPLICATION ORIENTATION
Low Observable Technologies• To reduce EM signature, be it Infra red, EM emission, Radar or Sonar ; which encompasses materials, shapes/ finishes for absorption, reflection and/or deflection of radar waves in directions other than the sensors etc.• No single material can cater to the varied requirements of entire EM spectrum.• Understanding interaction of EM radiation with materials plays a significant role in the design and dev of functionally suitable material/structures for low observability.
Low Observable Technologies• Research areas of interest: - Synthesis/characterization of Ferroelectrics, Ferromagnetic, conducting polymer and chiral for use as pigments/ dyes/ paint formulation - Optimization of materials/ technologies e.g. combination of different pigments in single/ multi-layer, graded impedance matching, use of frequency selective surfaces through numerical modeling and simulations
Low Observable Technologies• Simulation and modeling of materials for Low observability. - Radar Absorbing and Optical Transparent (RAOT) materials - Active Camouflage/Cloaking Devices - Structural modification for low observability
GaN Devices• GaN - the most important Direct bandgap semiconductor material, useful in Opto- electronic, HF and high power devices• Significant benefits of power density, efficiency, and bandwidth have brought with them substantial system-related issues: Need for higher operating voltages, more efficient heat removal techniques, high reliability, and affordability.
GaN Devices• GaN V/s GaAs transistors : can operate at higher temperature• Considered ideal for power amplifiers at microwave frequencies.• Nanotubes of GaN proposed for nanoscale electronics & biochemical applications.• Due to low sensitivity to ionizing radiation, suitable for solar cell arrays for satellites.
GaN Devices• Techniques for growth of bulk GaN• Simulation of MOCVD(metalorganic chemical vapour deposition) Growth• GaN based Material growth and characterization techniques• RF characterization of GaN based devices and power modules• Development of Devices such as MOSFET
GaN Devices• Biosensors: for detecting specific antibody- antigen binding interactions ( such as DNA and Kidney injury molecules).• GaN UV Sensors: use in the spectral region 200-400 nm where maximum quantum efficiency is required.• Dev of GaN doped with transition metals such as manganese, as a spintronics material• Toxicology of GaN need investigation, as its dust is irritant to skin, eyes and lungs
SiC Based Technology• SiC: very hard and strong material, earlier used as an excellent abrasive• Now being developed for performance enhancement.• Ability to function in high temperature, HF, HP and high radiation conditions• Microwave electronics can function at high power density and high temp. for significant improvements to W/less comm and Radar.
SiC Based Technology• SiC Mixers: improve the interference immunity of Radio-based Aircraft Avionics.• SiC electronics and sensors: can function mounted on hot engine & aerosurface areas of an aircraft to enable substantial weight saving, increased jet engine performance & increased reliability.• Need to develop Crystal growth and device fabrication technologies.
SiC Based Technology• Key areas of research interest : -Techniques for epitaxial growth of high quality SiC -Reduction of Micro-pipe & stacking faults in grown material -Dev & characterization of High power Switching & HF devices for telecom uses -Sensors dev for extreme high temp & pressure -SiC Microsensors
Technologies for Soldier Support• Soldier modernization : to enhance an Infantryman’s lethality, survivability, tactical situational awareness, C4I2SR, sustainability and mobility.• To enhance his role as a platform and a “system of systems” of his own, expanding his capability to receive, send, analyse and display data is aimed at.• For improved combat effectiveness: elements such as sights and other aiming systems, night vision devices, NBC protection body armour, weapons, clothing, lightweight & flexible power packs also need definite improvement
Technologies for Soldier Support• Sensors for weapons and Electro-mechanical triggering• Miniaturised Air burst Fuze• Recoil mitigation techniques• Miniature monocular ICCD (intensified charged couple device) camera for weapon & helmet• Fire proof Fabric , micro-porous coated fabric for breathability, multi layered & silver impregnated fabric for NBC protection and Fabrics with low reflectance value wrt surrounding (UV, Visible, IR)• Wearable computers• Soldier command and control software
Technologies for Soldier Support• Programmable multi-interface Fusion Unit• Soldier Ad-hoc wireless network• Image and video streaming over V/UHF Radio• Automatic release of blood clotting medication• Physiological signal conditioning and processing• MEMS sensors for physiological signal detection and conditioning• Miniaturized high density, portable & wearable power pack
Technologies for Soldier Support• Battle Electronics for the Universal Soldier -Helmet (traumatic brain injury) Impact/blast detection using accelerometers -GPS & INS (positioning & detection) iSensor IMU(inertial m’ment unit) -Enhanced Vision -Medical sensors
Technologies for Soldier Support• Battle Electronics for the Universal Soldier -Communication (SDR) Multiband Comm Systems (data converters, RF, power manangement) -Computing , Batteries, other Power manangement, Interface & isolation, Audi/video equipment
Nanotechnology• Nanomaterial and nanotechnology for structural applications, nanoelectronics, biosensors etc. form the core areas.• Other areas where futuristic weapon system capabilities can be enhanced through nanotechnology: -Sensors, Actuators and Displays -Structural Applications single walled(SWCNTs) or Multi- walled(MWCNTs) structures and methods of synthesis of CNTs.
Nanotechnology-Super strong composites for Aerospacesystems-C-C brake discs, C-SiC Jet vanes, ablativestructures-Reusable CNT ceramic composites-EM shielding structures-Micro vehicles as military drones
Nanotechnology-Clothing which could store electrical energy,synthetic muscles-Nano porous carbon polymeric materials forprotection against toxic agents-Semiconducting nanowires for photonic and opto-electronic devices-NBC devices- Nano-composites and Textiles- CNT based super capacitors
TeraHertz• Terahertz region : tangible solution to important practical problems such as concealed explosive detection, forgery and fake currency identification, non destructive aspects etc.• The key advantage : penetrates through clothes, plastics, paper, wool and partially in ceramics, cement and other nonmetal materials.
TeraHertz• Also many chemical and organic molecules having distinctive absorption spectra in the THz region can serve as spectral finger prints for detection and identification of explosives and biological molecules.• THz technology can be safely employed on humans as it is completely non- ionizing radiation.
TeraHertz• Compact and portable THz sources• THz optical elements for beam sampling, collimation and reflection• Sensitive THz signals detectors and photo receivers• THz optical elements for beam sampling, collimation and reflection• Compact and portable THz imaging system for personnel screening and mail inspection
TeraHertz• Tripod mounted THz imaging systems for stand- off detection of explosives and IEDs• THz image processing techniques/tools• THz Spectrometers for trace detection and identification• Time domain THz Tomography• THz Time domain Spectrometers e testing on non metallic devices and many similar applications.
Sensors• Optronic and optical type range finders, high resolution cameras, thermal imaging devices and night vision instruments• Seismic sensors like geo-phones for detecting small objects on the surface, underground or in water and for detecting foot steps signals in high ambient seismic noise level• Gas, chemical, biological and nuclear sensors for detecting explosives
Sensors• MEMS based sensors such as piezo pressure sensors, micro-gyros, accelerometers, un- cooled night vision devices and IR imaging• UAV sensors like fuel/oil/coolant level sensors, position sensors etc.• Sensors for disaster management, online web based for discovery, access, control, integration and visualization.
Laser• Unprecedented precision & speed make these an integral part of any system to provide dominance over adversary.• Have exceptional characteristics like low divergence, short pulse width and speed of light which enable to intercept and interrogate the far off targets almost in real time.
Laser• New technologies in material growth and diode lasers produce high peak and average power at various wavelength.• Lasers find use in a wide variety of application such as Range finding, Target designation, Laser dazzling of personnel and E-O sensors, Seekers, Gyros for Inertial Navigation, Pyro ignition, Proximity fuze etc.
Laser• Ruggedized & mil grade Solid state pulsed lasers• Light weight and efficient solid state lasers at IR and Eye safe region• High average power solid state disc lasers• Broadband tunable dye lasers• HP laser diode arrays for optical pumping
Laser• High power chemical oxygen iodine lasers• High power fiber lasers• Beam control Technologies• Large aperture focusing telescope• Single frequency tunable laser• Fast photo detectors
Laser• New ceramic materials• Thermo optic compensation techniques• Adaptive optics for wave front correction• Laser beam diagnostics of high power Lasers• High discriminating optical isolators• Semiconductor saturable Absorber, Acoustic- optic modulator, FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared )Q switches
Functional Materials• Distinctly different from structural materials.• Physical and chemical properties - sensitive to changes in pressure, temperature, electric and magnetic field, optical wavelength, adsorbed gas molecules, pH value etc.• Utilize native properties & functions of own to achieve an intelligent action and cover broader range of materials than those belonging to the smart material category.
Functional Materials• Cover wide range of organic and inorganic materials.• Clear understanding about the relationship between the physical and the atomic-scale structure of materials needed to utilize in a variety of application.
Functional Materials• Synthesis, modeling & simulation for understanding of materials and their properties• Electronically tunable nanostructured materials• Single molecular junctions• Stimuli responsive complex materials at discrete molecular levels• Supramolecular chemistry from molecules to modular materials
Functional Materials• Supramolecular chirality and chiral self- assembles• Stimuli-responsive complex materials at discrete molecular levels• Nano-devices and Nano-biosensors• Controlled chemical synthesis• Processability, designability, coating & production technologies
Solar Energy• Plays an important role for achieving long lasting, sustainable, environment friendly renewable energy resource to fulfill the energy needs.• Research areas of interest : -Solar Thermal Systems : Solar Drying, Innovative Solar Water Heaters, Solar Desalination, Solar Air Conditioning Systems, Photovoltaic-Thermal Solar Collector -Solar Cells Fabrications & Characterisation: Thin Films (CIGS, CdTe), Organic Solar Cells, Flexible solar panels CIGS- Copper Indium Gallium Selenide CdTe- Cadmium Telluride
Solar EnergyResearch areas of interest (contd/-)-Zero Energy Architecture & Sustainable Materials forBuildings: Building Integrated Photovoltaics,Innovative Daylighting Systems, Strategies for ZeroEnergy Homes, Sustainable Eco-Resort, Sustainablematerials, Passive Solar Design, Radiative Cooling-Solar Radiation Studies: Total and spectral solarradiation in the tropics-Off Grid & grid Connected Photovoltaic HybridSystems : Rural electrification programme, gridconnected photo voltaics, Solar PV Hybrid Systems,Regenerative Electrolyzer/Fuel Cell Systems-Increasing efficiency of solar arrays
Multiband Conformal Antennas• Miniature wireless communication devices operating in multiband/ multimode, compact antenna for mobile satellite terminals require conformal antennas to enhance multiband performance in terms of: - impedance matching characteristics - as well as radiation patterns - easy installation - providing wider bandwidth - eliminating visual signature
Multiband Conformal AntennasAreas of research:-Concept of fractal geometrics to be applied to antennas toexplore and accomplish reduced size multiband antennas.-These antennas can take advantage of self similar structureand space filling characteristics of fractal geometries.-Dev of printable 3-D, highly conductive metallizationpatterns on substrate/ dielectric mediums for advancedVHF/UHF antenna applications including ground and aerialvehicles.-Conformal phased array antennas & Bodyworn antennas forcommunication-Fragmented aperture antenna topologies
Gas turbine Technologies• Design construct and operate reliable and efficient gas turbines to meet the needs & respective environment.• Some areas of research include -Propulsion Techniques -Studies of flow and heat transfer -Automated optimization methods for 3D geometrical design -Turbine profile aerodynamics and cooling
Gas turbine Technologies• -High Temperature Sensors -Single Crystal based Turbine Blades -Rapid Prototyping -CFD simulation -Damage Tolerant Design
Hypersonic• The air-breathing hypersonic technologies and the development of hypersonic cruise vehicles attracting attention of the aerospace community• Potential of application in the areas of space, civil and military sectors.• The technologies would enable the dev of hypersonic cruise missiles, which are ideal weapons against time critical targets and buried/hardened targets.
Hypersonic• One of the key areas to be pursued for futuristic research for: - critical kerosene based scramjet engine, -hypersonic aerodynamics & aero- thermodynamics, - hot structures & related thermal protection system, -airframe integration & development -characterization of HT materials.
Hypersonic• Air-breathing propulsion system using supersonic combustion ramjet(scramjet)• Air intakes and nozzles of the hypersonic airframe integrated scramjet propulsion system
Hypersonic• CFD simulations for nonreactive and reactive flows through the propulsion system• 3D heat transfer computation of hypersonic vehicle• Aero-elastic analysis of the hypersonic vehicle• Aero-propulsion acoustics on scramjet integrated air-breathing vehicle
Nanophotonics• Utilizing light-matter interactions on the NM-scale• Offers ability to break through the diffraction limit of light and open the door to novel optical technologies.• Unique nature of optical near-fields, allowing interactions at high density free from the classical diffraction limit• Has enabled "miniaturization" of light-matter interactions, impacting various areas such as spectroscopy, optical memories, and so on.• Nanophotonics can provide high bandwidth, high speed and ultra-small optoelectronic components.
Nanophotonics• Areas of Research interest are:-- Fundamental principles and technologies in nanophotonics- Theories & experiments in optical near- field interactions & Nanophotonic devices, fabrication and systems.
Nanophotonics• Ultra High Speed Silicon Electro-Optic Modulator• On-Chip Nonlinear Optics• High Performance on-chip Ge Photo-detectors• Networks on-chip• Slow/Fast Light on Chip• Slot-Waveguide for Strong Confinement of Light in Low-Inde• Photonics for Sensing
High Energy Materials• The HEMs have low calorific values compared to conventional fuels like coal or petrol; however, they release energy at millisec (propellants) to microsec (high explosives) scale.• HEMs - for requirement of HP, low sensitivity and useful life of practical significance, alternative synthetic pathways for modern high explosives and novel HEMs like ONC (Carbon Nitro explosive), polynitrogens and similar high power explosives Eco-friendly compounds• Totally new approach needs to be applied to process HEM compositions based on newly developed materials
High Energy Materials• Powerful explosives: -Synthesis of novel HEMs with desirable structural features -Strained poly-N-nitro cage compounds -Poly-C-nitro aromatics and hetero aromatics -Synthesis of energetic polymers and plasticizers
High Energy Materials• Insensitive HEMs: -Development of HEMs with structural features leading to combination of low sensitivity and high performance -Development and synthesis of energetic thermoplastic elastomers
High Energy Materials• Eco-friendly HEMs for propellants and pyrotechnics: -Approaches to overcome hygroscopicity problem & sensitivity problem of HNF (Hydrazinium nitroformate) -Novel eco-friendly oxidizers for propellants -Novel metal free eco-friendly initiatory compounds -Recycling, reusing and eco-friendly disposal of aged HEMs
High Energy Materials• Alternate pathways of synthesis of newly developed HEMs: -Greener approaches for synthesis of HEMs -Control of crystal modifications of new HEMs and modification of morphology of existing HEMs -Photo-synthesis and laser or microwave assisted synthesis of HEMs
High Energy Materials• Kinetic and ageing studies of propellant/explosive compositions: -Modeling & Kinetics -New approaches for assessment of realistic life of HEM compositions -Stability, compatibility and ageing of HEMs
High Energy Materials• Prediction of crystal structure, density and crystal morphology as well as sensitivity of new and existing HEMs• Conformational analysis and attempts to strain free systems in high-energy conformations• Software development for performance prediction of HEMs• Combustion instability• Modelling and simulation of Shaped Charge and Fragmentation Warheads
High Energy Materials• Initiation Methods: -Semiconductor and exploding bridge wire detonators -Laser initiation & Multipoint initiation• Analysis of HEMs: -Methods for analysis of HEMs at sub-parts per trillion (ppt) concentrations
High Power Microwave• High Power Microwaves (HPM), a potential technology area• Offers innovative approaches to existing defence applications.• HPM means peak powers of the order or more of 100 MW, with typical values upto ten GWs, in the microwave frequency band of the electromagnetic spectrum
Network Centric Operations• Technologies that support the new war- fighting doctrines that are emerging in the era of ubiquitous sensing, connectivity and computation form the backbone of NCO
Network Centric Operations• Enhanced capability radar systems, directed energy weapon systems, mine detection and clearing, pollution control are some of the direct applications of this novel technology
Network Centric Operations• High Energy Pulsed Power Technology :Generation of electrical pulses of very short duration and very large peak power is a critical technology. Encompasses pulse compression and power amplification techniques.• High Speed Switching : High-speed switching devices with nanosecond switch closure times required to effectively transfer the stored energy into the load.
Network Centric Operations• High voltage insulating materials: Materials with high dielectric strengths and high breakdown strength needed for applications such as for high energy density capacitors.• High-energy magnets : High-energy super conducting magnets and high field pulsed electromagnets used for guiding electron beam into the interaction region.
Network Centric Operations• High-density electron emitters : For HPM sources the current density requirements are much higher 100 A/cm2• Presently obtained from explosive plasma emission sources with limited life.• Field emitters and Ferroelectric Emitters used for the purpose.• However, their life is limited to a few hundred shots only and hence is a major hurdle.• Also different types of cathode configurations need to be studied to achieve long life and reliability of HPM systems.
Network Centric Operations• High power ultra wide-band antennas & radiating system :• HPM sources being inherently wide require an ultra wide band antenna.• Further the pulse duration of the HPM being short (100 nsec), fill time effect also to be taken into account.• Research work required on the design of ultra wide-band antenna and needs to be optimized.
Network Centric Operations• High sensors and diagnostics : The HPM devices technology require attention to DC & RF breakdown phenomenon and erosion of electrodes, gap closure etc.• Diagnostics of high voltage and current carried out by potential divider and Rogowskii coils.• RF fields measurements done using B-dot and D- dot sensors• Technology of development of such sensors is the need of the time.
Network Centric Operations• Some of these technology areas in which research initiatives can be taken to facilitate NCO development to achieve its objectives : -Distributed and Parallel Computing -Security and Information Assurance -Communication and networking -Image and Video Processing -Artificial Intelligence -Wireless Sensor Networks
Network Centric Operations• Research related to ontology evolution and management : -Generation of ontology from document corpus or Wikipedia -Ontology matching• Research related to planning and decision support: -Planning algorithms for state trajectory constraints -Planning for soft goals i.e. the constraint is a preference and impacts the quality of result obtained. -Planning to support what if analysis.
Network Centric Operations• Research related to knowledge management of text documents: -Detecting topics from a corpus of documents to facilitate title and sub-title generation in the summary. -Generation of abstractive summaries from a document corpus. -Information extraction. -Information retrieval.
MEMS• These micro scale mechanics integrated on si-chip capabilities to work as a sensor & actuator coupled with C-Mos signal conditioning circuits to be studied for their use in control, guidance, telemetry, radar, acoustics etc.
MEMS• Physical Sensors- Development of sensor concept, Material development, Development of different processing routes & characterization/qualification for pressure sensor, pressure belts, accelerometers, Hall effect sensors, Flow sensor, Shear stress sensor & temperature sensor• RF MEMS Device development of Switches, phase shifters, Trans-receivers, Antennas, VCOs, Varactors and IDT (Integrated Device Technology) based wireless sensors
MEMS• High Temperature Sensors, Development of sensor concept, Material dev, Dev of different processing routes & characterization and qualification of Stain gauge, Temperature sensors, Gas sensor, turbidity sensor• Polymer MEMS Micro pumps, micro valves, bio and chemical sensors
MEMS• Micro opto electro mechanical systems- Dev of sensor concept, design, fabrication, testing, qualification, integration with non- optical subsystems, micromachining & polymer micro moulding of optical switches, wavelength demultiplexers and micro lens arrays• Acoustic Devices- Development of sensor concept for devices like Microphones, speakers,Acoustic emission sensor & ultrasonic sensors• Energy harvesting- concept dev for piezo based devices, micro engines, micro batteries etc.
High Efficiency Aerodynamics• Design to improve high cruise efficiency, low-speed performance and safety and impeccable handling characteristics for near ideal aerodynamics.• Areas of research include -High-bypass turbofan -Cavitation in spray orifices -Low gravity fluid dynamics -Optical methods for studying hypersonic boundary layer transitions
Active Protection System for Armoured Fighting Vehicles• Active protection system is a hit avoidance system intended to detect, intercept and destroy by physically attacking the following weapons resulting in degraded lethality: - Anti-tank guided missiles - Top attack anti tank ammunitions - Rocket propelled Grenades (unguided) - Kinetic energy projectiles
Active Protection System for Armoured Fighting Vehicles• This system should have the following main components: -Multi role radar to continuously scan entire protected sector -Highly directional, super quick action defensive ammunition to engage & destroy missiles/grenade -Control equipment built around dedicated computer for auto control of radar operation system as whole, even for monitoring serviceability of system/components -Commander’s control panel, command conversion unit for engagement sequence, Mounts for ammunition arranged all round the tanks turret to ensure perimeter protection
Active Protection System for Armoured Fighting Vehicles• The critical technologies involved requiring research: -Miniaturized MMW radar -Sensor Fusion -Quick Reaction Kill
Artificial Intelligence• Expert Systems• Natural Language Processing• Speech Recognition• Computer Vision• Robotics• Intelligent Computer-Assisted Instruction• Automatic Programming• Planning and Decision Support