WhyNot?Forum 5.0 Mike Luz
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WhyNot?Forum 5.0 Mike Luz

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    WhyNot?Forum 5.0 Mike Luz WhyNot?Forum 5.0 Mike Luz Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • WHY ARE WE NOT YEARNING MORE FOR LEARNING? Issues to Address in Philippine Education Juan Miguel Luz Why Not Forum 5.0 Quezon City, Philippines 29 July 2008
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
        • 1. Setting the tone for Why Not 5.0 : The Question
        • 2. The Present: Where are we now in Philippine Education?
        • 3. The Future: If we don’t change, where will we be?
        • 4. The Reality: What are we producing?
        • 5. A Way Forward
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE QUESTION
        • Filipino families rate education highest among their dreams and aspirations for their families,
        • … Yet, education indicators show too many children:
          • Dropping out of school
          • Not finishing school
          • Doing poorly in school
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE QUESTION
          • Do we really value education
          • or the idea only? (Is this a myth we want to believe in?)
          • Or
          • Is education valued only by those who can afford it? (“The rich get richer”)
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: How educated are we? How educated is the workforce (e.g. heads of household)?
        • Great education divide (among HH heads; SWS, August 30-September 14, 2003)
          • No formal education 1.6%
          • Up to elementary graduate 37.5%
          • Some HS/HS graduate 33.8%
          • Some college/vocational 13.8%
          • College graduate/Post graduate 13.3%
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: How educated are we? How educated is the workforce (e.g. heads of household)?
        • Great education divide (among HH heads; SWS, August 30-September 14, 2003)
          • No formal education 1.6%
          • Up to elementary graduate 37.5%
          • Some HS/HS graduate 33.8%
          • Some college/vocational 13.8%
          • College graduate/Post graduate 13.3%
      If some college becomes a criteria for finding qualified workers, then the pool of hire-ables is very limited.
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: How educated are we? How educated is the workforce (e.g. heads of household)?
        • Great education divide (among HH heads; SWS, August 30-September 14, 2003)
          • No formal education 1.6%
          • Up to elementary graduate 37.5%
          • Some HS/HS graduate 33.8%
          • Some college/vocational 13.8%
          • College graduate/Post graduate 13.3%
      If some college becomes a criteria for finding qualified workers, then the pool of hire-ables is very limited. Only 42% complete High School
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
      (65% graduation rate)
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
      (65% graduation rate) 12% non- Transition rate
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
      (65% graduation rate) Health and nutrition gap of young children (poverty).
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
      (65% graduation rate) Health and nutrition gap of young children (poverty). Learning gap: Trouble with reading, math (remedial learning)
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
      (65% graduation rate) Health and nutrition gap of young children (poverty). Learning gap: Trouble with reading, math (remedial learning) Achievement gap: If no good in school…
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
      (65% graduation rate) Health and nutrition gap of young children (poverty). Learning gap: Trouble with reading, math (remedial learning) Achievement gap: “ If no good in School, then…” Too small a science base to support an industrial economy
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE FUTURE: More of the past with large gaps.
      Projected Manpower profile by Educational Attainment (Base Case), AIM Policy Forum, 1998
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE FUTURE: More of the past with large gaps.
      Projected Manpower profile by Educational Attainment (Base Case), AIM Policy Forum, 1998 With full college education
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE FUTURE: More of the past + larger gaps
      Projected Manpower profile by Educational Attainment (Base Case), AIM Policy Forum, 1998 With full college education With complete high school
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE FUTURE: More of the past with large gaps.
      Projected Manpower profile by Educational Attainment (Base Case), AIM Policy Forum, 1998 With full college education With complete high school Should be < 15-20% in the long run
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning? NOTE: Keeping kids in school will compound current shortages (Success will breed new problems) Will add from 1 – 1.2 million children just by improving retention year-by year. +240,000 +200,000 +120,000 +110,000 +100,000
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE FUTURE: Society (the economy) needs better results from Education
        • What industry looks for in graduates/new workforce entrants:
            • Ability to communicate
            • Ability to think logically
            • Trained to solve problems (overcome obstacles)
        • Other attributes:
            • Self-discipline/self-starting qualities
            • Service-orientation
        • Following basic knowledge:
            • Mathematics
            • Basic science
            • English language proficiency
            • Computer literacy
      Basis for logic, problem-solving skills
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE REALITY: What are we producing?
      • What are employers looking for in graduates?
        • Company managers were asked in studies done by the DAP (Productivity & Development Center) to determine when certain skills and knowledge should be acquired and the degree of attainment:
        • Skill Educational Level Degree of Attainment
        • Basic writing, reading, arithmetic Elementary Not quite
        • Theoretical knowledge and work skills Secondary Not quite
        • Practical knowledge and skills of work Secondary Hard to tell
        • Human relations skills Secondary Somewhat
        • Work habits Secondary Hard to tell
        • Will to work Secondary Not quite
        • Sense of responsibility Secondary Not quite
        • Social responsibility Secondary Not quite
        • Ethics and morals Secondary Not quite
        • Health and hygiene Elementary Hard to tell
        • The consensus among employers is that a high school diploma with its current coverage is inadequate for their purposes. HS graduates show deficiencies in their ability to communicate, to think logically and to solve problems.
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE REALITY: What are we producing? (% of the school-age population)
      • Unschooled/inadequately schooled
          • Elementary school dropouts - 33%
          • High school dropouts - + 22%
      • Schooled but not properly educated
          • High school graduates - + 35%
      • Special sectors with little access to schooling
          • Indigenous people, urban & - + 2%
      • rural poor
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • THE REALITY: What are we producing? (% of the school-age population)
      • Unschooled/inadequately schooled
          • Elementary school dropouts - 33%
          • High school dropouts - + 22%
      • Schooled but not properly educated
          • High school graduates - + 35%
      • Special sectors with little access to schooling
          • Indigenous people, urban & - + 2%
      • rural poor
      • Only 8% of our children are being properly educated up through the end of High School.
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • A WAY FORWARD; Building Blocks Approach (Examples)
      • 1. Get kids to school (Grade 1)
          • Tulong sa Tao (Petron Foundation)
          • CENTEX (Ayala Foundation)
          • Other programs (pre-school, headstart, etc.)
      • 2. Elementary achievement
          • Every Child a Reader by Grade 3
            • Sa Aklat Sisikat
            • Synergeia
            • Books-for-the-Barrios/Model Schools
            • Other reading programs
      • 3. Transition to high school
          • ERDA Foundation
    • Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
      • A WAY FORWARD: Building Blocks Approach (Examples)
      • 4. Keep kids (especially boys) in HS
          • Technical-Vocational Education (especially for boys)
          • School sports
      • 5. High school achievement
          • GILAS
          • SMART Schools
      • 6. Special sectors
          • Muslim-Filipinos children: ALIVE (Arabic Language & Islamic Values Education; Madrasah schools)
          • Indigenous People: Many mission programs (SIL, SVD, NDEA)
    • WHY ARE WE NOT YEARNING MORE FOR LEARNING? Issues to Address in Philippine Education Juan Miguel Luz Why Not Forum 5.0 Quezon City, Philippines 29 July 2008