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WhyNot?Forum 5.0 Mike Luz

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  • 1.  
  • 2. WHY ARE WE NOT YEARNING MORE FOR LEARNING? Issues to Address in Philippine Education Juan Miguel Luz Why Not Forum 5.0 Quezon City, Philippines 29 July 2008
  • 3. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
      • 1. Setting the tone for Why Not 5.0 : The Question
      • 2. The Present: Where are we now in Philippine Education?
      • 3. The Future: If we don’t change, where will we be?
      • 4. The Reality: What are we producing?
      • 5. A Way Forward
  • 4. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE QUESTION
      • Filipino families rate education highest among their dreams and aspirations for their families,
      • … Yet, education indicators show too many children:
        • Dropping out of school
        • Not finishing school
        • Doing poorly in school
  • 5. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE QUESTION
        • Do we really value education
        • or the idea only? (Is this a myth we want to believe in?)
        • Or
        • Is education valued only by those who can afford it? (“The rich get richer”)
  • 6. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: How educated are we? How educated is the workforce (e.g. heads of household)?
      • Great education divide (among HH heads; SWS, August 30-September 14, 2003)
        • No formal education 1.6%
        • Up to elementary graduate 37.5%
        • Some HS/HS graduate 33.8%
        • Some college/vocational 13.8%
        • College graduate/Post graduate 13.3%
  • 7. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: How educated are we? How educated is the workforce (e.g. heads of household)?
      • Great education divide (among HH heads; SWS, August 30-September 14, 2003)
        • No formal education 1.6%
        • Up to elementary graduate 37.5%
        • Some HS/HS graduate 33.8%
        • Some college/vocational 13.8%
        • College graduate/Post graduate 13.3%
    If some college becomes a criteria for finding qualified workers, then the pool of hire-ables is very limited.
  • 8. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: How educated are we? How educated is the workforce (e.g. heads of household)?
      • Great education divide (among HH heads; SWS, August 30-September 14, 2003)
        • No formal education 1.6%
        • Up to elementary graduate 37.5%
        • Some HS/HS graduate 33.8%
        • Some college/vocational 13.8%
        • College graduate/Post graduate 13.3%
    If some college becomes a criteria for finding qualified workers, then the pool of hire-ables is very limited. Only 42% complete High School
  • 9. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
    (65% graduation rate)
  • 10. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
    (65% graduation rate) 12% non- Transition rate
  • 11. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
    (65% graduation rate) Health and nutrition gap of young children (poverty).
  • 12. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
    (65% graduation rate) Health and nutrition gap of young children (poverty). Learning gap: Trouble with reading, math (remedial learning)
  • 13. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
    (65% graduation rate) Health and nutrition gap of young children (poverty). Learning gap: Trouble with reading, math (remedial learning) Achievement gap: If no good in school…
  • 14. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE PRESENT: That trend will continue because too many children are dropping out of basic education.
    (65% graduation rate) Health and nutrition gap of young children (poverty). Learning gap: Trouble with reading, math (remedial learning) Achievement gap: “ If no good in School, then…” Too small a science base to support an industrial economy
  • 15. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE FUTURE: More of the past with large gaps.
    Projected Manpower profile by Educational Attainment (Base Case), AIM Policy Forum, 1998
  • 16. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE FUTURE: More of the past with large gaps.
    Projected Manpower profile by Educational Attainment (Base Case), AIM Policy Forum, 1998 With full college education
  • 17. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE FUTURE: More of the past + larger gaps
    Projected Manpower profile by Educational Attainment (Base Case), AIM Policy Forum, 1998 With full college education With complete high school
  • 18. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE FUTURE: More of the past with large gaps.
    Projected Manpower profile by Educational Attainment (Base Case), AIM Policy Forum, 1998 With full college education With complete high school Should be < 15-20% in the long run
  • 19. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning? NOTE: Keeping kids in school will compound current shortages (Success will breed new problems) Will add from 1 – 1.2 million children just by improving retention year-by year. +240,000 +200,000 +120,000 +110,000 +100,000
  • 20. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE FUTURE: Society (the economy) needs better results from Education
      • What industry looks for in graduates/new workforce entrants:
          • Ability to communicate
          • Ability to think logically
          • Trained to solve problems (overcome obstacles)
      • Other attributes:
          • Self-discipline/self-starting qualities
          • Service-orientation
      • Following basic knowledge:
          • Mathematics
          • Basic science
          • English language proficiency
          • Computer literacy
    Basis for logic, problem-solving skills
  • 21. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE REALITY: What are we producing?
    • What are employers looking for in graduates?
      • Company managers were asked in studies done by the DAP (Productivity & Development Center) to determine when certain skills and knowledge should be acquired and the degree of attainment:
      • Skill Educational Level Degree of Attainment
      • Basic writing, reading, arithmetic Elementary Not quite
      • Theoretical knowledge and work skills Secondary Not quite
      • Practical knowledge and skills of work Secondary Hard to tell
      • Human relations skills Secondary Somewhat
      • Work habits Secondary Hard to tell
      • Will to work Secondary Not quite
      • Sense of responsibility Secondary Not quite
      • Social responsibility Secondary Not quite
      • Ethics and morals Secondary Not quite
      • Health and hygiene Elementary Hard to tell
      • The consensus among employers is that a high school diploma with its current coverage is inadequate for their purposes. HS graduates show deficiencies in their ability to communicate, to think logically and to solve problems.
  • 22. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE REALITY: What are we producing? (% of the school-age population)
    • Unschooled/inadequately schooled
        • Elementary school dropouts - 33%
        • High school dropouts - + 22%
    • Schooled but not properly educated
        • High school graduates - + 35%
    • Special sectors with little access to schooling
        • Indigenous people, urban & - + 2%
    • rural poor
  • 23. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • THE REALITY: What are we producing? (% of the school-age population)
    • Unschooled/inadequately schooled
        • Elementary school dropouts - 33%
        • High school dropouts - + 22%
    • Schooled but not properly educated
        • High school graduates - + 35%
    • Special sectors with little access to schooling
        • Indigenous people, urban & - + 2%
    • rural poor
    • Only 8% of our children are being properly educated up through the end of High School.
  • 24. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • A WAY FORWARD; Building Blocks Approach (Examples)
    • 1. Get kids to school (Grade 1)
        • Tulong sa Tao (Petron Foundation)
        • CENTEX (Ayala Foundation)
        • Other programs (pre-school, headstart, etc.)
    • 2. Elementary achievement
        • Every Child a Reader by Grade 3
          • Sa Aklat Sisikat
          • Synergeia
          • Books-for-the-Barrios/Model Schools
          • Other reading programs
    • 3. Transition to high school
        • ERDA Foundation
  • 25. Why are we Not Yearning more for Learning?
    • A WAY FORWARD: Building Blocks Approach (Examples)
    • 4. Keep kids (especially boys) in HS
        • Technical-Vocational Education (especially for boys)
        • School sports
    • 5. High school achievement
        • GILAS
        • SMART Schools
    • 6. Special sectors
        • Muslim-Filipinos children: ALIVE (Arabic Language & Islamic Values Education; Madrasah schools)
        • Indigenous People: Many mission programs (SIL, SVD, NDEA)
  • 26. WHY ARE WE NOT YEARNING MORE FOR LEARNING? Issues to Address in Philippine Education Juan Miguel Luz Why Not Forum 5.0 Quezon City, Philippines 29 July 2008

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