WhyNot?Forum 5.0 Fr. Jomar Legaspi
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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. The end of schooling , the beginning of LEARNING
  • 3. The standard script of schooling……
    • Standards driven story…..
    • Merits:
      • Goals are clear as are the means to achieve them
      • Fields of play and players are fairly contained in a reasonably controlled environment – schools and teachers
      • If we get more children into better run schools longer – better results
  • 4. ..but does the script makes sense when….
    • global reality characterized by rapid social, economic and technological changes require that local economies frequently innovate – combine and recombine ideas, skills and resources
    • premium on social and cognitive skills to work together flexibly and creatively
  • 5. ..but does the script makes sense when….
    • easy access of information from many sources: pervasiveness of the web and mobile phones
    • young people want to participate in creating information and ideas not mere spectators
      • engaged actively in social networks
      • multi – user online games: encourage lateral peer-to-peer collaboration
  • 6. ..the current script rewards..
    • teachers who can teach children to get through national test…good test results / professional exams have become an end in themselves
    • performance in standardized exams is not simply a measure of achievement but the system’s goal
  • 7. do we have to follow the script when…..
    • more and more boys are dropping out of school than girls…despite the emphasis on increasing test scores….
    • they drop out not primarily because of poverty but because they are bored in school
    • pervasiveness of information and communication technology
      • access to information / sources of knowledge anywhere, anyhow, anytime
  • 8. do we have to follow the script when…..
    • ……… an education system designed to impart a fixed body of knowledge and skills from the top down seems hopelessly slow, controlled and cumbersome for a world in which information is emerging the whole time on the Web.
  • 9. do we have to follow the script when…..
    • ……… children can teach themselves skills with minimal direct intervention from a “teacher”
  • 10. do we have to follow the script when…..
    • ……… cognitive science tells us that kids learn in different ways
  • 11. Why not revise…change the script where…
    • creativity is given equal importance as numeracy and literacy
    • Pedagogy of “constructionism”
      • 21 st century economy is the competition to attract creative talents:
      • Five categories of work in the 21 st century
        • Expert thinking: require creativity and expert problem solving: designing new products, diagnosing illnesses, creating new dishes from fresh ingredients
        • Complex communication: high paying jobs in design, innovation, motivation or management of others that require face to face interaction
  • 12. Why not revise…change the script where…
    • creativity is given equal importance as numeracy and literacy
      • 21 st century economy is the competition to attract creative talents:
      • Five categories of work in the 21 st century
        • Routine cognitive tasks: routine cognitive tasks that follow well defined logical rules such as work in call centers, data processing center and other routine aspects of software coding – highly vulnerable to outsourcing
        • Routine manual tasks: physical labor jobs that follow defined rules – assembly line work. Has rapidly declined due to automation and outsourcing
  • 13. Why not revise…change the script where…
    • creativity is given equal importance as numeracy and literacy
      • 21 st century economy is the competition to attract creative talents:
      • Five categories of work in the 21 st century
        • Non-routine manual task: physical labor that is difficult to automate – require “optical recognition” and “fine muscle control”
            • Frank Levy and Richard Murnane – quoted from “Flight of the Creative Class” – Richard Florida
  • 14. Why not revise…change the script where…
    • learning spaces are designed in an open classroom environment to accommodate different learning styles
    • curriculum designed around themes, projects or real life problems that provides platform for collaborative, creative construction of knowledge
    • digital Personal Learning Assistant that embeds a portfolio of works – portfolio management is given equal importance as performance in standardized tests
  • 15. Why not revise…change the script where…
    • a network of learning communities to support various relationships that impact learning
    • Teaching…LEARNING HOW TO LEARN
  • 16. Why not revise…change the script where…
    • teachers are architects and managers of learning environments rather than purveyors of information and content
  • 17. The script will change…
    • PLACE for learning – providing more opportunities to learn in the community
    • SPACES where it happens – redesigning classrooms and entire schools to become centre social approaches to learning
    • TIME when learning happens – allowing for shorter or longer period as required by the learning experience – project based / problem based learning
    • PACE at which learning happens – provide space / opportunities for both slow and fast learners to address their learning needs in non-threatening / non-discriminatory environment
    • STYLES of Learning : full spectrum – instruction and direct learning to more independent and enquiry-led learning
    • TECHNOLOGIES for Learning : platform to access virtual learning environment, expand and support relationships beyond the school that supports learning
  • 18. Do our kids need to go to school six hours a day, five to six days a week to get educated in the 21 st Century?