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NOLS Presentation

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  • 1. The Development of the National Outdoor Leadership School By Matt Jost
  • 2. The Outdoor Industry During the 1950’s and 1960’s
    • University’s began to develop experiential programming
      • Prescott College, Evergreen College, University of Oregon
    • Large influx of student growth within university’s
    • Outward Bound International started in 1941 - Founded by Kurt Hahn
    • Outward Bound USA 1962 - Founded by Josh Miner; key players - Paul Petzoldt & Tap Tapley
    • NOLS becomes established in 1965
  • 3. Outdoor Industry Continued…
    • National Park become huge attractions
      • March 17, 1864 California set aside state land for Yosemite Valley California
      • By 1950 the National Park System had over 30 million visitors
      • By 1960 the National Park System had over 80 million visitors
    • By the late 60’s it seems that Americans were in search of an adventure in the wilderness
  • 4. What is NOLS
    • National Outdoor Leadership School
    • A school that aspires to teach individuals of all ages technical outdoor skills, leadership, and environmental ethics in outdoor classrooms
  • 5. The Founder - Paul Petzoldt
    • 1909 - 1999
    • Well established Mt. Climber
      • 1st U.S. expedition to climb K-2
    • 1st Chief Instructor of Outward Bound in USA
    • Founded NOLS in 1965 at age 56
    • Founded Wilderness Education Association
    • Founded Paul Petzoldt Leadership School age 88
  • 6. Outward Bound’s Role
    • Paul Petzoldt and Tap Tapley helped establish the Colorado branch of Outward Bound
      • Petzoldt was in charge of Mountaineering
    • Petzoldt saw a need to train the leaders within Outward Bound
      • “ We ll, it’l l be a leadership school, so we should call it something like that…”
        • A statement that Petzoldt told Tapley after he came up with the idea for a training school, which would become NOLS.
  • 7. Other Key Players
    • Tap Tapley - Help establish NOLS
      • Met Paul in the Army
        • Paul was teaching the 10 Mountain Division in Winter camping skills
      • One of the first instructor for NOLS
    • Outward Bound - Kurt Hahn
      • Set a standard for outdoor leadership and outdoor leadership schools
  • 8. Outcomes that NOLS Aspired for in the beginning
    • “ The new leader program will attempt to fill this need, training both instructors and providing the type of rugged outdoor experience that can compete with the more certified toe of challenge that draws young people to hotrodding and some less savory types of adventures.” (Quote from Paul Petzoldt in The Riverton Ranger in Lander on March 23, 1965.)
  • 9. Organization of the NOLS First Trips
    • June 8, 1965 food was issued for the first trip
    • 100 students made up the first expedition
    • Paul Petzoldt was the only leader
      • Continued in this pattern for first five years
    • Group was split into groups of 12 or so.
      • A patrol leaders was voted and placed in charge of the group reporting back to Petzoldt after each trip
    • The groups traveled separately on different trails assigned by Petzoldt
  • 10. First trips continued…
    • The groups backpacked through various trials of the Wind River Range
      • Hidden Valley Ranch Trailed to start
    • Trips lasted one month
    • Three trips went in the first summer
    • Clothing for the trips was from Army Surplus left over from the Korean War
      • Issued and deissued at the end of the trip
      • Became the NOLS official uniform
    • Petzoldt designed & produced clothing that was needed but not commercially available
  • 11. NOLS Mission and Values Today
    • “ The mission of the National Outdoor Leadership School is to be the leading source and teacher of wilderness skills and leadership that serve people and the environment.” (NOLS website)
    • “ The NOLS community-its staff, students, trustees, and alumni-shares a commitment to wilderness, education, leadership, safety, community, and excellence. These values define and direct who we are, what we do, and how we do it.” (NOLS website)
  • 12. Resources
    • http://www.nols.edu/about/values.shtml
    • http://www.nols.edu/about/history/nols_history.shtml
    • http://www.isu.edu/outdoor/history.htm
    • http://www.nols.edu/alumni/leader/05fall/tap_tapley_returns.shtml
    • The Riverton Ranger (Lander’s Newspaper)
    • http://www.pbs.org/nationalparks/history/timeline/