The Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol toPrevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons definesTrafficking in Persons as: “The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring orreceipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force orother forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, ofdeception, of the abuse of power or of a position ofvulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments orbenefits to achieve the consent of a person having controlover another person, for the purpose of exploitation.Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation ofthe prostitution of others or other forms of sexualexploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practicessimilar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.”
Bonded labour; Forced labour; Child labour; Sex trafficking; Trafficking in organs.
Eleven countries score very high as countries of origin for trafficking victims - Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Albania, Bulga ria, Lithuania, Romania, China, Thailand, and Nigeria.Belgium, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, th e Netherlands, Thailand, Turkey and the United States are countries ranked very high as destination countries of trafficked persons.
Trafficking is a lucrative industry. It has been identified as the fastest growing criminal industry in the world.Total annual revenue:In 2004 - $5 billion and $9 billion.In 2005 - $31.6 billion.
Threats to border integrity;Threats to human health;Threats to national and international security;Threats to the health of our global human conscience.
The 3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index measures the effectiveness of government policies to fight human trafficking . In 2009, seven countries demonstrate the highest possible performance in policies - Germany, Australia, the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, Sweden and the US. The worst performing country in 2009 was Haiti, followed by Somalia and North Korea.
United Nations: UN Office on Drugs and Crime; The United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking;Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings;Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe;NGOs.
"Be Smart, Be Safe“;Global TV Campaign on Human Trafficking.
“I got kidnapped when I was 15,” says Brittney. “I decided to cut school one day. I was in Oakland, on Havenscourt and Foothill, and all I heard was, ‘Man, go get that girl!’ And one of them came out and dragged me by my hair, and he pulled me into the car.”
“I’d wake up at 5; I’d be outside by 5:30,” says Brittney, 19. “I would just wait and see what happened, whether it’d be in the streets or whether I’d be on the Internet. And then I won’t be able to come back inside until like 2 o’clock in the morning, so I’d get only, like, three hours of rest.” “It’s not the best deal to have sex with 15 different guys in one day and only get a cheeseburger at the end of it.”