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  • 1. FOOD FOR THOUGHT Directions: After reading the question, stop and write your answer. Then click on the slide for the answer. See if you are correct!
  • 2. FOOD FOR THOUGHT  Question: What is a prefix? What is an example of a prefix? Give at least three examples of different medical terms that share that same prefix. Give an example of medical terms that share the same root but have different prefixes.  Answer: A prefix is a small word part that is attached to the beginning of a term. Not all medical terms contain prefixes, but the prefix can have an important influence on meaning. An example of a prefix is hyper-, which means “excessive” or “above.” Three medical terms that use the prefix hyper- are hyperglycemia, which means excess of sugar in the blood; hyperplasia, which means increase in cell numbers; and hypertrophy, which means increase in size of individual cells. Subgastric and epigastric are examples of terms that share a root but have different prefixes and drastically different meanings. Subgastric means “pertaining to [something] under the stomach” and epigastric means “pertaining to [something] above the stomach.”
  • 3. FOOD FOR THOUGHT  Question: What is the medical term for a group of signs or symptoms that commonly occur together and indicate a particular disease or abnormal condition?  Answer: The term for a group of symptoms that occur together and indicate a particular disease is syndrome. The term syndrome is built from the suffix “syn” meaning “together, with” and from the Greek “dromos” meaning a course for running.