BASIC FEATURES OF JAPANOfficial Name:        Historical Title: Japan                Nihon or Nippon                     ...
A. LandBoundaries                        Four Major Islands North: Sea of Okhotsk            Hokkaido South: Pacific Oc...
A. LandLand Use:                       Area: Arable Land: 11%               Land- 374,744 km2 Permanent Crops: 1%      ...
Principal CitiesT O K Y O - F i n a n c i a l a n d c o m m e r c i a l c e n t e r ; J a p a n ’ s c a p i t a l a n d l...
B. TOPOGRAPHYMountains:                                    Water Forms: Mt. Fuji                                     Shi...
PlainsKantoPlainNobi PlainKinai Plain
PlainsKanto Plain       Kanto Plain
CLIMATEJ a p a n b e l o n g s t o a t e m p e r a t e z o n e w i t h f o u r d i s t i n c t s e a s o n s ,but its cli...
TWO PRIMARY FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE JAPAN’SCLIMATE:A. MONSOONSB. MAJOR OCEANIC CURRENT   The hottest temperature ever meas...
THE JAPANESE PEOPLEM o s t J a p a n e s e a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s M o n g o l o i d s ( l i k e   Mongolians)becau...
LANGUAGEJAPANESEA r e u n i t e d b y a c o m m o n s p o k e n l a n g u a g e . T h i s h a s m a d e i teasier for the...
LIFE IN JAPANT h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t a s p e c t i n J a p a n a s t h e b l e n d i n g o f t h e o l d a n dthe...
RELIGIONA. SHINTOISM  -”Shinto” means “the way”  -is based on the worship of nature and good spirits called KAMI.  -they h...
RELIGIONB. BUDDHISM AND ZEN BUDDHISM     -It was brought to Japan by the Chinese about 1500 years     ago, and spread rapi...
J   AA   RP   TA   SNESE
JAPANESE ARTSTEA CEREMONY The tea ceremony is designed  to make a person one with  nature, to see beauty in  simplicity a...
IKEBANA
BONSAI
KABUKI
BUNRAKU
Manyoshu
Kokinshu
Suim-e
Ukiyo-e
Haniwa
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
Introduction to Japan
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Introduction to Japan

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Introduction to Japan
Basic features
A. Land
Principal Cities
B. Topography
C. Climate
D. The Japanese People
E. LAnguage
F. Life in Japan
G. Religion and Beliefs
H. Japanese Arts

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Transcript of "Introduction to Japan"

  1. 1. BASIC FEATURES OF JAPANOfficial Name: Historical Title: Japan  Nihon or Nippon means “Origin of the Sun”  Japan – “Land of the Rising Sun”
  2. 2. A. LandBoundaries Four Major Islands North: Sea of Okhotsk  Hokkaido South: Pacific Ocean  Honshu West: Korean Strait and Sea of Japan  Kyushu North: Pacific Ocean and East China Sea  Shikkkoku
  3. 3. A. LandLand Use: Area: Arable Land: 11%  Land- 374,744 km2 Permanent Crops: 1%  Water- 3,091 km2 Permanent Pastures: 2%  TOTAL: 377,835 km2 Forest & Woodland: 17% Other: 19%
  4. 4. Principal CitiesT O K Y O - F i n a n c i a l a n d c o m m e r c i a l c e n t e r ; J a p a n ’ s c a p i t a l a n d l a r g e s tcity.Y O K O H A M A - L e a d i n g s e a p o r t a n d s h i p b u i l d i n g ; i n d u s t r i a l c e n t e r o fchemicals, machinery, metal and petroleum products.O S A K A - I m p o r a n t s e a p o r t a n d a i r l i n e t e r m i n u s ; O n e o f J a p a n ’ slargest financial centers.N A G O Y A - M a n u f a c t u r i n g c e n t e r o f l a c q u e r w a e , t e x t i l e s a n d p o e t r y .K Y O T O - H i s t o r i c a l c a p i t a l , famous manufacturing center of art goodsincludingsilk brocades and textiles Center of heavy industries.K O B E - L e a d i n g s e a p o r t a n d s h i p b u i l d i n g .
  5. 5. B. TOPOGRAPHYMountains: Water Forms: Mt. Fuji  Shinano Japan’s highest peak.  Longest river. Japanese Alps  Ishikari One of the longest chains of mountains.  Second largest. Mt. Yanga  Biwa Highest elevation in the mountain Alps  Largest lake. Total # of Mountains = 200 Total # of active Mountains = 50
  6. 6. PlainsKantoPlainNobi PlainKinai Plain
  7. 7. PlainsKanto Plain Kanto Plain
  8. 8. CLIMATEJ a p a n b e l o n g s t o a t e m p e r a t e z o n e w i t h f o u r d i s t i n c t s e a s o n s ,but its climate varies from cool to temperate in the north tosubtropical in the south.N O R T H J A P A N h a s w a r m s u m m e r s b u t l o n g c o l d w i n t e r s w i t hheavy snow.C E N T R A L J A P A N h a s h o t , h u m i d s u m m e r s a n d s h o r t w i n t e r s .S O U T H W E S T E R N J A P A N h a s l o n g , h o t h u m i d s u m m e r a n dmild winters.
  9. 9. TWO PRIMARY FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE JAPAN’SCLIMATE:A. MONSOONSB. MAJOR OCEANIC CURRENT The hottest temperature ever measured in japan 40.9 c (105.6 F) occurred in tajimi,gifu on august 16,2007.
  10. 10. THE JAPANESE PEOPLEM o s t J a p a n e s e a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s M o n g o l o i d s ( l i k e Mongolians)because of their physical characteristics.T h e y h a v e a s t r a i g h t b l a c k h a i r a n d d a r k a l m o n d - s h a p e d e y e s .T h e y a r e s h o r t e r i n h e i g h t t h a n p r e s e n t - d a y W e s t e n e r s .T h e i r s k i n c o l o r r a n g e s f r o m f a i r t o y e l l o w i s h to brown.
  11. 11. LANGUAGEJAPANESEA r e u n i t e d b y a c o m m o n s p o k e n l a n g u a g e . T h i s h a s m a d e i teasier for the Japanese to achieve political and cultural unitymore quickly than other Asian nation.T h e J a p a n e s e l a n g u a g e i s m a i n l y P O L Y S Y L L A B I C ( m o s t w o r d sare composed of several syllables.)J a p a n e s e i s n o t d i f f i c u l t t o s p e a k a n d p r o n o u n c e a n d s p e l l i n gis simpler than English or French.
  12. 12. LIFE IN JAPANT h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t a s p e c t i n J a p a n a s t h e b l e n d i n g o f t h e o l d a n dthe new. Although willing to adopt better ways of doing things fromother cultures, the Japanese retain much of that is traditional.A p p r e c i a t i o n o f t h e b e a u t y a n d g r e a t n e s s o f n a t u r e h a s b e e n a p a r tof Japanese life since earliest time.
  13. 13. RELIGIONA. SHINTOISM -”Shinto” means “the way” -is based on the worship of nature and good spirits called KAMI. -they had NO bible. -about 93% of Japanese people practiced Shintoism. -Shinto represents 3 symbols: SWORD, STRING OF JEWEL, MIRROR.
  14. 14. RELIGIONB. BUDDHISM AND ZEN BUDDHISM -It was brought to Japan by the Chinese about 1500 years ago, and spread rapidly among nobles and the upper classes. -Zen Buddhism believes that prayer and religious worship are a waste of time. Personal character and discipline are more important. Meditation (thinking) is the main form of worship.
  15. 15. J AA RP TA SNESE
  16. 16. JAPANESE ARTSTEA CEREMONY The tea ceremony is designed to make a person one with nature, to see beauty in simplicity and economy of movement. It is an art, not a means of offering refreshment.
  17. 17. IKEBANA
  18. 18. BONSAI
  19. 19. KABUKI
  20. 20. BUNRAKU
  21. 21. Manyoshu
  22. 22. Kokinshu
  23. 23. Suim-e
  24. 24. Ukiyo-e
  25. 25. Haniwa
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