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Harvard Fairbank Center - Min Jiang - Online Authoritarian Deliberation (Media in Chinese Politics Workshop)
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Harvard Fairbank Center - Min Jiang - Online Authoritarian Deliberation (Media in Chinese Politics Workshop)

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This research was presented at the postdoctoral workshop Media in Chinese Politics at Harvard University's Fairbank Center (April 25, 2009). Please contact the author for citation.

This research was presented at the postdoctoral workshop Media in Chinese Politics at Harvard University's Fairbank Center (April 25, 2009). Please contact the author for citation.

Published in: News & Politics, Technology

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  • 1. Spaces of Authoritarian Deliberation: Online Public Deliberation in China Harvard Fairbank Center - Media in Chinese Politics Workshop Min Jiang Assistant Professor Department of Communication Studies UNC-Charlotte Email: mjiang3@uncc.edu PPT Citation: Jiang, M. (2009, April 25). Spaces of authoritarian deliberation: Online public deliberation in China. Presented Citation: at Media in Chinese Politics Workshop at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. Cambridge,
  • 2. Chinese Internet Population 298 million Internet users (CNNIC, 2009) 2/3 under age 30 162 million bloggers (more than ½ of China’s netizens) 117 million Internet mobile phone users 700 million mobile phone users (½ of Chinese population) Photos courtesy of MinnPost.Com, eChinaCities.com MinnPost.Com,
  • 3. Cyber Censorship and Its Myths Photo LEFT: Mobinode.com and RIGHT: Wikimedia.org Images MIDDLE from: http://www.wired.com/politics/security/magazine/15-11/ff_chinafirewall?currentPage=all http://www.wired.com/politics/security/magazine/15- http://politicsoffthegrid.wordpress.com/2008/07/02/chinese-bloggers-overpower-the-great-firewall-of-china/ http://politicsoffthegrid.wordpress.com/2008/07/02/chinese- bloggers- overpower- the- great- firewall- of-
  • 4. “We Chinese Need to be Controlled”? Jackie Chan: Media quoted me out of context Dai Qincheng: (HK) Netizens demand Jackie Chan be sent to North Korea (reprint) Han Han: Read the Emperor’s mind like Jackie Chan ChinaNet, douban, Sina Blog (April 23, 2009)
  • 5. Modern Authoritarianism Patriotism + Legitimacy based on performance Photo LEFT: http://www.flickr.com/photos/33673641@N00/1251068537 Photo RIGHT: http://rss.xinhuanet.com/newsc/english/2008-05/14/content_8168699.htm
  • 6. Spaces of Authoritarian Deliberation Central propaganda spaces Government-regulated commercial spaces Emergent civic spaces International deliberative spaces
  • 7. Central Propaganda Spaces 1
  • 8. Central Propaganda Spaces 2
  • 9. Central Propaganda Spaces 3 Salary increase is offset by rise in housing price Hundreds of billions of bad debt is caused by the banks’ mismanagement of of state-owned assets. But average folks eventually foot the bill.
  • 10. Central Propaganda Spaces 4 “We pay great attention to suggestions and advice from our netizens. We stress “putting people first” and “governing for the people.” Therefore we listen to people’s voices and capitalize on people’s wisdom when we solve problems and make decisions. The Internet is an important channel for us to know public concerns and collect public wisdoms.” - President Hu Jingtao June 20, 2008 Photo by Li Ke, ChinaNet from http://tv.people.com.cn/GB/7398332.html
  • 11. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 1 Number of Websites under Various Top Applications Domain Names in China Domain Quantity Proportion Online Music (83.7%) Name Online News (78.5%) .CN 2,216,437 77% Instant Messaging (75%) .COM 552,898 19.2% Search Engine (68%) .NET 87,713 3% Online Video (67.7%) .ORG 21,005 0.7% Total Online Gaming (62.8%) 2,878,053 100.0% Source: 23rd CNNIC Statistical Survey Report on the Internet Development in China (January 2009)
  • 12. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 2
  • 13. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 3 Image TOP LEFT: http://www.leedominic.com/ Image BOTTOM LEFT: XinhuaNet http://news.xinhuanet.com/photo/2007-08/29/content_6625132.htm Image RIGHT: Heredict Q blog http://blog.myneverland.org/archives/844
  • 14. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 4 Fatianxia.com shut down on Dec. 16, 2008 Bullog reopens overseas now.
  • 15. Government-regulated Commercial Spaces 5 Liu Xiaoyuan: A young man arrested for calling his superior a scum
  • 16. Emergent Civic Spaces 1
  • 17. Emergent Civic Spaces 2 Noncommercial Web Site Registration Regulation
  • 18. Emergent Civic Spaces 3 Image LEFT: ChinaDaily http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/en/doc/2003- 10/24/content_275179.htm Image TOP RIGHT: Eastwood Zhao.com http://www.eastwoodzhao.com/stubborn-nail-house- demolished/
  • 19. Emergent Civic Spaces 4 Activity Types: online; meetups sports; edu/lectures/study groups entertainment/games May 1st. /movies Where to go? concerts/exhibition travel conference Work experience public service project: Wash dishes at restaurants
  • 20. International Deliberative Spaces 1
  • 21. International Deliberative Spaces 2 Image MIDDLE: waxy.org by Andy Baio
  • 22. Future Research Engage reform-minded bureaucrats? How to grow China’s emergent civil society? Patterns of online information sharing, civic/political discourse, collective action? How to engage China’s digital generations? Online authoritarian deliberation’s long-term impact on civic/political participation?