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Table of ContentsIntroductionThe Journey OverThe ColonistsSurviving RoanokeThe Croatan Native AmericansThe Croatan-English RelationshipJohn White left the ColonyThe Spanish ArmadaReturn to RoanokeMyths and TheoriesWorks CitedImage CreditsGlossaryAbout the AuthorsProject Reflection
After Columbus discovered the New World, every king and queenwanted some land for themselves. Spain was taking over the NewWorld fast, and Queen Elizabeth of England wanted some landalso. She gave Sir Walter Raleigh money to organize a colony. Hestarted the colony of Roanoke.Sir Walter Raleigh and Queen Elizabeth were very close. One day,the Queen was walking and she came across a puddle. Sir WalterRaleigh jumped forward and threw his cloak across the puddle sothat she would not get her shoes dirty. In 1580, Raleigh helped putdown the Irish rebellion, was knighted, and became a favorite ofQueen Elizabeth’s. He became very wealthy (Alchin).IntroductionZoe M.
In 1584, explorers Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe were the firstknown Europeans to see the island of Roanoke. They had been sent tothe area by Sir Walter Raleigh to scout and find a good spot to make asettlement. The new land was named “Virginia” in honor of the VirginQueen, Elizabeth. The next year, in 1586, Raleigh put Ralph Lane incharge of the settlement. When Lane was not successful, he abandonedthe settlement leaving 15 of his men behind. Raleigh then sent 100soldiers, miners, and scientists to Roanoke Island (“Roanoke Voyages”).Queen Elizabeth gave Sir Walter Raleigh money to explore the New Worldso Raleigh organized the journey for the colonists (National ParkService). Raleigh hired John White to found a colony. It was to be called“The Cittie of Raleigh”. They were headed for the Chesapeake Bay butstopped in Roanoke to pick up the 15 men abandoned there previously.The captain of Whites ship, Fernandes, told the colonists they had to getoff on Roanoke (“Roanoke Voyages”).Later, Elizabeth discovered that Raleigh had married one of her maids.She got very jealous and threw both he and his wife in the Tower ofLondon. He was no longer her favorite (Alchin).
Later, Elizabeth discovered that Raleigh had married one of her maids. Shegot very jealous and threw both he and his wife in the Tower of London. Hewas no longer her favorite (Alchin).Fig. 2. Sir Walter RaleighFig. 1. Queen Elizabeth I
The Journey OverJonah W.As mentioned previously, in 1587, the English made anattempt to found a colony in the New World.(Smithsonian Environmental). On voyages in that time,the crew received harsh punishments for not doing whatthey were supposed to do. The food consisted of saltbeef, pork, fish, ale, or biscuits. There was also a greatdeal of sickness because of many reasons, such asspoiled food (Royal Museums). The journeys wereusually very rough because of all the storms at sea. Ittook the ships about ninety-two days to make the trip.They were sailing for Virginia, but because of theupcoming hurricane season, the colonists were forcedto end their journey earlier than planned. So theysettled on Roanoke Island, in what today is calledNorth Carolina (Smithsonian Environmental).
Fig. 3. This painting by Seth Eastman, c.1850 depicts a smallpinnace, a boat design that was used on the earliest voyagesfrom England to establish the Popham Colony in southernMaine, and settlement at Jamestown and other sites on coastalVirginia in the first decade of the 17th century. The 1584 daterefers to the ill-fated, late 16th century English colony atRoanoke, Virginia.
Led and governed by John White, the 117settlers were off to the New World. Thesettlers were gentlemen, women, children,and many artisans (Smithsonian). QueenElizabeth hired Sir Walter Raleigh to helpher expand her empire. The Spanish hadalready started exploring the New World,and she did not want England to be leftbehind. Raleigh then hired John White to bethe leader and governor for the journey tothe New World. Raleigh promised the futurecolonists a plot of land. Once the colonistsarrived they had many responsibilities inorder to survive (Oregon PublicBroadcasting).The ColonistsJamie B.Fig. 4. Map of Roanoke.
Life was difficult in the colony of Roanoke. The colonists werestruggling to survive. It was especially hard for the colony becausethey did not have much food or living supplies (SmithsonianEnvironmental Research Center).It took a very long time for the supply ships to arrive in Roanoke.The colonists had some supplies such as blankets (but they did nothelp much because the blankets were thin), rotten food, animals, anda very small amount of crops. There was a lack of food and water.There were also many diseases that made living in Roanoke veryhard. Many people died from starvation, food poisoning, diseases,and wild beasts (Intriguing Family History). Surviving Roanoke was astruggle and many people faced death (Oregon Public Broadcasting).Surviving RoanokeEvelyn M.
Before the colonists came to Roanoke, the Croatan NativeAmericans inhabited the land surrounding Roanoke Island. Theywere a group of Native Americans who lived very close toRoanoke Island.The Croatan lived in North Carolina for a long period of time.The Croatan are also known as the Lumbee or the Cheraw NativeAmericans. They were a thriving group of natives that lived fromhunting deer, wild turkey, and other animals. They harvested corn,squash, beans, and tobacco. They also fished on the outer banks ofthe island, though they lived in the forests. Croatan Island wasfairly big and was forty-two miles long (Native Languages).The Croatan Native AmericansItamar L.
Fig. 5. Indians in NorthCarolina fishing with traps,spears, and nets.
John White described the Croatan Native Americans as his friends(Gudzune). The Native Americans were hospitable to the colonists,but the colonists treated them like slaves. For instance, when oneof the colonists noticed his silver drinking cup missing, hethreatened to burn the Native Americans and their chief. This wasbad for their colony because the colonists were relying on theNative Americans and could not risk any trouble. (MargaretOdrowaz-Sypniewska)Croatan-English RelationsElior L.
Fig. 6. Warrior of the Secotan Indians in North Carolina.Watercolour painted by John White in 1585.
John White founded the colony of Roanoke in 1584. Life wasvery difficult in the colony. Food and clean water was scarceand the colonists had to deal with disease. When supplies ranout, John White returned to England to get supplies. When hereached England, he found the country at war against Spain.England could not spare any ships to send supplies to thecolony. John White was not able to return to Roanoke becausethe English needed all the ships to fight the war. After threeyears, the war ended and England won. Queen Elizabeth allowedWhite to return to the colony with the supplies needed(Wikipedia).Benjamin C.John White Returned to England
Fig. 7. Baptism of Virginia Dare, John Whites granddaughter and thefirst child born in the Americas to English parents.
The Spanish Armada was a huge fleet of Spanish warships. TheSpanish Armada trapped the English naval fleet in England. TheEnglish ships were unable to leave. John White could not bring backmuch needed supplies to the colony in time (Foresman). TheSpanish Armada consisted of 130 ships (22 warships and convertedmerchant vessels), which carried about 2,500 guns. There were30,000 men on the ships. It sailed from Lisbon, Spain, which ismodern day Portugal, on July 19, 1588. The Armada sailed to gaincontrol of the English Channel during the Anglo-Spanish War. Thereason for that was because the Spanish wanted to move aninvasion army from the Netherlands to England (Trueman).The Spanish ArmadaFig. 8. The Spanish Armada.Ben A.
Fig. 9. Map of the route taken by theSpanish Armada.
When John White returned to Roanoke in mid-August 15, he sawsmoke in two different places on the island. The smoke wasfrom a forest fire. White found nothing. All the houses weredestroyed and there was no sign of settlement except the word“CRO” scratched on a tree (A&E). White knew that the CroatanNative Americans lived near the settlers, White assumed that thecolonists went to live with the Native Americans. John White andsome men searched for the settlers. White thought that settlershad moved in with the Native Americans and tried to get toCroatoan Island. However, there was a big storm and he wasforced to return to England after finding nothing in Roanoke.He had no money left for another voyage. It was hard for JohnWhite to face the tragedy of what may have occurred in Roanokebecause of the loss of his family (“The Lost Colony”).Return to RoanokeZachary S.
Fig. 10. John White discovers the word "CROATOAN" carved atRoanokes fort palisade.
When the colonists disappeared, many myths and theories formedover the years. Most of the myths and theories started when peoplesaw CROATOAN scratched on a tree, and CRO scratched on anotherpost nearby on Roanoke Island. There are many different kinds ofmyths and theories about what could have happened to thecolonists.Some people think that a hurricane destroyed the settlement andthe colonists washed out to sea. Another theory is that anaggressive Native American tribe murdered the colonists and ruinedtheir homes. That is a theory that many people believe that is truebecause the colonists did not have the correct material to build ashelter that would have been able to stand up to a hurricane or anattack (“What Happened”).Myths and TheoriesRebecca B. and Gil S.
People think that while John White was delayed in Englandtrying to get supplies, the colonists were famished, alone, andcold, so they decided to live with the Croatans. Anothertheory relating to this is that the colonists of Roanokestarved to death. This could be because that is one of thereasons White went back to England to get more food. Afterthe colony disappeared, it was documented that the settlershad intermarried the pale-skinned Native Americans(Embrose).One myth is that werewolves attacked the colony and turnedthe colonists into werewolves. Another myth is that alienscame, took the colonists, and flew away. Many people try toavoid coming to this abandoned settlement because theythink it is haunted (Embrose).These are the theories and myths that have formed after thecolony disappeared, but what might have happened to thecolony still remains a mystery to this very day.
Fig. 11. "CRO" written on a tree, part of the Lost Colonyperformance at Fort Raleigh National Historic Site.
A&E Television Networks, LLC. “Roanoke Colony Deserted.” ThisDay In History. Web. 8 Mar. 2013.Alchin, L. K. “Sir Walter Raleigh.” Elizabethan Era. Web. 8 Mar. 2013.Embrose, Kala. “Haunted History.” Examiner.com, 16 June 2012. Web.8 Mar. 2013.Foresman, Scott. "The Battle of the Spanish Armada." SocialStudies: The United States. Glenview, IL: Pearson Education, Inc.,2006. 158. Print.Gudzune, Jeffrey. “Croatan & Roanoke.” Suite101.com, 29 Sept.2006. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.http://lsuite101.com/article/croatoan-and-the-mystery-of-roanok-a7272Works Cited
Intriguing Family History. “The Lost Colony of Roanoke Island.”Education & Outreach. Web. 8 Mar. 2013.“The Lost Colony of Roanoke” Social Studies for Kids. Web. 8Mar. 2013.National Park Service. “The Roanoke Voyages.” Fort Raleigh. Web.8 Mar. 2013.Native Languages of the Americas. “Lumbee Indian Fact Sheet.”Native American Facts for Kids. Web. 23 Apr. 2013.North Carolina Museum of History. “What Happened to the LostColony?” Legends of North Carolina. Web. 8 Mar. 2013.Odrowaz-Sypniewska, Margaret. “Roanoke Island, the VirginianColony.” The Courtly Lives--Roanoke Island. Web. 3 Apr. 2013.Oregon Public Broadcasting. “Historical Background.” Time TeamAmerica. Web. 12 Mar. 2013.“Roanoke Colony.” Wikipedia.org. Web. 12 Mar. 2013.
"Roanoke Voyages: England’s Expeditions to the New WorldBetween 1584 and 1590, Including the Lost Colony.” The LostColony. Web. 14 Mar. 2013.Royal Museums Greenwich. “Life at Sea in the Age of Sail.”National Maritime Museum. Web. 11 Mar. 2013.Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. “The Lost Colony ofRoanoke Island.” Education & Outreach. Web. 15 Mar. 2013.Trueman, Chris. “The Spanish Armada.” History Learning Site. Web.8 Mar. 2013.
Image CreditsCover. By Missvain (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.Fig. 1. Attributed to George Gower [Public domain], via WikimediaCommons.Fig. 2. By French School (bridgeman.co.uk) [Public domain], viaWikimedia Commons.Fig. 3. By Original painting by Seth Eastman, c.1850. [Public domain,Public domain or CC-BY-SA-3.0</a>], via Wikimedia Commons.Fig. 4. John White’s sketch of the Roanoke area, c.1584. [Publicdomain], via Wikimedia Commons.Fig. 5. Author unknown [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.Fig. 6. By John White, explorer and artist (British Museum, London)[Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
Fig. 7. Henry Howe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.Fig. 8. Nicholas Hilliard [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.Fig. 9. By Ori~ [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.Fig. 10. Author unknown [Public domain], via WikimediaCommons.Fig. 11. By Missvain (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0], via WikimediaCommons.Fig. 12. 5th grade MJGDS students, by Talie Zaifert.
GlossaryAlien. A person of a foreign country or nation.Artisan. A skilled worker, especially making things by hand.Cloak. An outdoor garment.Colony. A settlement that is ruled by another country.Croatan. A group of Native Americans who lived in North Carolina.Descendant. A person who is related by blood.Disease. A disorder in a human, animal or plant.Exploration. The act of traveling in an unfamiliar area.Island. A piece of land surrounded by water.Myth. A traditional story about the early history of peoples or places.
Native. A person who is associated with a place by birth.New World. The Americas.Pinnace. A small boat with sails.Rebellion. An act of public violence.Settlement. The act of settling, making a home.Slave. One who is owned by another person and is forced to do whattheir owner says.Theory. A thought that has not been proven.Voyage. A long journey involving travel by sea or space.
We are a small group of fifthgrade students at the Martin J.Gottlieb Day School, located inJacksonville, Florida, USA. Alleleven of us are very excitedfor this eBook to be read by aglobal audience and to beutilized as a teaching toolabout the Lost Colony. We haveall worked very hard onmaking this the best it can be.About the AuthorsJamie B.For more information about our school and the students, pleasevisit our blogs, http://mjgds.org/students (for the student blogs)or http://mjgds.org/classrooms/5thgrade (for our class blog).Fig. 12. Fifth grade class atMJGDS.
Our process of making this book took a lot longer than we thoughtit would. First, we gathered information from different, crediblewebsites and added the websites to our Diigo account. Next, wedrafted our chapters based on the research that we collected onDiigo. After we finished drafting, we put our chapters into ebookform on Book Creator for iPad. Then we decided the layout of ourebook.Some advice from the authors: When you work, you need to be verypatient and put a lot of time and effort into your book. Dependingon the genre of your ebook, you want to pay attention to yourwriting style, stay in the right tense, and continuously check yourwork throughout the process. When you research, you need to makesure that the website is credible to not gather false information.When you search for images, make sure that they are under CreativeCommons and also check that you cite the images and informationsources correctly.Next time, we could do this project better by choosing the topicourselves and having more time.Overall, this was an amazing project. We put a lot of effort into thisand we are all very proud of the outcome.We hope that you enjoyed our ebook!Project Reflection