geography and people of Europe

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geography and people of Europe

  1. 1. The Geography & Peoples of Europe Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Europe as a Queen Munster, 1588
  3. 3. Europe’s Latitude v. US
  4. 4. Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States
  5. 5. Satellite View of Europe
  6. 6. 3,800 square miles
  7. 7. R E G I O N S
  8. 8. Continents by Size (sq. km.) 7,687,000 Oceania (incl. Australia)   9,938,000 Europe 13,209,000 Antarctica 17,819,000 South America 24,256,000 North America 30,065,000 Africa 44,579,000 Asia
  9. 9. Topography
  10. 10. Europe: A Peninsula of Peninsulas? OR A Peninsula of Asia?
  11. 11. Europe: An Asian Peninsula ?
  12. 12. Northern Peninsulas Jutland Peninsula Scandinavian Peninsula
  13. 13. Southern Peninsulas Iberian Peninsula Italian Peninsula Balkan Peninsula AnatoleanPeninsula Crimean Peninsula
  14. 14. P e n i n s u l a s Scandinavian Pen. Jutland Pen. Iberian Pen. Italian Pen. Balkan Pen. Anatolean Pen. Crimean Pen. Peloponnesian Pen.
  15. 15. What’s the answer ??
  16. 16. B o d i e s of W a t e r Mediterranean Sea North Sea Atlantic Ocean Baltic Sea Black Sea AegeanSea Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Bay of Biscay Strait of Gibraltar Dardanelles Strait Arctic Ocean English Channel Caspian Sea
  17. 17. The Mediterranean Sea: Mare Nostrum <ul><li>2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide </li></ul><ul><li>“ Crossroads of 3 Continents” </li></ul>Caesarea on the Israeli coast Strait of Gibraltar & the “Pillars of Hercules”
  18. 18. R i v e r s Danube R. Seine R. Rhine R. Loire R. Po R. Tiber R. Tagus R. Thames R. Elbe R. Oder R. Vistula R. Dnieper R. Volga R. Don R. Ebro R.
  19. 19. The Danube River 1770 miles
  20. 20. The Danube River <ul><li>Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine. </li></ul>Where Buda & Pest Meet Biking Along the Danube
  21. 21. The Volga River <ul><li>The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles. </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Volga River <ul><li>The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Why are most of the capitals of Europe on major rivers ??
  24. 24. Capitals on the Rivers (1) Paris, right bank of the Seine London on the Thames Prague on the Vltava Budapest on the Danube
  25. 25. Capitals on the Rivers (2) Berlin on the Spree Moscow on the Moscow River Rome on the Tiber Vienna on the Danube
  26. 26. What’s the answer ??
  27. 27. Answer: They are Europe’s lifeline!
  28. 28. M o u t a i n s & P e a k s Alps Mts. Pyrennes Mts. Apennines Mts. Dinaric Alps Carpathian Mts. Caucasus Mts. Ural Mts. Mt. Etna ^ Mt. Vesuvius ^ Mt. Olympus ^
  29. 29. Elevation Alps Carpathians Caucasus Urals Pyrennes Apennines
  30. 30. The Alps <ul><li>Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Mt. Blanc in the Alps <ul><li>Highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet </li></ul>
  32. 32. The Caucasus Mountains <ul><li>The origin of the word Caucasian . </li></ul>
  33. 33. Transylvania in the Carpathian Mountains <ul><li>Home of Vlad Tepeš , the Drakul (“Count Dracula”) </li></ul>
  34. 34. Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide” <ul><li>Divides the European and Asian sections of Russia. </li></ul>1500 miles
  35. 35. The Ural Mountains
  36. 36. P l a i n s Northern European Plain Steppes Siberian Lowlands
  37. 37. The BENELUX Countries <ul><li>Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Luxembourg </li></ul>
  38. 38. Holland’s Dikes
  39. 39. Amsterdam’s Canals
  40. 40. The Netherlands: The “Dagger” Pointing at the Heart of Britain!
  41. 41. P l a t e a u s Meseta
  42. 42. C o m p l e t e d M a p North Sea Atlantic Ocean Baltic Sea Black Sea AegeanSea Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Bay of Biscay Strait of Gibraltar Dardanelles Strait Arctic Ocean English Channel Caspian Sea Danube R. Seine R. Rhine R. Loire R. Po R. Tiber R. Tagus R. Thames R. Elbe R. Oder R. Vistula R. Dnieper R. Volga R. Don R. Ebro R. Alps Mts. Pyrennes Mts. Apennines Mts. Dinaric Alps Carpathian Mts. Caucasus Mts. Ural Mts. Mt. Etna ^ Mt. Vesuvius ^ Mt. Olympus ^ Siberian Lowlands Northern European Plain Steppes Scandinavian Pen. Jutland Pen. Iberian Pen. Crimean Pen. Balkan Pen. Anatolean Pen. Peloponnesian Pen. Italian Pen.
  43. 43. 10,000 BCE – Ice Age
  44. 44. Norwegian Fjords <ul><li>Glaciers cut deep valleys in the ocean during the Ice Age. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Earthquake Zones
  46. 46. Reykjavik, Iceland: “The Youngest Oldest Country” <ul><li>Volcanoes </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Springs </li></ul><ul><li>Geysers </li></ul>
  47. 47. Mediterranean Islands <ul><li>Generally rugged & mountainous. </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean Sea so polluted (will take 1000 years to clean up). </li></ul>Sardinia Cyprus Malta
  48. 48. Mt. Etna, Sicily <ul><li>An active volcano </li></ul>
  49. 49. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy <ul><li>1944 eruption </li></ul><ul><li>Pompeii, 79 CE </li></ul><ul><li>Herculaneum, 79 CE </li></ul>
  50. 50. Eastern Europe
  51. 51. Eastern Europe
  52. 52. Russia’s 10 Time Zones
  53. 53. Siberia --> Permafrost <ul><li>Average temperatures of January vary from 0 to -50°C, and in July from 1 to 25°C </li></ul><ul><li>150,000,000 population. </li></ul><ul><li>A former “ gulag ” Soviet prison camp. </li></ul>
  54. 54. Lake Baikal, Siberia <ul><li>The oldest and deepest lake in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>20% of the world’s total unfrozen water supply. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Trans-Siberian Railroad <ul><li>Completed in 1905. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Trans-Siberian Railroad <ul><li>T he main line runs 5,785 miles. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Climate
  58. 58. Europe’s Latitude v. US
  59. 59. Climate
  60. 60. Average Annual Precipitation
  61. 61. Vegetation
  62. 62. Europe’s Natural Regions
  63. 63. The North European Plain
  64. 64. The Northern European Plain --> An Invasion Route into Asia (& Vice Versa?)
  65. 65. Steppes : “Soviet” Breadbasket
  66. 66. The Steppes <ul><li>25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Major Regional Divisions of the Former U. S. S. R. Chernozen Soil
  68. 68. Germany’s Black Forest
  69. 69. Germany’s Black Forest
  70. 70. Tundra: The Not-So-Barren Land Below the Arctic Circle
  71. 71. L a n d U s e
  72. 72. Agricultural Activity
  73. 73. Natural Resources
  74. 74. R E S O U R C E S
  75. 75. Major Industrial Resources
  76. 76. Oil Export Routes in the Caucasus Area
  77. 77. Geographic Problems
  78. 78. Major Environmental Disasters & Pollution Problems
  79. 79. Acid Rain
  80. 80. Demographics
  81. 81. World Population by Continents no permanent population Antarctica 31,000,000 Oceania (incl. Australia)   351,000,000 South America 486,000,000 North America 729,000,000 Europe 823,000,000 Africa 3,737,000,000 Asia
  82. 82. Population Density [People Per Square Mile] Russia Canada Norway World United States Mexico 8.61 3.36 14.42 14.42 29.77 52.15 108.09 France 192.96 Italy 244.69 United Kingdom 336.62 India 336.72 Japan 336.82 Belgium
  83. 83. Population Distribution
  84. 84. Population Growth
  85. 85. Members of the Indo-European Language Family
  86. 86. Major Religious Groups in Europe
  87. 87. Arrivederci! Au Revoir! Good Bye! Auf Wiedersehen! Adios! Cairete! Do Svidaniya!

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