Ch. 23 geography and climate

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Ch. 23 geography and climate

  1. 1. South Asia(India) Chapter 23 Geography and Climate Unit 8: Page 576 Maps: Pages 582, 584-586 Monsoons: Pages 586-587 Chapter 23: Pages 588-601
  2. 2. Gondwanaland <ul><li>Himalayas and Hindu Kush created </li></ul><ul><li>South Asia developed it own identity </li></ul>
  3. 3. Water Links to Other parts of the World <ul><li>Arabian Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Bay of Bengal </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean </li></ul>
  4. 4. Indian Subcontinent, or South Asia <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Bhutan </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>The Maldives </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan </li></ul>
  5. 5. Northern Mountains <ul><li>World’s tallest mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu Kush </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Everest </li></ul><ul><li>K2 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Northern Mountains <ul><li>Mountain passes allow for traders to get through </li></ul><ul><li>Khyber Pass </li></ul>
  7. 7. Northern Mountains <ul><li>Mountain valleys allow for some farming </li></ul><ul><li>Kashmir </li></ul>
  8. 8. Northern Plains <ul><li>Indo-Gangetic plain </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile silt deposits </li></ul><ul><li>River water for irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Dense population </li></ul>
  9. 9. Northern Plains <ul><li>Indus River flows through Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest civilization in South Asia found here </li></ul>
  10. 10. Northern Plain <ul><li>Ganges River is the most sacred river in India </li></ul><ul><li>It starts in an ice cave in the Himalayas </li></ul>
  11. 11. Northern Plain <ul><li>Bramaputra is located in Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>The delta region is subject to terrible flooding </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thar Desert <ul><li>100,000 square miles </li></ul><ul><li>The size of Colorado </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadic herders raise sheep and goats </li></ul>
  13. 13. Deccan Plateau <ul><li>High flat land with rivers and hills </li></ul><ul><li>Tiny farms growing millet, cotton, wheat, and rice </li></ul>
  14. 14. Vindhya Mountains <ul><li>Separate the deccan plateau from the Indo-Gangetec plain. </li></ul><ul><li>Low but rugged </li></ul><ul><li>Agastya tamed Vindhya, the spirit of the mountain </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Ghats <ul><li>Fringe the Deccan Plateau east and west </li></ul><ul><li>Western Ghats helped keep Europeans out </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Ghats contains broad valleys which let the Europeans in </li></ul>
  16. 16. Monsoon <ul><li>A seasonal wind that dominates the climate of South Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The most important weather prediction on earth </li></ul><ul><li>Monsoon Cycle </li></ul>
  17. 17. Wet Monsoon <ul><li>Begins in May or June </li></ul><ul><li>Blows north from the Indian Ocean </li></ul>
  18. 18. Dry Monsoon <ul><li>Begins in October </li></ul><ul><li>Blows south from the northern mountains </li></ul>
  19. 19. Importance to farming <ul><li>If late, the seedlings will wither and die. </li></ul><ul><li>If too much rain too soon the crops will be washed away. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Flooding and Storms in Bangladesh <ul><li>Delta formed by Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers </li></ul><ul><li>3 crops of rice per year </li></ul><ul><li>Crowded and poor </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclones </li></ul>
  21. 21. Rainfall and Vegetation <ul><li>The monsoon affects South Asia unevenly </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains cause more rain in the north </li></ul><ul><li>Cherrapunji gets 425 inches/year </li></ul>
  22. 22. Rain Shadow <ul><li>The Ghats make the Deccan Plateau dry due to their high elevation </li></ul>
  23. 23. Temperatures vary greatly <ul><li>Northern mountains and Western Ghats are cold </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the rest of South Asia is Tropical </li></ul><ul><li>Madras is three months hot, 9 months hotter </li></ul>
  24. 24. Natural Resources <ul><li>The Indo-Gangetic plain has good soil </li></ul>
  25. 25. Some parts of South Asia have worn out soil <ul><li>Fertilizers are used </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation from rivers and wells </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers must dig deep wells in the Deccan Plateau </li></ul>
  26. 26. Minerals <ul><li>Iron ore </li></ul><ul><li>Manganese </li></ul><ul><li>Bauxite </li></ul><ul><li>copper </li></ul>
  27. 27. Energy Resources <ul><li>Coal in the northern plain </li></ul><ul><li>Limited oil has led to support for nuclear power </li></ul>
  28. 28. Peoples of South Asia <ul><li>1.1 billion people </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of every 5 people in the world lives in South Asia </li></ul><ul><li>75% are farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Most live in villages </li></ul>
  29. 29. People <ul><li>Great cultural diversity in food, dress, values, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic features have separated people </li></ul>
  30. 30. Religions <ul><li>Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Christians </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhs </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists </li></ul>
  31. 31. Languages <ul><li>India has more than 700 languages and dialects </li></ul><ul><li>Hindi is the most widely spoken </li></ul><ul><li>15 official languages </li></ul><ul><li>English used due to former colonization by Britain </li></ul>

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