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Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
Ch. 23 geography and climate
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Ch. 23 geography and climate

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  • 1. South Asia(India) Chapter 23 Geography and Climate Unit 8: Page 576 Maps: Pages 582, 584-586 Monsoons: Pages 586-587 Chapter 23: Pages 588-601
  • 2. Gondwanaland <ul><li>Himalayas and Hindu Kush created </li></ul><ul><li>South Asia developed it own identity </li></ul>
  • 3. Water Links to Other parts of the World <ul><li>Arabian Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Bay of Bengal </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean </li></ul>
  • 4. Indian Subcontinent, or South Asia <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Bhutan </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>The Maldives </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan </li></ul>
  • 5. Northern Mountains <ul><li>World’s tallest mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu Kush </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Everest </li></ul><ul><li>K2 </li></ul>
  • 6. Northern Mountains <ul><li>Mountain passes allow for traders to get through </li></ul><ul><li>Khyber Pass </li></ul>
  • 7. Northern Mountains <ul><li>Mountain valleys allow for some farming </li></ul><ul><li>Kashmir </li></ul>
  • 8. Northern Plains <ul><li>Indo-Gangetic plain </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile silt deposits </li></ul><ul><li>River water for irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Dense population </li></ul>
  • 9. Northern Plains <ul><li>Indus River flows through Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest civilization in South Asia found here </li></ul>
  • 10. Northern Plain <ul><li>Ganges River is the most sacred river in India </li></ul><ul><li>It starts in an ice cave in the Himalayas </li></ul>
  • 11. Northern Plain <ul><li>Bramaputra is located in Bangladesh </li></ul><ul><li>The delta region is subject to terrible flooding </li></ul>
  • 12. Thar Desert <ul><li>100,000 square miles </li></ul><ul><li>The size of Colorado </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadic herders raise sheep and goats </li></ul>
  • 13. Deccan Plateau <ul><li>High flat land with rivers and hills </li></ul><ul><li>Tiny farms growing millet, cotton, wheat, and rice </li></ul>
  • 14. Vindhya Mountains <ul><li>Separate the deccan plateau from the Indo-Gangetec plain. </li></ul><ul><li>Low but rugged </li></ul><ul><li>Agastya tamed Vindhya, the spirit of the mountain </li></ul>
  • 15. The Ghats <ul><li>Fringe the Deccan Plateau east and west </li></ul><ul><li>Western Ghats helped keep Europeans out </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Ghats contains broad valleys which let the Europeans in </li></ul>
  • 16. Monsoon <ul><li>A seasonal wind that dominates the climate of South Asia </li></ul><ul><li>The most important weather prediction on earth </li></ul><ul><li>Monsoon Cycle </li></ul>
  • 17. Wet Monsoon <ul><li>Begins in May or June </li></ul><ul><li>Blows north from the Indian Ocean </li></ul>
  • 18. Dry Monsoon <ul><li>Begins in October </li></ul><ul><li>Blows south from the northern mountains </li></ul>
  • 19. Importance to farming <ul><li>If late, the seedlings will wither and die. </li></ul><ul><li>If too much rain too soon the crops will be washed away. </li></ul>
  • 20. Flooding and Storms in Bangladesh <ul><li>Delta formed by Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers </li></ul><ul><li>3 crops of rice per year </li></ul><ul><li>Crowded and poor </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclones </li></ul>
  • 21. Rainfall and Vegetation <ul><li>The monsoon affects South Asia unevenly </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains cause more rain in the north </li></ul><ul><li>Cherrapunji gets 425 inches/year </li></ul>
  • 22. Rain Shadow <ul><li>The Ghats make the Deccan Plateau dry due to their high elevation </li></ul>
  • 23. Temperatures vary greatly <ul><li>Northern mountains and Western Ghats are cold </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the rest of South Asia is Tropical </li></ul><ul><li>Madras is three months hot, 9 months hotter </li></ul>
  • 24. Natural Resources <ul><li>The Indo-Gangetic plain has good soil </li></ul>
  • 25. Some parts of South Asia have worn out soil <ul><li>Fertilizers are used </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation from rivers and wells </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers must dig deep wells in the Deccan Plateau </li></ul>
  • 26. Minerals <ul><li>Iron ore </li></ul><ul><li>Manganese </li></ul><ul><li>Bauxite </li></ul><ul><li>copper </li></ul>
  • 27. Energy Resources <ul><li>Coal in the northern plain </li></ul><ul><li>Limited oil has led to support for nuclear power </li></ul>
  • 28. Peoples of South Asia <ul><li>1.1 billion people </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of every 5 people in the world lives in South Asia </li></ul><ul><li>75% are farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Most live in villages </li></ul>
  • 29. People <ul><li>Great cultural diversity in food, dress, values, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic features have separated people </li></ul>
  • 30. Religions <ul><li>Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Christians </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhs </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists </li></ul>
  • 31. Languages <ul><li>India has more than 700 languages and dialects </li></ul><ul><li>Hindi is the most widely spoken </li></ul><ul><li>15 official languages </li></ul><ul><li>English used due to former colonization by Britain </li></ul>

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