African Climate
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African Climate

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African Climate Presentation Transcript

  • 1. African Climate
  • 2. The role of Latitude in climate•  Tropics: the area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
  • 3. The Role of Elevation in Climate•  The coolest regions are found in the highlands
  • 4. Alternating Wet and Dry Seasons•  The further away from the equator, the shorter the rainy season.
  • 5. Seasons are reversed north and south of the equator
  • 6. Tropical Wet Climate Region•  Rain forest•  Leaching: rains dissolve and wash away nutrients from the soil•  Insects, disease
  • 7. Steppe Climate•  Also called semi- arid•  Transition between tropical wet and tropical dry
  • 8. Tropical Dry•  Savanna•  Covers half of Africa•  Drought: prolonged periods of little or no rainfall•  Desertification: the turning of semidesert land into desert•  Sahel=Steppe
  • 9. Desert•  Sahara: crisscrossed with trade routes•  Kalahari: not as dry•  Namib: Watered only by ocean mist
  • 10. Mediterranean Climate•  Southern tip and northern coast•  Mild climate, fertile soils•  European settlers
  • 11. Climate and Health•  Malaria•  Tsetse fly - sleeping sickness•  AIDS
  • 12. Population Patterns•  Africa is not densely populated
  • 13. Lifestyles•  Farming•  Herding•  Fishing•  Hunting and gathering•  urban
  • 14. Languages•  1,000 languages spoken in Africa•  Niger-Congo family of languages•  Swahili: Arabic and Bantu