Internet Security

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Internet Security for Sadie Pope Dowdell Library

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Internet Security

  1. 1. Internet Security Sadie Pope Dowdell Library – South Amboy
  2. 2. Michael J. Elson Technology Consultant
  3. 3. Avoid Online Scams • Don’t send money to someone you don’t know. • Don’t respond to messages that ask for your personal or financial information. • Don’t play a foreign lottery.
  4. 4. Avoid Online Scams • Keep in mind that wiring money is like sending cash: once it’s gone, you can’t get it back. • Don’t agree to deposit a check from someone you don’t know and then wire money back.
  5. 5. Avoid Online Scams • Read your bills and monthly statements regularly—on paper and online. • In the wake of a natural disaster or another crisis, give to established charities rather than one that seems to have sprung up overnight.
  6. 6. Avoid Online Scams • Talk to your doctor before buying health products or signing up for medical treatments. • When considering an investment, there’s no such thing as a sure thing. • Know where an offer comes from and who you’re dealing with.
  7. 7. Best Practices Online 1. Protect your personal information. It's valuable. • If you think no one would be interested in YOUR personal information, think again. ANYONE can be a victim of identity theft
  8. 8. Identity Theft The bottom line for online threats like phishing, spyware, and hackers is identity theft. ID theft occurs when someone uses your name, Social Security number, credit card number or other personal information without your permission to commit fraud or other crimes.
  9. 9. Top 10 Email Scams • The "Nigerian" Email Scam • Work-at-Home Scams • Weight Loss Claims • Foreign Lotteries • Phishing
  10. 10. Phishing • Criminals send email, text, or pop-up messages that appear to come from your bank, a government agency, an online seller or another organization with which you do business
  11. 11. Phishing • The message asks you to click to a website or call a phone number to update your account information or claim a prize or benefit. It might suggest something bad will happen if you don't respond quickly with your personal information
  12. 12. Top 10 Email Scams • Cure-All Products • Check Overpayment Scams • Pay-in-Advance Credit Offers • Debt Relief • Investment Schemes
  13. 13. Email Scams Send these types of email to : spam@uce.gov
  14. 14. Best Practices Online 2. Know who you're dealing with. • When shopping online, look for a sellers street address (B&M) and a working telephone number. • Read the fine print – some downloads come with spyware
  15. 15. File-Sharing (P2P) • Peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing allows users to share files online through an informal network of computers running the same software.
  16. 16. File-Sharing (P2P) • File-sharing can give you access to a wealth of information, but it also has a number of risks.
  17. 17. File-Sharing (P2P) • If you don't check the proper settings, you could allow access not only to the files you intend to share, but also to other information on your hard drive, like your tax returns, email messages, medical records, photos, or other personal documents.
  18. 18. File-Sharing (P2P) • In addition, you may unwittingly download malware or pornography labeled as something else. Or you may download material that is protected by the copyright laws, which would mean you could be breaking the law.
  19. 19. Best Practices Online 3. Use security software that updates automatically. • Keep your security software active and current: at a minimum, your computer should have anti-virus and anti-spyware software, and a firewall.
  20. 20. Malware • “Malicious software;" it includes viruses – programs that copy themselves without your permission – and spyware, programs installed without your consent to monitor or control your computer activity.
  21. 21. Malware • Criminals are hard at work thinking up ways to get malware on your computer. They create appealing web sites, desirable downloads, & compelling stories to lure you to links that will download malware, especially on computers that don't use adequate security software.
  22. 22. Anti-Virus Software • Anti-virus software protects your computer from viruses that can destroy your data, slow your computer's performance, cause a crash, or even allow spammers to send email through your account.
  23. 23. Anti-Spyware Software • Installed on your computer without your consent, spyware monitors your computer use. It may send pop-ups, redirect your computer to websites, monitor internet surfing, or record your keystrokes, which, in turn, could lead to the theft of your personal information.
  24. 24. Firewalls • A firewall helps keep hackers from using your computer to send out your personal information without your permission. A firewall is like a guard, watching for outside attempts to access your system and blocking communications to and from sources you don't permit.
  25. 25. Best Practices Online 4. Keep your operating system and Web browser up-to-date, and learn about their security features. • Set your operating system and Web browser software to download and install security patches automatically.
  26. 26. "BotNet" • Some spammers search the internet for unprotected computers they can control & use anonymously to send spam, turning them into a robot network, known as a "botnet."
  27. 27. "BotNet" • A botnet is made up of many thousands of home computers sending emails by the millions. Most spam is sent remotely this way; millions of home computers are part of botnets.
  28. 28. Best Practices Online 5. Protect your passwords. • Keep your passwords in a secure place, and out of plain sight. Don't share them on the internet, over email, or on the phone. Your Internet Service Provider (ISP) should never ask for your password.
  29. 29. Passwords • Use passwords that have at least eight characters and include numbers or symbols. The longer the password, the tougher it is to crack. A 12-character password is stronger than one with eight characters.
  30. 30. Passwords • Avoid common words: some hackers use programs that can try every word in the dictionary. • Don't use your personal information, your login name, or adjacent keys on the keyboard as passwords.
  31. 31. Passwords • Change your passwords regularly (at a minimum, every 90 days). • Don't use the same password for each online account you access.
  32. 32. Best Practices Online 6. Back up important files. • No system is completely secure. If you have important files stored on your computer, copy them onto a removable disc or an external hard drive, and store it in a safe place.
  33. 33. Best Practices Online 7. Learn what to do in an e-mergency. • If you suspect malware is lurking on your computer, stop shopping, banking, and other online activities that involve user names, passwords, or other sensitive information.
  34. 34. Best Practices Online • Confirm that your security software is up-to-date, then use it to scan your computer. Delete everything the program identifies as a problem. You may have to restart your computer for the changes to take effect.
  35. 35. Resources • OnGuardOnline.gov • ftc.gov/idtheft • GetNetWise.org • StaySafe.org
  36. 36. Questions?
  37. 37. THANK YOU Sadie Pope Dowdell Library

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