Theatre History Greek Theatre
Why the Greeks? <ul><li>Because of what happened afterwards:  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hellenization (influence of Greek ...
Where is Greece?
 
Timeline <ul><li>1300 BC Trojan war, worship of Dionysus arrives </li></ul><ul><li>800 Homer (Iliad & Odyssey), origin of ...
 
<ul><li>480-404  Golden Age of Athens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socrates, Plato, Aristotle - philosophers </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Classical Greek Culture <ul><li>Never complete/whole, has elements of Helladic, democratic, near eastern, Egyptian, etc.  ...
<ul><li>Art Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty  – is part of character, aesthetic, not philosophical.  Beauty is realized t...
Sculpture
Architecture
Audience <ul><li>4 Festivals a year  – Rural, City, Lenaia, Anthesteria  </li></ul><ul><li>(2 Dithyrambs, satyr play) </li...
Audience <ul><li>Theatre of Dionysus held 14,000 - 17,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Performances lasted all day </li></ul><...
Theatre Architecture  <ul><ul><ul><li>orchestra (dancing place) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>theatron (seeing place...
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plays <ul><li>Fifth Century tragic playwrights – 31 0f 1000 survive </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aeschylus  - introduced 2nd ...
<ul><li>Tragic Play Structure </li></ul><ul><li>a. Prologue </li></ul><ul><li>b. Parodos - Chorus Entrance </li></ul><ul><...
Aristotle <ul><li>1. PLOT </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning i)  Exposition   </li></ul><ul><li>ii)  Point of Attack   </li></ul>...
Acting <ul><li>In early days playwright was the single actor,  Thespis considered the first actor in 6th Cent. B.C. (534) ...
 
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Classical greece

952 views
855 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
952
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Classical greece

  1. 1. Theatre History Greek Theatre
  2. 2. Why the Greeks? <ul><li>Because of what happened afterwards: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hellenization (influence of Greek culture) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of the Roman Empire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance values (Greece & Rome revisited) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aristotle (criticism as footnotes) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Where is Greece?
  4. 5. Timeline <ul><li>1300 BC Trojan war, worship of Dionysus arrives </li></ul><ul><li>800 Homer (Iliad & Odyssey), origin of myths for Greek Drama </li></ul><ul><li>800 – 600 Development of the Polis (city-state), rise of the nobles, developed writing from Phoenicians </li></ul><ul><li>750 Development of Greek colonies - dependent on control of the sea, states compete for control </li></ul><ul><li>650 – 500 Rule of the Tyrants </li></ul><ul><li>560 - 510 Peristratus (tyrant) founded City Dionysia </li></ul><ul><li>508 - 404 Democracy - Classical Greece </li></ul><ul><li>490s War with Persians </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>480-404 Golden Age of Athens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socrates, Plato, Aristotle - philosophers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herodotus - father of history as a social science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pythagorus - geometry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hippocrates - oath for physicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Playwrights - Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>430-380s Pelopennesian war/Decline of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>404 Athens falls, Sparta takes control </li></ul><ul><li>371 Thebes takes control </li></ul><ul><li>Hellenistic Period </li></ul><ul><li>338 Macedonia takes political control, Athens continues as cultural capital </li></ul><ul><li>336-323 Alexander the Great </li></ul><ul><li>146 Rome conquers Greece </li></ul>
  6. 8. Classical Greek Culture <ul><li>Never complete/whole, has elements of Helladic, democratic, near eastern, Egyptian, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Individual ( Humanism ) </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Justice </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Art Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty – is part of character, aesthetic, not philosophical. Beauty is realized through actions, art is realized in artworks/not discussion. Consisted of rationality, idealism, proportion, balance. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek architects - Parthenon, Acropolis </li></ul>
  8. 10. Sculpture
  9. 11. Architecture
  10. 12. Audience <ul><li>4 Festivals a year – Rural, City, Lenaia, Anthesteria </li></ul><ul><li>(2 Dithyrambs, satyr play) </li></ul><ul><li>City Dionysia – c. March 530 B.C. presented in honor of Dionysus, god of wine, fertility, revelry/celebration </li></ul><ul><li>c. 501, becomes dithyrambs, 3 tragedies and a satyr play, 5 writers compete </li></ul><ul><li>c. 430 B.C. Oedipus Rex - 3 actors, 1 musician, 15 chorus </li></ul><ul><li>Play selection & finance </li></ul><ul><li>Archons (magistrates) give out chorus, choregus pay for it all, playwrights direct </li></ul>
  11. 13. Audience <ul><li>Theatre of Dionysus held 14,000 - 17,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Performances lasted all day </li></ul><ul><li>Women and slaves? </li></ul><ul><li>Special seats for archon, choregoi, city leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Violence punishable by death </li></ul><ul><li>Prizes for actors, representatives selected from the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Plays represent community values, are social events </li></ul>
  12. 14. Theatre Architecture <ul><ul><ul><li>orchestra (dancing place) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>theatron (seeing place) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>skene (background building with doors) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>paradoi (chorus entrances) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pinakes (flats) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>periaktoi (triangles) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ekkyklema (for revealing bodies) rolls out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>machina (crane) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 21. Plays <ul><li>Fifth Century tragic playwrights – 31 0f 1000 survive </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aeschylus - introduced 2nd actor, plays dealt with noble families & lofty themes, used chorus extensively, powerful poetry in choral sections, soldier, prominent citizen, fought at Marathon, wrote 90 plays, 7 extant, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sophocles - plot construction, added 3rd actor, exploration of character, focus on individual, innovations in scene painting, single dramas not trilogies, civic leader, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Euripides - sympathetic potrayal of women, greater realism, skeptical treatment of gods, ‘modern’, diminished use of chorus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aristophones – old comedy, attacks authority figures, bold comic premise, exagerration, sexual humour </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 22. <ul><li>Tragic Play Structure </li></ul><ul><li>a. Prologue </li></ul><ul><li>b. Parodos - Chorus Entrance </li></ul><ul><li>c. First Episode - Characters have dialogue (scene) </li></ul><ul><li>d. First Stasimon - Chorus response </li></ul><ul><li>e. Exodos - Chorus Exits </li></ul>
  15. 23. Aristotle <ul><li>1. PLOT </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning i) Exposition </li></ul><ul><li>ii) Point of Attack </li></ul><ul><li>iii) Inciting Incident </li></ul><ul><li>iv) Major Dramatic Question </li></ul><ul><li>Middle i) Complications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ii) Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iii) Division of Scenes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End Resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. CHARACTERS </li></ul><ul><li>3. THOUGHT/IDEA </li></ul><ul><li>4. DICTION (Sound) </li></ul><ul><li>5. MUSIC </li></ul><ul><li>6. SPECTACLE </li></ul>
  16. 24. Acting <ul><li>In early days playwright was the single actor, Thespis considered the first actor in 6th Cent. B.C. (534) </li></ul><ul><li>Aeschylus added second actor </li></ul><ul><li>By Sophocles it was three semi-professional actors playing multiple roles through the use of masks. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on voice’s ability to express character, no facial expression, use of body to express emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus </li></ul><ul><li>5 functions of the Greek Chorus </li></ul><ul><li>i) group character, gives advice, expresses opinion </li></ul><ul><li>ii) expresses author’s point of view </li></ul><ul><li>iii) ideal spectator, model the audience’s response </li></ul><ul><li>iv) establish mood </li></ul><ul><li>v) spectacle </li></ul>

×