Poetry Terms
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Poetry Terms

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Poetry Terms Poetry Terms Presentation Transcript

  • Poetry Terms You Need to Know
  • Simile
    • A simile is a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as .
    • Example: The car was as slow as a snail.
    • Example: The fish’s scales sparkled in the sunlight like rare jewels.
  • Predictable Poor as a church mouse. strong as an ox, cute as a button, smart as a fox. thin as a toothpick, white as a ghost, fit as a fiddle, dumb as a post. bald as an eagle, neat as a pin, proud as a peacock, ugly as sin. When people are talking you know what they'll say as soon as they start to use a cliché. © 2000 Bruce Lansky Find the similes in this poem by Bruce Lansky!
  • Metaphor
    • A metaphor is a direct comparison between two unlike things. It does not use the words like or as.
    • Example: Maria’s new puppy is an eating machine.
    • Example: The pen is a mighty sword.
  • Alliteration
    • Alliteration is when the same sound is repeated at the beginning of several words of a line of poetry or a sentence.
    • Example: Bobby blew ten big bubbles.
  • Onomatopoeia
    • Onomatopoeia is when words are used that sound like the noises they describe.
    • Examples: Ding dong! Pow! Buzz! Bang!
  • Idiom
    • An idiom is a common expression that makes no sense unless you know its figurative meaning.
    • Example: That test was a piece of cake.
    • Example: She got a taste of her own medicine.
    • Example: That shirt cost me an arm and a leg.
  • Personification
    • Personification gives animals or objects human qualities.
    • Example: That chocolate cake on the counter called out to Jose, begging him to take a bite.
  • Couplet
    • A couplet is a poem with two rhyming lines. Both have the same rhythm.
    • Example:
    • Twinkle, twinkle, little star
    • How I wonder what you are.
  • Limericks
    • Limericks have five lines, and they are usually funny or silly. The rhyme scheme is AABBA.
    • Example:
    • There was a young lady whose chin
    • resembled the point of a pin;
    • so she had it made sharp,
    • and purchased a harp,
    • and played several tunes with her chin.
    • -Edward Lear
  • Hyperbole
    • A hyperbole is an exaggerated statement.
    • Example: I’m so hungry that I could eat a bear.
  • Concrete Poem
    • Concrete poems are shape poems spaced to form pictures of what the poem is about.
  • Autobiographical Poem
    • An autobiographical poem is a poem that the author writes about himself.
    • Line 1: Your first name
    • Line 2: Four adjectives that describe you
    • Line 3: Son/daughter of ...., Brother/sister of ....
    • Line 4: Lover of (three people or ideas or a combination)
    • Line 5: Who feels (three sensations or emotions
    • Line 6: Who find happiness in (three things)
    • Line 7: Who needs (three things)
    • Line 8: Who gives (three things)
    • Line 9: Who fears (three things)
    • Line 10: Who would like to see (three things)
    • Line 11: Who enjoys (three things)
    • Line 12: Who likes to wear (three things)
    • Line 13: Add something you want to say
    • Line 14: Your last name only
  • Haiku
    • A haiku is a short poem invented in Japan. It often describes nature with very simple observations about the world around us. A haiku consists of three unrhymed lines of 5-7-5 syllables.
    • So many breezes
    • Wander through my summer room:
    • But never enough
  • Rhyme
    • Rhyme is a technique that creates rhythm using words with the same end sound.
    • Example: cat, hat, bat, rat, sat, mat, gnat
  • Diamonte Poem
    • Poem written about two opposite things in a diamond shape.
    • Line 1—one noun (subject #1)
    • Line 2—two adjectives(describing subject #1)
    • Line 3—three participles (ending in –ing, telling about subject #1)
    • Line 4—four nouns (first two related to subject #1, second two related to subject #2)
    • Line 5—three participles (about subject #2)
    • Line 6—two adjectives (describing subject #2)
    • Line 7—one noun (subject #2)
  • Example of Diamonte Poem
    • Cat
    • clever, cuddly
    • crouching, pouncing, purring
    • meow, feline, canine, bark
    • running, sniffing, yelping
    • lovable, smart
    • Dog
  • Acrostic Poem
    • An acrostic poem uses each letter of a word to begin each line.
    • E lizabeth Jane Smith
    • L oves animals
    • I s a great student
    • Z oos are a favorite place to visit
    • A lways tries to have a smile
    • B elieves in being a good friend
    • E ats pizza and fries
    • T hinks that I want to be a doctor
    • H as a great family
  • Imagery
    • The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas.
  • Sensory details
    • Sensory details appeal to the readers’ five senses—sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell.
  • “ Dreams” by Langston Hughes
    • Hold fast to dreams
    • For if dreams die
    • Life is a broken-winged bird
    • That cannot fly.
    • Hold fast to dreams
    • For when dreams go
    • Life is a barren field
    • Frozen with snow.