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Fallofthesovietunion

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  • 1. The Fall of the Soviet Union Unit Two Notes
  • 2. Losing Control
    • Soviet Union was spending tons of money putting down revolts, protecting its borders, and keeping up with the US in the arms race
    • 1985: economy was so unstable that Mikhail Gorbachev , head of USSR, reduced government control of business and increased the freedoms for all citizens
  • 3. 1988 – A year of radical change
    • The USSR allows private ownership of businesses.
    • President Reagan visits Gorbachev in Moscow!
    • Gorbachev’s reforms spark political change in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Georgia, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary.
  • 4. “ Tear Down This Wall!”
    • Demonstrations by people prompted the government to remove border-crossing restrictions.
      • When the announcement was made, East and West Berliners climbed the wall and celebrated.
    • Nov. 9 th 1989 : the Berlin Wall, a symbol of communism, was destroyed.
      • Shortly after the Berlin Wall fell, Germany was reunited as one country (October 3, 1990 ).
  • 5.  
  • 6. 1991: The Cold War Ends
    • After Germany was reunified , the Soviet republics that had once been separate countries began seeking their independence also
    • Soviet Union was no more
    • Many countries were created; Russia was the largest