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Citizenparticipationingovernment Citizenparticipationingovernment Presentation Transcript

  • Types of Governments
  • Citizen Participation
    • In each country, the people have different rights to participate in the government
      • In some countries, any citizen can run for office or vote in elections
      • In other countries there are restrictions placed on who can run for office and who can vote
      • There are also countries where no citizen can vote and there are no elections
  • Types of Government are based on one key question: Who governs and what is the citizen participation ?
    • There are three types of governments:
      • Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy
  • Autocratic Governments
    • Has a single ruler with unlimited power
    • People have no ability to participate in the selection of the ruler or in the creation of laws
    • One benefit of this type of government is that decisions for a country can be made quickly
      • However, the needs of the people may be ignored or unheard
    • The leader may make poor or selfish decisions that hurt the people
  • Autocracy
    • Generally the power to rule is inherited or by military force .
    • There two main types: dictatorship & absolute monarchy.
  • Dictatorship
    • The leader has not been elected and uses force to control all aspects of social and economic life.
      • Examples: Adolf Hitler in Germany and Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union
  • Absolute Monarchy
    • A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress.
      • The power is usually inherited or passed down from family members.
    • The monarch has absolute power meaning they can make all decisions without consulting anyone.
  • Autocracies of the World
  • Oligarchic Governments
    • “ rule by a few” = country is ruled by a small group of people
    • An advantage is that decisions can be made relatively quickly
    • Compared to an autocratic system, oligarchies have more heads to think through problems and should make better choices
      • However, the people do not have a voice
  • Oligarchy
    • A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power.
    • The group gets their power from either military, wealth or social status.
  • Democratic Governments
    • Puts the power of the government in the citizens of the country
      • All citizens have the opportunity to be a leader, and all citizens have the opportunity to vote for leaders and laws
      • All citizens are involved in the decision-making process of the government, and all groups are represented
    • Can be slow to make decisions because all people must discuss & vote on the issues
  • This is a “ Polity Data Series Map” It tries to measure a country’s true democracy in government It gives scores of -10 to +10. The countries in the lightest pink have the highest democracy score, the darker the color, the lower the democracy score
  • In a democracy….
    • Individual freedom and equality is valued.
    • Free elections are held
    • Decisions are based on majority rule.
    • All candidates can express their views freely.
    • Citizens vote by secret ballot.