Inside Sqale's Backend at RubyConf Taiwan 2012
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Inside Sqale's Backend at RubyConf Taiwan 2012

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    Inside Sqale's Backend at RubyConf Taiwan 2012 Inside Sqale's Backend at RubyConf Taiwan 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • Inside Sqale’s Backend RubyConf Taiwan 2012 Gosuke Miyashita paperboy&co., Inc.,Japan
    • cpan:mizzygithub.com/mizzy mizzy.org @gosukenator
    • Kentaro KuribayashiLiving on the Edge Rails
    • Kensuke NagaeIntroducing nonopaste-cli
    • Shinya Tsunematsu Building production serverenvironment of ruby in modern way
    • Hiroshi SHIBATAHow to discover the Rubys defects with web application
    • Gosuke MiyashitaInside Sqale’s Backend
    • We are frompaperboy&co., Japan
    • What is Sqale?
    • Cloud ApplicationPlatform like Heroku
    • Architecture Overview
    • SFTP Git over SSH HTTP/HTTPSAWS SSH Web Proxy SSH Router to Containers File Deploy Containers Repositories Servers
    • Containers
    • SFTP Git over SSH HTTP/HTTPSAWS SSH Web Proxy SSH Router to Containers File Deploy Containers Repositories Servers
    • Virtual Environments Assigned To Users
    • Similar to Dynos of Heroku
    • Containers made byLXC (Linux Containers)
    • EC2 Instance (1 Virtual Machine)Container Container Container Container Container for for for for for user A user A user B user B user BContainer Container Container Container Container for for for for for user C user D user D user E user EContainer Container Container Container Container for for for for for user E user F user F user F user F
    • Nginx Unicorn sshd supervisrodon each container
    • Amazon Linux +Patched kernel(3.2.16)
    • grsecurity kernel patchfor various restrictions
    • original kernel patches to restrict tcp port bind and fork bomb
    • Anti fork bomb patchmakes some changes tocgroup and fork process
    • Seepaperboy-sqale/sqale-patches on GitHub
    • Web Proxy
    • SFTP Git over SSH HTTP/HTTPSAWS SSH Web Proxy SSH Router to Containers File Deploy Containers Repositories Servers
    • HTTP/HTTPS ELB nginx nginxContainer Container Container Container Container Container for for for for for for user A user B user B user C user C user C
    • nginx lua-nginx-moduleredis2-nginx-module
    • http://www.i4pc.jp/ Which containers? Redis nginx host001:8083, host001:8084 orhost001 nginx port 8081 nginx port 8082 nginx port 8083 nginx port 8084 Container Container Container Container for for for for lokka-mizzy lokka-mizzy i4pc-mizzy i4pc-mizzy
    • nginx.conf (excerpt)location / { set $container ""; set $next_containers ""; error_page 502 = @failover; rewrite_by_lua_file dynamic-proxy.lua; proxy_pass http://$container;}
    • dynamic-proxy.lua (excerpt)local reply = ngx.location.capture("/redis")if reply.status ~= ngx.HTTP_OK then ngx.exit(503)endlocal containers, type = parser.parse_reply(reply.body)
    • dynamic-proxy.lua (excerpt)while #containers > 0 do tmp = table.remove( containers, math.random(#containers)) if ngx.shared.downed_containers:get(tmp) then ngx.log(ngx.DEBUG, tmp .. " is down") else container = tmp break endend
    • dynamic-proxy.lua (excerpt)ngx.var.container = containerngx.var.next_containers = luabins.save(containers)
    • nginx.conf (again)location / { set $container ""; set $next_containers ""; error_page 502 = @failover; rewrite_by_lua_file dynamic-proxy.lua; proxy_pass http://$container;}
    • nginx.conf (excerpt)location @failover { error_page 502 = @failover; rewrite_by_lua_file failover.lua; proxy_pass http://$container;}
    • failover.lua (excerpt)local downed_container = ngx.var.containerif downed_container then ngx.shared.downed_containers:set( downed_container, 1, sqale.NEGATIVE_CACHE_SECONDS )end
    • failover.lua (excerpt)while #containers > 0 do tmp = table.remove( containers, math.random(#containers)) if ngx.shared.downed_containers:get(tmp) then ngx.log(ngx.DEBUG, tmp .. " is down") else container = tmp break endend
    • failover.lua (excerpt)if not container then ngx.exit(503)endngx.var.container = containerngx.var.next_containers = luabins.save(containers)
    • nginx.conf (agin)location @failover { error_page 502 = @failover; rewrite_by_lua_file failover.lua; proxy_pass http://$container;}
    • SSH Router
    • SFTP Git over SSH HTTP/HTTPSAWS SSH Web Proxy SSH Router to Containers File Deploy Containers Repositories Servers
    • Git SFTP SSH Login SSH Router File FileRepositories Repositories Containers(Git Server) (File Server)
    • How implement this routing?
    • OpenSSH with scriptauthentication patch
    • Seemizzy/openssh-script-auth on GitHub
    • Change routes bySSH_ORIGNAL_COMMAND
    • In case ofSSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND is “git-*”
    • git push (ssh sqale@gateway.sqale.jp git-recieve-pack ‘/mizzy/lokka.git’) Run AuthorizedKeys ScriptSSH Router MySQL Verify the public key and get the user’s git server command=“ssh sqale@git001.sqale.lan git-recieve-pack File ‘/var/repos/mizzy/lokka.git’”Repository(Git Server)
    • In case ofSSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND is “sftp-server”
    • sftp sqale@gateway.sqale.jp (ssh sqale@gateway.sqale.jp sftp-server) Run AuthorizedKeys ScriptSSH Router MySQL Verify the public key and get the user’s file server command=“ssh sqale@file001.sqale.lan sftp-server” File git push File Repository Repository(File Server) (Git Server)
    • In case ofSSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND is empty
    • ssh sqale@gateway.sqale.jp Run AuthorizedKeys ScriptSSH Router MySQL Verify the public key and get the user’s cotainers list Display the user’s containers list and wait the user’s selection command=“ssh sqale@Container users001.sqale.lan -p 8081”
    • Ruby On Rails Puppet/Chef Unicorn ResqueAnd many gems
    • 多謝