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Active sentences

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  • 1. Active SentencesIn active sentences the subject is the person / thing that does the action. The subject comes atthe start of the sentence. Most English is made up of active sentences. Take a look at thisexample using Paul as the subject and book as the object:Paul wrote a book.Passive SentencesIn passive sentences the focus of the sentence is the recieving object of an action and it comesat the start of the sentence; therefore, the object and the subject change positions in thesentence:The book was written by Paul.How to make a passiveTo make a passive sentence you need to start with object first and then use the be form of theverb (depending on the tense) and then add a past participle:object + be + past participleExamplesActive: The gardener grows flowers.Passive: Flowers are grown by the gardener.Active: My grandfather planted that tree.Passive: That tree was planted by my grandfather.Active: The dog is chasing the sheep.Passive: The sheep are being chased by the dog.Now choose the correct word to make passive sentences:(Kalimat aktifDalam kalimat aktif subjek adalah orang / hal yang melakukan tindakan tersebut. Subjek datangpada awal kalimat. Bahasa Inggris yang paling terdiri dari kalimat aktif. Lihatlah contoh inimenggunakan Paulus sebagai subjek dan buku sebagai objek:Paulus menulis sebuah buku. "Kalimat pasif
  • 2. Dalam kalimat pasif fokus kalimat adalah recieving objek dari suatu tindakan dan datang pada awalkalimat, sehingga obyek dan perubahan posisi subjek dalam kalimat:"Buku itu ditulis oleh Paulus."Cara membuat pasifUntuk membuat kalimat pasif yang Anda butuhkan untuk memulai dengan objek pertama dankemudian menggunakan bentuk menjadi kata kerja (tergantung pada tegang) dan kemudianmenambahkan past participle:object + menjadi + participle masa lalucontohAktif: Tukang kebun tumbuh bunga. "Pasif: Bunga ditanam oleh tukang kebun. "Aktif: "Kakek saya menanam pohon itu."Pasif: "Itu pohon yang ditanam oleh kakek saya."Aktif: "Anjing mengejar domba."Pasif: "Domba sedang dikejar oleh anjing."Sekarang memilih kata yang tepat untuk membuat kalimat pasif:Active / Passive Verb FormsSentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and"passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speakEnglish.
  • 3. Active FormIn active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and thething receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]Examples:Passive FormIn passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentenceand the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence.You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is moreimportant or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do notknow who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing theaction.[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]Examples:Active / Passive Overview Active PassiveSimple Present Once a week, Tom cleans the house. Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.
  • 4. Present Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. Right now, the letter is being written byContinuous Sarah.Simple Past Sam repaired the car. The car was repaired by Sam.Past The salesman was helping the The customer was being helped by theContinuous customer when the thief came into salesman when the thief came into the the store. store.Present Many tourists have visited that That castle has been visited by manyPerfect castle. tourists.Present Recently, John has been doing the Recently, the work has been beingPerfect work. done by John.ContinuousPast Perfect George had repaired many cars Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanics before he received his mechanics license. license.Past Perfect Chef Jones had been preparing the The restaurants fantastic dinners hadContinuous restaurants fantastic dinners for two been being prepared by Chef Jones for years before he moved to Paris. two years before he moved to Paris.Simple Future Someone will finish the work by 5:00 The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.WILL PM.Simple Future Sally is going to make a beautiful A beautiful dinner is going to beBE GOING TO dinner tonight. made by Sally tonight.Future At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will beContinuous washing the dishes. being washed by John.WILLFuture At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are goingContinuous be washing the dishes. to be being washed by John.
  • 5. BE GOING TOFuture Perfect They will have completed the project The project will have beenWILL before the deadline. completed before the deadline.Future Perfect They are going to have The project is going to have beenBE GOING TO completed the project before the completed before the deadline. deadline.Future Perfect The famous artist will have been The mural will have been beingContinuous painting the mural for over six painted by the famous artist for over sixWILL months by the time it is finished. months by the time it is finished.Future Perfect The famous artist is going to have The mural is going to have been beingContinuous been painting the mural for over six painted by the famous artist for over sixBE GOING TO months by the time it is finished. months by the time it is finished.Used to Jerry used to pay the bills. The bills used to be paid by Jerry.Would Always My mother would always make the The pies would always be made by my pies. mother.Future in the I knew John would finish the work by I knew the work would be finished byPast 5:00 PM. 5:00 PM.WOULDFuture in the I thought Sally was going to make a I thought a beautiful dinner was goingPast beautiful dinner tonight. to be made by Sally tonight.WAS GOING TOAktif / Pasif Verb Formulir
  • 6. Kalimat bisa aktif atau pasif. Oleh karena itu, tenses juga memiliki "bentuk aktif" dan "bentuk pasif."Anda harus belajar untuk mengenali perbedaan untuk berhasil berbahasa Inggris.Aktif FormDalam kalimat aktif, hal melakukan tindakan adalah subjek kalimat dan hal menerima tindakanadalah objek. Kebanyakan kalimat aktif.[Hal melakukan tindakan] + [kata kerja] + [hal menerima tindakan]Contoh:Pasif FormulirDalam kalimat pasif, hal menerima tindakan adalah subjek kalimat dan yang melakukan tindakanadalah opsional termasuk dekat akhir kalimat. Anda dapat menggunakan bentuk pasif jika Andaberpikir bahwa hal menerima tindakan lebih penting atau harus ditekankan. Anda juga dapatmenggunakan bentuk pasif jika Anda tidak tahu siapa yang melakukan tindakan atau jika Anda tidakingin menyebutkan siapa yang melakukan tindakan.[Hal menerima tindakan] + [akan] + [kata kerja past participle] + [oleh] + [hal melakukan tindakan]Contoh:Aktif / Pasif IkhtisarAktif Pasif
  • 7. Simple PresentSekali seminggu, Tom membersihkan rumah.Sekali seminggu, rumah dibersihkan oleh Tom.Hadir KontinyuSaat ini, Sarah menulis surat.Saat ini, surat itu sedang ditulis oleh Sarah.Simple PastSam diperbaiki mobil.Mobil itu diperbaiki oleh Sam.Masa lalu terus-menerusSalesman ini membantu pelanggan saat pencuri datang ke toko.Pelanggan sedang dibantu oleh salesman ketika pencuri datang ke toko.Hadir SempurnaBanyak wisatawan telah mengunjungi benteng.Itu benteng telah dikunjungi oleh banyak wisatawan.Hadir Sempurna KontinyuBaru-baru ini, John telah melakukan pekerjaan.Baru-baru ini, pekerjaan telah dilakukan oleh John.Past PerfectGeorge diperbaiki banyak mobil sebelum ia menerima lisensi mekanik nya.Banyak mobil telah diperbaiki oleh George sebelum ia menerima lisensi mekanik nya.Past Perfect KontinyuChef Jones telah mempersiapkan makan malam yang fantastis restoran itu selama dua tahunsebelum ia pindah ke Paris.Makan malam yang fantastis restoran itu telah dipersiapkan oleh Chef Jones selama dua tahunsebelum ia pindah ke Paris.Sederhana Masa Depanakan
  • 8. Seseorang akan menyelesaikan pekerjaan dengan 5:00.Pekerjaan akan selesai pada pukul 5:00 PM.Sederhana Masa Depanakan pergi keSally akan membuat makan malam yang indah.Sebuah makan malam yang indah yang akan dibuat oleh Sally malam.Masa Depan BerkelanjutanakanDi 8:00 PM malam, John akan mencuci piring.Di 8:00 PM malam, hidangan akan dicuci oleh John.Masa Depan Berkelanjutanakan pergi keDi 8:00 PM malam ini, Yohanes akan mencuci piring.Di 8:00 PM malam, hidangan yang akan dicuci oleh John.Masa Depan SempurnaakanMereka akan menyelesaikan proyek sebelum batas waktu.Proyek ini akan telah selesai sebelum batas waktu.Masa Depan Sempurnaakan pergi keMereka akan telah menyelesaikan proyek sebelum batas waktu.Proyek ini akan telah selesai sebelum batas waktu.Masa Depan Sempurna KontinyuakanPara seniman yang terkenal akan telah melukis mural selama lebih dari enam bulan pada saat ituselesai.Mural itu akan telah dicat oleh seniman terkenal selama lebih dari enam bulan pada saat itu selesai.Masa Depan Sempurna Kontinyu
  • 9. akan pergi kePara seniman yang terkenal akan telah melukis mural selama lebih dari enam bulan pada saat ituselesai.Mural ini akan telah dicat oleh seniman terkenal selama lebih dari enam bulan pada saat itu selesai.Digunakan untukJerry digunakan untuk membayar tagihan.Tagihan yang digunakan harus dibayar oleh Jerry.Selalu akanIbuku selalu akan membuat pai.Pai selalu akan dibuat oleh ibu saya.Masa Depan di Masa LaluAkanAku tahu John akan menyelesaikan pekerjaan dengan 5:00 PM.Saya tahu pekerjaan akan selesai pada pukul 5:00 PM.Masa Depan di Masa LaluApakah Pergi keSaya pikir Sally akan membuat makan malam yang indah.Saya pikir makan malam yang indah itu akan dibuat oleh Sally malam.BActive and Passive SentenceActive and Passive SentenceKalimat pasif atau yang biasa dikenal dengan Passive Voice atau Passive Sentence atau adajuga yang menyebutnya Passive Forms merupakan salah satu bentuk kalimat dalam BahasaInggris. Dalam definisi singkatnya Passive Voice berarti suatu bentuk kata kerja transitif dimanasecara tata Bahasa Inggris subjek dari kalimat berpelaku sebagai ‘pasien’, yaitu yang menerimaaksi dari sebuah pekerjaan. Kalimat Pasif umumnya kontras dengan Kalimat Aktif atau yangbiasa dikenal dengan Active Voice, kalimat ini bermakna suatu bentuk kata kerja transitif dimanasubjek dari kalimat berpelaku sebagai ‘agen’, yaitu yang melakukan aksi dari sebuah pekerjaan.Definisi :Ciri – ciri kalimat passive :
  • 10. - Pasti verb 3- Ada kalimat Bantu (to be)Rumus :Simple past tense :Active => verb 2 (ed)Passive => was/were + verb 3Simple present tense :Active => verb 1 (+ s/es)Passive => Is/am/are + verb 3Present perfect tense :Active => has/have + verb 3Passive => has/have + been + verb 3Present continous tense :Active => is/am/are + verb ingPassive => is/am/are + being + verb 3Present future tense :Active => will + verb 1Passive => will + be + verb 3Past perfect tense :Active => had + verb 3Passive => had + been + verb 3Present perfect continous tense :Active => has/have + been + verb ingPassive => has/have + been + being + verb 3Contoh kalimat :
  • 11. Active- dudi washes the car everyday- they are lifting the stones- I will buy a bag- we sold the car last month- they have painted their house blue- she had posted the letter before she came here- she has been reading a book for 5 house- mirna writes a letter for her brother every month- the doctor is examining the patient at the moment- the rich man will sell his luxurious house to pay for his debtPassive- the car is washed by dudi everyday- the stones are being lifted by them- a bag will be bought by me- the car was sold last month- the house has been painted blue by them- the letter had been posted before she came here- the book has been being read for 5 house- a letter for mirna’s brother is written by her every month- the patient is being examined by the doctor at the moment- his luxurious house will be sold by the rich man to pay for his debt