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Antarctica

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Antartica as nver seen before

Antartica as nver seen before

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Map of Antarctica
  • 3. Discovery
    • 1773 - Captain Cook - his wooden ship could not penetrate the ice ring.
    • 1822 - James Weddell (Sealing)
    • 1830 - Whalers came
    • 1911 - Roald Amundsen reaches South Pole
    • 1915 - Shackleton stuck in ice
    • 1959 – Antarctic Treaty
  • 4.  
  • 5. Amundsen’s Discovery of South Pole
  • 6. Roald Amundsen
    • Race with Scott
    • Dogs instead of horses and motorized sleds
    • Ate dogs as supply sleds didn’t need them
    • Reached Pole on December 16, 1911
    • Placed the flag of Norway
  • 7. Robert Scott Entire expedition dies.
    • Race with Amundsen
    • Took Siberian horses
    • Motorized sleds quickly broke down
    • Refused to eat dogs
    • Horses died
    • Men had to pull
    • Pole January 17, 1912
    • All men died on return
  • 8. Sir Ernest Shackleton Stuck in Ice – Lost Ship
  • 9. Plants
    • 2 Flowering Plants
    • Pearlwort
    • Grass
    • Only on Antarctic Peninsula
    • There are also bacteria, molds, yeast, algae and fungi
  • 10. Antarctic Birds
    • Snow Petrels
    • Terns
    • Fulmars
    • Cape Pigeons
    • Skuas
    • Terns
    • Penguins
  • 11. Snow Petrel
    • Small as a robin
    • Dart over ocean like large mosquitoes
  • 12. Skua
    • Has hooked bill
    • Has sharp claws
    • Feeds only ashore
    • Eats penguin eggs
    • Eats weak penguin chicks
  • 13. Albatross
    • These birds roam the oceans at the bottom of the world.
  • 14. Penguins
    • 18 species of penguins
    • 4 live in Antarctica
    • Emperor
    • Adelie
    • Southern Gentoos
    • Chinstrap
  • 15. Emperor
    • Largest of all penguins
    • Hatch eggs during coldest winter months
    • Female lays egg in May
    • Male hatches egg for 2 months and loses 40% of body weight
    • Female takes over
  • 16. Adelie
    • Most numerous
    • Named after Captain d’Urville’s wife
    • Very small
  • 17. Southern Gentoos
    • Live on peninsula
    • 2-1/2 feet tall
    • Gentle and timid
    • White connected patches above eyes
  • 18. Chinstrap
    • Black marking under chin from ear to ear
  • 19. Whales
    • Baleen
    • Toothed
  • 20. Blue Whales - Baleen
    • Baleen whale – strain food, mostly krill
    • Largest animal in the world
    • 200,00 pounds - More than 5,700 mid-sized cars!
    • 100 feet long
  • 21. Humpback - Baleen
    • Filters food
    • Eats mainly krill
    • Is less streamlined
    • Has long flippers
  • 22. Sperm Whale - Toothed
    • Uses echo sounding to find prey
    • Can dive 3,000 feet
    • Only males migrate to Antarctica
  • 23. Orcas – Toothed Whales
    • Resembles a dolphin
    • Largest carnivore
    • Eats seals and penguins
    • Hunt in packs
    • Will even bump icebergs to knock off penguins
  • 24. Seals
    • Crabeaters
    • Leopard
    • Ross
    • Weddell
    • Southern Elephant
  • 25. Seals
    • Live in groups called pods
    • Six species live in Antarctica
  • 26. Elephant – Crabeater - Leopard
    • Elephant – largest
    • Crabeaters
    • Leopard
  • 27. Southern Elephant Seals
    • Weigh up to 8,000 lbs.
    • Largest of the world’s seals
  • 28. Southern Fur Seals
    • Were nearly wiped out by seal hunters in the nineteenth century
    • Live in groups - pods
    • Have paddle like flippers or fins
    • Have a thick layer of blubber
  • 29. Southern Fur Seal

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