MIU_Computer_Ch3

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Chapter 3 Lectures

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MIU_Computer_Ch3

  1. 1. Applications Software Chapter 3 B.M.H
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Applications Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to use the SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to acquire the SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business SW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer People </li></ul>MIU
  3. 3. Software <ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: The planned, step-by-step set of instructions required to turn data into information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Handles internal computer functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps the computer use peripheral devices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dose not transform the computer into the various kinds of machines that you need </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applications SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enables a computer to become a multipurpose machine and to perform many different tasks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps you accomplish a specific task </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  4. 4. Applications Software (1) <ul><li>It can help you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform calculations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage financial resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compose music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain files of information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And so on </li></ul></ul>MIU
  5. 5. Applications Software (2) <ul><li>Custom software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>specifically tailored to their need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Custom : made to order) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer programmers write custom SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(People who design,write,test,and implement SW) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Packaged software (commercial SW) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>packaged in a container of some sort, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>usually a box or folder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sold in stores or through catalogs or Web sites </li></ul></ul>MIU
  6. 6. MIU
  7. 7. How to Use the SW <ul><li>In general, begin by installing the SW on a computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inserting the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM into the drive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Following the instructions that appear on the screen </li></ul></ul>MIU
  8. 8. How to Acquire the SW <ul><li>Category of SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freeware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shareware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public domain SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open-source SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial SW </li></ul></ul>MIU
  9. 9. Acquiring SW (1) <ul><li>Freeware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SW for which there is no fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>copyrighted ; the author retains legal ownership and may place restrictions on its use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public domain SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncopyrighted SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used, or even altered, without restriction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex) SW developed by universities and research institutions using government grants </li></ul></ul>MIU Application Software
  10. 10. Acquiring SW (2) <ul><li>Open-source SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A variation of freeware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freeware ; Users can ’ t make changes to programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freely distributed in a format that allows programmers to make changes to it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex) SW designed to run under the Linux OS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shareware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freely distributed, but only for a trial period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After a free trial period, register and pay a nominal fee to use it </li></ul></ul>MIU Application Software
  11. 11. Acquiring SW (3) <ul><li>Commercial SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(such as word processing or spreadsheet SW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>copyrighted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must not be copied without permission from the manufacturer </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Software Piracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making illegal copies of commercial SW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is punishable under the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Piracy : reproducing a book, etc, without permission) </li></ul></ul>MIU Application Software
  12. 12. Acquiring SW (4) <ul><li>How to purchase commercial SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small retail software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warehouse stores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mail-order houses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic software distribution </li></ul></ul>MIU Application Software
  13. 13. Acquiring SW (5) <ul><li>Electronic software distribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A user can get freeware, shareware, and even commercial software from the Internet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To download copyrighted SW free from the manufacturer for a trial period </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online venders offer a wide range of popular business and consumer SW for download </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ASP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: Application Service Provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>: an alternative method of delivering application via the Internet. </li></ul></ul>MIU
  14. 14. Acquiring SW (6) <ul><li>Application service provider (ASP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A company that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sets up and maintains applications SW on its own systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes the SW available for its customers to use over the Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A business can avoid the expenses involved in installing and maintaining its own application </li></ul></ul>MIU
  15. 15. Software Jargon <ul><li>Task-oriented software (Productive software) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>help users work more effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Office suite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A number of applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>that are packaged together and sold as a unit </li></ul></ul>MIU
  16. 16. Document Production SW <ul><li>Assists you with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>composing, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>editing, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>designing , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>printing, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>electronically publishing documents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing SW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop publishing SW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web authoring SW </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  17. 17. Spreadsheet SW MIU <ul><li>Exercise the expanse spreadsheet on page 3-75 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Database Management SW <ul><li>The management of a collection of interrelated facts </li></ul><ul><li>handles data in several ways </li></ul><ul><li>Helps us </li></ul><ul><ul><li>store, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>find, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organize, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>update and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>report information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Database SW </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  19. 19. Presentation SW <ul><li>Provides all of the tools you need </li></ul><ul><li>for combining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>text, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>graphics, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>graphs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>animations, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>into a series of electronic slides </li></ul></ul>MIU
  20. 20. MIU
  21. 21. MIU
  22. 22. Graphics SW <ul><li>Helps you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>create, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>edit, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manipulate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3D graphics SW </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  23. 23. MIU
  24. 24. Connectivity SW <ul><li>Connects you computer to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a local computer network or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provides tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>that you can use to take advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the information and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>communications they offer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>browser </li></ul></ul></ul>MIU
  25. 25. Office Suites <ul><li>Suite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: a group of basic SW application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>designed to work together </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrated application </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: combines basic word processing, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spreadsheet, and graphics capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in a single program. </li></ul></ul>MIU
  26. 26. Business Software Vertical Market SW SW for workgroups SW for a small business
  27. 27. Vertical Market SW <ul><li>SW that is written especially for a particular type of business such as a dentist ’ s office or a drugstore </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. The SW for an auto repair shop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare work orders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process sales transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce invoices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate sales and profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track parts inventories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Print reorder reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Update the customer mailing lists </li></ul></ul>MIU
  28. 28. Software for Workgroups <ul><li>Groupware (collaborative SW) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Collaborate : to work together with ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides a way for more than one person to collaborate on a project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any kind of SW that lets a group of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>share information or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>track information together </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintains a pool of data that can be shared by members of a workgroup </li></ul></ul>MIU
  29. 29. Getting SW Help at Work <ul><li>Information center (help desk) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The company devoted to giving users service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>help with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SW selection, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SW training and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>access to corporate computer systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May perform SW and HW installation and updating, troubleshooting service. </li></ul></ul>MIU
  30. 30. SW for a Small Business <ul><li>Small office/home office (SOHO) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>: SW designed for small business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing a searchable library of resources, a legal guide and a tax guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including collection of business documents for every situation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All-in-one SW package </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed to help you get your home office organized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A variation on the suites </li></ul></ul>MIU
  31. 31. People
  32. 32. People <ul><li>The most important element in a computer system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>help to make the system work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for whom the work is done </li></ul></ul>MIU
  33. 33. Computer people <ul><li>The essential personnel required to run large computer systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data entry operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer operator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems analysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief information officer </li></ul></ul>MIU
  34. 34. Review <ul><li>( ) software is specifically tailored to their need </li></ul><ul><li>Computer ( ) are people who design, write, test, and implement SW. </li></ul><ul><li>( ) software is packaged in a container of some sort, usually a box or folder </li></ul><ul><li>( ) is a company that sets up and maintains applications SW on its own systems </li></ul><ul><li>( ) is any kind of SW that lets a group of people share information or track information together </li></ul>MIU
  35. 35. Review <ul><li>( ) is any kind of SW that lets a group of people share information or track information together </li></ul>MIU

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