national movement – helped designing solid waste law opportunities challenges – forces to professionalize & compete with private b.
formalization is difficult – coops operate on tacit knowledge little coordination, planning, documentation need to develop business plans, but lack the data data would strengthen their position towards the city, who is less supportive
Forage Tracking: Tools for Participatory Recycling Management
In São Paulo, 90% of all recycled materials are collected by informal recyclers, the “catadores” (M. Medina 2009).
Catadores work individually or in worker-owned cooperatives.
project team: Libby McDonald, Dietmar Offenhuber, Ciro Iorio, Christie Lin; Partners in São Paulo: Ceilia Dos Santos / USP, Rede Catasampa/MNCR, Flavia Scabin, Oscar Fergutz / AVINA
The national network of cooperatives, Movimento Nacional de Catadores de Materiais Recicláveis (MNCR ) , helped shaping a new solid waste law: LEI No 12.305, 2nd August 2010, “Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos“
Official recognition of the catadores
Cities and private companies must use cooperatives for recycling services
„ This law sanctions the social inclusion of workers, who for many years were forgotten and mistreated by the public power.“ Severino Lima Jr. (MNCR)
but: the law also creates new challenges by forcing cooperatives to professionalize and compete with other private companies .