Anil bairwal


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Anil bairwal

  1. 1. Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) ,
  2. 2. About ADR <ul><li>Established in 1999 to help improve democracy and governance in India </li></ul><ul><li>Started by filing a PIL in Delhi High Court in 1999 asking for disclosure of criminal, financial and educational background of contesting candidates </li></ul><ul><li>Based on this, Supreme Court in 2002 and subsequently in 2003 made background disclosure mandatory for candidates </li></ul><ul><li>Have been conducting Election Watches ever since </li></ul><ul><li>Has an Election Watch chapter now in each state </li></ul>
  3. 3. Election Watch <ul><li>High level of criminalization and role of money power in Indian politics </li></ul><ul><li>Candidate’s antecedents not known to people when they vote even though candidates declare them in their affidavits to the election commission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little time between the availability of these affidavits and elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Several affidavits too long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low level Information format not consistent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not easy for people to comparison candidates in their constituency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets of several MPs and MLAs increase many fold, but reliable information not available in time </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Election Watch Process (candidate background information dissemination) <ul><li>Provide authentic, unbiased information on candidates antecedents in time to enable voters to make an informed choice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get the background information of candidates from their affidavits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enter them into an online system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure that data is correct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare various reports for media, voters, NGOs, political parties, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disseminate far and wide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All this in a very short period of a week to ten days </li></ul>
  5. 5. Disseminating information of candidates to voters quickly <ul><li>Integrated approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through the website for tech savvy and urban voters: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Through a tool free helpline to rural voters: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1-800-110-440 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Through SMS to mobile savvy voters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Send MYNETA <PINCODE> to 56070 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Dissimenation Info via web (
  7. 7. Disseminating Info wirelessly To get information Information on mobile via SMS 6 lakh people have registered so far To:56070 MYNETA 802208 TARAPUR- Cand(1): SHAKUNI CHOUDHARY(RJD) Crim.Cases - Yes (7), Assets 1.8Cr, Liab 1.3 Lk, Edu 10th. Cand(2): SANJAY KUMAR, ….
  8. 8. Creating Pressure on Political Structure by SMS Push service <ul><li>Active for 4-6 months during elections </li></ul><ul><li>Messages sent regularly based on data </li></ul><ul><li>Database includes numbers of MPs, MLAs, Election observers, MYNETA users, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sample messages sent <ul><li>Bihar vidhan sabha 05 me 50% MLAs par apradhik mamle lambit hai. Apni party se kaho ki is baat apradhiyon ko ticket na dain </li></ul><ul><li>Bihar vidhan Sabha 10 chunao charan ek me 3 (1 BJP ka aur 2 swatantra) ummeedwar aise hai jinpar balatkar se sambhandhit apradhik mamle lambit hai. Is baar umidwaron ki puri jaankari lekar vote do </li></ul><ul><li>Bihar MLAs ki sampati pichle 5 saal main 300% badhi, is baar aisa MLA chune jo aap ke liye kaam kare </li></ul><ul><li>Other messages based on tickets given to crorepatis, women, election expenses, and so on </li></ul>
  10. 10. Results <ul><li>Change is slow and VERY difficult to measure </li></ul><ul><li>A large number of candidates with serious pending cases contesting the Lok Sabha 2009 elections like Pappu Yadav, Atiq Ahmed, Mukhtar Ansari, Akhilesh Singh, etc. lost. </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties are responding – Major parties have announced that they will give tickets to criminals </li></ul><ul><li># of MPs with serious criminal cases against them has gone down in last 2 elections (from 5.1 to 3.6 cases per person) </li></ul><ul><li>In elections in 2010, no of criminals contesting elections has gone down from 20% to 14% overall </li></ul><ul><li>New Initiatives announced by Election Commission to curb expenses and on functioning of political parties </li></ul>
  11. 11. Future Plans (on use of mobile) <ul><li>Run the sms push service throughout the five years </li></ul><ul><li>Get the messages in hindi and other regional messages </li></ul><ul><li>Include other information in the message </li></ul><ul><ul><li>performance parameters of elected representatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information on Political Parties activities – their internal elections, the donations received, financial parameters, etc. </li></ul></ul>