Where is OMAN
Oman is located in the Middle
East, bordering the Arabian Sea to
the east, Saudi Arabia to the west,
Yemen to the south and UAE to the
It is located 21degrees north
and 59 degrees east and on the
globe. It is an Arabian country. it
is among the Persian gulf. Its
capital is Muscat. it has a
population of about 3,001,583
.Area: About 309,500 sq. km.
(approximately the size of the State
of New Mexico).
The Omani coastline stretches 4
Although Arabic is Oman's official language.
Also spoken in Oman are Semitic languages
Swahili and English are also widely spoken in
The dominant indigenous language is a dialect
of Arabic and the country has also
adopted English as a second language
A significant number also speak Urdu,
Wattayah, located in the governorate of
Muscat, is the oldest human settlement and dates to
the Stone Age, making it around 10,000 years old.
Oman before Islam
Oman, is believed to originate from the Arab
tribes who migrated to its territory from the Uman
region of Yemen.
The arrival of Islam
The conversion of Omanis is usually
ascribed to Amir Ibn al-As, who visited the region by
the middle of the eighth century AD
The Portuguese settlement
The Portugese occupied Muscat for a 140-
year period 1508–1648, arriving a decade after Vasco
da-Gama discovered the seaway to India. 7
Oman and East African Empire
In the 1690s Saif bin Sultan, the imam of
Oman, pressed down the east African Coast
The Dhofar Rebellion was launched in
the province of Dhofar against the Sultanate of
Muscat and Oman and Britain from 1962 to 1975
Stone tools from
Saif bin Sultan Dhofar
Around 75% of the population
consists of Ibadhi, a form of Islam
distinct from the Sunni and Shia
denominations, 17% Shia Muslims
and the Zikri forming the remaining
8% of the indigenous population.
Hindus, Buddhists, Zoroastrians, Sik
hs,Baha'is, and Christians also exist.
Customs and Traditions
• Islam is an important part of Oman's
culture Muslims pray five times a day and
on Friday is their holly day.
• There are two sets of Islam, this are ,the
shia and the Sunni.
• In Oman 96% of Muslims are Sunnis and
• This groups are both share the same beliefs
but have different rules and behaviors.
• Oman has several customs and traditions
for example: the Ramadan, which is done by
the Sunni's. it is done from usually from
September to October (usualy a month).
It is a period when Muslims are to fast (not
to eat or drink), from a period of 3.00am to
Another is the birth of the
prophet, it takes place on the 31 of
march.It is celebrated and enjoyed by
both the Sunni's and the shia’s, in Oman
and the Arabian peninsula.
Another is the Eid-ul-fitr id is an
Arabic word meaning "festivity", while
Fi rṭ means "to break the fast" (and can
also mean "nature", from the word
"fitrah") and so symbolizes the breaking
of the fasting period. its also done in
• Oman exports many people from
other countries to work in their
industries like, Indians and
Philippinos. Today, there are 2.2
million Omani's and 600,000
• In religion, the People of Oman
are very stable and they respect
each other whether they were
Shi’as, Sunnis or Christians.
• A vast desert plain covers
most of Oman. There are
mountains along the north
(Jebal Akhdar) and southeast
coast. That is where the
country's main cities are also
• The climate is usually hot and
dry in the center of Oman. It is
also humid along the coast.
• One of Oman's physical problems is the decreasing
of oil. Oil is one of the most economical industries
• The government of Sultanate Oman is a monarchy
ruled by the Al Bu Sa’id family.
• In Oman people are very happy with
their leader because he did many things
to help his country. He built schools,
hospitals and a military. He also
• Since there are so many expats in Oman.
The government is trying to get Omani’s
to take the expacts place by 2007. Its
called “Omanization”. You rarely see any
Omani’s working out in the hot sun but
the Omanis don’t want to work in low-
• Oman is heavily dependent on oil however Omen
does not have the wealth of oil like other middle
eastern countries but they have many industries
like crude oil production and refining, natural and
liquefied natural gas production, construction,
cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber.
Tourism in Oman.
• In the year 2004 over 4 million
people from different countries
• Oman has so many tourist
attractions ,for example: wadi
shab,wahiba and the jabrin
castle. The Wadi is 76 Km from
Qurayyat–Muscat. The road to
the wadi dips as it crosses the
bed of the ravine and rises
steeply on the other side where
the houses of Tiwi cling to the
cliffs. At the mouth of the wadi is
a single beach dotted with
• Water flows all year
round. The wadi runs
through a narrow gorge
with date plantations,
restful pools and lush
bushes attract butterflies
and the singing of the birds
is delightful. Half of the
numbers of tourist that
visit Oman comes to this
Climate of Oman
• Climate of Oman is very
• The climate is hot and dry in
the interior and hot and
humid along the coast.
• Summer temperatures in the
capital of Muscat and other
coastal locations often climb
to 110 °F (43 °C), with high
humidity; winters are mild,
with lows averaging about
63 °F (17 °C). 23
This are the websites that helped me in
• www.arab.de/arabinfo/oman 24