Finland

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All about FINLAND

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Finland

  1. 1. LOCATION
  2. 2. Helsinki National Museum of Finland Kiasma Art Museum Uspenski Cathedral
  3. 3. FINLAND CURRENCY
  4. 4. Facts about Finland Area: 338 424 km2 Population: 5,389 million people (2011) Government: Parliamentary Republic Capital: Helsinki Official languages: Finnish, Swedish National Anthem: Maamme (Finnish), Vart Land (Swedish) Tarja Halonen Jyrki Katainen
  5. 5. Prehistory  The area was settled 8500 BCE (Stone Age)  First people were huntergatherers  Used stone tools  The first verifiable written documents appeared in the 12th century. Astuvansalmi rock paintings at Saimaa (3000 – 2500 BC)
  6. 6. The 20th century  December 6, 1917 Finland got        independence Civil war 1918 First president Kaarlo Juho Stahlberg 1920 Finnish-Russian border is formed by the treaty of Tartu 1939 – 1940 Winter War 1941 – 1942 World War II 1944 – 1945 Lapland War 1950 - around 1977 Cold War Urho Kekkonen (3 September 1900 – 31 August 1986 )
  7. 7. Recent History  Late 1980s Finland liberalized economy  1999 Finland joined Eurozone  2002 euro becomes the currency (before that it was Finnish Markka) Linus Torvalds
  8. 8. Social EtiquEttE  Bring flowers , chocolates or wine when     invited to a finish home Flowers should not be given in even numbers Avoid giving potted plants Avoid giving whit or yellow flowers as they are associated with funerals. Gifts are opened when received.
  9. 9. FinniSh MEEting EtiquEttE •Greetings are formal, with a firm handshake, direct eye contact and a smile •It is common practice to repeat your first surname while shaking hands •When greeting a married couple, the wife should be greeted first
  10. 10. BuSinESS EtiquEttE  Finns often build or maintain business relationship in a restaurant or the sauna  Never reject an invitation to use the sauna  It is an appreciated part of the Finnish culture  Appointments are necessary
  11. 11. BuSinESS EtiquEttE  . The basic business style is formal - i.e. there is relatively little small talk and Finns prefer people to speak succinctly and to focus purely on business.  Finns do not require face-to- face contact and, in fact, are quite comfortable using e- mail.  Finns are excellent time managers who prefer to organize their workday in order to accomplish as much as possible.  Finns are interested in long- term relationships.
  12. 12.  Relationship building often takes place outside the office: in a restaurant or the sauna.  Never turn down an invitation to use the sauna, as it is an entrenched part of the Finnish culture.  Finns place a great value on speaking plainly and openly.  What someone says is accepted at face value and this is a culture where "a man's word is his bond" and will be treated as seriously as a written contract, so verbal commitments are considered agreements.
  13. 13. Table Manners •Wait to be told where to sit •Hold the fork in the left hand and knife in right while eating •Always keep your hand visible when eating •Do not begin eating until the hostess invites you to start •Finish everything on your plate . Finns do not appreciate waste.
  14. 14. What is Finland famous for?        Nokia phones Sauna “Black candies” Snow and cold Santa Claus Reindeers Ice Hockey
  15. 15. Music  Heavy Metal = mainstream!!!!  Festivals: Tuska, Sauna open Air, Sonisphere, Ruisrock, Provinssirock, Pori Jazz, Savonlinna Ooppera, Kaustinen Folk Music
  16. 16. lanGUaGes In FInlanD  Finnish -93%  Swedish -6%  Sami – 0.3%  Other -0.7%
  17. 17. ClIMaTe 0F FInlanD  Finland has a humid and cool semi-continental climate  Winters of southern Finland are usually 4 months long, and the snow typically covers the land
  18. 18. Ethnic makE-up •Finn- 93% •Swede-6% •Russian -0.5% •Estonian -0.3% •Roma -0.1% •Sami -0.1%
  19. 19. RELiGiOnS  Finland religiosity (2011)  Lutheranism 77.3%  No religion 20.1%  Orthodoxy 1.1%    Islam 1%  Others 0.5%
  20. 20. cuLtuRE  Finns value being close to nature, the agricultural roots are embedded in the rural lifestyle  The traditions were partly indigenous, but also influenced by Norse paganism. Song magic and bear worship are distinctive marks of the ancient religion  nuclear family, rather than the extended family
  21. 21. FinSka FOLkdancER
  22. 22. Y k n a h t u O

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