Trade union


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Trade union

  1. 1. Trade Union Trade Union Movements In India And
  2. 2. Group Members: • Prathamesh Gandhe • Prathamesh Raorane • Aditya Pawar • Yogesh Karambalkar • Mitesh Gawande
  3. 3. Trade Unions  "Trade Union" means any combination, whether temporary or permanent, formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, or between employers and employers, or for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business  Trade unions are formed to protect and promote the interests of their members. Their primary function is to protect the interests of workers against discrimination and unfair labor practices.
  4. 4. Objectives  Representation  Negotiation  Voice in decisions affecting workers  Member services (a) Education and training (b) Legal assistance (c) Financial discounts (d) Welfare benefits
  5. 5. Types of Trade Unions: i) Craft unions:- It is an organisation of workers employed in a particular craft & trade or in a single craft or few occupations. Such organisation link together those workers who have similar skills craft training etc. ii) Industrial unions:- Covers workers with a variety of skills employed in a single industry e.g. coal industry.
  6. 6. iii) Staff unions: The term staff union is popularly used to both craft & industrial union. It is organized the workers on the basis of craft working in the same industry. iv) General Unions:- It is a organization which covers various industries & labourers having different skills
  7. 7. Functions of Trade unions  Militant functions (a) To achieve higher wages and better working conditions (b) To raise the status of workers as a part of industry (c) To protect labors against victimization and injustice
  8. 8. Fraternal functions  To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers  To generate self confidence among workers  To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers  To provide opportunities for promotion and growth  To protect women workers against discrimination
  9. 9. Social responsibilities of trade unions include:  Promoting and maintaining national integration by reducing the number of industrial disputes  Incorporating a sense of corporate social responsibility in workers  Achieving industrial peace
  10. 10. At present there are twelve Central Trade Union Organizations in India:  All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)  Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS)  Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU)  Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP)  Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS)  Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU)  Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)  National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU)  National Labor Organization (NLO)  Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC)  United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) and  United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)
  11. 11. All-India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)  Origin:  It was established in 1920 as result of a resolution passed by the organized workers of Bombay and the delegates which met I a conference on 31st October, 1920.  Objectives: The basic objectives of the AITUC are:  to establish a socialist state in India;  to socialize and nationalize means of production, distribution and exchange;  to improve the economic and social conditions of the working class;  to watch, promote, and further the interests, rights, and privileges of the workers in all matters relating to their employment;  to secure and maintain for the workers the freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of association freedom of assembly, the right to strike, and the right to work and maintenance;  to co-ordinate the activities of the labour unions affiliated to the AITUC.
  12. 12. Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) Origin:  This union has been the outcome of decision taken by the Jana Sangh in its Convention at Bhopal on 23rd July, 1954.  Objectives:  to establish the Bhartiya order of classless society in which there shall be secured full employment;  to assist workers in organizing themselves in trade unions as medium of service to the motherland irrespective of faiths and political affinities;  the right to strike;  The BMS is a productivity-oriented non-political trade union. Its ideological basis is the triple formula:  nationalize the labour;  labourise the industry;  industrialise the nation;
  13. 13. Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU)  This union was formed in 1970 when as a result of the rift in the AITUC, some members of the Communist party seceded. About the objectives of the CITU, its constitution says:  The CITU believes that the exploitation of the working class can be ended only by socializing all means of production, distribution and exchange and establishing a socialist state, that is, it stands for the complete emancipation of the society from all exploitation.  The CITU fights against all encroachments on the economic and social rights of the workers and the enlargement of their rights and liberties including the right to strike, for winning, defending and extending the freedom of the democratic trade union movement.  The CITU fights against the repressive policy of the government towards the democratic and trade union movement;
  14. 14. Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)  Origin:  The INTUC came into existence on 4th May, 1948, as a result of the resolution passed on 17th November 1947, by the Central Board of the Hindustan Mazdoor Sevak Sangh, which was a labour leader on the Gandhian Philosophy of Sarvodaya.  Objectives: The aims of the INTUC are:  To establish an order of society which is free from hindrances to an all-round development of its individual members, which fosters the growth of human personality in all its aspects, and which goes to the utmost limit in progressively eliminating social, political or economic exploitation and inequality, the profit motive in the economic activity and organization of society and the anti- social concentration of power in any form;  To place industry under national ownership and control in a suitable form;  To secure increasing association of workers in the administration of industry and their full participation in that control;
  15. 15. National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU)  Origin  This union was founded in 1967, with the claim that “this trade union of India is not controlled by any of the political party, employers or government.”  Objectives:  to organize and unite trade unions with the object of building up a National Central Organisation of trade unions, independent of political parties, employers and the government, to further the cause of labour and that of national solidarity security and defence of India, and to make the working people conscious of their right as well as of obligations in all spheres of life;  to secure to members of trade unions full facilities of recognition and effective representation of interests of workers and to ensure for the working people fair conditions of life and service and progressively to raise their social, economic and cultural state and conditions;  to help in every possible way member trade unions in their fight to raise real wages of the workers;
  16. 16. United Trade Union Congress (UTUC)  Origin:  Some trade union leaders of the socialist bent met together December 1948 to form a new central organization of labour, called Hind Mazdoor Sabha.  Objectives:  The objectives of the UTUC are:  to establish a socialist society in India;  to establish a workers’ and peasants’ state in India;  to nationalize and socialize the means of production, distribution and exchange;  to safeguard and promote the interests, rights, and privileges to the workers in all matters, social, cultural, economic and political;  to bring about unity in the trade union movement.