Fall 2011 Rising Point


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The purpose of this publication is to disseminate the writings of Freemasons and to provide contemporary information on Freemasonry.

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Fall 2011 Rising Point

  1. 1. INTERNATIONAL MASONIC REVIEW PUBLISHED BY BONISTEEL MASONIC LIBRARY TheBONISTEELML.ORG Rising Point Volume 24. Issue 3• Special Issue! • FALL 2011 Tales of The Knights Templar US $9.95 10 Fall 2011
  2. 2. WELCOME TO FALL 2011 For those of you who are new to this publication, we hope you enjoy what you see and come back. Suggestions and opinions are welcome. Contents Volume 24. Issue 3 - fall 2011 FEATURE ARTICLES MAILING ADDRESS THE RISING POINT Bonisteel Masonic Library 3 HISTORY Of THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR 2520 Arrowwood Trl Ann Arbor, MI 48105 6 THE TEMPLAR GRAND MASTER 9 Web site: www.bonisteelml.org KNIGHT KADOSH Bro. Mitchell Ozog , 32º Editor in Chief. mozog@bonisteelml.org 14 ARE THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR Of THE PRESENT DAY Bro. Karl Grube, Ph.D., 32º Managing Editor kgrube@bonisteelml.org 17 THE THREE GREAT LIGHTS Bro. Robert Blackburn 32º Book Review Editor LAYOUT & DESIGN 19 1857 - BUILDERS Of TEMPLAR MASONRY COVER CREDITS Bro. Mitchell Ozog 1 TEMPLARISM: ITS DUTY AND ITS SPHERE © Unknown 3 A MASONS CABLE TOW BONISTEEL MASONIC LIBRARY FUND RAISER 4 BOOK REVIEW The Bonisteel Masonic Library of Ann Arbor Detroit has established a goal of raising $5,000 for 2012 operations. Your contribution will assure 8 MEDIEVAL KNIGHTHOOD LIVES IN INDIANA’S LEVANT PRECEPTORY the continuance of our award winning quarterly publication Rising Point and the yearly costs of online publication. Simple scroll down to Pay Pal on the Index 30 THE SPIRIT Of MASONRY page at Bonisteel Masonic Library website donate by using a credit card. www.bonisteelml.org And More..............................THE RISING POINT is the official publication of Bonisteel Masonic Library and is published four times per year. Masonic Bodies are welcome to reprint from this publication provided thatthe article is reprinted in full, the name of the author and the source of the article are indicated, and a copy of the publication containing the reprint is sent to the editor. Submissions to thispublication and all Correspondence concerning this publication should come through the Editor Mitchell Ozog. The Editor reserves the right to edit all materials received.Fair Use Notice:The Bonisteel Masonic Library web site and publication THE RISING POINT may at times contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by thecopyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justiceissues, etc.. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. If you wish to use copyrighted material from thissite or the publication Rising Point for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use’, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, thematerial on The Bonisteel Masonic Library web site and publication Rising Point is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included informationfor research and educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml United States Code: Title 17, Section 107 http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/unframed/17/107.html Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or byany other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not aninfringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include - (1) the purposeand character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; (2) the nature of the copyrighted work; (3) the amount and substantialityof the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublishedshall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors. Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org
  3. 3. History of the Knights Templar Non nobis Domine, non nobis, sed nomini tuo da gloriam (Not to us Lord, not to us, but to Your Name give the glory)The history of the Knights Templar incorporates about two day, highly trained, well-equipped and highly motivated;centuries during the Middle Ages, from the Order’s founding one of the tenets of their religious order was that theyin the early 12th century, to when it was disbanded in were forbidden from retreating in battle,the early 14th century. unless outnumbered three to one, and even then only by order of their commander,The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the or if the Templar flag went down. Not allTemple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes Knights Templar were warriors. The mission ofcommilitones Christi Templique most of the members was one of support – toSolomonici), commonly known as acquire resources which could be used to fundthe Knights Templar, the Order of the and equip the small percentage of members whoTemple (French: Ordre du Temple or Templiers) were fighting on the front lines. Because of thisor simply as Templars, were among the most infrastructure, the warriors were well-trained andfamous of the Western Christian military orders. very well armed. Even their horses wereThe organization existed for nearly two centuries trained to fight in combat, fully armored.during the Middle Ages. The combination of soldier and monk was also a powerful one, as to the Templar knights,Officially endorsed by the Catholic Church martyrdom in battle was one of the most glorious waysaround 1129, the Order became a favored charity to die.throughout Christendom, and grew rapidlyin membership and power. Templar Their success attracted the concern of many otherknights, in their distinctive white orders, with the two most powerful rivals being themantles with a red cross, were among the Knights Hospitaller and the Teutonic Knights. Variousmost skilled fighting units of the Crusades. Non- nobles also had concerns about the Templars as well, bothcombatant members of the Order managed a large economic for financial reasons, and nervousness about an independentinfrastructure throughout Christendom, innovating financial army that was able to move freely through all borders.techniques that were an early form of banking, and buildingfortifications across Europe and the Holy Land. At the time of their arrest, the Order of the Temple, Knights Templars had amassed great wealth, though not as muchThe Templars’ existence was tied closely to the Crusades; as the Hospitallers. When they were in the Holy Land andwhen the Holy Land was lost, support for the Order faded. upon their return, they were exempt from all taxes and hadRumors about the Templars’ secret initiation ceremony many privileges. They loaned enormous amounts of moneycreated mistrust, and King Philip IV of France, deeply in to the Kings of both England and France as well as manydebt to the Order, took advantage of the situation. In 1307, great nobles. For the explanation of Philip IV of France’smany of the Order’s members in France were arrested, persecution of the Templars we need hardly look further thantortured into giving false confessions, and then burned at to financial considerations. “The wealth of the Order wasthe stake. Under pressure from King Philip, Pope Clement V more than sufficient to excite the lust of royal freebooters,disbanded the Order in 1312. Portugal was the only European and its power and privileges quite enough to arouse distrustcountry where Templars were not persecuted and arrested in the mind of a less suspicious despot than Philip le Bel. He(due to the King’s will). The abrupt disappearance of a major was already deeply in debt to them.”part of the European infrastructure gave rise to speculationand legends. Pope Boniface’s successor, Benedict XI, lifted the excommunication of Philip IV but refused to absolve deThe Knights Templar were the elite fighting force of their Nogaret, excommunicating him and all the other Italian Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 3
  4. 4. kidnap co-conspirators At dawn on Friday, October 13, 1307, scores of French on June 7, 1304. Templars were simultaneously arrested by agents of King Benedict died just Philip, later to be tortured in locations such as the tower eight months later at Chinon, into admitting heresy in the Order. Over 100 in Perugia, perhaps charges were issued against them, the majority of them from poisoning by identical charges that had been earlier issued against the an agent of Nogaret. inconvenient Pope Boniface VIII: accusations of denying There followed a year Christ, spitting and urinating on the cross, and devil of dispute among the worship. The main interrogation of the Templars was French and Italian under the control of the Inquisitors, a group of experienced cardinals as to the interrogators and clergy who circulated around Europe next Pope, before at the beck and call of any European noble. The rules of deciding on the non- interrogation said that no blood could be drawn, but this Jacques de Molay, in a nineteenth- Italian Bertrand de did nothing to stop the torture. One account told of a century color lithograph by Goth (Clement V), a Templar who had fire applied to the soles of his feet, such Chevauchet childhood friend of that the bones fell out of the skin. Other Templars werePhilip, in June 1305. Clement withdrew the Papal Bulls suspended upside-down or placed in thumbscrews. Of theof Boniface VIII which had conflicted with Philip IV’s 138 Templars (many of them old men) questioned in Parisplans, created nine more French cardinals, and, after a over the next few years, 105 of them “confessed” to denyingfailed attempt to unite the Templars and the Hospitallers, Christ during the secret Templar initiations. 103 confessedagreed to Philip IV’s demands for an investigation of the to an “obscene kiss” being part of the ceremonies, andTemplars. Pope Clement also moved the papacy from the 123 said they spat on the cross. Throughout the trial thereItalian Anagni to the more palatable (and controllable) was never any physical evidence of wrongdoing, and noFrench Avignon, initiating the period called the Avignon independent witnesses; the only “proof” was obtainedPapacy. through confessions induced by torture.The Templars reached out to the Pope for assistance, and Pope Clement did write letters to King Philip questioning the arrests, but took no further action. In 1312, after the Council of Vienne, and under extreme pressure from King Philip IV, Pope Clement V issued an edict officially dissolving the Order. Many kings and nobles who had been supporting the Knights up until that time, finally acquiesced and dissolved the orders in their fiefs in accordance with the Papal command. Most were not so brutal as the French. In England, many Knights were arrested and tried, but not found guilty. Much of the Templar property outside of France was transferred by the Pope to the Knights Hospitaller, and many surviving Templars were also accepted into the Hospitallers. In the Iberian Peninsula, where the king of Aragon was against giving the heritage of the Templars to Hospitallers (as commanded by Clement V), the Order of Montesa took Templar assets. In the end, the only three accused of heresy Two Templars burned at the stake, from a French 15th century manuscript directly by the papal commission were Jacques Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 4
  5. 5. de Molay, Grand Master of the Knights Templar, and his countries where the Templar suppression was not enforced.two immediate subordinates; they were to renounce their Although the theory may not be dismissed, it is usuallyheresy publicly, when de Molay regained his courage deprecated on grounds of lack of evidence by both masonicand proclaimed the order’s and his innocence along with authorities and historiansGeoffrey de Charney. The two were arrested by Frenchauthorities as relapsed heretics and burned at the stake in In September 2001, Barbara Frale discovered a copy of the1314. Their ashes were then ground up and dumped into the Chinon Parchment dated 17–20 August 1308 in the VaticanSeine, so as to leave no relics behind. Secret Archives, a document that indicated that Pope Clement V absolved the leaders of the Order in 1308. FraleIn England the Crown was also deeply in debt to the published her findings in the Journal of Medieval History inTemplars, and probably on that basis, the Templars were 2004. In 2007, The Vatican published the Chinon Parchmentalso persecuted in England, their lands forfeited and as part of a limited edition of 799 copies of Processustaken by others, (the last private owner being the favorite Contra Templarios.[31] Another Chinon parchment dated 20of Edward II, Hugh le Despenser). Many of Templars August 1308 addressed to Philip IV of France, well-knownin England were killed; some fled to Scotland and other to historians, stated that absolution had been granted to allplaces. In France, Philip IV, who was also coincidentally those Templars that had confessed to heresy “and restoredin terrible financial debt to the Templars was perhaps the them to the Sacraments and to the unity of the Church”more aggressive persecutor. So widely was the injustice ofPhilip’s rage against the Templars perceived that the “Curse References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of _the_of the Templars” became legend: Reputedly uttered by the Knights_TemplarGrand Master Jacques de Molay upon the stake whence heburned, he adjured: “Within one year, God will summonboth Clement and Philip to His Judgment for these actions.”The fact that both rulers died within a year, as predicted,only heightened the scandal surrounding the suppression ofthe Order. The source of this legend does not date from thetime of the execution of Jacques de Molay.Today, the Knights Templar is the name of a branch ofFreemasonry.The Knights Templar is an international philanthropicchivalric order affiliated with Freemasonry. Unlike the initialdegrees conferred in a Masonic Lodge, which only require abelief in a Supreme Being regardless of religious affiliation, The Templar Seal showing two knights (perhaps Hugues dethe Knights Templar is one of several additional Masonic Payens and Godfrey de Saint-Omer) on one horse. There areOrders in which membership is open only to Freemasons many interpretations of the symbolism of this seal.who profess a belief in the Christian religion. The full titleof this Order is The United Religious, Military and Masonic Contemporary legend held that the symbol represented theOrders of the Temple and of St John of Jerusalem, Palestine, initial poverty of the order; that they could afford only a singleRhodes and Malta. The word “United” in this title indicates horse for every two men. Still, the Rule of the Order from thethat more than one historical tradition and more than one outset permitted three horses and no more for each knight, asactual Order are jointly controlled within this system. The well as no Templars sharing the same horse.individual Orders ‘united’ within this system are principallythe Knights of the Temple (Knights Templar), the Knights Several masters adopted this seal from the beginning of theof Malta, the Knights of St Paul, and only within the York order until at least 1298. It is known to have been in use sinceRite, the Knights of the Red Cross. The Order derives its 1167. The Rule forbids two riders on the same beast.name from the historical Knights Templar. One theory ofthe origins of Freemasonry claims direct descent from thehistorical Knights Templar through its final fourteenth-century members who took refuge in Scotland, or other Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org
  6. 6. THe TeMplAr GrAnd MAsTer JAcques de MolAy Molay was followed by Guy in his assertion of the innocence of the order; the other two remained silent. The commissioners were confounded, and stopped. The intelligence was conveyed to the king, who, instantly calling his council together, without any spiritual person being present, condemned the two knights to the flames. A pile was erected on that point of the islet in the Seine where afterwards was erected the statue of Henry IV., and the following day Molay and his companion were brought forth and placed upon it. They still persisted in their assertion of the innocence of the order. The flames were first applied to their feet, then to their more vital parts. The fetid smell of their burning flesh infected the surrounding air, and added to their torments; yet still they persevered in their declarations. At length death terminated their misery. The spectators shed tears at the view of their constancy, and during the night their ashes were gathered up to be preserved as relics. It is mentioned as a tradition, by some historians, that Molay, ere he expired, summoned Clement to appear within forty days before the Supreme Judge, and Philip to the same18th March, 1314. An immense concourse of people stood tribunal within the space of a year. The pontiff actually didaround. The four noble prisoners were conducted from their die of a cholic on the night of the 19th of the following month,dungeons, and led up on the stage. The cardinal of Alba read and, the church in which his body was laid taking fire, theout their former confessions, and pronounced the sentence of corpse was half consumed. The king, before the year hadperpetual imprisonment. He was then proceeding to expose elapsed, died of a fall from his horse. Most probably it wasthe guilt of the order, when the Master interrupted him, and these events which gave rise to the tradition, which testifiesthus spoke, taking all the spectators to witness:-- the general belief of the innocence of the Templars. It was also remarked that all the active persecutors of the order“It is just that, in so terrible a day, and in the last moments perished by premature or violent deaths.of my life, I should discover all the iniquity of falsehood,and make the truth to triumph. I declare, then, in the face of It remains to discuss the two following points:--Did theheaven and earth, and acknowledge, though to my eternal religio-military order of the Knights Templars hold a secretshame, that I have committed the greatest of crimes; but it has doctrine subversive of religion and morality? Has the orderbeen the acknowledging of those which have been so foully been continued down to our own days?charged on the order. I attest, and truth obliges me to attest,that it is innocent. I made the contrary declaration only to We have seen what the evidence against the Templars was,suspend the excessive pains of torture, and to mollify those and it is very plain that such evidence would not be admittedwho made me endure them. I know the punishments which in any modern court of justice. It was either hearsay, or givenhave been inflicted on all the knights who had the courage by persons utterly unworthy of credit, or wrung from theto revoke a similar confession; but the dreadful spectacle accused by agony and torture. The articles themselves arewhich is presented to me is not able to make me confirm one absurd and contradictory. Are we to believe that the samelie by another. The life offered me on such infamous terms. men had adopted the pure deism of the Mahommedans, andI abandon without regret.” were guilty of a species of idolatry * almost too gross for the Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 6
  7. 7. See they would perhaps have come down to us as unsullied as the knights of St. John *; but they sided with Pope Boniface against Philip the Fair, and a subservient pontiff sacrificed to his own avarice and personal ambition the most devoted adherents of the court of Rome †. We make little doubt that any one who coolly and candidly considers the preceding account of the manner in which the order was suppressed will readily concede that the guilt of its members was anything but proved. It behoves their modern impugners to furnish some stronger proofs than any they have as yet brought forward. The chief adversary of the Templars at the present day is a writer whose veracity and love of justice are beyond suspicion, and who has earned for himself enduring fame by his labours in the field of oriental literature, but in whose mind, as his most partial friends must allow, learning and imagination are apt to overbalance judgment and philosophy ‡. He has been replied to by Raynouard, Münter, and other able advocates of the King Philip IV of France (1268–1314) knights.lowest superstition? But when did this corruption commenceamong the Templars? Were those whom St. Bernard praised We now come to the question of the continuance of the orderas models of Christian zeal and piety, and whom the whole to the present day. That it has in some sort been transmittedChristian world admired and revered, engaged in a secret to our times is a matter of no doubt; for, as we have justconspiracy against religion and government? Yes, boldly seen, the king of Portugal formed the Order of Christ outreplies Hammer, the two humble and pious knights who of the Templars in his dominions. But our readers are nofounded the order were the pupils and secret allies of the doubt aware that the freemasons assert a connexion withMahommedan Ismaelites. This was going too far for Wilike, the Templars, and that there is a society calling themselvesand he thinks that the guilt of introducing the secret doctrine Templars, whose chief seat is at Paris, and whose brancheslies on the chaplains; for he could discern that the doctrines extend into England and other countries. The account whichof gnosticism, which the Templars are supposed to have they give of themselves is as follows:--held, were beyond the comprehension of illiterate knights,who, though they could fight and pray, were but ill qualified James de Molay, in the year 1314, in anticipation of his speedyto enter into the mazes of mystic metaphysics. According, martyrdom,, appointed Johannes Marcus Lormenius to betherefore, to one party, the whole order was corrupt from top his successor in his dignity. This appointment was made byto bottom; according to another, the secrets were confined a regular well-authenticated charter, bearing the signaturesto a few, and, contrary to all analogy, the heads of the order of the various chiefs of the order, and it is still preservedwere frequently in ignorance of them. Neither offer any thing at Paris, together with the statutes, archives, banners, c.,like evidence in support of their assumption. of the soldiery of the Temple. There has been an unbrokenThe real guilt of the Templars was their wealth and their succession of grand-masters down to the present times,pride *: the last alienated the people from them, the former among whom are to be found some of the most illustriousexcited the cupidity of the king of France. Far be it from names in France. Bertrand du Guesclin was grand-masterus to maintain that the morals of the Templars were purer for a number of years; the dignity was sustained by severalthan those of the other religious orders. With such ample of the Montmorencies; and during the last century the headsmeans as they possessed of indulging all their appetites and of the society were princes of the different branches of thepassions, it would be contrary to all experience to suppose house of Bourbon. Bernard Raymond Fabré Palaprat is itsthat they always restrained them, and we will even concede head at present, at least was so a few years ago *.that some of their members were obnoxious to charges ofdeism, impiety, breaches of their religious vows, and gross This is no doubt a very plausible circumstantial account;licentiousness. We only deny that such were the rules of the but, on applying the Ithuriel spear of criticism to it, variousorder. Had they not been so devoted as they were to the Holy ugly shapes resembling falsehood start up. Thus Molay, Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 7
  8. 8. we are told, appointed his successor in 1314. He was put to has led them to claim a descent from that order; and it isdeath on the 18th March of that year, and the order had been possible that, if the same fate had fallen on the knights of St.abolished nearly a year before. Why then did he delay so John, the claim had never been set up. We are very far fromlong, and why was he become so apprehensive of martyrdom denying that at the time of the suppression of the order of theat that time, especially when, as is well known, there was Temple there was a secret doctrine in existence, and that thethen no intention of putting him to death? Again, where overthrow of the papal power, with its idolatry, superstition,were the chiefs of the society at that time? How many of and impiety, was the object aimed at by those who held it,them were living? and how could they manage to assemble and that freemasonry may possibly be that doctrine underin the dungeon of Molay and execute a formal instrument! another name *. But we are perfectly convinced that no proofMoreover, was it not repugnant to the rules and customs of of any weight has been given of the Templars’ participationthe Templars for a Master to appoint his successor? These in that doctrine, and that all probability is on the other side.are a few of the objections which we think may be justly We regard them, in fine, whatever their sins may have been,made; and, on the whole, we feel strongly disposed to reject as martyrs--martyrs to the cupidity, blood-thirstiness, andthe whole story. ambition of the king of France.As to the freemasons, we incline to think that it was the Sources: Secret Societies of the Middle Ages, by Thomasaccidental circumstance of the name of the Templars which Keightley, [1837], at sacred-texts.com FAMOUS FREEMASON: Bro. JOSEPh JACOB FOSS he became the first American pilot of World Marines and won his wings in March 1941, War II to equal Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker’s nine months before the United States entered (Freemason) record in World War I. Captain the war. Foss was brought home in the spring of 1943 to receive the Medal of Honor from President In November 1959, the club owners forming Franklin D. Roosevelt (Freemason) and to the American Football League selected go on a national tour to sell war bonds, spur Mr. Foss as commissioner, hoping that his military recruiting and inspire workers in war contacts in Washington could help them plants. Thrilling an America still reeling from in an anticipated struggle with the long- Pearl Harbor, Captain Foss was pictured in his established National Football League. Even dress uniform on the cover of Life on June 7, though his football experience had been 1943, described as ‘’America’s No. 1 Ace.’’ limited to benchwarming as a guard for the University of South Dakota, he accepted. Joseph Jacob Foss was born on April 17, 1915, Under Mr. Foss, the A.F.L., out of necessity, on a farm near Sioux Falls, S.D. He died at divided broadcast revenues evenly among the the age of 87 on January 1, 2003. When he was teams. One move he made for the league was 12, he visited a tiny airport near his home to signing a five-year $10.6 million television see Charles A. Lindbergh (Freemason), who contract with ABC in 1960 that included his was taking his Spirit of St. Louis on a national pioneering idea. As commissioner, Mr. Foss tour after flying to Paris. The boy envisioned indulged his lifelong passion for hunting and soaring through the skies himself one day. fishing as host of ‘’The American Sportsman’’ Four years later, he went up in a plane for the on ABC. He was criticized by some A.F.L. first time, a $1.50 sightseeing ride in a Ford club owners who said he spent too much time Tri-Motor. After watching a Marine aerial filming his outdoors shows and flying as a team perform acrobatics in open-cockpit brigadier general in the Air National Guard.Joe Foss, was a Medal of Honor winner as biplanes, he was convinced that the aviator’s Mr. Foss, who advocated an association witha Marine fighter pilot in World War II who life was for him. But a month before Joe’s the N.F.L. under a single commissioner whilewas a two-term governor of South Dakota, 18th birthday, his father was electrocuted by a hoping to keep the leagues’ identities separate,commissioner of the upstart American downed power line in a lightning storm. The resigned as A.F.L. commissioner on April 17,Football League and head of the National Rifle teenager had to help his mother and his brother, 1966. Less than two months later, the leagueAssociation. A cigar-chomping curly haired Cliff, work the farm while the dust storms of announced plans to merge with the N.F.L. insix-foot captain who looked like his friend the Depression piled sand knee high. Working 1970.John Wayne (Freemason), Mr. Foss inspired at odd jobs, he managed to afford occasionalthe nation as a wartime ace. Flying a Wildcat flying lessons and, at 25, graduated from the Brother Joseph Jacob Foss was a member ofthat was slower than the vaunted Japanese University of South Dakota with a bachelor’s Minnehaha Lodge #5, South Dakota.Zeros, he shot down 26 fighters and bombers in business administration. Seeing a chancein the battle for Guadalcanal from October to fly at government expense, he joined the1942 to January 1943. With his 26th ‘’kill,’’ Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 8
  9. 9. KnIGHT KAdosHWE often profit more by ourenemies than by our friends. It will be easy, as we read,“We support ourselves to separate the false fromonly on that which resists,” the true, the audaciousand owe our success to conjectures from the simpleopposition. The best friends facts.of Masonry in Americawere the Anti-Masons of “A power that ruled1826, and at the same time without antagonism andthey were its worst enemies. without concurrence, andMen are but the automata of consequently withoutProvidence, and it uses the control, proved fatal todemagogue, the fanatic, and the Sacerdotal Royalties;the knave, a common trinity while the Republics, on thein Republics, as its tools and other hand, had perishedinstruments to effect that of by the conflict of libertieswhich they do not dream, and franchises, which, inand which they imagine the absence of all dutythemselves commissioned to hierarchically sanctioned andprevent. enforced, had soon become mere tyrannies, rivals oneThe Anti-Masons, traitors of the other. To find a stableand perjurors some, and some mere political knaves, medium between these two abysses, the idea of the Christianpurified Masonry by persecution, and so proved to be its Hierophants was to create a society devoted to abnegation bybenefactors; for that which is persecuted, grows. To them its solemn vows, protected by severe regulations; which shouldpresent popularity is due, the cheapening of its Degrees, the be recruited by initiation, and which, sole depositary of theinvasion of its Lodges, that are no longer Sanctuaries, by the great religious and social secrets, should make Kings andmultitude; its pomp and pageantry and overdone display. Pontiffs, without exposing it to the corruptions of Power. In that was the secret of that kingdom of Jesus Christ, which,An hundred years ago it had become known that the ‫ו‏‬ without being of this world, would govern all its grandeurs.?Q?D?S‫ה‬‎ were the Templars under a veil, and therefore theDegree was pro-scribed, and, ceasing to be worked, became “This idea presided at the foundation of the great religiousa mere brief and formal ceremony, under another name. Now, orders, so often at war with the secular authorities,from the tomb in which after his murders he rotted, Clement ecclesiastical or civil. Its realization was also the dream ofthe Fifth howls against the successors of his victims, in the the dissident sects of Gnostics or Illuminati who pretendedAllocution of Pio Nono against the Free-Masons. The ghosts to connect their faith with the primitive tradition of theof the dead Templars haunt the Vatican and disturb the Christianity of Saint John. It at length became a menace forslumbers of the paralyzed Papacy, which, dreading the dead, the Church and Society, when a rich and dissolute Order,shrieks out its excommunications and impotent anathemas initiated in the mysterious doctrines of the Kabalah, seemedagainst the living. It is a declaration of war, and was needed disposed to turn against legitimate authority the conservativeto arouse apathy and inertness to action. principle of Hierarchy, and threatened the entire world with an immense revolution.An enemy of the Templars shall tell us the secret of this Papalhostility against an Order that has existed for centuries in “The Templars, whose history is so imperfectly known, weredespite of its anathemas, and has its Sanctuaries and Asyla those terrible conspirators. In 1118, nine Knights Crusaderseven in Rome. in the East, among whom were Geoffroi de Saint-Omer Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 9
  10. 10. and Hugues de Payens, consecrated themselves to religion, and deeds of Jesus Christ; words which, they thought, wouldand took an oath between the hands of the Patriarch of be only a ridiculous exaggeration, if he were not speaking ofConstantinople, a See always secretly or openly hostile to an allegory and a legend, that might be varied and prolongedthat of Rome from the time of Photius. The avowed object of to infinity.the Templars was to protect the Christians who came to visitthe Holy Places: their secret object was the re-building of the “The Johannites ascribed to Saint John the foundation ofTemple of Solomon on the model prophesied by Ezekiel. their Secret Church, and the Grand Pontiffs of the Sect assumed the title of Christos, Anointed, or Consecrated, and“This re-building, formally predicted by the Judaïzing claimed to have succeeded one another from Saint John by anMystics of the earlier ages, had become the secret dream of uninterrupted succession of pontifical powers. He who, at thethe Patriarchs of the Orient. The Temple of Solomon, re-built period of the foundation of the Order of the Temple, claimedand consecrated to the Catholic worship would become, in these imaginary prerogatives, was named THEOCLET; heeffect, the Metropolis of the Universe; the East would prevail knew HUGUES DE PAYENS, he initiated him into theover the West, and the Patriarchs of Constantinople would Mysteries and hopes of his pretended church, he seducedpossess themselves of the Papal power. him by the notions of Sovereign Priesthood and Supreme royalty, and finally designated him as his successor.“The Templars, or Poor Fellow-Soldiery of the Holy Houseof the Temple intended to be re-built, took as their models, “Thus the Order of Knights of the Temple was at its veryin the Bible, the Warrior-Masons of Zorobabel, who worked, origin devoted to the cause of opposition to the tiara of Romeholding the sword in one hand and the trowel in the other. and the crowns of Kings, and the Apostolate of KabalisticTherefore it was that the Sword and the Trowel were the Gnosticism was vested in its chiefs. For Saint John himselfinsignia of the Templars, who subsequently, as will be seen, was the Father of the Gnostics, and the current translationconcealed themselves under the name of Brethren Masons. of his polemic against the heretical of his Sect and the[This name, Frères Masons in the French, adopted by way pagans who denied that Christ was the Word, is throughoutof secret reference to the Builders of the Second Temple, a misrepresentation, or misunderstanding at least, of thewas corrupted in English into Free-Masons, as Pythagore de whole Spirit of that Evangel.Crotone was into Peter Gower of Groton in England. Khairu_m or Khu_r-u_m, (a name mis-rendered into Hiram) from an “The tendencies and tenets of the Order were envelopedartificer in brass and other metals, became the Chief Builder in profound mystery, and it externally professed the mostof the Haikal Kadosh, the Holy House, of the Temple, the perfect orthodoxy. The Chiefs alone knew the aim of theἹερος Δομος; and the words Bonai and Banaim yet appear Order: the Subalterns followed them without distrust.in the Masonic Degrees, meaning Builder and Builders.] “To acquire influence and wealth, then to intrigue, and“The trowel of the Templars is quadruple, and the triangular at need to fight, to establish the Johannite or Gnostic andplates of it are arranged in the form of a cross, making the Kabalistic dogma, were the object and means proposed toKabalistic pantacle known by the name of the Cross of the the initiated Brethren. The Papacy and the rival monarchies,East. The Knight of the East, and the Knight of the East and they said to them, are sold and bought in these days, becomeWest, have in their titles secret allusions to the Templars of corrupt, and to-morrow, perhaps, will destroy each other. Allwhom they were at first the successors. that will become the heritage of the Temple: the World will soon come to us for its Sovereigns and Pontiffs. We shall“The secret thought of Hugues de Payens, in founding constitute the equilibrium of the Universe, and be rulershis Order, was not exactly to serve the ambition of the over the Masters of the World.Patriarchs of Constantinople. There existed at that period inthe East a Sect of Johannite Christians, who claimed to be “The Templars, like all other Secret Orders and Associations,the only true Initiates into the real mysteries of the religion had two doctrines, one concealed and reserved for theof the Saviour. They pretended to know the real history of Masters, which was Johannism; the other public, which wasYESUS the ANOINTED, and, adopting in part the Jewish the Roman Catholic. Thus they deceived the adversariestraditions and the tales of the Talmud, they held that the whom they sought to supplant. Hence Free-Masonry, vulgarlyfacts recounted in the Evangels are but allegories, the key imagined to have begun with the Dionysian Architects or theof which Saint John gives, in saying that the world might be German Stone-workers, adopted Saint John the Evangelistfilled with the books that could be written upon the words as one of its patrons, associating with him, in order not to Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 10
  11. 11. arouse the suspicions of Rome, Saint John the Baptist, and the Temple. Part of the symbols are displayed there to thethus covertly proclaiming itself the child of the Kabalah and Initiate, but he is intentionally misled by false interpretations.Essenism together.” It is not intended that he shall understand them; but it is intended that he shall imagine he understands them. Their[For the Johannism of the Adepts was the Kabalah of the true explication is reserved for the Adepts, the Princes ofearlier Gnostics, degenerating afterward into those heretical Masonry. The whole body of the Royal and Sacerdotal Artforms which Gnosticism developed, so that even Manes had was hidden so carefully, centuries since, in the High Degrees,his followers among them. Many adopted his doctrines of as that it is even yet impossible to solve many of the enigmasthe two Principles, the recollection of which is perpetuated which they contain. It is well enough for the mass of thoseby the handle of the dagger and the tesserated pavement or called Masons, to imagine that all is contained in the Bluefloor of the Lodge, stupidly called “the Indented Tessel,” and Degrees; and whoso attempts to undeceive them will laborrepresented by great hanging tassels, when it really means in vain, and without any true reward violate his obligationsa tesserated floor (from the Latin tessera) of white and as an Adept. Masonry is the veritable Sphinx, buried to theblack lozenges, with a necessarily denticulated or indented head in the sands heaped round it by the ages.]border or edging. And wherever, in the higher Degrees, thetwo colors white and black, are in juxtaposition, the two “The seeds of decay were sown in the Order of the TemplePrinciples of Zoroaster and Manes are alluded to. With at its origin. Hypocrisy is a mortal disease. It had conceivedothers the doctrine became a mystic Pantheism, descended a great work which it was incapable of executing, becausefrom that of the Brahmins, and even pushed to an idolatry of it knew neither humility nor personal abnegation, becauseNature and hatred of every revealed dogma. Rome was then invincible, and because the later Chiefs of the Order did not comprehend its mission. Moreover, the[To all this the absurd reading of the established Church, Templars were in general uneducated, and capable only oftaking literally the figurative, allegorical, and mythical wielding the sword, with no qualifications for governing,language of a collection of Oriental books of different and at need enchaining, that queen of the world calledages, directly and inevitably led. The same result long after Opinion.” [The doctrines of the Chiefs would, if expoundedfollowed the folly of regarding the Hebrew books as if they to the masses, have seemed to them the babblings of folly.had been written by the unimaginative, hard, practical The symbols of the wise are the idols of the vulgar, or elseintellect of the England of James the First and the bigoted as meaningless as the hieroglyphics of Egypt to the nomadicstolidity of Scottish Presbyterianism.] Arabs. There must always be a common-place interpretation for the mass of Initiates, of the symbols that are eloquent to“The better to succeed and win partisans, the Templars the Adepts.]sympathized with regrets for dethroned creeds andencouraged the hopes of new worships, promising to all “Hughes de Payens himself had not that keen and far-sightedliberty of conscience and a new orthodoxy that should be intellect nor that grandeur of purpose which afterwardthe synthesis of all the persecuted creeds.” distinguished the military founder of another soldiery that became formidable to kings. The Templars were unintelligent[It is absurd to suppose that men of intellect adored a and therefore unsuccessful Jesuits.monstrous idol called Baphomet, or recognized Mahomet asan inspired prophet. Their symbolism, invented ages before, “Their watchword was, to become wealthy, in order to buyto conceal what it was dangerous to avow, was of course the world. They became so, and in 1312 they possessed inmisunderstood by those who were not adepts, and to their Europe alone more than nine thousand seignories. Richesenemies seemed to be pantheistic. The calf of gold, made were the shoal on which they were wrecked. They becameby Aaron for the Israelites, was but one of the oxen under insolent, and unwisely showed their contempt for the religiousthe laver of bronze, and the Karobim on the Propitiatory, and social institutions which they aimed to overthrow. Theirmisunderstood. The symbols of the wise always become the ambition was fatal to them. Their projects were divined andidols of the ignorant multitude. What the Chiefs of the Order prevented. [Rome, more intolerant of heresy than of vice andreally believed and taught, is indicated to the Adepts by the crime, came to fear the Order, and fear is always cruel. It hashints contained in the high Degrees of Free-Masonry, and always deemed philosophical truth the most dangerous ofby the symbols which only the Adepts understand. heresies, and has never been at a loss for a false accusation, by means of which to crush free thought.] Pope Clement V.[The Blue Degrees are but the outer court or portico of and King Philip le Bel gave the signal to Europe, and the Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 11
  12. 12. Continued from page 11Templars, taken as it were in an immense net, were arrested, a name to which they have not the shadow of a title.]disarmed, and cast into prison. Never was a Coup d’Etat “The Successors of the Ancient Adepts Rose-Croix,accomplished with a more formidable concert of action. The abandoning by degrees the austere and hierarchial Sciencewhole world was struck with stupor, and eagerly waited for of their Ancestors in initiation, became a Mystic Sect,the strange revelations of a process that was to echo through united with many of the Templars, the dogmas of the twoso many ages. intermingling, and believed themselves to be the sole depositaries of the secrets of the Gospel of St. John, seeing“It was impossible to unfold to the people the conspiracy in its recitals an allegorical series of rites proper to completeof the Templars against the Thrones and the Tiara. It was the initiation.impossible to expose to them the doctrines of the Chiefs ofthe Order. [This would have been to initiate the multitude “The Initiates, in fact, thought in the eighteenth centuryinto the secrets of the Masters, and to have uplifted the veil that their time had arrived, some to found a new Hierarchy,of Isis. Recourse was therefore had to the charge of magic, others to overturn all authority, and to press down all theand denouncers and false witnesses were easily found. When summits of the Social Order under the level of Equality.”the temporal and spiritual tyrannies unite to crush a victimthey never want for serviceable instruments.] The Templars The mystical meanings of the Rose as a Symbol are to bewere gravely accused of spitting upon Christ and denying looked for in the Kabalistic Commentaries on the Canticles.God at their receptions, of gross obscenities, conversationswith female devils, and the worship of a monstrous idol. The Rose was for the Initiates the living and blooming symbol of the revelation of the harmonies of being. It was“The end of the drama is well known, and how Jacques de the emblem of beauty, life, love, and pleasure. Flamel, or theMolai and his fellows perished in the flames. But before Book of the Jew Abraham, made it the hieroglyphical signhis execution, the Chief of the doomed Order organized of the accomplishment of the great Work. Such is the key ofand instituted what afterward came to be called the Occult, the Roman de la Rose. The Conquest of the Rose was theHermetic, or Scottish Masonry. In the gloom of his prison, problem propounded to Science by Initiation, while Religionthe Grand Master created four Metropolitan Lodges, at was laboring to prepare and establish the universal triumph,Naples for the East, at Edinburg for the West, at Stockholm exclusive and definitive, of the Cross.for the North, and at Paris for the South.” [The initials of hisname, JἹ BἹ MἹ found in the same order in the first three To unite the Rose to the Cross, was the problem proposed byDegrees, are but one of the many internal and cogent proofs the High Initiation; and in fact the Occult philosophy beingthat such was the origin of modern Free-Masonry. The the Universal Synthesis, ought to explain all the phenomenalegend of Osiris was revived and adopted, to symbolize the of Being. Religion, considered solely as a physiological fact,destruction of the Order, and the resurrection of Khu_ru_m, is the revelation and satisfaction of a necessity of souls. Itsslain in the body of the Temple, of KHU_RU_M ABAI, the existence is a scientific fact; to deny it, would be to denyMaster, as the martyr of fidelity to obligation, of Truth and humanity itself.Conscience, prophesied the restoration to life of the buriedassociation.] The Rose-Croix Adepts respected the dominant, hierarchical, and revealed religion. Consequently they could no more be“The Pope and the King soon after perished in a strange the enemies of the Papacy than of legitimate Monarchy; andand sudden manner. Squin de Florian, the chief denouncer if they conspired against the Popes and Kings, it was becauseof the Order, died assassinated. In breaking the sword of the they considered them personally as apostates from duty andTemplars, they made of it a poniard; and their proscribed supreme favorers of anarchy.trowels thence-forward built only tombs.” What, in fact, is a despot, spiritual or temporal, but a crowned[The Order disappeared at once. Its estates and wealth anarchist?were confiscated, and it seemed to have ceased to exist.Nevertheless it lived, under other names and governed One of the magnificent pantacles that express the esotericby unknown Chiefs, revealing itself only to those who, in and unutterable part of Science, is a Rose of Light, in thepassing through a series of Degrees, had proven themselves centre of which a human form extends its arms in the formworthy to be entrusted with the dangerous Secret. The of a cross.modern Orders that style themselves Templars have assumed Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 1
  13. 13. Continued from page 12Commentaries and studies have been multiplied upon the Cagliostro was the Agent of the Templars, and thereforeDivine Comedy, the work of DANTE, and yet no one, so wrote to the Free-Masons of London that the time had comefar as we know, has pointed out its especial character. The to begin the work of re-building the Temple of the Eternal. Hework of the great Ghibellin is a declaration of war against had introduced into Masonry a new Rite called the Egyptian,the Papacy, by bold revelations of the Mysteries. The Epic and endeavored to resuscitate the mysterious worship of Isis.of Dante is Johannite and Gnostic, an audacious application, The three letters LἹ PἹ DἹ on his seal, were the initialslike that of the Apocalypse, of the figures and numbers of the of the words “Lilia pedibus destrue;” tread under foot theKabalah to the Christian dogmas, and a secret negation of Lilies [of France], and a Masonic medal of the sixteenth orevery thing absolute in these dogmas. His journey through seventeenth century has upon it a sword cutting off the stalkthe supernatural worlds is accomplished like the initiation of a lily, and the words “talem dabit ultio messem,” suchinto the Mysteries of Eleusis and Thebes. He escapes from harvest revenge will give.that gulf of Hell over the gate of which the sentence of despairwas written, by reversing the positions of his head and feet, A Lodge inaugurated under the auspices of Rousseau, thethat is to say, by accepting the direct opposite of the Catholic fanatic of Geneva, became the centre of the revolutionarydogma; and then he reascends to the light, by using the Devil movement in France, and a Prince of the blood-royal wenthimself as a monstrous ladder. Faust ascends to Heaven, by thither to swear the destruction of the successors of Philippestepping on the head of the vanquished Mephistopheles. Hell le Bel on the tomb of Jacques de Molai. The registers of theis impassable for those only who know not how to turn back Order of Templars attest that the Regent, the Duc d’Orleans,from it. We free ourselves from its bondage by audacity. was Grand Master of that formidable Secret Society, and that his successors were the Duc de Maine, the Prince ofHis Hell is but a negative Purgatory. His Heaven is composed Bourbon-Condé, and the Duc de Cossé-Brissac.of a series of Kabalistic circles, divided by a cross, like thePantacle of Ezekiel. In the centre of this cross blooms a rose, The Templars compromitted the King; they saved him fromand we see the symbol of the Adepts of the Rose-Croix for the rage of the People, to exasperate that rage and bringthe first time publicly expounded and almost categorically on the catastrophe prepared for centuries; it was a scaffoldexplained. that the vengeance of the Templars demanded. The secret movers of the French Revolution had sworn to overturn theFor the first time, because Guillaume de Lorris, who died Throne and the Altar upon the Tomb of Jacques de Molai.in 1260, five years before the birth of Alighieri, had not When Louis XVI. was executed, half the work was done;completed his Roman de la Rose, which was continued by and thenceforward the Army of the Temple was to direct allChopinel, a half century afterward. One is astonished to its efforts against the Pope.discover that the Roman de la Rose and the Divina Commediaare two opposite forms of one and the same work, initiation Jacques de Molai and his companions were perhaps martyrs,into independence of spirit, a satire on all contemporary but their avengers dishonored their memory. Royalty wasinstitutions, and the allegorical formula of the great Secrets regenerated on the scaffold of Louis XVI., the Churchof the Society of the Roses-Croix. triumphed in the captivity of Pius VI., carried a prisoner to Valence, and dying of fatigue and sorrow, but the successorsThe important manifestations of Occultism coincide with the of the Ancient Knights of the Temple perished, overwhelmedperiod of the fall of the Templars; since Jean de Meung or in their fatal victory.Chopinel, contemporary of the old age of Dante, flourished Morals and Dogma, by Albert Pike, [1871], at www.sacred-texts.comduring the best years of his life at the Court of Philippe leBel. The Roman de la Rose is the Epic of old France. It isa profound book, under the form of levity, a revelation aslearned as that of Apuleius, of the Mysteries of Occultism.The Rose of Flamel, that of Jean de Meung, and that ofDante, grew on the same stem.Swedenborg’s system was nothing else than the Kabalah,minus the principle of the Hierarchy. It is the Temple, withoutthe keystone and the foundation. Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 13
  14. 14. Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org14
  15. 15. Continued from page 14 Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 1
  16. 16. Continued from page 15 Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 16
  17. 17. Continued from page 16 Reprint from Book – Gems from the Quarry and Sparks from the Gavel. Detroit, Michigan 1893 Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 17
  18. 18. commandery of Knights T emplar in Michigan Photos by Mitchell Ozog Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org18
  19. 19. Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 19
  20. 20. commandery of Knights Templar in Michigan Photos by Mitchell Ozog 2011 Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org0
  21. 21. Templarism: Its Duty and Its Sphere By Sir Albert Pike Seven centuries Patmos, the apocalyptic isle, was a part; the Templars had and a half have learned doctrines not acceptable to the Roman bishops, passed away and it is probable that some of them had accepted those of since, in 1118 Manes, and were liable to the pains and penalties denounced eight French against heretics. noblemen, u n i t i n g To the monarchs of Christendom, all of whom were at that themselves day little more than the deans of the nobility, maintaining into a society, a constant struggle against the ambition of their vassals, became the insecure in their places of power, and without standing Master and armies, the soldiery of the Temple had become a terror by Brethren of the their numbers, their immense possessions, and their unity of Temple. They organization. For the Order dreamed of an Oriental empire, first displayed and sought to obtain, by negotiation, an eastern seaport. It the red cross was a standing army of proud, fiery, indomitable warriors, upon the distributed over all Europe, and obedient to the single will field in 1148; of the Grand Master. The thrones and the altars combined were almost against it, and it fell and disappeared in a day. Its pride,annihilated in storming Ascalon in 1153; their principles ambition, and luxuries, swelled the provocations that causedwere confirmed by the Bull Omne Datum Optimum, in its ruin. During the centuries that followed, while it was1139 and they fought the great battle of Tiberias in 1187, in merged in other orders, and wore the mask of Freemasonry,which year the Holy City of Jerusalem surrendered to the it was, as is usual, chastened and purified by adversity. TheInfidels. Other crusades were preached, and the soldiery advances made by science, the revival of letters, the reopeningof the Temple fought in the Holy Land until the end of the of the treasures of the ancient Grecian and Oriental wisdom,thirteenth century, by the side, in succession, of Richard gave it a deeper and a sounder philosophical doctrine, andLion-heart of England, and Philip Augustus of France; of a wiser and truer religious creed; and its hereditary desireSaint Louis and Edward Prince of Wales, at Damietta, Gaza, for vengeance on the despotisms to which its ruin was due,and Acre; and wherever a blow was to be struck for the Cross symbolized by the mitre and the crown, led it eagerly toagainst the Crescent. adopt the idea that governments are made for the people, and not the people for governments, upon its first announcementOn the 13th of October, 1307, all the Templars in France were to the world.arrested, and on the 18th of March, 1314, the Grand Masterwas burned. Princes had been members of the Order, and If our Order should again become prosperous and powerful,its ambassadors had taken precedence of Christian kings. let it avoid the shoals upon which it once suffered shipwreck.It had become too powerful by numbers, and wealth, and Let it become neither haughty, nor vainglorious, norconnections, and it sought to be more powerful still by its luxurious, nor useless. The principles which it adoptedinfluence upon opinions. In the East, the home of Gnosticism, in adversity, let it adhere to in its better fortunes. Let theand where the doctrines of Saint John the Apostle were still enlargement of the Order, and the increase of its memberssupreme; in that Asia Minor of the seven churches, to which and its Commanderies, be the enlargement of its powersPaul, the new apostle, contested the claims of Peter to the and the confirmation of its desires to benefit mankind,pontificate of the Gentile church; in that Orient, of which strengthen its hands against all unrighteous usurpation Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 1
  22. 22. Continued from page 21of power by kings, or pontiffs, or popular chiefs, military everywhere you will find evils enough to combat, and it willor civil, and encourage us to hope for the final triumph of be well for you if you do not become their ally.liberty, equality, and fraternity, in the sense in which theseare understood by the true Freemasonry. The days have retired but a little way into the past when men were divided into but two classes – the oppressor andLet us also remember, in striving to benefit our race, that oppressed. Then thought was imprisoned; to breathe it wasthe multitude is in every country instinctive rather than peril, if not death; and it died in the brain where it was born,reflective, and can be attached to ideas only by means of or was only whispered in the solitude. The obligations offorms, and surrenders its prejudices and changes its habits Blue Masonry are retained, that they may incessantly remindwith difficulty. Popular assemblies are not swayed by reason, us of those wretched days. Now, thought is free as the wind,and legislative majorities are little controlled by any sense of and the lightning flashes it across the oceans and around thejustice. Upon an attempt to combat superstitions, it always continents. Nations are enfranchised by it, and the goldenseems to the people that religion itself is assailed. Socrates glories of truth begin to illumine the world. A new powerwas accused of Atheism before the tribunals; and Jesus was has arisen among men, known as public opinion, with a newdenounced to the authorities as a blasphemer. Wherefore, weapon – the press. Before it, even the kings recede, andthose that undertake reforms will be wise, if, like Saint yield to it, and obey its bulb and allocutions, or it shakesGregory, one of the greatest among the Popes, they do not down their thrones into the dust.permit usages to be suppressed. “Purify the temples,” hewrote to his missionaries, “but do not destroy them; for We should be but cravens, therefore, if we did not persevere.so long as the nation shall see its ancient places of prayer Whatever the evils of to-day in the country in which westanding, it will repair thither by habit, and you will, with live, they are not invincible; for they are neither necessarythe more ease, persuade it to the worship of the true God.” and inevitable, nor in their nature immortal. Neither are weSociety has not no right to consider itself enlightened while it powerless in the struggle against them, and we are no trueregards the abuses of a system as its excellencies, and makes knights if we yield to discouragement:idols of its own prejudices, and looks with horror on attemptsto obtain rational reforms as revolutionary projects; nor, “The smallest effort is not lost;while it continues to be ignorant that the criminal instincts Each wavelet on the ocean tossedare the most frightful of all the mental maladies, and does Aids in the ebb-tide or the flow;not comprehend that the disease should be cured, and not put Each rain-drop helpsto death, has it any right to consider itself Christian. some flower to blow, Each struggle lessens human woe.”Keep these truths always in view in the warfare which youare incessantly to wage against tyrannies. For there are not Reprint from Book – Gems from the Quarry and Sparksonly tyrannies of thrones and pontificates, but of the people, from the Gavel. Detroit, Michigan 1893and parties, and opinion, and of the law. Close around you Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org
  23. 23. The following article was written by Brother Shawn Carrick Montgomery Lodge #258 and Red Wing Lodge #8 and delivered in Lodge2011 year. He is a fine writer and is now a member of the Grand Lodge Writers Guild. A Masons cable Tow As Masons we cheerfully agree to abide by our obligations and promises that we took at the altar in each degree. The cable tow is an integral symbol that is part of each degrees impact on the Mason’s conscience. We learn about the cable tow in the first degree and it is reinforced in each additional degree a Brother will experience. An important question about this singular item is how the cable tow has been defined by different sources, depending on their interpretation of the degree. www.MasonicDictionary.com indicates that the cable tow “represents the candidates bond to his guide”. The Masonic Dictionary maintained by masonicworld.com indicates that the length of the cable tow is symbolically measured to be three miles in the early years to go to the relief of a brother in need but “in present time it is usually considered about forty miles.” These definitions are just words that an individual has made based on their personal beliefs and experiences. In the early years, 1700’s up to mid 1900’s, most members of a lodge would live in close proximityto their Masonic Temple which would be consistent with a three mile cable tow. The lodge was an integral part of the localcommunity and being able to attend Lodge Communications was essential to Masons. In the present time, members are notsolely from a specific town for the lodge they belong to, but rather they can many times be from surrounding communities,driving considerable distances to attend the different functions. They have chosen to be involved with a specific Lodge fora personal reason or a specific Lodge is involved in an activity that is of interest and importance to the Mason. To betterunderstand the length of a cable tow, we must understand the give and take a cable tow experiences and what the cable towrepresents.A cable tow consists of two separate ends connected together by a cord. One end of the cable tow is representing theindividual Mason while the other end is representing the Fraternity or Lodge. When examining the cable tow it is impossibleto tell where one end starts and the other end begins. It is this fluid change that occurs while examining the cable tow fromone end to another that sets Masonry apart from any other fraternal organization. The cable tow reminds each Mason ofhis obligations and promises to the lodge while at the same time representing the Lodge and the Fraternity’s (Membersof the Lodge) obligations to a Brother. How Masons fulfill their obligations differ based on their individual beliefs andinterpretations.What act or acts fulfills a Mason’s obligations can vary greatly and may be as simple as a having a conversation with abrother or it could bemore important and impacting such as providing emotional and even financial support of a Brotherwho is in need of assistance, or to the family of a brother who is called by the Grand Architect of the Universe to that housenot made with hands…the celestial Lodge above.It is important to remember that the length of a Mason’s cable tow is ultimately set by the individual Mason and cannot betruly judged by any other individual. When three miles may be the proper length of a cable tow for one Mason, anotherMason’s cable tow may be hundreds or even thousands of miles in length. Each length is determined by the individual’smoral principles, beliefs and their particular individual circumstances. Ultimately, a Mason will pass judgment on himselfbased on the aid they have provided to others, but more especially a Brother Mason. A quote I like that I believe is fittingwhen looking at your cable tow is:“When looking at the reflection in the mirror, do you like what you see based on what you have done and what you havenot done?”Masonry is a progressive science that helps to take good men and make them better, but it is not the lodge alone that willhelp to make them better. Each Mason must work toward the goal of making himself better. By remembering our obligationsand having a cable tow that is of appropriate length for providing aid and relief, Masons, with the help of the Lodge, willsucceed in becoming better men to their families and to their communities. Published with permission of the author. Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org 3
  24. 24. INTERNATIONAL MASONIC REVIEW PUBLIShED BY BONISTEEL MASONIC LIBRARY www.bonisteelml.org Robert L.D. Cooper, The Red Triangle: A History of Anti- Masonry (Lewis Masonic 2011, $ 29.95 USD) Fall 2011 The Red TRiangle: a hisToRy of The PeRsecuTion of fReemasonsRev. Jonathon Baker was recently Scotland, killing 16 children and aappointed by the Archbishop of teacher and wounding a further 14Canterbury as Bishop of Ebbsfleet. children and 3 teachers. As the eventBaker had been a 20 year member was being reported, unfoundedof Apollo University Lodge at speculation arose that the gunmanOxford, where he joined while being was a Mason, leading to a frenzy ofa student. However, what might anti-Masonry in the media and callshave been a cause for celebration, for government investigation ofDr. Williams’ previous position the Masons. Cooper, who focuseshaving been hostile to promoting primarily on Scottish material,Masons within the Anglican clergy, ties these attacks to a tradition oftook a decidedly different turn unfounded and malicious attackswhen members of the Church of against the Fraternity stretchingEngland’s General Synod objected, back to the late 17th century.leading to Bro. Baker’s resignation Cooper demonstrates that there hasform the Fraternity. Such action been a recurrent pattern in anti-is particularly deplorable has the Masonry’s attacks, seeking to callEuropean Union’s Civil Rights court it a ‘religion,’ and thus subject ithas found that: a) Freemasonry is to clerical condemnation or as aNOT a religion; b) it is NOT a ‘secret society’ with nefarious, self-malicious “secret society”; c) discrimination against promoting motives and, in the case of the Protocols ofMasons as Masons is a violation of human rights. Zion forgery and Nazi persecution, elements of anti-Sadly, Freemasons have been all too well aware of anti- Semitism. Indeed, Cooper notes that the failure toMasonry and its relentless campaign of misinformation acknowledge that Freemasons were the targets of Naziand even violence against the Fraternity. Robert persecution as Freemasons is indicative of the inherentCooper’s new book, The Red Triangle (which takes bias and discrimination academia and the generalits name from the patch Masonic prisoners in German public has had against the Fraternity. The connectionsconcentration camps were forced to wear), documents between Nazism and anti-Semitism, of course, arethis history in sometimes painful and infuriating detail. well known and documented; but Freemasonry wasRoger Cooper is the Curator of the Grand Lodge of Nazism first target:Scotland’s library and museum. He begins the book “That Nazis made a distinction betweenrecounting a recent instance of ‘masonophobia’ which Jews as a racial enemy of the Germantouched him, and the Grand Lodge of Scotland, people and Freemasons as ideologicaldirectly. In 1996, a gunman opened fire at a school in Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org4
  25. 25. INTERNATIONAL MASONIC REVIEW PUBLIShED BY BONISTEEL MASONIC LIBRARY (political) enemies is extremely Germany’s borders, Masonic lodges were forced to important… Gregor Schwartz- close, Masonic leaders were seized, and its property Bostunitsch (1883 - ?) was Eichmann’s confiscated. Yet this sad chapter of the Nazi terror has first superior. He was a White Russian been generally neglected or omitted from histories of and anti-Semite and a self-proclaimed the Holocaust. expert on Freemasonry, Jews, and Cooper devotes much of The Red Triangle to Bolshevism. He was in charge of identifying and deconstructing masonophobic articles the largest department within the SD and attacks in the Scottish press. Indeed, he notes that [Sicherheitsdienst (‘Security Service’)] one of his intended purposes in writing this book is which included the museum, library to document such material so that it will not be lost and an archive (including the card index or forgotten. Frankly, it makes painful and infuriating on which Eichmann was assisting in reading. In light of Bro. Baker’s resignation, however, compiling). The card index of German it is particularly timely. Grand lodges and Masons Freemasons eventually totaled 200,000 been increasingly open to public view; nevertheless, entries. willful ignorance and bigotry remain a persistent Schwartz-Bostunitch perceived, the problem and concern. It is sad that Bro. Baker chose Masonic effect to be of paramount to drop his membership in the Fraternity rather than importance in the work of PUBLIsHED BY BONIsTEEL MAsONIc LIBRARYposition as an opportunity to further public INTERNATIONAL MAsONIc REVIEW the SD. use his new After working on the card index understanding of Freemasonry. Instead, detractors system, Eichmann was transferred are already pointing to his resignation as ‘proof’ that to the museum where he catalogued Freemasonry is “inconsistent” with Christianity and Masonic artefacts. He also prepared thus suspicious in character. It is unlikely any amount a Masonophobic exhibition in order of information and openness will satisfy those who to educate members of the SS as to want to hate and fear Freemasonry. But for those who the seriousness of the threat posed by still have open minds, The Red Triangle is an important Freemasonry… Eichmann’s office was contribution toward setting the record straight. within the museum which was named the ‘St. John’s Room’ the significance of which will not escape Freemasons.” Robert L.D. Cooper, The Red Triangle: A History ofAs the Nazis solidified their power and spread beyond Anti-Masonry (Lewis Masonic 2011, $ 29.95 USD) The BONISTEELML.ORG Rising Point Volume 23. Issue 2 • • SPRING/SUMMER 2011 What exactly is “More Light” in Masonry? By Robert Blackburn From the Parthenon to US $9.95 the Capitol 10 By Leo Operti SPRING 2011 Made In Michigan The purpose of this publication is to disseminate the writings of Freemasons and to provide contemporary information on Freemasonry. www.bonisteelml.org Rising point fall 2011 - www.bonisteelml.org