Chapter III: The growth of a Nation

Uploaded on


  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Chapter III: The Growth of the Nation
  • 2. The Confederation and the Constitution
    • 1781 Articles of Confederation accepted
      • Gave to little power to the central government
    • 1787 Constitutional Convention to revise the Articles
    • Constitution of 1787
      • Congress was to be made up of two houses: House of Representatives and the Senate
      • “Supreme law of the land”-no law may be passed that contradicts its principles
  • 3.  
  • 4. The Bill of Rights
    • 1791
    • Freedom of religion, speech, assembly, and petition
    • Right to bear arms
    • No Quartering
    • Search and Seizure
    • Due process, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy
    • Right to a speedy and public trial
    • Trial by jury
    • Excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments
    • Other rights of the people
    • Power reserved to the states
  • 5. 1. Washington’s Administration
    • New York was chosen as the capital
    • George Washington-1 st president of the USA
    • Cabinet: Consists of the heads of federal executive departments
      • Advises the president
    • Supreme Court: Highest court of the US
  • 6. 2. Hamilton’s Four Pillars: Funding National Debt
      • Industrialize the United States: Manufacturing and Agriculture
      • Reduce the need for foreign imports
      • Relied on the Gentry (Upper class society) to invest in the nation
  • 7. Assuming State Debt
    • Estimated $25 million of debt owed by the States
    • Most of it held by investors holding government loan certificates
    • Told the investors the loans would be paid at full value which would pay back interest
    • Freed up money to use for other things
  • 8. Imposing Custom and Excise Tax
    • Money needed for the government to spend and get out of debt
    • Others disagreed with taxing the people after experiencing being taxed by Great Britain
  • 9. Establishing the Bank of the US
    • Creating a Central Bank of the US to control the US’s revenue
    • Standardize Currency-Set Value
      • How can people do business or pay taxes?
    • Many were opposed to this because it was not expressed in the Constitution
  • 10. Federalists and Anti-Federalists
    • Federalists- Advocated a strong federal government and supported the US constitution
    • Anti-Federalists (Republicans)- Opposed the new constitution because they felt a strong central government defeated the purpose of the war with Britain. Believed that the Constitution would not protect the power of the States or the freedom of the people
  • 11. 3. John Adams and the Overthrow of the Federalists
    • Sedition Act-designed to silence the Republicans (Anti-federalists), forbade spoken or written criticism of the government
      • Unified the Republican Party
  • 12. 4. The Administration of Thomas Jefferson
    • Believe the federal government should be concerned with foreign affairs
    • 1803 Louisiana Purchase: Purchased from France which doubled the US in size
    • Lewis and Clark Exploration: A project of a Western Expedition, find a land route to the Pacific, gather information about the country
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. 5. War of 1812
    • Grievances over British Maritime practices during the Napoleonic Wars
    • 1807-Embargo Act: Closed all US ports to imports and restricted imports from Britain
    • Members of Congress called for expulsion of British in Canada to ensure frontier security->Britain refuses
  • 16. War of 1812 (cont)
    • US declares war on June 18, 1812
    • 1814-English occupy the capital and burned public buildings including the White House
    • 1814-The Treaty of Ghent: Restored territories captured by each side
  • 17. 6. The Administration of James Monroe and John Quincy Adams
    • Slavery
      • North opposed, few slaves
      • South relied on slavery, majority of slaves
    • A problem since the formation of the country
      • “All men are created equal”
      • Personal and voting rights
  • 18. Monroe Doctrine Background
    • Holy Alliance: Alliance between European powers to put down South American revolutions
  • 19. Monroe Doctrine
    • 1823
      • European countries should not start any new colonies in the Americas
      • Should not interfere with newly-established South American Republics
      • US should not interfere with European countries affairs
  • 20. Monroe Doctrine (cont)
    • Separated Europe and the Americas
    • Promoted US interests
      • Controlling the Americas
      • Ensuring peace and safety
    • American Expansionism
  • 21. 7. Andrew Jackson’s Administration
    • Spoils System: in U.S. history, the practice of giving appointive offices to loyal members of the party in power
    • Developed the power of veto in making laws
    • Smashed the Southerners attempt to divide the union
  • 22. The U.S.-Mexican War: Causes
    • Immediate cause was the US annexation of Texas
    • US wanted to acquire California, sent a diplomat to Mexico to purchase California and New Mexico
    • Mexico refuses, tension mounts, Mexicans fire upon Americans->US declares war
  • 23. US-Mexican War
    • May 1846-US troops cross the Rio Grand River
    • September 1847-occupy Mexico City
    • February 1848-Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico cedes 2/5 and receives $15 million from the US
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26.
    • US Constitution-”Supreme law of the land”
    • Bill of Rights
    • Hamilton’s Four Pillars
    • Federalists/Anti-Federalists (Republicans)
    • Sedition Act
    • Louisiana Purchase
    • Lewis and Clark
    • War of 1812
    • Holy Alliance
    • Spoils System
    • Monroe Doctrine
    • US-Mexican War