1. FIRE SAFETY
Charlene F. Ricopuerto
A management commitment to fire safety is
essential to assist with achieving suitable fire
safety standards in premises and in the
maintenance of a staff culture of fire safety. Fire
safety within a building or an area must be
managed to be effective.
3. FIRE SAFETY STRATEGY
4. PASSIVE FIRE SAFETY MEASURES
These are features which are built
into the structure of the building and
are physical features of the building.
5. PASSIVE FIRE SAFETY MEASURES
6. ACTIVE FIRE SAFETY MEASURES
Active Fire Precaution measures are
systems which activate or are required
to be activated in the event of an
outbreak of fire.
7. ACTIVE FIRE SAFETY MEASURES
8. MANAGEMENT FIRE SAFETY MEASURES
Management Fire safety measures relate to the
day to day management of fire safety in a
building. There is a legal responsibility on
persons having control over premises to take
reasonable measures to prevent the occurrence of
a fire and to protect the lives and safety of
occupants in the event of fire.
9. FIRE SAFETY PROGRAM
Emergency procedures/evacuation drills
Regular fire safety inspections
Maintenance and servicing of fire equipment
Information to occupants
Keeping of records
10. Emergency Procedures
All occupants must be capable of responding correctly in the
event of fire. Accordingly, a plan should be prepared outlining
the procedures to be followed.
11. Emergency Procedures
1. Procedure for raising
the alarm - depending on
the establishment size, the
fire alarm system may be
very simple or may be
12. Emergency Procedures
2. Procedure for calling
the Fire Brigade - the Fire
Brigade should be called
immediately in the event
of fire, however small.
Name Of Building, Address
Of Building, Directions to
the Building if necessary
Type Of Fire Situation (If
Available) –e.g. Fire
Location, Fire Size,
Materials Involved, Persons
13. Emergency Procedures
3. Evacuation Procedure initiate the evacuation
procedure once the fire
alarm has been sounded.
The evacuation procedure
will depend on the building
14. Emergency Procedures
4. Assembly Point & Roll
Call Procedure - designate
an assembly area (or
areas) clear of the
15. Emergency Procedures
5. Procedure for Fighting
the Fire - in the early
stages of a fire it may be
possible to successfully
contain it or extinguish it
with first aid fire fighting
16. Emergency Procedures
6. Procedure for Assisting
the Fire Brigade – when
the Fire Brigade arrive
they need to be given as
much information as
possible in order to take
the best course of action.
• location of the fire; materials involved; details of missing
persons; location of nearest fire hydrants; location of all
access doors to the building. location of any special risks.
• Keys for access into any locked areas.
17. Fire Evacuation Drills
Drills should be carried out at regular intervals to test
the effectiveness of the predetermined arrangements.
18. Fire Evacuation Drills
The aims of fire evacuation drill are:
1. To ensure safe, orderly and efficient evacuation of
all occupants of the building to use all exit facilities
available in order that occupants are familiar with
them. to test all aspects of the emergency
2. To achieve an attitude of mind that reacts rationally
when confronted with a fire or other emergency
19. Fire Evacuation Drills
• Drills will depend on the building use.
• Initially drills should be held at frequent intervals e.g. every
two months until everyone is familiar with the procedures.
• Drill should be initiated by activating the fire alarm and all
stages of the drill should be observed and a review of the drill
should be held.
• Thereafter drills should be held at least twice yearly.
20. Regular Fire Safety Inspections
Regular inspections are required to
ensure the continued functioning of the
active and passive fire safety measures in
a building and to detect dangerous
21. Regular Fire Safety Inspections
22. Maintenance & Servicing of Fire Equipment
Active fire precautions systems installed in the building require
regular checking and maintenance to ensure their continued
operation and availability.
23. Maintenance & Servicing of Fire Equipment
Maintenance and servicing is required for:
Fire Alarm Systems
Fire Hose Reel
24. Staff Instruction & Training
For a fire safety program to be effective, staff must be familiar
with the parts of the fire safety program which relate to them.
Comprehensive instruction and training should be given to staff
to enable them to carry out their functions under the program.
25. Staff Instruction & Training
All staff should receive instruction in:
• Everyday fire prevention measures emergency
• First aid fire fighting
26. Fire Safety Register
A Fire Safety Register is a
complete record of all fire
27. Keeping of Records
28. Information to Occupants
29. Emergency Planning
Fire may still occur in spite of good fire prevention procedures.
Advance planning should be carried out to minimize the cost and
disruption of a fire. Damage control plans should address the
procedures required before, during and after the fire.
30. Emergency Planning
Before the fire:
Establish the following:
• A damage control team consisting of the key
personnel from the different departments within
the organization should be established.
• A response team.
• A list of outside agencies whose services could be
required in the event of fire should be compiled
The building itself should be examined and modified
where necessary to mitigate the affects of a fire.
31. Emergency Planning
During the fire:
• Work to prevent any extension of fire/water damage
should begin as early as possible.
• Machinery and stock should be covered with plastic
• Drains which may become blocked with fire debris
should be cleared.
• Stock in danger from the fire may be moved from the
area if safe to do so.
32. Emergency Planning
After the fire:
• Temporary repairs to roofs and window openings
should be carried out to make the building weather
• Debris should be checked for any recoverable items
and then cleared away.
• Water should be pumped from basements, pits and
• Machinery should be cleaned, dried and coated with
oil as early as possible.
• Contaminated electronic equipment should be and
cleaned as early as possible.