Geography of Michigan
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Geography of Michigan

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Vocabulary for unit 1 of the MC3 curriculum for 3rd grade

Vocabulary for unit 1 of the MC3 curriculum for 3rd grade

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  • 1. The Geography of Michigan
  • 2. geography
    The study of places
    Example: communities, states, countries
  • 3. geographer
    Someone who studies places
  • 4. Natural Characteristics
    Things that are not made by man
    Example: trees, soil, animals
  • 5. Human characteristics
    Parts of a place made by people
    Example: bridge, roads
  • 6. County
    A division of a state
    Example: Oceana, Newaygo
    There are 83 counties in Michigan
  • 7. State
    One of the 50 parts of our country
    Example: Michigan
  • 8. Border
    The place where one area ends and another area begins.
  • 9. Government
    A group of elected citizens who make and carry out the rules for a community, state or country.
  • 10. Location
    Where a place is found
    An address helps describe the location of a house.
  • 11. Absolute location
    Where the exact location of a place is
    Your address shows the absolute location of your house
  • 12. Relative location
    Where a place is in relation to other places
    Michigan is north of Ohio
  • 13. Direction words
    Words that tell the direction
    Example: North, south, east, west
  • 14. Map
    An illustration/diagram that shows the location of something
    A map could show a city, river or country
  • 15. Landforms
    The different kinds of land on Earth
    Ex) mountains, hills, plains
  • 16. Peninsula
    Land surrounded by water on three sides
  • 17. Island
    Land surrounded by water
  • 18. Sand dune
    Ridges or hills of loose sand piled up by the wind
  • 19. Bay
    A body of water that is partly blocked off by land
    A body of water with land on three sides.
  • 20. Mountain range
    A row of connected mountains
  • 21. Glacier
    Giant sheets of slowly moving ice
  • 22. The Great Lakes
    Five huge lakes located in the northern part of the United States.
    Lake Michigan
    Lake Huron
    Lake Erie
    Lake Superior
    Lake Onterio
  • 23. Elevation
    How high a place is
    A mountain has a higher elevation than a hill
  • 24. Special Purpose Maps
    Maps that show characteristics of an area such as landforms, climate or forests
  • 25. Vegetation
    The plants of an area.
    Michigan has many trees-white pine, apple
    Dune grass grows on the dunes
  • 26. Climate
    The weather over a long period of time
    Michigan’s climate has four different seasons.
  • 27. Temperature
    How hot or cold the air is.
    The Upper Peninsula is usually colder than the Lower Peninsula
  • 28. Precipitation
    Water that falls to the ground from the sky
    Example: rain, sleet, snow, hail
  • 29. Natural Resources
    Things in nature that people find useful
    Example: water, fertile soil, oil, trees
  • 30. Fertile soil
    Soil that is good for growing things
    Michigan has a lot of fertile soil in the lower peninsula.
  • 31. Minerals
    Natural resources found in the ground such as iron ore
    Minerals are removed from the ground by mining
  • 32. Iron ore
    A mineral used to make steel
    Iron ore is mined in the Upper Peninsula
  • 33. Copper
    A mineral used to make things such as pipes for plumbing
    It is found in the Upper Peninsula
    For many, Michigan was world leader in copper mining
  • 34. Limestone
    A stone used to make steel and cement
    It is mined in Rogers City, Michigan
  • 35. Renewable resources
    Natural resources that can be replaced
    Example: trees, water
  • 36. Nonrenewable resources
    Natural resources that CANNOT be replaced
    Example: oil, iron ore