Geog of mi


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Geog of mi

  1. 1. geography The study of places Example: communities, states, countries
  2. 2. geographer Someone who studies places
  3. 3. Natural Characteristics Things that are not made by man Example: trees, soil, animals
  4. 4. Human characteristics Parts of a place made by people Example: bridge, roads
  5. 5. County A division of a state Example: Oceana, Newaygo There are 83 counties in Michigan
  6. 6. State One of the 50 parts of our country Example: Michigan
  7. 7. Border The place where one area ends and another area begins.
  8. 8. GovernmentA group of elected citizens who make and carryout the rules for a community, state or country.
  9. 9. Location Where a place is found An address helps describe the location of a house.
  10. 10. Absolute location Where the exact location of a place is Your address shows the absolute location of your house
  11. 11. Relative location Where a place is in relation to other places Michigan is north of Ohio
  12. 12. Direction words Words that tell the direction Example: North, south, east, west
  13. 13. MapAn illustration/diagram that shows the locationof somethingA map could show a city, river or country
  14. 14. Landforms The different kinds of land on Earth Ex) mountains, hills, plains
  15. 15. Peninsula Land surrounded by water on three sides
  16. 16. Island Land surrounded by water
  17. 17. Sand dune Ridges or hills of loose sand piled up by the wind
  18. 18. BayA body of water that is partly blocked off by landA body of water with land on three sides.
  19. 19. Mountain range A row of connected mountains
  20. 20. Glacier Giant sheets of slowly moving ice
  21. 21. The Great Lakes Five huge lakes located in the northern part of the United States. Lake Michigan Lake Huron Lake Erie Lake Superior Lake Onterio
  22. 22. Elevation How high a place is A mountain has a higher elevation than a hill
  23. 23. Special Purpose Maps Maps that show characteristics of an area such as landforms, climate or forests
  24. 24. Vegetation The plants of an area. Michigan has many trees-white pine, apple Dune grass grows on the dunes
  25. 25. Climate The weather over a long period of time Michigan’s climate has four different seasons.
  26. 26. Temperature How hot or cold the air is. The Upper Peninsula is usually colder than the Lower Peninsula
  27. 27. Precipitation Water that falls to the ground from the sky Example: rain, sleet, snow, hail
  28. 28. Natural Resources Things in nature that people find useful Example: water, fertile soil, oil, trees
  29. 29. Fertile soil Soil that is good for growing things Michigan has a lot of fertile soil in the lower peninsula.
  30. 30. Minerals Natural resources found in the ground such as iron ore Minerals are removed from the ground by mining
  31. 31. Iron ore A mineral used to make steel Iron ore is mined in the Upper Peninsula
  32. 32. CopperA mineral used to make things such as pipes forplumbingIt is found in the Upper PeninsulaFor many, Michigan was world leader in coppermining
  33. 33. Limestone A stone used to make steel and cement It is mined in Rogers City, Michigan
  34. 34. Renewable resources Natural resources that can be replaced Example: trees, water
  35. 35. Nonrenewable resources Natural resources that CANNOT be replaced Example: oil, iron ore
  36. 36. Human/environmentinteraction Ways in which people use and interact with the Earth. Ex) when people build roads they are interacting with the environment.
  37. 37. Modifying the environment When people change the environment to fit them Ex) cutting down trees to clear land for farming
  38. 38. Adapt to the naturalenvironment When people change to fit the environment People wearing coats, hats and mittens
  39. 39. MovementThe theme of geography that explains how andwhy people, goods and ideas moveExample: The theme of movement helps usunderstand how places are connected to otherplaces.
  40. 40. Transportation Ways of moving things and people from one place to another Example: Boats, Trains, Cars are methods of transportation
  41. 41. HubA city where many roads and railroads meetExample: Detroit is a transportation hub inMichigan
  42. 42. Port A city on a body of water where ships load and unload. Example: Detroit is an important port in Michigan