Our Political Beginnings American Government Chapter 2 Section 1
Basic Concepts of Government
- Orderly regulation such as sheriffs, coroners, grand jury, township, etc.
- Government is restricted and each individual has certain rights that government cannot take away.
Basic Concepts Continued
- Representative Government
- Government should serve the will of the people.
- People should have a voice in deciding what government should and should not do.
- “ government of, by, and for the people”
- This idea was becoming popular in England at the time!!!
Landmark English Documents
- 1215-King John forced to sign-included trial by jury, due process, and other protections against the absolute power of the King. (Robin Hood?!)
- Further limited the Kings Powers (Charles I)
- Glorious Revolution-limited army in peace time, free elections, fair trial, etc.
- Subject to control of the Crown
- Created a bicameral (2 house) legislature controlled by the King.
- Organized by a proprietor, a person to whom the king had made a grant of land.
- Pennsylvania had a unicameral (1 house) legislature.
English Colonies Continued
- Connecticut and Rhode Island were based on charters granted to the colonists.
- Laws made by bicameral legislatures were not subject to the governor's veto, nor was the Crown needed for approval!