Create Mnemonic Devices to Learn Them! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0BMTIErN8U&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
1 st Amendment <ul><li>Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly and petition. </li></ul>
2 nd Amendment <ul><li>Right to bear arms. </li></ul>
3 rd Amendment <ul><li>Military troops may not take over civilian homes during peacetime. </li></ul>
4 th Amendment <ul><li>Protection from unreasonable search and seizure. Probable cause is needed. </li></ul>
5 th Amendment <ul><li>Grand juries will determine if there is sufficient reason to bring a case to trial. Double jeopardy – a person will not be tried for the same crime twice. You cannot be forced to to give evidence against yourself. Cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. Eminent domain – private property can be taken for public use as long as there is just compensation. </li></ul>
20 th Amendment <ul><li>The President shall take office January 20 th (rather than March 4 as stated in the Constitution. Congress shall begin its term January 3rd. </li></ul>
21 st Amendment <ul><li>Repeals the 18 th amendment. </li></ul>
22 nd Amendment <ul><li>The President shall not serve more than two terms. </li></ul>
23 rd Amendment <ul><li>Gives the district of Columbia the right to vote in presidential elections and have presidential electors. </li></ul>
24 th Amendment <ul><li>Government shall not require a person to pay a poll tax in order to vote. </li></ul>
25 th Amendment <ul><li>When the President dies, the Vice-President takes office. When the Vice-President dies, the President can appoint someone with Congressional consent. </li></ul>
26 th Amendment <ul><li>No one over eighteen can be denied the right to vote by virtue of age. </li></ul>
27 th Amendment <ul><li>A Congressional election is required before any changes in congressional compensation may be instituted. </li></ul>
Informal Amendment Informal amendment is the process by which over time many changes have been made in the Constitution which have not involved any changes in its written word.
Informal Amendment The informal amendment process can take place by: (1) the passage of basic legislation by Congress; (2) actions taken by the President; (3) key decisions of the Supreme Court; (4) the activities of political parties; and (5) custom.
Executive Action and Court Decisions Executive Action Presidential actions have produced a number of important informal amendments, such as the use of the military under the power of commander in chief. An executive agreement is a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state. Court Decisions The nation’s courts, most importantly the United States Supreme Court, interpret and apply the Constitution in many cases they hear.
Informal Amendment and Executive Agreement 1. An informal amendment can be established by (a) actions taken by the President. (b) custom. (c) key decisions of the Supreme Court. (d) all of the above. 2. An executive agreement is (a) a promise from the President to the legislature. (b) a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state. (c) a decision made by the President and his cabinet members. (d) the contract the President signs when he accepts the office.
Electoral College <ul><li>The group that makes the formal selection of the antion's President, from what the Framers intended into a “rubber stamp” for each State's popular vote in Presidential elections.
We will learn more about this topic later. </li></ul>
Custom vs. Constitution <ul><li>15 Executive departments make up the Cabinet, an advisory body to the President.
Part of custom, not in the Constitution. </li></ul>
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