Chapter 3 powerpoint government part 2Presentation Transcript
27 Amendments to the Constitution
Create Mnemonic Devices to Learn Them! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0BMTIErN8U&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
1 st Amendment
Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly and petition.
2 nd Amendment
Right to bear arms.
3 rd Amendment
Military troops may not take over civilian homes during peacetime.
4 th Amendment
Protection from unreasonable search and seizure. Probable cause is needed.
5 th Amendment
Grand juries will determine if there is sufficient reason to bring a case to trial. Double jeopardy – a person will not be tried for the same crime twice. You cannot be forced to to give evidence against yourself. Cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. Eminent domain – private property can be taken for public use as long as there is just compensation.
5 th Amendment
6 th Amendment
Right to a public and speedy Trial.
Informed of charges.
Confronted by the witnesses against him.
Right to an attorney.
6 th Amendment
7 th Amendment
Right to trial by jury in cases exceeding $20.00.
Applies to civil cases, not criminal matters.
8 th Amendment
No Cruel or Unusual Punishment.
No excessive bail.
9 th Amendment
People have other civic rights that may not be specifically mentioned in the Constitution.
10 th Amendment
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States or the People.
Bill of Rights Game http://www.texaslre.org/BOR/billofrights.html
11 th Amendment
States cannot be sued in Federal Court by one of its citizens, a citizen of another state, or by a foreign country.
12 th Amendment
President and Vice-President shall be voted for on separate ballots.
13 th Amendment
Slavery shall be abolished.
14 th Amendment
States cannot discriminate against people or create laws that deprive them of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
15 th Amendment
No citizen shall be refused the right to vote because of race.
16 th Amendment
Congress can collect taxes without sharing with states based on their population.
17 th Amendment
People directly elect 2 Senators for their state.
18 th Amendment
It is illegal to manufacture, sell, and transport alcoholic beverages.
The President shall take office January 20 th (rather than March 4 as stated in the Constitution. Congress shall begin its term January 3rd.
21 st Amendment
Repeals the 18 th amendment.
22 nd Amendment
The President shall not serve more than two terms.
23 rd Amendment
Gives the district of Columbia the right to vote in presidential elections and have presidential electors.
24 th Amendment
Government shall not require a person to pay a poll tax in order to vote.
25 th Amendment
When the President dies, the Vice-President takes office. When the Vice-President dies, the President can appoint someone with Congressional consent.
26 th Amendment
No one over eighteen can be denied the right to vote by virtue of age.
27 th Amendment
A Congressional election is required before any changes in congressional compensation may be instituted.
Informal Amendment Informal amendment is the process by which over time many changes have been made in the Constitution which have not involved any changes in its written word.
Informal Amendment The informal amendment process can take place by: (1) the passage of basic legislation by Congress; (2) actions taken by the President; (3) key decisions of the Supreme Court; (4) the activities of political parties; and (5) custom.
Executive Action and Court Decisions Executive Action Presidential actions have produced a number of important informal amendments, such as the use of the military under the power of commander in chief. An executive agreement is a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state. Court Decisions The nation’s courts, most importantly the United States Supreme Court, interpret and apply the Constitution in many cases they hear.
Informal Amendment and Executive Agreement 1. An informal amendment can be established by (a) actions taken by the President. (b) custom. (c) key decisions of the Supreme Court. (d) all of the above. 2. An executive agreement is (a) a promise from the President to the legislature. (b) a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state. (c) a decision made by the President and his cabinet members. (d) the contract the President signs when he accepts the office.
The group that makes the formal selection of the antion's President, from what the Framers intended into a “rubber stamp” for each State's popular vote in Presidential elections.
We will learn more about this topic later.
Custom vs. Constitution
15 Executive departments make up the Cabinet, an advisory body to the President.