Ballot: the device voters use to register a choice
in an election.
Absentee Voting: the process of voting without
going to polling places on election day.
Coattail Effect: when a strong candidate at the
top of a ballot attracts support for lesser
candidates in his party.
› Ex. when one party wins the Presidency, usually several
Senate and Congressional positions are elected from
the same party.
Precinct: a voting district
Polling Place: the place where voters in a
Extent of Federal control
› Most election law is State and not federal
› Congress sets the time, place, and manner
of congressional elections.
› It has also passed laws designed to protect
the right to vote and prevent election fraud.
A popular candidate at the top of the ticket
helps other candidates from the same party.
Ex. Franklin Roosevelt, Ronald Regan, and Barack
Early voting involves voting before
Voters can apply for absentee ballots in
advance and mail them to their local
office before election day.
2/3 of the states allow voters to cast
ballots at polling places for 7 days beofre
Paper ballots are collected and taken to
a counting facility.
Absentee ballots are mailed to the
facility or brought to the polling place.
Electronic ballots are sent electronically
or stored and sent manually.
› All candidates for
an office are
under the title of
that office, often in
Lists all candidates
under their party’s