Elections

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Elections

  1. 1.  Ballot: the device voters use to register a choice in an election.  Absentee Voting: the process of voting without going to polling places on election day.  Coattail Effect: when a strong candidate at the top of a ballot attracts support for lesser candidates in his party. › Ex. when one party wins the Presidency, usually several Senate and Congressional positions are elected from the same party.  Precinct: a voting district  Polling Place: the place where voters in a precinct vote
  2. 2.  Extent of Federal control › Most election law is State and not federal law › Congress sets the time, place, and manner of congressional elections. › It has also passed laws designed to protect the right to vote and prevent election fraud.  Coattail Effect  A popular candidate at the top of the ticket helps other candidates from the same party.  Ex. Franklin Roosevelt, Ronald Regan, and Barack Obama.
  3. 3.  Early voting involves voting before election day.  Voters can apply for absentee ballots in advance and mail them to their local office before election day.  2/3 of the states allow voters to cast ballots at polling places for 7 days beofre election day
  4. 4.  Paper ballots are collected and taken to a counting facility.  Absentee ballots are mailed to the facility or brought to the polling place.  Electronic ballots are sent electronically or stored and sent manually.
  5. 5. › All candidates for an office are grouped together under the title of that office, often in random order.
  6. 6.  Lists all candidates under their party’s name.

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