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bird identification

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  • 1. Bird Identification & Birds of Pennsylvania The Big Questions What are some primary ways to identify birds? What are some of the most common birds found in Pennsylvania?
  • 2. Primary Ways to Identify Birds Body type Size and wingspan Bill shape Legs and feet Tail shape and body markings Habitat Image © Charles L. Ripper/CLO Image © Charles L. Ripper/CLO Nesting type Food
  • 3. Body Shape and Size •bulky •chunky •slender •plump The size of a bird’s body is measured from tail to beak
  • 4. Bill Shape •spear-like •slender •hooked •stout, heavy
  • 5. Legs and Feet •long legs •curved claws •webbed feet
  • 6. Special Markings •crown stripes •crest •crown patch
  • 7. Tail Shape and Markings •rounded •forked •long •square
  • 8. Other Identifying Features Visit links for detailed information •Habitat •http://www.allaboutbirds.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=1057 •Songs & Calls •http://www.allaboutbirds.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=1059 •Behavior •http://www.allaboutbirds.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=1056
  • 9. Blue Jay •Forest habitat •Omnivore; ground forager •Nests in tree •Slender body •Length: 9.8-11.8 in. •Wingspan: 13.4-16.9 in. •Stout, heavy bill •Perky crest •Rounded tail
  • 10. Canada Goose •Marsh habitat •Eats plants; ground forager •Nests on ground •Plump body •Length: 29.9-43.3 in. •Wingspan: 50-66.9 in. •Wide, flat bill •Large webbed feet •Black head, white chinstrap •Rounded tail
  • 11. Great Horned Owl •Open woodland habitat •Carnivore; aerial dive •Nests in tree •Bulky body •Length: 18.1-24.8 in. •Wingspan: 39.8-57.1 in. •Hooked bill •Curved, tearing claw •Ear tufts on head •Rounded tail
  • 12. Red-Tailed Hawk •Grassland habitat •Carnivore; soaring •Nests in tree •Bulky body •Length: 17.7-22 in. •Wingspan: 44.9-52.4 in. •Hooked bill •Curved, tearing claw •Rounded tail
  • 13. Red-Bellied Woodpecker •Forest habitat •Eats insects; bark forager •Nests in tree cavity •Slender body •Length: 9.4 in. •Wingspan: 13-16.5 in. •Slender bill for eating bugs •Solid red cap •Rounded tail
  • 14. Assignment  Visit Birds Found in Pennsylvania and choose one breed to study.  You must find the following information about your breed;  Body type  Size and wingspan  Bill shape  Legs and feet  Tail shape and body markings  Habitat  Nesting type  Food  Create a PowerPoint presentation that includes one slide for each category.  You may use print resources found at school to complete your research, as well as any of the following sites:  All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology  The Complete List of North American Birds  North American Birds!  List of birds of Canada and the United States; Wikipedia
  • 15. References Your online guide to birds and bird watching, all about birds, cornell lab of ornithology. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.allaboutbirds.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=11 89 Discovery Education. (2010). Bird identification [Image]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ Mitch Waite Group, (2005). Birds found in pennsylvania. Retrieved from http://www.whatbird.com/browse/objs/All/birds_na_147/38/L ocation/6514/Pennsylvania