PM15 - Disco Notes
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PM15 - Disco Notes

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PM15 - Disco Notes PM15 - Disco Notes Presentation Transcript

  • Disco• The term “disco” was first used in post-World War II France when clubs began playing recorded dance music rather than using live bands.• During the sixties such clubs were called discothèques.
  • Disco• Disco music of the seventies began with the soul styles of Detroit (Motown Records) and Philadelphia (Philadelphia International Records) that became popular in gay and African American clubs in New York before the dance craze spread to the rest of the country.
  • Disco• The musicians and singers of disco music did concertize, as have most other rock musicians, but the essence of disco lay in the clubs themselves, where the dancers were the performers.
  • Disco• Because the music was intended to be played from records by disc jockeys, many disco records had “bpm” (beats per minute) indications on the labels so that recordings could be chosen to easily segue from one to another without changing the speed of the beat.
  • Disco• Many disco records began with a rhythmically free introduction to allow the tempo to change from that of the previous record played and to give dancers time to get out on the dance floor.
  • Disco• Other recordings such as Donna Summer’s “Love to Love You Baby” (1975) were longer than singles normally were, again, to allow dancers a continuous flow of music.
  • Disco• Musically, disco was somewhat related to seventies street funk in that each beat was strongly accented, although not always at an even dynamic level.
  • Disco• Many disco recordings also featured group backup vocals that created a party-like atmosphere or used whistles and other sounds to invite listeners to join into the festivities and dance.
  • Disco• The movie Saturday Night Fever (1977) helped spread the popularity of disco dancing to a massive mainstream audience.
  • Disco• Disco’s steady, pounding beat was an important influence on music during the eighties and nineties, particularly on American new-wave bands such as Blondie.
  • Disco• It was also an influence on the synthesized dance music called techno, which was still popular in the early nineties.
  • Disco• Much of the music sampled or imitated to provide background for early rap recordings also came from funk and disco recordings.
  • Disco• The widespread use of video screens throughout former disco clubs has made the visual images of performers more important than they were in the disco era.
  • Disco• Whether disco dancing returns to the popularity it experienced in the late seventies or not, disco music continues to make its mark on the popular culture.
  • Disco• In fact, Kool and the Gang followed their street funk recording of “Funky Stuff” with disco hits such as “Ladies’ Night” (1979).
  • Disco• One of the earliest important disco singers, songwriters, arrangers, and producers was Barry White (born in 1944), whose disco records were made with a forty- member orchestra he called the Love Unlimited Orchestra.
  • Disco• White was born in Texas, where he sang and played the organ for his church.
  • Disco• In Los Angeles as a teenager, White became a singer and pianist with a rhythm and blues group.
  • Disco• He spent time working as an A&R (artist and repertory) man at a record company before 20th Century records contracted him as a singer.
  • Disco• After the top ten success of his single “I’m Gonna Love You Just a Little More Baby” (1973) he formed his Love Unlimited Orchestra and made one hit disco record after another through the seventies.
  • Disco• As the popularity of disco waned in the eighties, White had fewer records making the pop charts, but he did continue to record.
  • Disco• His deep, lush voice made it back onto the pop charts in 1994 with the album The Icon Is Love and its hit single “Practice What You Preach.”
  • Disco• The movie Saturday Night Fever (1977) helped spread the popularity of disco dancing to a massive mainstream audience.
  • Disco• The Bee Gees had already had considerable success on the American pop charts with such hits as “I’ve Gotta Get a Message to You” (1968) and many others, but with the popularity of Saturday Night Fever and its hit soundtrack album they had three number one hits, “How Deep Is Your Love,” “Stayin’ Alive,” and “Night Fever,” and enjoyed continuing success after that.
  • Disco• Other top forty hits from the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack were the Trammps’ “Disco Inferno” and Tavares’ “More Than a Woman.”
  • Disco• Kool and the Gang, and KC and the Sunshine Band, also contributed to the movie soundtrack.