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Chapter 3 ss review

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  • 1. Chapter  3  Review  
  • 2. Mesopotamia  is  located  between  the   __________  and  ________  rivers.  
  • 3. Mesopotamia  is  located  between  the   __________  and  ________  rivers.   Tigris  and  Euphrates  
  • 4.   An  “independent  state  that  includes  a  city   and  its  surrounding  territory”  is  a(n)   ___________________.  
  • 5.   An  “independent  state  that  includes  a  city   and  its  surrounding  territory”  is  a(n)  city-­‐state.  
  • 6. How  many  different  classes  were  there   in  ancient  Sumer?   .  
  • 7. How  many  different  classes  were  there   in  ancient  Sumer?   There  were  three  social  classes.  What  were   they?  
  • 8. How  many  different  classes  were  there   in  ancient  Sumer?   There  were  three  social  classes.  What  were   they?   Upper  class  –  rulers,  top  officials,  priests,   wealthy  merchants,  and  land  owners   Middle  class  –  farmers  and  skilled  workers   Lower  class  –  slaves    
  • 9. A  religion  that  promotes  a  belief  in  more  than   one  god  is  known  as  ________  .  
  • 10. A  religion  that  promotes  a  belief  in  more  than   one  god  is  known  as  polytheism.  
  • 11. A  system  of  wriMng  that  uses  triangular-­‐shaped   symbols  to  stand  for  ideas  or  things  is  known   as  __________.    
  • 12. A  system  of  wriMng  that  uses  triangular-­‐shaped   symbols  to  stand  for  ideas  or  things  is  known   as  cuneiform.    
  • 13. The  set  of  282  laws  that  governed  life  in  the   Babylonian  empire  is  known  as   _____________.    
  • 14. The  set  of  282  laws  that  governed  life  in  the   Babylonian  empire  is  known  as  Hammurabi’s   Code.    
  • 15. Which  Assyrian  leader  built  a  library  and  filled  it   with  over  20,000  tablets  on  subjects  like  math,   science,  and  law?  
  • 16. Which  Assyrian  leader  built  a  library  and  filled  it   with  over  20,000  tablets  on  subjects  like  math,   science,  and  law?   Ashurbanipal  
  • 17. This  leader  captured  Jerusalem  and  built  what   would  be  known  as  the  “Neo  Babylonian”   empire.  
  • 18. This  leader  captured  Jerusalem  and  built  what   would  be  known  as  the  “Neo  Babylonian”   empire.   Nebuchadnezzar  II  
  • 19. This  Persian  leader  conquered  the  Medes  and   greatly  increased  the  size  of  his  empire.  
  • 20. This  Persian  leader  conquered  the  Medes  and   greatly  increased  the  size  of  his  empire.   Cyrus  the  Great  
  • 21.   The  son  of  Cyrus  the  Great,  this  leader   conquered  Egypt,  but  had  to  end  his  invasion   of  Kush  aer  his  army  was  unprepared  to   survive  in  the  desert.  
  • 22.   The  son  of  Cyrus  the  Great,  this  leader   conquered  Egypt,  but  had  to  end  his  invasion   of  Kush  aer  his  army  was  unprepared  to   survive  in  the  desert.     Cambyses  II  
  • 23.   This  leader  took  the  throne  by  force  aer   Cambyses  died.  He  divided  his  empire  into   provinces  with  their  own  leaders,  laws,  and   tradiMons.    
  • 24.   This  leader  took  the  throne  by  force  aer   Cambyses  died.  He  divided  his  empire  into   provinces  with  their  own  leaders,  laws,  and   tradiMons.     Darius  the  Great    
  • 25.   What  were  two  things  that  Darius  did  to  help   develop  his  empire?  
  • 26.   What  were  two  things  that  Darius  did  to  help   develop  his  empire?     -­‐  Divide  his  territory  into  provinces     -­‐  Created  a  common  currency     -­‐  Built  a  system  of  roads     -­‐  Created  a  series  of  postal  staDons  
  • 27.   What  was  the  central  belief  of  Zorastrianism?  
  • 28.   What  was  the  central  belief  of  Zorastrianism?         The  universe  in  a  state  of  struggle  between   the  forces  of  good  and  evil.  
  • 29.   How  and  why  were  seals  used  in  Sumer?  
  • 30.   How  and  why  were  seals  used  in  Sumer?     A  seal  was  used  idenDfy  objects  as   someone’s  personal  property.  The  seal  leI   the  personal  mark  of  an  individual  and  was   stamped  into  clay.  
  • 31.   Phoenician  society  began  to  emerge  once   ______________  rule  ended.  
  • 32.   Phoenician  society  began  to  emerge  once   EgypDan  rule  ended.  
  • 33.   Why  did  the  Phoenicians  trade  with  other   cultures?  
  • 34.   Why  did  the  Phoenicians  trade  with  other   cultures?     They  had  few  natural  resources  of  their  own.  
  • 35.   What  is  the  difference  between  an  import   and  an  export?  
  • 36.   What  is  the  difference  between  an  import   and  an  export?     An  import  is  a  good  or  service  sold  within  a   country  that  is  produced  in  another  country.     An  export  is  a  good  or  service  produced   within  a  country  and  sold  outside  the   country’s  borders.  
  • 37. The  Phoenicians  developed  an  __________  with   ______  symbols  that  is  similar  to  what  we  use   today.  
  • 38. The  Phoenicians  developed  an  alphabet  with  22   symbols  that  is  similar  to  what  we  use  today.