Sub saharan Africa


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  • Congo Rainforest lies along the equator in Central Africa. The Congo River winds through the area. Formally known as Zaire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is currently in a civil war that has lasted for over a decade and claimed the lives of over a million people—the largest war since WWII.
  • Pigmy hippos, columbus monkey, Okapi, African Gray, gorilla. There are two types of gorillas—lowland and highland. There are no highland gorillas located in zoos and they are numbered only around five hundred. Gorillas are social animals and each group has a dominant male silverback.
  • Only about 790 mountain gorillas remain. Of the other two lowland species it is estimated at 50,000.Mountain GorillaNo mountain gorillas are in zoos, only lowlandOnly 600 left in the worldLive on the slopes of volcanoes, 10,000 ft in elevationFiercely protective of their young, poachers will often have to kill an entire family to capture a young gorillaKilled for trophies, mostly hands and feet, meat as wellDian Fosey
  •  Today, there are estimated to be merely 170,000-300,000 chimpanzees left in Africa, and their population is decreasing rapidly. One recent census in the Ivory Coast revealed that the chimp population there had decreased 90% in just the past twenty years.Humans closest living relative the chimpanzee. Chimpanzees were studied by Jane Goodall, who witnessed them doing something only humans were thought to do—use tools. Chimps use twigs to “fish” for termites, a tasty treat.
  • Africa experiences two seasons—a dry and a wet. It is tall grasslands with few scattered trees and home to the most magnificent animals on Earth. The most famous savannah is the Serengheti Plain.
  • African elephants differ from their Asian cousins—they are larger, have larger ears, and both sexes have tusks. Unfortunately, elephants had been hunted for their tusks, the ivory was used to make a variety of goods, including the whites keys on a piano. Cheetahs are the fasted animals on Earth, reaching speeds of up to 70 miles an hour—they can only maintain this speed for short bursts. Elephants African vs. AsianEars are in the shape of the continentIn the early 1930s, there were between five and ten millionToday, 1.5 millionAfrican bull elephant can grow to 15,000 pounds—largest land animalLargest tusks—160 pounds, sell for 100 dollars a poundPoachers target the oldest elephantsLive to be about 70 yearsOil increased poaching 
  • Baboons, hyenas, rhinos, zebras, and meerkats. RhinosExtinct Mongolian rhino, 25 tonsUnicornsLess than 15% of the 1970 population remains10,000 to 11,000 todayOil increased poachingTwo horns from a rhino were bought for 50,000 in 1990
  • The Masai tribe of Kenya. Known for their red garments and hunting skills.
  • Stretching over 3,500 miles from the Red Sea to the Mozambique. It is a fault line that created valleys and mountains, including Kilimanjaro. It contains escarpments which are steep sides of the valleys. Most famously known as the birthplace of humans, with fossils found dated over 4 million years ago.
  • Elevation is19,430 feet. Kilimanjaro is a volcano.
  • Victoria Falls—at about 5,500 feet—is about two times wider than Niagara Falls. The Zambezi River drops 355 feet, about twice as deep as the drop at Niagara Falls. After the river drops, it cuts through a narrow gorge and then roils violently in a pool called the Boiling Point before continuing on to the sea.
  • Bottom left—indri; Bottom right—ring tailed lemur; top left—red ruffed lemur; top right—mouse lemur
  • To enforce the myth that diamonds are rare and valuable, most of the world's rough stones are hoarded in London and then carefully fed back into the world market
  • Sub saharan Africa

    1. 1. Below the Sahara
    2. 2.  What is the name of the rainforest located in central Africa? What ocean is to the west of Africa? What ocean is to the east of Africa? Name a primate that lives in central Africa. Name a non-primate that lives in central Africa.
    3. 3.  Baobabs store water inside the swollen trunk, up to 32,000 US gallons, to endure the harsh drought conditions particular to each region Deciduous—shed their leaves during the dry season Fruit called “monkey bread” No tree rings
    4. 4.  Biome that consists of grasslands. Name the two seasons. Name two animals you think might be found on the savanna.
    5. 5.  19,341 feet high Dormant volcanic mountain 10 people die each year trying to climb to the top
    6. 6. Panorama
    7. 7.  What is the tallest mountain in Africa? What is the name of the indigenous tribe of Kenya? On what river do you find the Victoria Falls? What valley is found in eastern Africa? What are the steep sides of the rift valley called? Name the Big 5 of the African savanna
    8. 8. panorama
    9. 9.  In 1652 the Dutch came to settle in South Africa. They believed the land was theirs. Theydefeated many Africans and forced them to work as servants and slaves.
    10. 10.  In1806, Great Britain captured the colony from the Dutch. When diamonds and gold were discovered, the British forced blacks off the mineral-rich land. In1948 the racist Nationalist Party was elected to power.
    11. 11.  The government established an official policy called “apartheid.” TheSouth African government tried to completely separate the small number of whites from the black majority.
    12. 12.  In 1958, the government separated black people from white people by making blacks live on reserves, or homelands. Several blacks also lived in shanty towns – overcrowded towns full of poorly built shacks on the edges of cities.
    13. 13.  Most black men had to leave their homeland to find work in mines or factories. Women raised whatever crops they could.
    14. 14.  The shanty towns became centers for black groups who resisted the white government. Thousands resisted apartheid by refusing to work, refusing to buy white products, going into “white only” areas, and marching in nonviolent demonstrations.
    15. 15.  In 1986, the white South African government tried to destroy those who resisted apartheid. Still, blacks increased their actions against the government. In 1994, the government agreed to an open elections. The African National Congress, the largest anti- apartheid party, won. Nelson Mandela became the new president of South Africa.
    16. 16. Refugees in Tanzania Part I Refugees in Tanzania Part II
    17. 17.  Countries from what continent began to take over Africa in the 1800s? Name for countries taking over other regions of the world for their natural resources?
    18. 18. Name threecountries that havethe highest numberof people per squaremile.What threecountries have thehighest number ofpeople per squaremile that border theMediterranean Sea?
    19. 19. What region ofAfrica has the highestpercentage ofMuslims?Which country, thattouches the IndianOcean, has thehighest percentage ofMuslims?
    20. 20. Name four countrieswhere only 0-10% ofthe population has aphone?What country has thehighest percentage ofpeople with phones?