Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
The evolution of language
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

The evolution of language

  • 2,037 views
Published

 

Published in Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
2,037
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
134
Comments
0
Likes
2

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Evolution of Language Old English to Middle English to Today
  • 2. Beginnings of the English Language
    • England was originally part of the Roman Empire, so Latin and Greek were spoken in the area
    • When the Empire collapses, the native Britons go back to using their own regional dialects
    • In the 400s, each group of people living in what is now England had their own language; the dialects were close enough for each to understand the other
  • 3. Settlements in Britain (approx 600 AD) Jutes Saxons Angles Native Britons
  • 4. A Change is Coming
    • In the 800s, the Vikings arrive (mostly from Denmark) and settle with the Anglo-Saxons on the east coast
    • Their language was different enough for two things to happen:
    • 1. Many Old Norse words entered into English (like “they” and “them”)
    • 2. Complex structure of language becomes more simplistic, because people now argued about which form of the language to use
  • 5. Elements of Old English (approx 400-1050)
    • Anglo-Saxon or Old English was pronounced quite differently from Modern English
    • P, b, t, d, m, n, l, and r were pronounced as they are today
    • The letters k, q, v, x, and z were not used
    • Inclusion of distinctly unmodern letters thorn ( þ ) and eth ( ð ).  Both were pronounced like the “th” in thin, unless between vowels, in which case they were pronounced like the “th” in then.  
  • 6. Examples of Old English
    • Min nama is Michael -- My name is Michael.
    • Hwæt eart þu? -- Who are you?
    • Wel þu writst -- You write well.
  • 7. Side by Side Comparison
    • Old English Pronouns
    • ic     
    • wé   
    • þú     
    • gé      
    • hé     
    • héo    
    • hit   
    • híe
    • Modern Pronouns
    • I
    • we
    • --
    • you
    • he
    • she
    • it
    • they
  • 8. Beowulf
    • Old English secular poem
    • Anonymous author
    • Set in Denmark
    • Danish king sent for the hero Beowulf to save his people from the vicious attacks of a monster named Grendel.
    • Only surviving manuscript of its time period (approx 1010 AD)
  • 9. Page of Beowulf Manuscript
  • 10. The Most Important Date - 1066
    • William the Conqueror invades from Normandy (the Norman Invasion); he brings with him a dialect of French
    • French words are introduced into the language (like “maison”)
    • The grammar rules get easier still
  • 11. Middle English (approx 1150-1475)
    • Change in language from Old to Middle English caused partially by William the Conqueror’s invasion
    • French is a big influence
    • Spelling remains inconsistent – based on writer’s dialect
  • 12. Who Speaks What?
    • English = commoners
    • French = aristocracy, monarchy
    • Latin = clergy
    • Greek = philosophers, scientists, medical practitioners
  • 13. Side by Side Comparison
    • Late Middle English Pronouns
    • I     
    • we     
    • thou   
    • ye     
    • he     
    • she   
    • hit    
    • they
    • Modern Pronouns
    • I
    • we
    • --
    • you
    • he
    • she
    • it
    • they
  • 14. Geoffrey Chaucer (early 1340s – 1400)
    • Made a crucial contribution to English literature in using English at a time when much court poetry was still written in Anglo-Norman or Latin
    • Born in London to prosperous wine merchants
    • Educated and spoke a variety of languages – French, Latin, and Italian
  • 15. The Canterbury Tales
    • Written mostly between 1392-1395
    • Depicts a pilgrimage of about 30 travelers on their way to shrine of St. Thomas á Becket
    • On the way, they amuse themselves by telling stories
    • Stories are linked by conversations between travelers that reveal a lot about the characters