Economic Globalization Only gain, no loss? Lesson 3
Task 2 - Only gain, no loss? (p.33) <ul><li>Nike has more than 700 contract manufacturers  ( 合約製造商 )  in more than 50 coun...
Video <ul><li>A video about globalization and Nike sweatshops ( 血汗工場 ) all over the world  </li></ul>
Case 1 <ul><li>Year: Early 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Place: Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Allegations:   </li></ul><ul><li>Con...
Case 2 <ul><li>Year: 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Place: Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Allegation: </li></ul><ul><li>   Contract m...
Case 3 <ul><li>Year: 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Place: Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Allegation:   </li></ul><ul><li>   A contrac...
Case 4 <ul><li>Year: Mid-1990s to early 2000s </li></ul><ul><li>Allegations: </li></ul><ul><li>   Workers were underpaid ...
Major actors ( 主要參與者 ) involved in the cases <ul><li>Nike </li></ul><ul><li>Workers  in sweatshops </li></ul><ul><li>Contr...
Discussion <ul><li>Q1. Regarding the exploitation of workers, do you think Nike should be responsible? Why or why not? </l...
Q1. Regarding the exploitation of workers, do you think Nike should be responsible? Why or why not? <ul><li>Yes.   </li></...
Q2. Do you think the governments of the manufacturers should be responsible? Why or why not? <ul><li>Yes.  </li></ul><ul><...
Q2. Do you think the governments of the manufacturers should be responsible? Why or why not? <ul><li>No. </li></ul><ul><li...
Conclusion <ul><li>Economic globalization not only has positive impacts (e.g. more job opportunities and cheaper products)...
Vocabulary  <ul><li>allegation ( 控訴 ) </li></ul><ul><li>human rights ( 人權 ) </li></ul><ul><li>contract manufacturer ( 合約製造...
Next lesson  24/3/2011 <ul><li>Quiz 2 (Unit 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Task 2  Q.3 (p.35) </li></ul><ul><li>p.38 </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Lesson 4 - Allegations against Nike

995 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
995
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Lesson 4 - Allegations against Nike

  1. 1. Economic Globalization Only gain, no loss? Lesson 3
  2. 2. Task 2 - Only gain, no loss? (p.33) <ul><li>Nike has more than 700 contract manufacturers ( 合約製造商 ) in more than 50 countries, hiring more than 500,000 workers around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Allegations ( 指控 ) against Nike (since 1980s) </li></ul><ul><li> Ignoring ( 忽視 ) the interests of its workers </li></ul><ul><li> Violating ( 違反 ) human rights </li></ul><ul><li> Not providing a safe working environment for its workers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Video <ul><li>A video about globalization and Nike sweatshops ( 血汗工場 ) all over the world </li></ul>
  4. 4. Case 1 <ul><li>Year: Early 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Place: Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Allegations: </li></ul><ul><li>Contract manufacturers ( 合約製造商 ) had been exploiting ( 剝削 ) their workers and violating ( 違反 ) human rights. </li></ul><ul><li> Working environment: extremely poor </li></ul><ul><li>Wages: below the minimum wage ( 最低工資 ) of US$1 a day (HK$7.8) </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturers demanded the Indonesian government to abolish ( 廢除 ) the minimum wage. </li></ul><ul><li> Threatened the basic living standard of the workers </li></ul>Living conditions of workers
  5. 5. Case 2 <ul><li>Year: 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Place: Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Allegation: </li></ul><ul><li> Contract manufacturers illegally ( 非法地 ) hired child labour to make Nike’s soccer balls ( 足球 ). </li></ul>Child labour
  6. 6. Case 3 <ul><li>Year: 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Place: Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Allegation: </li></ul><ul><li> A contract manufacturer seriously violated ( 違反 ) Nike’s security code ( 安全守則 ) : during the production process, excessive poisonous substances ( 有毒物質 ) were emitted ( 散發 ). </li></ul><ul><li> Such substances were 6 to 177 times higher than the standard level ( 標準 ). </li></ul><ul><li> Extremely harmful to the workers. </li></ul>Working environment of workers
  7. 7. Case 4 <ul><li>Year: Mid-1990s to early 2000s </li></ul><ul><li>Allegations: </li></ul><ul><li> Workers were underpaid ( 不付足夠的工資 ): US$2 a day </li></ul><ul><li> Very long working hours </li></ul><ul><li> Workers might be fired if they participated in any activities organized by the labour union ( 工會 ). </li></ul><ul><li> Workers were humiliated ( 被羞辱 ) and beaten. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Female workers had to take off their pants ( 褲子 ) in front of assigned doctors to prove their necessity to take a day off because of period pain ( 經痛 ). </li></ul><ul><li> No official annual leaves ( 年假 ) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Major actors ( 主要參與者 ) involved in the cases <ul><li>Nike </li></ul><ul><li>Workers in sweatshops </li></ul><ul><li>Contract manufacturers ( 合約製造商 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Governments of the manufacturers / Local governments ( 當地政府 ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Discussion <ul><li>Q1. Regarding the exploitation of workers, do you think Nike should be responsible? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Q2. Do you think the governments of the manufacturers should be responsible? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>4 students in a group </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the discussion worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 6 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Report what you have discussed (1 minute) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Q1. Regarding the exploitation of workers, do you think Nike should be responsible? Why or why not? <ul><li>Yes. </li></ul><ul><li>As the head of operations ( 業務運作 ), Nike should be responsible for monitoring ( 監察 ) its contract manufacturers to ensure that the operations are legal ( 合法 ). </li></ul><ul><li>No. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the contract manufacturers who broke the law. Nike only has a contract relationship with them. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides, Nike gave them the security code ( 安全守則 ), but they did not comply ( 遵守 ) with it. </li></ul><ul><li>So Nike should not be responsible. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Q2. Do you think the governments of the manufacturers should be responsible? Why or why not? <ul><li>Yes. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments should ensure that citizens live in a fair and safe environment. </li></ul><ul><li>The local government has a responsibility to ensure that investors comply ( 遵守 ) with the law and regulations in order to prevent their citizens from being exploited. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Q2. Do you think the governments of the manufacturers should be responsible? Why or why not? <ul><li>No. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the poor conditions in developing countries leave their governments no choice but to surrender ( 屈服 ) to the unequal demands of foreign investors. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, the responsibility should lie on the foreign investors, they should actively improve workers’ wages and benefits. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>Economic globalization not only has positive impacts (e.g. more job opportunities and cheaper products), but also has negative impacts (e.g. exploitation of workers and their human rights). </li></ul><ul><li>Regarding exploitation of workers, all actors involved should share the responsibility, but the extent ( 程度 ) of such responsibility varies depending on your opinion. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Vocabulary <ul><li>allegation ( 控訴 ) </li></ul><ul><li>human rights ( 人權 ) </li></ul><ul><li>contract manufacturer ( 合約製造商 ) </li></ul><ul><li>exploitation ( 剝削 ) </li></ul><ul><li>violate ( 違反 ) </li></ul><ul><li>minimum wage ( 最低工資 ) </li></ul><ul><li>security code ( 安全守則 ) </li></ul><ul><li>labour regulation ( 勞工條例 ) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Next lesson 24/3/2011 <ul><li>Quiz 2 (Unit 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Task 2 Q.3 (p.35) </li></ul><ul><li>p.38 </li></ul>

×