Lesson 16,17 - Political Globalization (Task 1)Presentation Transcript
Unit 6 – Political Globalization Lesson 16, 17
Apart from having enhanced economic development and cultural exchange, globalization has also increased the political influence of different countries around the world.
International intergovernmental organisations ( 國際政府組織 )
They refers to organisations formed by governments of different countries.
Task 1 – Understand international intergovernmental organisations
United Nation, UN ( 聯合國 )
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations, UNESCO ( 聯合國教育、科學及文化組織 )
World Trade Organization, WTO ( 世界貿易組織 )
International Monetary Fund, IMF ( 國際貨幣基金組織 )
World Health Organization, WHO ( 世界衛生組織 )
World Bank ( 世界銀行 )
United Nations, UN ( 聯合國 )
Founded in 1945, this organisation currently has 192 member states ( 成員國 ).
Its aims are to maintain international peace and security, promote international collaboration ( 協作 ) in solving international economic, social and cultural problems, promote respect for human rights and freedom, and enhance ( 提升 ) international relationship.
The UN was founded after World War II ( 第二次世界大戰 ) to replace ( 取代 ) the League of Nations ( 國際聯盟 ), to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple ( 多重的 ) subsidiary organizations ( 輔助機關 ) to carry out its missions.
There are currently 192 member states, including every internationally recognised sovereign state ( 主權國 ) in the world but the Vatican City ( 梵蒂岡 ).
From its offices around the world, the UN decide on issues in regular meetings held throughout the year.
The organization has six principal organs:
1) the General Assembly 聯合國大會
2) the Security Council 聯合國安全理事會
3) the Economic and Social Council 聯合國經濟及社會理事會
4) the Secretariat 聯合國秘書處
5) the International Court of Justice 國際法院
6) the United Nations Trusteeship Council 聯合國託管理事會 (inactive)
Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).
The UN's most famous public figure is the Secretary-General ( 秘書長 ), currently Ban Ki-moon ( 潘基文 ) of South Korea, who attained the post in 2007.
The organization is financed from voluntary contributions from its member states, and has six official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.