• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
1) Political globalization   Task 1 p.55-56
 

1) Political globalization Task 1 p.55-56

on

  • 786 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
786
Views on SlideShare
786
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • 世貿第六次部長級會議 世貿下的香港 [videorecording] http://lib-nt2.hkbu.edu.hk/hkbutube/vod.asp?bibno=b1949541 農民自殺為世貿大會蒙陰影 http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_3090000/newsid_3099600/3099674.stm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations
  • 世界糧食計劃署
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNESCO
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Health_Organization
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Trade_Organization
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Monetary_Fund
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Bank

1) Political globalization   Task 1 p.55-56 1) Political globalization Task 1 p.55-56 Presentation Transcript

  • Unit 6 – Political Globalization Lesson 16, 17
  • Introduction
    • Apart from having enhanced economic development and cultural exchange, globalization has also increased the political influence of different countries around the world.
  • International intergovernmental organisations ( 國際政府組織 )
    • They refers to organisations formed by governments of different countries.
  • Task 1 – Understand international intergovernmental organisations
    • United Nation, UN ( 聯合國 )
    • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations, UNESCO ( 聯合國教育、科學及文化組織 )
    • World Trade Organization, WTO ( 世界貿易組織 )
    • International Monetary Fund, IMF ( 國際貨幣基金組織 )
    • World Health Organization, WHO ( 世界衛生組織 )
    • World Bank ( 世界銀行 )
  • Task 1
    • Matching
  •  
  • United Nations, UN ( 聯合國 )
    • Founded in 1945, this organisation currently has 192 member states ( 成員國 ).
    • Its aims are to maintain international peace and security, promote international collaboration ( 協作 ) in solving international economic, social and cultural problems, promote respect for human rights and freedom, and enhance ( 提升 ) international relationship.
    • The UN was founded after World War II ( 第二次世界大戰 ) to replace ( 取代 ) the League of Nations ( 國際聯盟 ), to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple ( 多重的 ) subsidiary organizations ( 輔助機關 ) to carry out its missions.
    • There are currently 192 member states, including every internationally recognised sovereign state ( 主權國 ) in the world but the Vatican City ( 梵蒂岡 ).
    • From its offices around the world, the UN decide on issues in regular meetings held throughout the year.
  • The organization has six principal organs:
    • 1) the General Assembly 聯合國大會
    • 2) the Security Council 聯合國安全理事會
    • 3) the Economic and Social Council 聯合國經濟及社會理事會
    • 4) the Secretariat 聯合國秘書處
    • 5) the International Court of Justice 國際法院
    • 6) the United Nations Trusteeship Council 聯合國託管理事會 (inactive)
    • Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).
    • The UN's most famous public figure is the Secretary-General ( 秘書長 ), currently Ban Ki-moon ( 潘基文 ) of South Korea, who attained the post in 2007.
    • The organization is financed from voluntary contributions from its member states, and has six official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO ( 聯合國教育、科學及文化組織 )
    • Founded in 1945, this organisation currently has 193 member states.
    • Its purpose is to attain world peace by promoting international collaboration ( 協作 ) through education, science and culture.
    • This is a specialized agency ( 專責機關 ) of the United Nations.
    • UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, and communication and information.
    • Projects sponsored by UNESCO include:
    • teacher-training programmes;
    • international science programmes;
    • the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press;
    • regional and cultural history projects;
    • international cooperation agreements to secure the world cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage Sites 世界遺產 ).
  • World Health Organization, WHO ( 世界衛生組織 )
    • Established in 1948, this organisation currently has 193 member states.
    • It is a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN) whose main responsibility is to coordinate ( 協調 ) global health issues.
    • Its objective is promote international public health.
    • With headquarters ( 總部 ) in Geneva ( 日內瓦 ), Switzerland ( 瑞士 )
    • Apart from coordinating international efforts to control outbreaks ( 爆發 ) of infectious disease ( 傳染性疾病 ), such as SARS ( 非典型肺炎 ), malaria ( 瘧疾 ), tuberculosis ( 肺結核 ), influenza ( 流感 ), and HIV/AIDS ( 愛滋病 ), the WHO also sponsors ( 贊助 ) programmes to prevent and treat such diseases.
    • The WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines ( 疫苗 ) and drugs ( 藥物 ).
    • Example:
    • After over two decades of fighting smallpox ( 天花 ), the WHO declared in 1980, that the disease had been eradicated ( 根絕 ) – the first disease in history to be eliminated ( 消滅 ) by human effort.
  • World Trade Organization, WTO ( 世界貿易組織 )
    • Founded in 1995, this organisation currently has 153 member states.
    • Its function is to ensure that all trade between nations is done fairly, freely and predictably ( 可預計的 ).
    • Member countries must follow all the WTO trade agreements ( 貿易協議 ).
    • The WTO has 153 members, representing more than 97% of total world trade and 30 observers, most seeking membership.
    • The WTO's headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland
    • The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise ( 監督 ) and liberalize ( 自由化 ) international trade.
    • It provides a framework for negotiating ( 談判 ) and formalizing ( 形成 ) trade agreements.
    • The organization is currently persisting ( 持續 ) with a trade negotiation called the Doha Development Agenda ( 多哈發展議程 )/ Doha Round, which was launched in 2001 to enhance equitable ( 公平的 ) participation of poorer countries.
    • Farmers in poor countries v.s. Farmers with subsidies from rich countries
    • The future of the Doha Round is uncertain.
  • International Monetary Fund, IMF ( 國際貨幣基金組織 )
    • Established in 1945, this organisation currently has 186 member states.
    • It aims at promoting international monetary ( 貨幣 ) cooperation, stabilising ( 穩定 ) international exchange rates ( 匯率 ), facilitating economic development and employment, and providing financial assistance ( 經濟援助 ) to countries to help ease ( 減輕 ) economic and financial crises ( 危機 ).
    • It also offers loans with varying levels of conditionality ( 有條件的 ), mainly to poorer countries.
    • Its headquarters are in Washington, D.C., United States.
    • Countries contributed to a pool ( 共用資金 ) which could be borrowed from, on a temporary basis, by countries with payment imbalances ( 不平衡 ).
    • The IMF works to improve the economies of its member countries.
  • World Bank ( 世界銀行 )
    • Established in 1944, this organisation currently has 186 member states.
    • Its mission is to reduce poverty by helping poor nations develop, for example, by building schools and hospitals, preventing diseases and protecting the environment.
    • Provides loans to developing countries for capital programmes.
    • The World Bank proclaims ( 聲明 ) a goal of reducing poverty.
  • 2. Since the 20th century, the number of international intergovernmental organisations has increased from 30 to 300. Briefly explain the reasons for the change.
    • This is because relationships among countries are closer than before.
    • With more frequent exchanges, things that happens in one country (e.g. financial crisis, natural disasters, wars and disputes, etc.) can easily affect other countries or regions.
    • Therefore, it is necessary to establish more international intergovernmental organisations to resolve ( 解決 ) these problems.