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  • 1. Geography
  • 2. Location
    • Rome is next to the Mediterranean Sea.
    • It is in the center of the Italian Peninsula.
    • Ancient Rome was founded on the banks of the Tiber River.
    • It is next to the Alps Mountain range.
  • 3. Punic Wars
    • The first Punic war started in 264 B.C.E.
    • Carthage had a strong navy and had well built tools.
    • Elephants were used in war for strength and to scare off enemies.
    • Roman Soldiers burned Carthage for 17 days.
  • 4. Trade Routes
    • Trade was over sea and on roads.
    • Romans linked their empire together with a vast network of cement roads.
    • Ships from Egypt to Italy carried wine, olive oil, and pottery.
  • 5. Growth of Cities
    • Before expansion, Rome's Cities was just a small collection of tiny villages.
    • Villages grew over time into cities.
    • By 600 B.C there was 8,000 people living in Ancient Rome’s large cities.
  • 6. Religion
  • 7. Judaism
    • Jews only believe in one god.
    • They believe in burial not cremation.
    • Jews are arthritics (they don’t believe in killing).
    • They pray in synagogues.
    • Hadrian wanted to build a temple to the Roman God Jupiter in the same location of the old Temple of Solomon, a sacred Jewish site.
  • 8. Christianity
    • Christians put their dead in a catacomb.
    • They only have one god.
    • Christians believe in ten commandments.
    • Christians sing and play religious music.
    • Nero burned and persecuted Christians, non-Jews.
  • 9. Roman Beliefs
    • They have many gods such as Venus, Jupiter, Saturn,Mars, and Athena.
    • Romans sculpt friezes that glorify the empire.
    • Romans cremate family members and put them into an urn or columbarium.
    • Ancient Romans believed their emperor was a god.
    • They believed in killing/sacrificing animals and letting babies die.
  • 10. Etruscan Mysticism
    • The Etruscans believed that gods gave them signs in nature.
    • They read the intensions of animals before conducting burials.
    • By studying the flock of birds, they could predict a good harvest.
    • They interpreted stars before battling.
  • 11. Achievements
  • 12. System Of Laws
    • Laws were written down on 12 tablets.
    • Laws were combined with laws and customs.
    • Laws applied to all people.
    • Until a person was proven guilty they were considered innocent.
  • 13. Military Organization
    • Since Rome didn’t have enough protection during expansion, barbarian attacks were common.
    • According to the government, all land owners had to serve in the government.
    • The Roman Army was divided up into groups of 6,000 men called a legion.
  • 14. Republican Form of government
    • In 509 B.C Ancient Rome’s government became a republic.
    • Aristocracy was the type of government.
    • In 275 B.C there were no classes of people in the government.
  • 15. Development of aqueducts
    • Without aqueducts roman people wouldn’t have water to drink.
    • Etruscans were the first to develop an aqueduct.
    • Aqueducts brought water from springs and lakes.
  • 16. Politics
  • 17. Republic
    • Cities of Rome were able to choose their emperors.
    • Rome ran smoother as a republic.
    • One of the emperors was Julius Caesar.
    • The government was a tripartite government.
  • 18. Emperors
    • Ancient Rome had many emperors such as Nero, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Hadrian, and Trajan.
    • Nero burned Christians.
    • Nero burned Rome and blamed it on the Christians.
  • 19. Government
    • Checks and Balances was one of the basic principals in the Roman Government.
    • Magistrates , Senate, and Assembly reflected three types of rule; monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy.
    • Two assemblies made up one third of the government; the centurial and the tribal assembly.
  • 20. 12 tables
    • The 12 tables consists of  Trials, Courts and trials, Debt, Family Rights, Legal guardians and inheritance, Gaining and possessing land, Land rights, Unlawful rights, Laws on government, Laws on religion, and then two Additional laws.
    • These laws were for everyone to follow.
    • These laws were formed in 450 B.C.
    • If after trial the person is found guilty then that person would be put to death.
    • Any one could be took to court.
  • 21. Economy
  • 22. Jobs
    • Farming was the biggest job.
    • Farmers were asked to join the navy or army and lost their farmland to slaves.
    • Soldiers protect Rome by sea and land.
    • There were other jobs like housewives, teaching, or being part of the Senate.
  • 23. Stable Currency
    • Under Augustus’s rule, a stable currency was created out of coins.
    • This made trade and commerce easier.
    • Roman coins had pictures of the empire or monumental buildings.
  • 24. Excessive Military Spending
    • Government had no money for vital activities like providing public housing and maintaining roads.
    • Hired soldiers recruited from the unemployed.
    • Government was forced to raise taxes which hurt the economy.
  • 25. Inflation
    • Gold was being used by Romans to pay for luxury items.
    • Less gold was used in each coin making the coins less valuable.
    • People stopped using coins and began to barter.
  • 26. Social Structures
  • 27. Nobles
    • Noble's houses were very fancy.
    • Wealthy children were tutored by their father.
    • Women trained slaves to clean and work.
    • Families hosted parties with people sitting on couches eating until sick.
  • 28. Slaves
    • Slaves were forced to work from dawn to dusk.
    • They had to do everything their master (noble person) told them to.
    • Everyday they had to clean and cook for the family.
  • 29. Poor
    • Children wanted to go to school but couldn’t and had to stay home and help the family.
    • Housing was bad and cramped.
    • The house was made of a bad type of wood so fire was typical.
  • 30. Plebeians and Patricians
    • There were more Plebeians then Patricians.
    • The government and society favored the Patricians.
    • Marriage between the too was prohibited.
  • 31. Conclusion
    • I believe that the development of aquaducts was the most important idea in Ancient Rome.
    • Aquaducts brought water to the people from lakes and streams for drinking.
    • Aquaducts brought water to the farmers for growing food.
    • Water from these aquaducts allowed for the growth of the Roman cities.