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    315 315 Presentation Transcript

    • Geography
    • Location
      • Rome is next to the Mediterranean Sea.
      • It is in the center of the Italian Peninsula.
      • Ancient Rome was founded on the banks of the Tiber River.
      • It is next to the Alps Mountain range.
    • Punic Wars
      • The first Punic war started in 264 B.C.E.
      • Carthage had a strong navy and had well built tools.
      • Elephants were used in war for strength and to scare off enemies.
      • Roman Soldiers burned Carthage for 17 days.
    • Trade Routes
      • Trade was over sea and on roads.
      • Romans linked their empire together with a vast network of cement roads.
      • Ships from Egypt to Italy carried wine, olive oil, and pottery.
    • Growth of Cities
      • Before expansion, Rome's Cities was just a small collection of tiny villages.
      • Villages grew over time into cities.
      • By 600 B.C there was 8,000 people living in Ancient Rome’s large cities.
    • Religion
    • Judaism
      • Jews only believe in one god.
      • They believe in burial not cremation.
      • Jews are arthritics (they don’t believe in killing).
      • They pray in synagogues.
      • Hadrian wanted to build a temple to the Roman God Jupiter in the same location of the old Temple of Solomon, a sacred Jewish site.
    • Christianity
      • Christians put their dead in a catacomb.
      • They only have one god.
      • Christians believe in ten commandments.
      • Christians sing and play religious music.
      • Nero burned and persecuted Christians, non-Jews.
    • Roman Beliefs
      • They have many gods such as Venus, Jupiter, Saturn,Mars, and Athena.
      • Romans sculpt friezes that glorify the empire.
      • Romans cremate family members and put them into an urn or columbarium.
      • Ancient Romans believed their emperor was a god.
      • They believed in killing/sacrificing animals and letting babies die.
    • Etruscan Mysticism
      • The Etruscans believed that gods gave them signs in nature.
      • They read the intensions of animals before conducting burials.
      • By studying the flock of birds, they could predict a good harvest.
      • They interpreted stars before battling.
    • Achievements
    • System Of Laws
      • Laws were written down on 12 tablets.
      • Laws were combined with laws and customs.
      • Laws applied to all people.
      • Until a person was proven guilty they were considered innocent.
    • Military Organization
      • Since Rome didn’t have enough protection during expansion, barbarian attacks were common.
      • According to the government, all land owners had to serve in the government.
      • The Roman Army was divided up into groups of 6,000 men called a legion.
    • Republican Form of government
      • In 509 B.C Ancient Rome’s government became a republic.
      • Aristocracy was the type of government.
      • In 275 B.C there were no classes of people in the government.
    • Development of aqueducts
      • Without aqueducts roman people wouldn’t have water to drink.
      • Etruscans were the first to develop an aqueduct.
      • Aqueducts brought water from springs and lakes.
    • Politics
    • Republic
      • Cities of Rome were able to choose their emperors.
      • Rome ran smoother as a republic.
      • One of the emperors was Julius Caesar.
      • The government was a tripartite government.
    • Emperors
      • Ancient Rome had many emperors such as Nero, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Hadrian, and Trajan.
      • Nero burned Christians.
      • Nero burned Rome and blamed it on the Christians.
    • Government
      • Checks and Balances was one of the basic principals in the Roman Government.
      • Magistrates , Senate, and Assembly reflected three types of rule; monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy.
      • Two assemblies made up one third of the government; the centurial and the tribal assembly.
    • 12 tables
      • The 12 tables consists of  Trials, Courts and trials, Debt, Family Rights, Legal guardians and inheritance, Gaining and possessing land, Land rights, Unlawful rights, Laws on government, Laws on religion, and then two Additional laws.
      • These laws were for everyone to follow.
      • These laws were formed in 450 B.C.
      • If after trial the person is found guilty then that person would be put to death.
      • Any one could be took to court.
    • Economy
    • Jobs
      • Farming was the biggest job.
      • Farmers were asked to join the navy or army and lost their farmland to slaves.
      • Soldiers protect Rome by sea and land.
      • There were other jobs like housewives, teaching, or being part of the Senate.
    • Stable Currency
      • Under Augustus’s rule, a stable currency was created out of coins.
      • This made trade and commerce easier.
      • Roman coins had pictures of the empire or monumental buildings.
    • Excessive Military Spending
      • Government had no money for vital activities like providing public housing and maintaining roads.
      • Hired soldiers recruited from the unemployed.
      • Government was forced to raise taxes which hurt the economy.
    • Inflation
      • Gold was being used by Romans to pay for luxury items.
      • Less gold was used in each coin making the coins less valuable.
      • People stopped using coins and began to barter.
    • Social Structures
    • Nobles
      • Noble's houses were very fancy.
      • Wealthy children were tutored by their father.
      • Women trained slaves to clean and work.
      • Families hosted parties with people sitting on couches eating until sick.
    • Slaves
      • Slaves were forced to work from dawn to dusk.
      • They had to do everything their master (noble person) told them to.
      • Everyday they had to clean and cook for the family.
    • Poor
      • Children wanted to go to school but couldn’t and had to stay home and help the family.
      • Housing was bad and cramped.
      • The house was made of a bad type of wood so fire was typical.
    • Plebeians and Patricians
      • There were more Plebeians then Patricians.
      • The government and society favored the Patricians.
      • Marriage between the too was prohibited.
    • Conclusion
      • I believe that the development of aquaducts was the most important idea in Ancient Rome.
      • Aquaducts brought water to the people from lakes and streams for drinking.
      • Aquaducts brought water to the farmers for growing food.
      • Water from these aquaducts allowed for the growth of the Roman cities.