Ancient Rome was founded on the banks of the Tiber River.
It is next to the Alps Mountain range.
The first Punic war started in 264 B.C.E.
Carthage had a strong navy and had well built tools.
Elephants were used in war for strength and to scare off enemies.
Roman Soldiers burned Carthage for 17 days.
Trade was over sea and on roads.
Romans linked their empire together with a vast network of cement roads.
Ships from Egypt to Italy carried wine, olive oil, and pottery.
Growth of Cities
Before expansion, Rome's Cities was just a small collection of tiny villages.
Villages grew over time into cities.
By 600 B.C there was 8,000 people living in Ancient Rome’s large cities.
Jews only believe in one god.
They believe in burial not cremation.
Jews are arthritics (they don’t believe in killing).
They pray in synagogues.
Hadrian wanted to build a temple to the Roman God Jupiter in the same location of the old Temple of Solomon, a sacred Jewish site.
Christians put their dead in a catacomb.
They only have one god.
Christians believe in ten commandments.
Christians sing and play religious music.
Nero burned and persecuted Christians, non-Jews.
They have many gods such as Venus, Jupiter, Saturn,Mars, and Athena.
Romans sculpt friezes that glorify the empire.
Romans cremate family members and put them into an urn or columbarium.
Ancient Romans believed their emperor was a god.
They believed in killing/sacrificing animals and letting babies die.
The Etruscans believed that gods gave them signs in nature.
They read the intensions of animals before conducting burials.
By studying the flock of birds, they could predict a good harvest.
They interpreted stars before battling.
System Of Laws
Laws were written down on 12 tablets.
Laws were combined with laws and customs.
Laws applied to all people.
Until a person was proven guilty they were considered innocent.
Since Rome didn’t have enough protection during expansion, barbarian attacks were common.
According to the government, all land owners had to serve in the government.
The Roman Army was divided up into groups of 6,000 men called a legion.
Republican Form of government
In 509 B.C Ancient Rome’s government became a republic.
Aristocracy was the type of government.
In 275 B.C there were no classes of people in the government.
Development of aqueducts
Without aqueducts roman people wouldn’t have water to drink.
Etruscans were the first to develop an aqueduct.
Aqueducts brought water from springs and lakes.
Cities of Rome were able to choose their emperors.
Rome ran smoother as a republic.
One of the emperors was Julius Caesar.
The government was a tripartite government.
Ancient Rome had many emperors such as Nero, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Hadrian, and Trajan.
Nero burned Christians.
Nero burned Rome and blamed it on the Christians.
Checks and Balances was one of the basic principals in the Roman Government.
Magistrates , Senate, and Assembly reflected three types of rule; monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy.
Two assemblies made up one third of the government; the centurial and the tribal assembly.
The 12 tables consists of Trials, Courts and trials, Debt, Family Rights, Legal guardians and inheritance, Gaining and possessing land, Land rights, Unlawful rights, Laws on government, Laws on religion, and then two Additional laws.
These laws were for everyone to follow.
These laws were formed in 450 B.C.
If after trial the person is found guilty then that person would be put to death.
Any one could be took to court.
Farming was the biggest job.
Farmers were asked to join the navy or army and lost their farmland to slaves.
Soldiers protect Rome by sea and land.
There were other jobs like housewives, teaching, or being part of the Senate.
Under Augustus’s rule, a stable currency was created out of coins.
This made trade and commerce easier.
Roman coins had pictures of the empire or monumental buildings.
Excessive Military Spending
Government had no money for vital activities like providing public housing and maintaining roads.
Hired soldiers recruited from the unemployed.
Government was forced to raise taxes which hurt the economy.
Gold was being used by Romans to pay for luxury items.
Less gold was used in each coin making the coins less valuable.
People stopped using coins and began to barter.
Noble's houses were very fancy.
Wealthy children were tutored by their father.
Women trained slaves to clean and work.
Families hosted parties with people sitting on couches eating until sick.
Slaves were forced to work from dawn to dusk.
They had to do everything their master (noble person) told them to.
Everyday they had to clean and cook for the family.
Children wanted to go to school but couldn’t and had to stay home and help the family.
Housing was bad and cramped.
The house was made of a bad type of wood so fire was typical.
Plebeians and Patricians
There were more Plebeians then Patricians.
The government and society favored the Patricians.
Marriage between the too was prohibited.
I believe that the development of aquaducts was the most important idea in Ancient Rome.
Aquaducts brought water to the people from lakes and streams for drinking.
Aquaducts brought water to the farmers for growing food.
Water from these aquaducts allowed for the growth of the Roman cities.