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312 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Geography
  • 2. Location
    • Rome is located on a peninsula which is now present day, Italy. Rome was built on 7 hills on the banks of the Tiber River.
    • This peninsula extended from Southern Europe to the Mediterranean region.
    • The French Alps is the mountain range that separated Rome from the rest of Europe. Another mountain range close to Rome was the Apennines.
  • 3. Geographical features
    • Rome had many geographical features such as mountains, rivers, plains,deserts, and seas.
    • Some of these features acted as protection and some acted as isolation.
    • The terrain around Rome varied in different places.
    • The land around the Mediterranean was arable land or land that was good for farming.
  • 4. Expansion
    • The Roman Empire at its greatest size consisted of all of the Mediterranean region, all of Southern Europe, Macedonia, Asia Minor, Syria, parts of Egypt and some of Northern Africa.
    • Rome conquered Gaul and Spain.
    • The Romans had three big wars with the Carthage people. These wars were called the Punic wars.
  • 5. Climate
    • In the Roman Empire, the climate varied in different places.
    • The climate in the northern part of the empire was cold.
    • The climate in the middle part of the empire was perfect for farming.
    • The climate in the southern part of the empire was hot
  • 6. Religion
  • 7. Christianity
    • Christianity was spread around the empire by a man named Paul.
    • Paul first traveled to Cypress and Asia Minor. He built churches and made disciples in his travels.
    • Paul traveled to many countries such as Macedonia, Rome, Europe, Persia and Northern Africa.
  • 8. Judaism
    • Judaism was a religion that originated in Judea.
    • When Judea was conquered by Rome, the people were offered Roman citizenship.
    • Under the rule of Trajan, there was a Jewish revolt. Trajan was not able to react fast enough, by the time Trajan reacted 200,000 non-Jews were killed.
  • 9. Roman religion
    • In the Roman Empire, the people worshipped many gods and goddesses
    • Each god or goddess had a special reason why they were worshipped.
    • For example, they would worship Mars before going into battle.
  • 10. Religious conflicts
    • During some Roman rules, there were religious conflicts.
    • One of the religious conflict was the Jewish revolt.
    • Another conflict happened under the rule of Nero, Nero would burn the Christians or feed them to the lions.
  • 11. Achievements
  • 12. Aqueducts
    • The Romans learned how to store huge amounts of water and transport it around by using aqueducts.
    • Aqueducts helped Roman people greatly because that’s the way they got their water.
    • Aqueducts today are still a way people get their water.
  • 13. System of laws
    • The Romans developed a system of laws that apply to all people not just one class.
    • The punishments for breaking the law were equal for all people.
    • The first set of Romans laws were called the Twelve Tables.
    • Today, the laws we have are fair and equally punished like Rome’s laws
  • 14. System of roads
    • The Romans created a system of paved roads.
    • These roads were used for transportation and trade.
    • Today, our roads were influenced by the Romans roads.
  • 15. Military organization
    • The Roman military was not only strong but they were also large in numbers and organized.
    • This army could easily crush other armies, this is why the Roman empire grew so large.
    • Our military has some tactics that were formed by the Roman tactics.
  • 16. Politics
  • 17. Etruscan kings
    • At first, Rome was ruled by people called the Etruscans.
    • These people ruled with the form of government called monarchy, this meant ruled by kings.
    • The Etruscans had three kings that ruled instead of one king with all the power.
  • 18. Roman Republic
    • The Roman Republic had three parts of government. This was called the tripartite government.
    • The three parts of this government were the senate, the magistrates, and the assemblies.
    • The government had two side: the Republicans and the Democrats.
  • 19. Augustus
    • Augustus was the adopted son of Julius Caesar.
    • He was a great ruler. He made life in Rome better.
    • He also made an era of peace called the Pax Romana.
  • 20. Trajan
    • Trajan was born around 53 c.e. in a Roman province in Spain.
    • Trajan took a career in the military and had many successful campaigns.
    • Later he became Nerva’s successor.
    • When Nerva died in 98 c.e. Trajan took over.
  • 21. Hortensia
    • Hortensia was born into a rich patrician family. She was given a great education.
    • When she grew up, she became interested in public speaking.
    • She thought that Roman woman deserved better rights.
    • She was one of the reasons Roman woman got better rights.
  • 22. The fall of Rome
    • The Roman Empire fell because of political failure and fall in economy.
    • During the later years of the empire, the emperors became targets of assassination.
    • Because of this, people struggled to gain order over the empire.
    • During all these political troubles, the barbarians were planning to attack Rome.
    • When they attacked, they left Rome in pieces. The barbarians took over half of the once great Roman Empire
  • 23. Economy
  • 24. Roman economy
    • Roman economy was based on slaves in the later years of the empire.
    • The concerns of Rome’s economy was feeding the many people in Rome.
    • Rome’s economy was dominated by trade and agriculture.
  • 25. Currency
    • The currency used in the Roman Empire were coins.
    • These coins were made out of gold, silver, and bronze.
    • On the back of these coins, there was text that stated the emperor’s achievements.
  • 26. Trade
    • Rome traded by using paved roads and sea routes.
    • The most important port was Ostia because it was closest to Rome.
    • Rome traded mostly with Spain, France, and the Middle East.
  • 27. Inflation
    • The Roman economy suffered greatly from inflation. Inflation was the raising of prices.
    • Once the Romans stopped conquering, the flow of gold decreased.
    • As people kept spending money, the coin became worth less.
    • To make up for this, merchants rose the price of the goods they sold.
  • 28. Roman social structure
  • 29. Plebeians
    • Plebeians were the most common people in Rome.
    • Plebeians were the lower class In Rome.
    • The plebeians made up 90 percent of Rome’s population.
    • Some plebeians were wealthy but most plebeians were farmers or artisans.
  • 30. Patricians
    • Patricians were the wealthier class of ancient Rome.
    • Patricians took pride in belonging to a wealthy family.
    • The early Roman government strongly favored the Patricians.
  • 31. Plebeians rebel
    • The plebeians first started to rebel by performing random acts of violence.
    • Later, the plebeians realized that Rome couldn’t defend themselves without the plebeian soldiers.
    • The plebeian soldiers refused to fight until they got a say in government.
  • 32. Slaves
    • Slaves were used a lot in the later years of the empire.
    • The slaves did labor for no money at all.
    • The slaves put many farmers out of business because people just used slaves to do there gardening instead of hiring farmers to garden.
  • 33. The most important idea that I learned about ancient Rome
    • The idea I think is most important was the Roman’s achievements because the inventions in Rome made life better and more comfortable in ancient Rome.
    • Today, some of our inventions are made from the same concept of the Roman invention, ours are just more modern.
    • Their system of laws were fair and applied to all citizen not just one class.