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  1. 1. Geography
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>Rome is located on a peninsula which is now present day, Italy. Rome was built on 7 hills on the banks of the Tiber River. </li></ul><ul><li>This peninsula extended from Southern Europe to the Mediterranean region. </li></ul><ul><li>The French Alps is the mountain range that separated Rome from the rest of Europe. Another mountain range close to Rome was the Apennines. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geographical features <ul><li>Rome had many geographical features such as mountains, rivers, plains,deserts, and seas. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of these features acted as protection and some acted as isolation. </li></ul><ul><li>The terrain around Rome varied in different places. </li></ul><ul><li>The land around the Mediterranean was arable land or land that was good for farming. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Expansion <ul><li>The Roman Empire at its greatest size consisted of all of the Mediterranean region, all of Southern Europe, Macedonia, Asia Minor, Syria, parts of Egypt and some of Northern Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome conquered Gaul and Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans had three big wars with the Carthage people. These wars were called the Punic wars. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climate <ul><li>In the Roman Empire, the climate varied in different places. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate in the northern part of the empire was cold. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate in the middle part of the empire was perfect for farming. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate in the southern part of the empire was hot </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religion
  7. 7. Christianity <ul><li>Christianity was spread around the empire by a man named Paul. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul first traveled to Cypress and Asia Minor. He built churches and made disciples in his travels. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul traveled to many countries such as Macedonia, Rome, Europe, Persia and Northern Africa. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Judaism <ul><li>Judaism was a religion that originated in Judea. </li></ul><ul><li>When Judea was conquered by Rome, the people were offered Roman citizenship. </li></ul><ul><li>Under the rule of Trajan, there was a Jewish revolt. Trajan was not able to react fast enough, by the time Trajan reacted 200,000 non-Jews were killed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Roman religion <ul><li>In the Roman Empire, the people worshipped many gods and goddesses </li></ul><ul><li>Each god or goddess had a special reason why they were worshipped. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, they would worship Mars before going into battle. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Religious conflicts <ul><li>During some Roman rules, there were religious conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the religious conflict was the Jewish revolt. </li></ul><ul><li>Another conflict happened under the rule of Nero, Nero would burn the Christians or feed them to the lions. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Achievements
  12. 12. Aqueducts <ul><li>The Romans learned how to store huge amounts of water and transport it around by using aqueducts. </li></ul><ul><li>Aqueducts helped Roman people greatly because that’s the way they got their water. </li></ul><ul><li>Aqueducts today are still a way people get their water. </li></ul>
  13. 13. System of laws <ul><li>The Romans developed a system of laws that apply to all people not just one class. </li></ul><ul><li>The punishments for breaking the law were equal for all people. </li></ul><ul><li>The first set of Romans laws were called the Twelve Tables. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, the laws we have are fair and equally punished like Rome’s laws </li></ul>
  14. 14. System of roads <ul><li>The Romans created a system of paved roads. </li></ul><ul><li>These roads were used for transportation and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, our roads were influenced by the Romans roads. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Military organization <ul><li>The Roman military was not only strong but they were also large in numbers and organized. </li></ul><ul><li>This army could easily crush other armies, this is why the Roman empire grew so large. </li></ul><ul><li>Our military has some tactics that were formed by the Roman tactics. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Politics
  17. 17. Etruscan kings <ul><li>At first, Rome was ruled by people called the Etruscans. </li></ul><ul><li>These people ruled with the form of government called monarchy, this meant ruled by kings. </li></ul><ul><li>The Etruscans had three kings that ruled instead of one king with all the power. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Roman Republic <ul><li>The Roman Republic had three parts of government. This was called the tripartite government. </li></ul><ul><li>The three parts of this government were the senate, the magistrates, and the assemblies. </li></ul><ul><li>The government had two side: the Republicans and the Democrats. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Augustus <ul><li>Augustus was the adopted son of Julius Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a great ruler. He made life in Rome better. </li></ul><ul><li>He also made an era of peace called the Pax Romana. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Trajan <ul><li>Trajan was born around 53 c.e. in a Roman province in Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Trajan took a career in the military and had many successful campaigns. </li></ul><ul><li>Later he became Nerva’s successor. </li></ul><ul><li>When Nerva died in 98 c.e. Trajan took over. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Hortensia <ul><li>Hortensia was born into a rich patrician family. She was given a great education. </li></ul><ul><li>When she grew up, she became interested in public speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>She thought that Roman woman deserved better rights. </li></ul><ul><li>She was one of the reasons Roman woman got better rights. </li></ul>
  22. 22. The fall of Rome <ul><li>The Roman Empire fell because of political failure and fall in economy. </li></ul><ul><li>During the later years of the empire, the emperors became targets of assassination. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of this, people struggled to gain order over the empire. </li></ul><ul><li>During all these political troubles, the barbarians were planning to attack Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>When they attacked, they left Rome in pieces. The barbarians took over half of the once great Roman Empire </li></ul>
  23. 23. Economy
  24. 24. Roman economy <ul><li>Roman economy was based on slaves in the later years of the empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The concerns of Rome’s economy was feeding the many people in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome’s economy was dominated by trade and agriculture. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Currency <ul><li>The currency used in the Roman Empire were coins. </li></ul><ul><li>These coins were made out of gold, silver, and bronze. </li></ul><ul><li>On the back of these coins, there was text that stated the emperor’s achievements. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Trade <ul><li>Rome traded by using paved roads and sea routes. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important port was Ostia because it was closest to Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome traded mostly with Spain, France, and the Middle East. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Inflation <ul><li>The Roman economy suffered greatly from inflation. Inflation was the raising of prices. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the Romans stopped conquering, the flow of gold decreased. </li></ul><ul><li>As people kept spending money, the coin became worth less. </li></ul><ul><li>To make up for this, merchants rose the price of the goods they sold. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Roman social structure
  29. 29. Plebeians <ul><li>Plebeians were the most common people in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Plebeians were the lower class In Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>The plebeians made up 90 percent of Rome’s population. </li></ul><ul><li>Some plebeians were wealthy but most plebeians were farmers or artisans. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Patricians <ul><li>Patricians were the wealthier class of ancient Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Patricians took pride in belonging to a wealthy family. </li></ul><ul><li>The early Roman government strongly favored the Patricians. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Plebeians rebel <ul><li>The plebeians first started to rebel by performing random acts of violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Later, the plebeians realized that Rome couldn’t defend themselves without the plebeian soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>The plebeian soldiers refused to fight until they got a say in government. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Slaves <ul><li>Slaves were used a lot in the later years of the empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The slaves did labor for no money at all. </li></ul><ul><li>The slaves put many farmers out of business because people just used slaves to do there gardening instead of hiring farmers to garden. </li></ul>
  33. 33. The most important idea that I learned about ancient Rome <ul><li>The idea I think is most important was the Roman’s achievements because the inventions in Rome made life better and more comfortable in ancient Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, some of our inventions are made from the same concept of the Roman invention, ours are just more modern. </li></ul><ul><li>Their system of laws were fair and applied to all citizen not just one class. </li></ul>