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    312 312 Presentation Transcript

    • Geography
    • Location
      • Rome is located on a peninsula which is now present day, Italy. Rome was built on 7 hills on the banks of the Tiber River.
      • This peninsula extended from Southern Europe to the Mediterranean region.
      • The French Alps is the mountain range that separated Rome from the rest of Europe. Another mountain range close to Rome was the Apennines.
    • Geographical features
      • Rome had many geographical features such as mountains, rivers, plains,deserts, and seas.
      • Some of these features acted as protection and some acted as isolation.
      • The terrain around Rome varied in different places.
      • The land around the Mediterranean was arable land or land that was good for farming.
    • Expansion
      • The Roman Empire at its greatest size consisted of all of the Mediterranean region, all of Southern Europe, Macedonia, Asia Minor, Syria, parts of Egypt and some of Northern Africa.
      • Rome conquered Gaul and Spain.
      • The Romans had three big wars with the Carthage people. These wars were called the Punic wars.
    • Climate
      • In the Roman Empire, the climate varied in different places.
      • The climate in the northern part of the empire was cold.
      • The climate in the middle part of the empire was perfect for farming.
      • The climate in the southern part of the empire was hot
    • Religion
    • Christianity
      • Christianity was spread around the empire by a man named Paul.
      • Paul first traveled to Cypress and Asia Minor. He built churches and made disciples in his travels.
      • Paul traveled to many countries such as Macedonia, Rome, Europe, Persia and Northern Africa.
    • Judaism
      • Judaism was a religion that originated in Judea.
      • When Judea was conquered by Rome, the people were offered Roman citizenship.
      • Under the rule of Trajan, there was a Jewish revolt. Trajan was not able to react fast enough, by the time Trajan reacted 200,000 non-Jews were killed.
    • Roman religion
      • In the Roman Empire, the people worshipped many gods and goddesses
      • Each god or goddess had a special reason why they were worshipped.
      • For example, they would worship Mars before going into battle.
    • Religious conflicts
      • During some Roman rules, there were religious conflicts.
      • One of the religious conflict was the Jewish revolt.
      • Another conflict happened under the rule of Nero, Nero would burn the Christians or feed them to the lions.
    • Achievements
    • Aqueducts
      • The Romans learned how to store huge amounts of water and transport it around by using aqueducts.
      • Aqueducts helped Roman people greatly because that’s the way they got their water.
      • Aqueducts today are still a way people get their water.
    • System of laws
      • The Romans developed a system of laws that apply to all people not just one class.
      • The punishments for breaking the law were equal for all people.
      • The first set of Romans laws were called the Twelve Tables.
      • Today, the laws we have are fair and equally punished like Rome’s laws
    • System of roads
      • The Romans created a system of paved roads.
      • These roads were used for transportation and trade.
      • Today, our roads were influenced by the Romans roads.
    • Military organization
      • The Roman military was not only strong but they were also large in numbers and organized.
      • This army could easily crush other armies, this is why the Roman empire grew so large.
      • Our military has some tactics that were formed by the Roman tactics.
    • Politics
    • Etruscan kings
      • At first, Rome was ruled by people called the Etruscans.
      • These people ruled with the form of government called monarchy, this meant ruled by kings.
      • The Etruscans had three kings that ruled instead of one king with all the power.
    • Roman Republic
      • The Roman Republic had three parts of government. This was called the tripartite government.
      • The three parts of this government were the senate, the magistrates, and the assemblies.
      • The government had two side: the Republicans and the Democrats.
    • Augustus
      • Augustus was the adopted son of Julius Caesar.
      • He was a great ruler. He made life in Rome better.
      • He also made an era of peace called the Pax Romana.
    • Trajan
      • Trajan was born around 53 c.e. in a Roman province in Spain.
      • Trajan took a career in the military and had many successful campaigns.
      • Later he became Nerva’s successor.
      • When Nerva died in 98 c.e. Trajan took over.
    • Hortensia
      • Hortensia was born into a rich patrician family. She was given a great education.
      • When she grew up, she became interested in public speaking.
      • She thought that Roman woman deserved better rights.
      • She was one of the reasons Roman woman got better rights.
    • The fall of Rome
      • The Roman Empire fell because of political failure and fall in economy.
      • During the later years of the empire, the emperors became targets of assassination.
      • Because of this, people struggled to gain order over the empire.
      • During all these political troubles, the barbarians were planning to attack Rome.
      • When they attacked, they left Rome in pieces. The barbarians took over half of the once great Roman Empire
    • Economy
    • Roman economy
      • Roman economy was based on slaves in the later years of the empire.
      • The concerns of Rome’s economy was feeding the many people in Rome.
      • Rome’s economy was dominated by trade and agriculture.
    • Currency
      • The currency used in the Roman Empire were coins.
      • These coins were made out of gold, silver, and bronze.
      • On the back of these coins, there was text that stated the emperor’s achievements.
    • Trade
      • Rome traded by using paved roads and sea routes.
      • The most important port was Ostia because it was closest to Rome.
      • Rome traded mostly with Spain, France, and the Middle East.
    • Inflation
      • The Roman economy suffered greatly from inflation. Inflation was the raising of prices.
      • Once the Romans stopped conquering, the flow of gold decreased.
      • As people kept spending money, the coin became worth less.
      • To make up for this, merchants rose the price of the goods they sold.
    • Roman social structure
    • Plebeians
      • Plebeians were the most common people in Rome.
      • Plebeians were the lower class In Rome.
      • The plebeians made up 90 percent of Rome’s population.
      • Some plebeians were wealthy but most plebeians were farmers or artisans.
    • Patricians
      • Patricians were the wealthier class of ancient Rome.
      • Patricians took pride in belonging to a wealthy family.
      • The early Roman government strongly favored the Patricians.
    • Plebeians rebel
      • The plebeians first started to rebel by performing random acts of violence.
      • Later, the plebeians realized that Rome couldn’t defend themselves without the plebeian soldiers.
      • The plebeian soldiers refused to fight until they got a say in government.
    • Slaves
      • Slaves were used a lot in the later years of the empire.
      • The slaves did labor for no money at all.
      • The slaves put many farmers out of business because people just used slaves to do there gardening instead of hiring farmers to garden.
    • The most important idea that I learned about ancient Rome
      • The idea I think is most important was the Roman’s achievements because the inventions in Rome made life better and more comfortable in ancient Rome.
      • Today, some of our inventions are made from the same concept of the Roman invention, ours are just more modern.
      • Their system of laws were fair and applied to all citizen not just one class.