Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Chapter 8 theo
Chapter 8 theo
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Chapter 8 theo


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Madeline Schmidt<br />3-15-2010<br />Chapter 8 Outline<br />
    • The High Middle Ages: High times, low times
    • 2. A new world in the making: cities and powerful kings
    • 3. Urban culture on the rise
    • 4. The monastic spur to urban growth
    • 5. Cistercians- founded in 1098 as a reformed offshoot of the Benedictines developed new agricultural techniques- ways of draining swamps and the use of crop rotation
    • 6. The growth o f trade and crafts
    • 7. Guilds- regulated the training of those who were learning a trade and at the same time got a fair price for the guild members work
    • 8. Kings and Nations on the rise
    • 9. Church institutions flourish
    • 10. A reforming papacy and clergy
    • 11. The battle over lay investiture
    • 12. Gregory VII – (hide brand) became pope in 1073 wanted to free the church from secular control
    • 13. Lay investiture- the practice by which a high-ranking lay person could appoint bishops or abbots “investing” them with power and requiring their loyalty
    • 14. Henry IV – German emperor who objected to the popes ruling
    • 15. Concordat of Worms- whereby the emperor agreed that rulers would no longer have the right to appoint bishops; all bishops would be elevated and consecrated by church authority
    • 16. A strong papacy
    • 17. Innocent III- most powerful medieval pope
    • 18. Papal elections
    • 19. College of cardinals- a group o f bishops from the area around Rome would meet to elect the pope by a 2/3 vote
    • 20. Reform for priests
    • 21. Celibacy- not marrying
    • 22. Sacraments- baptism confirmation the Eucharist reconciliation anointing of the sick marriage and holy orders
    • 23. Beauty and inspiration in the cathedrals
    • 24. Cathedrals- provided focal points for peoples lives and work
    • 25. Romanesque- named after the roman style
    • 26. Gothic
    • 27. Flying buttresses
    • 28. Choir- the front enclosure that was reserved for the priests and monks who sang and recited the divine office
    • 29. Divine office- the series of psalms and prayers organized for use during each liturgical season
    • 30. Nave- the main room was used for the common peoples mass and in a section of the nave was the font for baptisms
    • 31. Universities born from cathedrals
    • 32. From the cathedral schools
    • 33. University- teachers and students began to group together to study some of the classical subjects
    • 34. University life medieval style
    • 35. Help from Muslim scholars
    • 36. A church divided zeal misguided
    • 37. The split between east and west
    • 38. A buildup of differences
    • 39. The final break
    • 40. Michael Cerularius- the patriarch of Constantinople