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The
                              PreciPice
                      PreciPice
                               The

Jessica Ma...
C ONTENTS




            Project
              Need
              Focus
              Location
            Site
         ...
“So it was only when your world was threated with destruction that you be-
came what you are now. That’s where we are. You...
P ROJECT N EED
                                                                   2.4%   1.1%
                           W...
P ROJECT F OCUS
             7R WKLV HQG D PXVHXP IRFXVLQJ RQ WKH HOHPHQWV DQG WKHLU DWWULEXWHV LV WKH ÀUVW VWHS LQ FUHDW-...
P ROJECT F OCUS   Taking a closer look at the elements, we can see how
                          the elements can translat...
P ROJECT F OCUS



                                                                                           Freshwater l...
P ROJECT L OCATION

                                                                                                      ...
“Chicago society loves beautiful things; it is
        stirred by noble sentiments and pursues its
                    mor...
CHICAGO ILLINOIS
             The site for the museum rests on the shores of Lake Michigan.
             Chicago showcases...
KL-
                                                                                SKYLINE   FDJR DOVR ODV FODLP WR ÀYH R...
SITE SELECTION
            Being a water museum, the site should be on the shore of Lake Michi-
                          ...
SHEDD AQUARIUM

NORTHERLY ISLAND
                                                                        E Solidarity Dr

...
ENTERTAINMENT
SITE  CLIMATE                              MIXED USE
                                            RESIDENTIAL...
PROGRAM  CONCEPTS
                     “In order to succeed we must fail, so that you
                                    ...
PROGRAM ANALYSIS
               The program employs accepted museum spaces, such as a gift shop, restaurants,
            ...
BREAKING     TUNNEL        SLICED
CONCEPT GENERATION   Different conceptual forms on how to
                     approach ...
Acting as a drop of wa-
                      ter, the main building is                         The building sits at the b...
All program spaces
                              are located within
                            the ground, with site
    ...
LIFTED EDENover the program, creating a glowing box from within the ground.
The ground comes
Pro: Integration with site
Co...
The roof becomes an extensive green
                                                      URRI VHHPLQJO ÁRDWLQJ DERYH WKH ...
The meshing wall is set away
                          from the exterior curtain
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
                     ...
DEVELOPMENT
              The interior spaces are
              RSHQ DQG ÁXLG DOORZLQJ IRU
              people from one e...
Progression across the island is im-
                                                           portant to the success of ...
DEVELOPMENT



              The interior environments have gone
              through massive development as
            ...
INTERIOR DEVELOPMENT




                       Interior environments were explored
                       through use of ...
INTERIOR DEVELOPMENT




                       Each space will evoke a different feeling.
DEVELOPMENT
  NTERIOR




              While all elements were under consider-
              ation, water quickly became ...
DEVELOPMENT
  NTERIOR




         Each element offers
         views to the infamous
         skyline of Chicago.
“Make no little plans.
             They have no magic to stir men’s
            blood and themselves will probably
      ...
POSITION


                                                                                                              U...
PHYSICAL POSITION   The structure itself will form a connection with the city of Chicago, creating an
                    ...
SETTING POSITION



                                                                                                      ...
The overall design of
         the site is integral to the
         success of the project.
         The building is set t...
3DUNLQJ LV DYDLODEOH RQ WKH PXVHXP FDPSXV NHHSLQJ WKH LVODQG IUHH RI PRWRU WUDIÀF 7KLV ZLOO
          keep the island a ha...
NORTHERLY ISLAND
Program through-
        out the museum is
        seperated onto dif-
        IHUHQW ÁRRUV JLYLQJ
        each element it...
SITE  BUILDING SECTION      7KH EXLOGLQJ ÁRDWV DERYH WKH VLWH VSURXWLQJ IURP WKH HDUWK WR VKRZFDVH LWVHOI WR WKH KRUL]RQ

...
SYSTEMS
GEOTHERMAL
                                                                                       Geothermal power (from t...
LV WKH ÀHOG RI WHFKQRORJ DQG UHVHDUFK
                                                                                    ...
WIND TURBINE
            Tidal power, sometimes called tidal energy, is a form of         Wind power is the conversion of ...
CLOSED SYSTEM
RAIN GARDE   A rain garden is a depression in the landscape designed to        Living Machine is a trademark...
COMPOST




                                                                                                              ...
SYSTEMS SECTION
                        Roof
                      165’-0”




                  Geothermal
              ...
ROOF SECTION



               Ground Cover

               Pre-Oxydized
               Cor-Ten Steel
               Angle...
Solar Photovoltaic




               Geothermal
SYSTEMS




                      Wiind
                      Windd
 ITE
...
Mesh Skin Detail
                                                                                                         ...
UNDERSTANDING
INTERIOR POSITION




                            CONCEPT DIAGRAM


                    Interaction.     The...
7                       6
                                                                       5
                       ...
Onyx Sample

        The New Horizon. This space has the primary museum functions like a museum
        FDIH D IXOO JLIW V...
Onyx Sample     Column Acrylic Sample


      Wind. Here, people will learn about the power of wind. The different ways
  ...
Onyx Sample   Column Acrylic Sample



       (YHU ÁRRU LQ WKH PXVHXP LV OLW IURP XQGHUQHDWK ZLWK D FRPELQDWLRQ RI
       ...
10’x 10’ x 1/4” Onyx Tile
                                         Flooring
FLOORING ASSEMBLY


                          ...
The Element Exhibits are
      formed acrylic displays
      with LED touch screen in-
      teractive displays grafted
  ...
Onyx Sample Column Acrylic Sample



            7UHDWPHQW 7KLV ÁRRU GLVFXVVHV KRZ ZH FXUUHQWO WUHDW WKH HDUWK DQG WKH HOH...
The museum also has a supply          The




                                                                            ...
Thank you to all my professors that pushed me to keep striving for
          more. Especially, thank you to Paul Wang for ...
HARNESS THE HORIZON
        THE OR
             OR
The Precipice Water Museum
Jessica Mallo
Graduate Project
www.jrmallo.c...
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio
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Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio

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A condensed version of my final graduate studio project book.

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Transcript of "Mallo.Graduate.Portfolio"

  1. 1. The PreciPice PreciPice The Jessica Mallo
  2. 2. C ONTENTS Project Need Focus Location Site Image History Analysis Precedent Field Museum Newseum NewCity Park Project NYC 2012 Olympic Park Program & Concepts The Precipice Museum
  3. 3. “So it was only when your world was threated with destruction that you be- came what you are now. That’s where we are. You say we’re on the brink of GHVWUXFWLRQ DQG RX·UH ULJKW %XW LW·V RQO RQ WKH EULQN WKDW SHRSOH ÀQG WKH ZLOO WR change. Only at the precipice do we evolve. This is our moment.” The Day the Earth Stood Still Earth is in crisis. In recent years, there has been an upsurge in severe weather, loss of natural energy sources, and concern over an imminent climate shift. It is up to humanity to educate itself about earth’s natural resources. The popula- tion must learn how to use these to fuel and infuse our lives in order to purify our activities and our world. It is essential to create a site to combine elemental HGXFDWLRQ DQG UHVHDUFK³D QHHG IRU DQ LQLWLDO KXE WR H[WHQG WKH HGLÀFDWLRQ throughout the world.
  4. 4. P ROJECT N EED 2.4% 1.1% World primary energy consumption Global oil consumption grew by 1.1% in increased by 2.4% in 2007. 2007. The average person in the United States Roughly 70 percent of an adult’s body is made up of water. 70% 100 uses anywhere from 80-100 gallons of water per day. Flushing the toilet actually takes up the largest amount of this water. Solar electricity generating capacity has X2 Geothermal, wind and solar electricity generation combined, accounts for approxi- mately 1.5% of global electricity generation. 1.5% on average nearly doubled every two years since 1996. The daily requirement for sanitation, bathing, and cooking needs, as well as for assuring survival, is about 13.2 gallons per person. 13.2 3,575 3.575 million people die each year from water-related disease. U.S. gas consumption increased 6.5% in 2007. The growth in global wind power gener- The US accounted for the largest incremental growth in the world in both 6.5% 26.5% ating capacity accelerated to 26.5% in 2007, with cumulative capacity reaching 94 GW at the end of last year. consumption and production. 75% 326 Somewhere between 70 and 75 percent of The total amount of water on the earth is the earth’s surface is covered with water about 326 million cubic miles of water.
  5. 5. P ROJECT F OCUS 7R WKLV HQG D PXVHXP IRFXVLQJ RQ WKH HOHPHQWV DQG WKHLU DWWULEXWHV LV WKH ÀUVW VWHS LQ FUHDW- ing a cleaner world. A building set to create a new mindset within each of us is needed. This outlook will lead to a time where man uses natural elements to create energy and FOHDQ WKH SODQHW /RRNLQJ DW WKH PDLQ HOHPHQWV HDUWK DLU ÀUH DQG ZDWHU , JHQHUDWHG WKH energy components that correlate to those elements. Each of these will be displayed in the museum, discussing how they effect humanity through interaction, sports, life, and energy. EARTH WATER AIR FIRE
  6. 6. P ROJECT F OCUS Taking a closer look at the elements, we can see how the elements can translate to energy. After converting the elements, it’s clear that our most im- portant element is water. Without it, we cannot survive. This Element Conversion simple fact presses the major focus of this museum toward water, how important the element is to our survival, and how this element relates and reacts to the other elements. Water is the base of life which will help us build a new horizon for life. INTERACTION Fire Solar Earth Geothermal SPORTS Water Tidal LIFE Air Wind Through the combination of the elements we ÀQG WKH EDVH RI OLIH RQ HDUWK 7KURXJK WKH combination of natural energy sources, we will form the new horizon of man. Base of Life New Horizon ENERGY
  7. 7. P ROJECT F OCUS Freshwater lakes, most notably Lake Baikal in Russia and the Great Lakes in North America, contain Of this three percent, about two- seven-eighths of this thirds of this is frozen in glaciers fresh surface water. Swamps have and polar ice caps. Most most of the balance with only a of the rest is underground and only small amount in rivers, most nota- bly the Amazon River. 0.3 % is surface water. Of all the water on Earth, only three percent of it is freshwater in nature.
  8. 8. P ROJECT L OCATION Stockholm Helsinki Copenhagen Moscow London Amsterdam Vancouver Berlin Paris Zurich Budapest Toronto Beijing Madrid Rome Istanbul New York Tokyo San Francisco Chicago Washington, DC Athens Los Angeles Tel Aviv Delhi Cairo Dubai Hong Kong Mexico City Dakar Bogota Nairobi Rio de Janeiro Sydney Buenos Aires Cape Town 7R ÀQG WKH ORFDWLRQ RI WKH QHZ KRUL]RQ , IRFXVHG RQ WKH ZRUOG·V ODUJHW FROOHFWLRQ RI IUHVK ZDWHU WKH *UHDW /DNHV RI 1RUWK $PHULFD 7KH VKRUHV RI WKLV FROOHFWLRQ LV KRPH WR PDQ PDMRU KLFDJR ,OOLQRLV KDV GHGLFDWHG LWVHOI WR WKH SXULÀFDWLRQ RI WKH (DUWK PDNLQJ LWVHOI DZDUH DQG FLWLHV EXW RQO RQH VWDQGV RXW DV D OHDGHU LQ WKH HQYLURQPHQWDO PRYHPHQW HYHU PLQGIXO RI LWV· PRVW LPSRUWDQW VRXUFH RI OLIH /DNH 0LFKLJDQ
  9. 9. “Chicago society loves beautiful things; it is stirred by noble sentiments and pursues its moral perfection . . . In a word, it is rising.” Baron Pierre de Coubertin Founder of the modern Olympic Movement SITE “Chicago is a great city today because we’ve had leaders of vision. But vision alone is not enough. In Chicago, we don’t just dream. We do.” Richard M. Daley Mayor of Chicago
  10. 10. CHICAGO ILLINOIS The site for the museum rests on the shores of Lake Michigan. Chicago showcases plenty of public green areas along its’ shoreline, keeping the water open for everyone’s use and placing elements of education and fun on the shore, like Navy Pier (a collection of shops and entertainment activities) and the main museum campus. Known for its’ dedication to VXVWDLQDELOLW KLFDJR·V RIÀFLDO PRWWR 8UEV LQ +RUWR FLW LQ D garden) and independent signature of the Kyoto Protocol UHÁHFWV WKH FLW·V KLVWRULF HQYLURQPHQWDO OHDGHUVKLS PDNLQJ LW the right location for the museum. MAP OF CITY NODES There are many important points of interest within the city limits of downtown Chicago. CONNECTION NAVY PIER These points include: Navy Pier, Millenium Park, Soldier Field (home of the Chicago Bears), the Filed Museum, Shedd Aquarium, Adler Planetarium,Universtiy of Illinois Chicago Campus, DQG WKH 0DJQLÀFHQW 0LOH WKH PDLQ VWUHWFK RI GHSDUWPHQW VWRUHV DORQJ 0LFKLJDQ $YH
  11. 11. KL- SKYLINE FDJR DOVR ODV FODLP WR ÀYH RI WKH WRS WHQ WDOOHVW EXLOGLQJV LQ WKH 8QLWHG 6WDWHV LQFOXGLQJ WKH John Hancock Center, the Aon Center, ATT Corporate Center, Trump International Hotel and Tower, and, the Sears Tower, which stands as the tallest builidng in the US and seventh tallest building in the world.
  12. 12. SITE SELECTION Being a water museum, the site should be on the shore of Lake Michi- 1909 CITY PLANNER DANIEL H. BURNHAM’S “PLAN OF CHI- CAGO” CALLS FOR THE CREATION OF NORTHERLY ISLAND, gan. Chicago hosts a reknown museum campus, home to the Adler THE NORTHERNMOST OF FIVE ISLANDS STRETCHING FROM Planetarium, Shedd Aquarium, and Field Museum. Having a set area for the education of Chicago, it seemed natural to look to place the GRANT PARK TO 51ST STREET, TO BE USED FOR WATER SPORTS. new museum close by. After study of the region, I found that the man-made island is currently vacant open land. As a focal point in 1922-25 the proposed development for the 2016 Olympic bid, it was clear THE ISLAND IS BUILT UNDER A LAKEFRONT IMPROVEMENT that the site was seeking a project to rejuvinate the area. It’s location PLAN. and history made Northerly Island the right site for this new project. 1933 NORTHERLY ISLAND IS THE SITE OF A BOTANICAL EXHIBIT FOR THE CENTURY OF PROGRESS WORLD’S FAIR. WATER FILTRATION PLANT 1935 LOCAL PUBLISHER MERRILL C. MEIGS RECOMMENDS TURN- ING THE ISLAND INTO AN AIRPORT; ILLINOIS AND CHIAGO NAVY PIER GIVE AUTHORIZATION. CHICAGO SPIRE (UNDER 1948 CONSTRUCTION) NORTHERLY ISLAND AIRPORT OPENS. IT IS RENAMED MEIGS FIELD A YEAR LATER. 1974 MILLENIUM PARK MAYOR RICHARD J. DALEY UNOFFICIALLY PROPOSES TURN- ING MEIGS INTO A LAKEFRONT PARK. GRANT PARK 1996 RICHARD M. DALEY AND THE CHICAGO PARK DISTRICT ANNOUNCE PLANS FOR THE PARK. BUCKINGHAM FOUNTAIN 2001 ILLINOIS AND DALEY CUT A NEW DEAL TO REVAMP O’HARE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT WHILE ALLOWING MEIGS TO RE- MUSEUM CAMPUS MAIN OPEN UNTIL 2006. SHEDD AQUARIUM 2003 FIELD MUSEUM CITYWORKERS TEAR APART MEIGS RUNWAY IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT. ADLER PLANETARIUM CHARTER ONE PAVILLION 2005 SOLDIER FIELD NORTHERLY ISLAND IS AN OPEN PARKLAND WITH A WILDLIFE BIRD SANCTUARY. 2006-2009 NORTHERLY ISLAND CHARTER ONE PAVILLION, A TEMPORARY CONCERT VENUE, HOSTS SUMMER EVENTS. 2008 MCCORMICK PLACE NORTHERLY ISLAND IS PART OF PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT FOR 2016 OLYMPIC BID.
  13. 13. SHEDD AQUARIUM NORTHERLY ISLAND E Solidarity Dr FIELD MUSEUM E McFetridge Dr F Lake Shore Drive S Museum Campus Drive ADLER PLANETARIUM E Waldron Dr a E 18th Dr 12TH STREET BEACH CHARTER ONE PAVILLION MCCORMICK PLACE SITE APPROACH SOLDIER FIELD
  14. 14. ENTERTAINMENT SITE CLIMATE MIXED USE RESIDENTIAL LITTLE ITALY CHINATOWN Being the “Windy City,” Chicago’s wind was exam- Entertainment ined. This diagram Mixed Use shows the direc- Residential LAND USE tion and intensity Little Italy that the wind will Chinatown come across the Subway site. The strongest Train winds come from Major Road the southwest. Lesser Road The site and cli- mate were the next examined. SUBWAY Land use, subway and major road- way routes, and D ÀJXUH JURXQG study are all produced. This helped examine WKH ODQG DQG ÀQG SEASONAL WIND DIRECTION AND INTENSITY the best place- ment for a new project. MAJOR ROADWAY The direction of the sun must also be examined to discover how it will effect the site . Each of these dia- grams was used to ÀQG WKH RSWLPXP placement on the site for the environ- mentaly conscious SUN DIRECTION DIAGRAM FIGURE GROUND musuem.
  15. 15. PROGRAM CONCEPTS “In order to succeed we must fail, so that you know what to do the next time.” Anthony J. D’Angelo “Nothing will be attempted LI DOO SRVVLEOH REMHFWLRQV PXVW ÀUVW be overcome.” Samuel Johnson
  16. 16. PROGRAM ANALYSIS The program employs accepted museum spaces, such as a gift shop, restaurants, RIÀFH DUHD FRQIHUHQFH URRPV FODVVURRPV DQG JDOOHU DQG H[KLELWLRQ VSDFHV ZKLOH housing an atypical program consisting of extensive research and innovative energy collection and production techniques for the elements. MUSEUM GALLERY OFFICE SHOP SYSTEMS RESEARCH GREEN ROOF Horizon - Exhibition Info Desk Gift Shop Restroom Labs Fire - Solar Director Off. Cafe Storage Treatment Earth - Geothermal $VVW 2IÀFH Mech/Elec Library Air - Wind Staff Lounge Water - Tidal Conference 89000 Sq Ft 1300 Sq Ft 3200 Sq Ft 2100 Sq Ft 6000 Sq Ft 132500 Sq Ft TOTAL SQUARE FOOTAGE = 234,100 ARRANGEMENT OF SITE ACTIVITIES STACKING OF FUNCTION The entire site must be developed and programed. Setting nodes at various points across WKH LVODQG ZLOO KHOS GUDZ SHGHVWULDQ WUDIÀF DOORZLQJ SHRSOH WR H[SORUH WKH LVODQG IURP RQH PROGRAM CIRCULATION end to the other while experiencing different aspects at each node. For circulation, I want the project to have one main entry/exit point, allowing users to circulate through the gallery spaces one at a time before ending at the point where they entered.
  17. 17. BREAKING TUNNEL SLICED CONCEPT GENERATION Different conceptual forms on how to approach the project, the site, and the THROUGH LEARNING SITE program spaces were generated. These FRQFHSWV ÀW LQWR IRXU FDWHJRULHV RQ KRZ to address the building and site; island, dig in, build up, combination. Each design was explored through site, sec- tion, and model. What follows is the ex- ploration through these forms. WRAPPED FLOATING PEELED PROGRAM LAKE AWAY ISLAND TWISTED SPLITING FOLDING TOWER SITE SITE ENDS
  18. 18. Acting as a drop of wa- ter, the main building is The building sits at the base a tower above the site, of the island, ceating a des- while the smaller gallery tination point forcing people across the length of the site. FLOW spaces ripple out into RIPPLE the earth. 7KH EXLOGLQJ ÁRZV XSZDUG Pro: Tower stands out making a beacon in the Con: Spaces too water. spread out in “ripple” 3UR )UHHÁRZLQJ IRUP SUR- effect motes organic quality Con: Too far set into island EAST-WEST SECTION EAST-WEST SECTION NORTH-SOUTH SECTION SECTION B NORTH-SOUTH SECTION
  19. 19. All program spaces are located within the ground, with site and groundcover weaving up, over, and through the building, fusing earth with education. Pro: Integration with site Con: Not enough of a statement EAST-WEST SECTION WEAVE NORTH-SOUTH SECTION
  20. 20. LIFTED EDENover the program, creating a glowing box from within the ground. The ground comes Pro: Integration with site Con: Need more of a statement Solution: Lift above the site
  21. 21. The roof becomes an extensive green URRI VHHPLQJO ÁRDWLQJ DERYH WKH HDUWK PROJECT DEVELOPMENT on the transparent building. The steel IUDPLQJ ÀWV WRJHWKHU RQ DQG DURXQG WKH VWHHO FROXPQV 6WHHO PHVK ZDV ÀUVW H[- plored to make the exterior plates. The structure was concieved to be a steel modular system. This would allow the construction of the project to be more simple and the production of the frame work would result in less waste, as one mold could make mul- tiple parts of the entire building. These diagrams, made at dif- ferent phases of the design pro- cess, demonstrate the layers of the building, including the exte- rior meshing, the roof, the steel VWUXFWXUH DQG WKH ÁRRU SODWHV
  22. 22. The meshing wall is set away from the exterior curtain PROJECT DEVELOPMENT wall system. This allows for a natural air ventilation system.
  23. 23. DEVELOPMENT The interior spaces are RSHQ DQG ÁXLG DOORZLQJ IRU people from one end to the other to see each other. The entry is transparent, al- lowing those outside and inside to see each other and to see the amount of activity going on. Throughout project devel- opment, the building sec- tion has evolved. Struc- ture became a driving force of the exterior form. ROJECT
  24. 24. Progression across the island is im- portant to the success of the project. Different paths and layouts of island activity were explored. The museum rises above the landscape. SITE DEVELOPMENT
  25. 25. DEVELOPMENT The interior environments have gone through massive development as well. Each element was considered unique and many studies were con- ducted on an apporopriate way to showcase them. Materials, displays and method of progression were al considered and changed time and time again. Materialization and Space Study. Each ele- ment is seperated and each has a unique ma- terial choice and spatial experience. NTERIOR
  26. 26. INTERIOR DEVELOPMENT Interior environments were explored through use of material and color.
  27. 27. INTERIOR DEVELOPMENT Each space will evoke a different feeling.
  28. 28. DEVELOPMENT NTERIOR While all elements were under consider- ation, water quickly became the focus of the project. This element seems to be the base of all life, becoming the most impor- tant, underlying element. For this reason, a focal waterfeature was envisioned to provide the visual and emotional link to the most precious element.
  29. 29. DEVELOPMENT NTERIOR Each element offers views to the infamous skyline of Chicago.
  30. 30. “Make no little plans. They have no magic to stir men’s blood and themselves will probably not be realized... ...Make big plans; aim high in hope.” PRECIPICE Daniel Burnham Architect, Civic Planner THE
  31. 31. POSITION URBAN HORIZON ONCEPTUAL Forming the New Horizon. The horizon, as we know it, is the point of culmination of air and water. The museum is the new line that shows where all of the elements converge with humanity to make a new to- morrow and effecting the urban horizon forever. The museum itself is a GENERATOR AND PRODUCT water jewel on the leaf, acting as both generator and product. Finally, the musuem will set focus on how the elements effect one another, espe- cially in how water reacts with each element. ELEMENTS EFFECT JEWEL ON THE LEAF
  32. 32. PHYSICAL POSITION The structure itself will form a connection with the city of Chicago, creating an icon for the city. The building looks to combine nature with technology, as well as innovative materials, to create an environmental sculpture to house the new horizon. ICON NATURE BUILDING TECHNOLOGY
  33. 33. SETTING POSITION FEED THE SPROUT SUPPORT THE PROGRAM CONCEPT DIAGRAM Cradle to Cradle. The site itself is set to work as a cradle to cradle space, where everything that comes into and out of the space stays within its’ system. The island becomes the leaf holding the water jewel, feeding its’ growth. The site is the support of the program, holding all the issues equally for the public to investigate. LEAF HOLDING THE JEWEL PROMOTE GROWTH
  34. 34. The overall design of the site is integral to the success of the project. The building is set to the northern portion of the island, keeping it close to the island’s entrance and within reasonable walk- ing distance of campus parking. Ramps to the 4. PRECIPICE Precipice Museum and 1. ADLER PLANETARIUM 2. 12TH STREET BEACH 3. CHARTER ONE PAVILLION its’ extensive green roof vista wrap around the new Charter One Pavil- lion. The building is set on a Northwest/Southeast 1 axis to capture the stron- gest winds, which come 2 7 6 across the island from the 4 southwest. An extensive 8 SDWK ÁRZV IURP WKH URRI of the museum out over 5. PATHWAYS Lake Michigan. This over- 3 10 9 hang provides opportu- nity for tidal energy to be 11 harnessed, as well as a SITE DESIGN chance for visitors to walk on the water that is vital 12 to our existance, provid- 1. Adler Planetarium 5 ing great views of both 2. 12th Street Beach Chicago and Lake Michi- 3. Charter One Pavillion 4. Precipice gan so people can re- 5. Open Pathways ÁHFW RQ RXU GHSHQGDQFH 6. Sculpture Park 6. SCULPTURE PARK 7. Water Filtration on the vast blue lifeline. 8. Planting Fields 7. WATER FILTRATION 9. Wildlife Reserve ROOF PLAN 10. Rain Garden SITE PLAN 11. Natural Planting 12. Burnham Harbor Yacht Club 12. BURNHAM HARBOR YACHT CLUB 11. NATURAL PLANTING 10. RAIN GARDEN 9. WILDLIFE RESERVE 8. PLANTING FIELDS
  35. 35. 3DUNLQJ LV DYDLODEOH RQ WKH PXVHXP FDPSXV NHHSLQJ WKH LVODQG IUHH RI PRWRU WUDIÀF 7KLV ZLOO keep the island a haven for the earth and lead to less emissions being released. Public tran- sit already runs to the site, including the city bus system, the free trolley system, as well as the Chicago Water Taxi, which runs from April through October. Museum Parking Spaces 5,000 Number of Daily Trolley Riders 2,600 PARKING Number of Daily Bus Riders 1,000,000 Number of Daily Subway Riders 620,000 1,000,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2.000 Public Parking Current Chicago Public Transit Use Bus/Trolley Stops
  36. 36. NORTHERLY ISLAND
  37. 37. Program through- out the museum is seperated onto dif- IHUHQW ÁRRUV JLYLQJ each element its’ own space to dis- cuss itself. (DFK ÁRRU WKHQ KDV different exhibit environments where interactive LED dis- plays allow users to interact and learn about that element, how it effects us and how we effect it, and how it is and can be used for energy to fuel our lives. PLANS The basement level provides labs, class- room space, con- ference space, and a library for further education.
  38. 38. SITE BUILDING SECTION 7KH EXLOGLQJ ÁRDWV DERYH WKH VLWH VSURXWLQJ IURP WKH HDUWK WR VKRZFDVH LWVHOI WR WKH KRUL]RQ The building height allows for more space to capture wind energy as it passes across the site. The height of the columns also provides a visual connection to the geothermal energy harnessing going on far below the surface. EAST-WEST SITE SECTION NORTHEAST-SOUTHWEST SITE SECTION NORTHWEST-SOUTHEAST BUILDING SECTION
  39. 39. SYSTEMS
  40. 40. GEOTHERMAL Geothermal power (from the Greek roots geo, meaning SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC 3KRWRYROWDLFV 39
  41. 41. LV WKH ÀHOG RI WHFKQRORJ DQG UHVHDUFK earth, and thermos, meaning heat) is power extracted from heat stored in the earth. This geothermal energy originates related to the application of solar cells for energy by con- from the original formation of the planet, from radioactive verting sun energy (sunlight, including sun ultra violet radia- decay of minerals, and from solar energy absorbed at the tion) directly into electricity. Due to the growing demand surface. It has been used for space heating and bathing for clean sources of energy, the manufacture of solar cells since ancient roman times, but is now better known for and photovoltaic arrays has expanded dramatically in generating electricity. About 10 GW of geothermal electric recent years. capacity is installed around the world as of 2007, generat- ing 0.3% of global electricity demand. An additional 28 GW Photovoltaic production has been doubling every 2 years, of direct geothermal heating capacity is installed for district increasing by an average of 48 percent each year since heating, space heating, spas, industrial processes, desalina- 2002, making it the world’s fastest-growing energy technol- tion and agricultural applications. ogy. At the end of 2008, the cumulative global PV instal- lations reached 15,200 megawatts. Roughly 90% of this Geothermal power is cost effective, reliable, and environ- generating capacity consists of grid-tied electrical systems. mentally friendly, but has previously been geographically Such installations may be ground-mounted (and sometimes limited to areas near tectonic plate boundaries. Recent integrated with farming and grazing) or built into the roof technological advances have dramatically expanded the or walls of a building, known as Building Integrated Photo- range and size of viable resources, especially for direct ap- voltaics or BIPV for short plications such as home heating. Geothermal wells tend to release greenhouse gases trapped deep within the earth, but these emissions are much lower than those of conven- tional fossil fuels. As a result, geothermal power has the po- tential to help mitigate global warming if widely deployed instead of fossil fuels. ARTH
  42. 42. WIND TURBINE Tidal power, sometimes called tidal energy, is a form of Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful V hydropower that converts the energy of tides into electricity form, such as electricity, using wind turbines. or other useful forms of power. Large-scale wind farms are typically connected to the local TIDAL/WA Although not yet widely used, tidal power has potential for electric power transmission network; smaller turbines are future electricity generation. Tides are more predictable used to provide electricity to isolated locations. Utility com- than wind energy and solar power. Historically, tide mills panies increasingly buy back surplus electricity produced have been used, both in Europe and on the Atlantic coast by small domestic turbines. Wind (and solar) energy as of the USA. power sources is favoured by environmentalists as an alter- 7LGDO SRZHU FDQ EH FODVVLÀHG LQWR WKUHH PDLQ WSHV native to fossil fuels, because they are plentiful, renewable, widely distributed, clean, and produce no greenhouse gas Tidal stream systems make use of the kinetic energy of mov- emissions; however, the construction of wind farms is not ing water to power turbines, in a similar way to windmills universally welcomed due to their visual impact and other that use moving air. This method is gaining in popularity effects on the environment. because of the lower cost and lower ecological impact compared to barrages. Wind power is non-dispatchable, meaning that for econom- Barrages make use of the potential energy in the difference ic operation all of the available output must be taken when in height (or head) between high and low tides. Barrages it is available, and other resources, such as hydropower, are essentially dams across the full width of a tidal estuary, must be used to match supply with demand. The intermit- and suffer from very high civil infrastructure costs, a world- tency of wind seldom creates problems when using wind wide shortage of viable sites, and environmental issues. power to supply a low proportion of total demand. Where Tidal lagoons, are similar to barrages, but can be construct- wind is to be used for a moderate fraction of demand, ad- ed as self contained structures, not fully across an estuary, ditional costs for compensation of intermittency are consid- and are claimed to incur much lower cost and impact ered to be modest. RYHUDOO )XUWKHUPRUH WKH FDQ EH FRQÀJXUHG WR JHQHUDWH continuously which is not the case with barrages. WATER IR
  43. 43. CLOSED SYSTEM RAIN GARDE A rain garden is a depression in the landscape designed to Living Machine is a trademark and brand name for a form FDWFK DQG ÀOWHU WKH ZDWHU WKDW UXQV RII RXU URRI SDUNLQJ ORW of biological wastewater treatment designed to mimic the and other impervious surfaces. cleansing functions of wetlands developed and marketed Rain gardens contains native plants, such as shrubs, grasses, by [1] Worrell Water Technologies, LC in Charlottesville, DQG ZLOGÁRZHUV WKDW KHOS DEVRUE DQG ÀOWHU UXQRII :LWK URRWV Va. The trademark Living Machine is owned by Dharma WKDW UHDFK GHHSHU LQWR WKH VRLO QDWLYH SODQWV SURPRWH LQÀO- Group, LC, the parent company of Worrell Water Tech- tration better than a shallow root system and can handle nologies. WKH GURXJKW ÁRRG VLWXDWLRQ WKH KDYH EHHQ SODQWHG LQ Slow it down, spread it out, soak it up! Through location, They are intensive bioremediation systems that can also ponding depth, and good drainage, rain gardens divert SURGXFH EHQHÀFLDO ESURGXFWV VXFK DV HGLEOH DQG RU- ZDWHU DZD IURP WKH VWRUP GUDLQ VVWHP DQG ÀOWHU LW LQWR WKH QDPHQWDO SODQWV DQG ÀVK $TXDWLF DQG ZHWODQG SODQWV ground. EDFWHULD DOJDH SURWR]RD SODQNWRQ VQDLOV FODPV ÀVK DQG RWKHU RUJDQLVPV DUH XVHG LQ WKH VVWHP WR SURYLGH VSHFLÀF LOCATION: Rain gardens are situated in a low spot in the cleansing or trophic functions. In temperate climates, the landscape so that they collect runoff. VVWHP RI WDQNV SLSHV DQG ÀOWHUV LV KRXVHG LQ D JUHHQKRXVH POND the Runoff: They are built up on the edges with a to raise the temperature, and thus the rate of biologi- berm so that a large amount of runoff can pool on the sur- cal activity. The initial development of living machines is face. generally credited to John Todd, and evolved out of the DRAINAGE: With a layer of gravel at the bottom of the gar- bioshelter concept developed at the now-defunct New GHQ WKH DUH YHU ZHOO GUDLQHG DQG FDQ ÀOWHU WKH ZDWHU EDFN Alchemy Institute. Living machine systems fall within the into the ground rapidly during and after a rain event. emerging discipline of ecological engineering, and many FILTER: By allowing water to collect, pond, evaporate and similar systems are built in Europe without being dubbed ÀOWHU WKRXJK QDWLYH SODQWV VRLO VDQG DQG JUDYHO LQWR WKH “Living Machines.” ground,, runoff is cleaned, transformed and minimized. WATER ATER
  44. 44. COMPOST ELEMENTS GREEN ROO Compost is a combination of food waste and brown A green roof is a roof of a building that is partially or waste that is being decomposed through aerobic de- completely covered with vegetation and soil, or a grow- composition into a rich black soil. The process of compost- LQJ PHGLXP SODQWHG RYHU D ZDWHUSURRÀQJ PHPEUDQH ing is simple and practiced by individuals in their homes, This does not refer to roofs which are merely colored farmers on their land, and industrially by cities. More green, as with green roof shingles. It may also include information about how to compost is found on the com- additional layers such as a root barrier and drainage posting page. and irrigation systems. Compost soil is very rich soil and used for many purposes. Container gardens on roofs, where plants are main- A few of the places that it is used are in gardens, land- tained in pots, are not generally considered to be true scaping, horticulture, and agriculture. The compost soil green roofs, although this is an area of debate. Rooftop LWVHOI LV EHQHÀFLDO IRU WKH ODQG LQ PDQ ZDV LQFOXGLQJ D VRLO ponds are another form of green roofs which are used to conditioner, a fertilizer to add vital humus or humic acids, treat greywater. and as a natural pesticide for soil. In ecosystems compost soil is useful for erosion control, land and stream reclama- The term green roof may also be used to indicate roofs WLRQ ZHWODQG FRQVWUXFWLRQ DQG DV ODQGÀOO FRYHU that use some form of “green” technology, such as solar panels or a photovoltaic module. Green roofs are also referred to as eco-roofs, vegetated roofs, living roofs, and greenroofs. ARTH
  45. 45. SYSTEMS SECTION Roof 165’-0” Geothermal 125’-0” Tidal 100’-0” UILDING Education 0’-0”
  46. 46. ROOF SECTION Ground Cover Pre-Oxydized Cor-Ten Steel Angle Drain Pipe Handrail Sheet Aluminum Trapezoidal- Section Ribbed Metal Sheeting Ceiling Structure GREEN ROOF DESIGN SECTION
  47. 47. Solar Photovoltaic Geothermal SYSTEMS Wiind Windd ITE TIdal
  48. 48. Mesh Skin Detail Torque Tube Mesh Skin Detail Moving Traction Track SSEMBLY Wall Panel Detail Exploded View The exterior wings are steel frame energy collectors. Each frame is set onto a torque tube/moving trac- tion track system which allows the frame to adjust forward or backward in order to gather more wind or sun energy, depending on where the wind or sun are strongest. The frames are LQVHW ZLWK HLWKHU D YHUWLFDO ZLQG WXUELQH ZHE RU D SKRWRYRODWLF ÀOP 7KH LQVHW ZLOO EH FKRVHQ depending on the position on the building and where the strongest wind/sun patterns occur for the site. Mesh Skin Detail
  49. 49. UNDERSTANDING INTERIOR POSITION CONCEPT DIAGRAM Interaction. The interior spaces provide the education of the INTERACTION elements, allowing the public a place for observation and interac- tion with the elements and their energy. This is where understand- ing occurs and, ultimately, the healing process for the earth and her elements begins. HEALING OBSERVATION
  50. 50. 7 6 5 11 10 9 8 4 1 2 1. Entry 3 2. Welcome Desk 3. Seating Level One Floor Plan 4. Gift Shop 5. Cafe INTERIOR ASSEMBLY 6. Cafe Seating 7. Admin 8. Restrooms/Mech/Elec. 9. Exhibition Bar 10. Wind Gallery 11. Solar Gallery 12. Geothermal Gallery 13. Tidal Gallery /HYHO 2QH 5HÁHFWHG HLOLQJ 3ODQ 14. Treatment Gallery 12 13 14 Level Two Floor Plan /HYHO 7ZR 5HÁHFWHG HLOLQJ 3ODQ
  51. 51. Onyx Sample The New Horizon. This space has the primary museum functions like a museum FDIH D IXOO JLIW VKRS DQG WKH DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ RIÀFHV 2SHQ DUHD LV GHYRWHG WR WUDYHOLQJ H[KLELWLRQV DOORZLQJ WKH PXVHXP WR DGDSW WR QHZ ÀQGLQJV LQ HQHUJ Floor Plan ENTRY 5HÁHFWHG HLOLQJ 3ODQ
  52. 52. Onyx Sample Column Acrylic Sample Wind. Here, people will learn about the power of wind. The different ways that we are able to harness the power to convert to energy for our own use LV D ODUJH SDUW RI WKLV ÁRRU·V GLVFXVVLRQ Floor Plan IND 5HÁHFWHG HLOLQJ 3ODQ
  53. 53. Onyx Sample Column Acrylic Sample (YHU ÁRRU LQ WKH PXVHXP LV OLW IURP XQGHUQHDWK ZLWK D FRPELQDWLRQ RI onyx tile, glass tile, and LED light pads. This creates an air of mystery and acts as a visual cue that people should cast no shadow upon the earth they live in, but instead help it to infuse their life. Floor Plan IDAL 5HÁHFWHG HLOLQJ 3ODQ
  54. 54. 10’x 10’ x 1/4” Onyx Tile Flooring FLOORING ASSEMBLY 10’x10’x6” Glass Tile 1” Clear Acrylic Water 1” LED Light Pad Pre-Cast Concrete Form 1” LED Light Pad Floor Plan 1” Steel Plate Steel Beam Steel Floor Framing
  55. 55. The Element Exhibits are formed acrylic displays with LED touch screen in- teractive displays grafted to the interior and exterior walls. This allows the users to walk through the ele- ment to learn more or to simply walk along the out- side of the form to gather information. The exhibits will discuss everything from how to interact with the element, how to use it for Element Exhibit Section life, to use for fun, and how to use it to heal the world. XHIBITS Interact Grow Fun Heal
  56. 56. Onyx Sample Column Acrylic Sample 7UHDWPHQW 7KLV ÁRRU GLVFXVVHV KRZ ZH FXUUHQWO WUHDW WKH HDUWK DQG WKH HOHPHQWV DQG WKH PRYHPHQWV WKDW DUH EHLQJ PDGH WR FOHDQ DQG WUHDW SUREOHPV 7KLV WKH ÀQDO GHVWLQDWLRQ of those wandering through the museum, acts as the point where people can see where the earth stands in its quest for cleanliness. TREATMENT Floor Plan 5HÁHFWHG HLOLQJ 3ODQ
  57. 57. The museum also has a supply The Experience of literature to be distributed, including promotional posters, pamphlets, and mailers. Mem- bership is also offered for the museum, allowing the public a way to donate money for the THE P R ECIP ICE The Precipice THE P RECIPICE the Elemntal Effect Water Elemental Museum FDXVH DQG UHFLHYH EHQHÀWV Hours: Monday - Thursday through the museum. 9:00 AM - 8:00 PM Friday - Sunday POSTAGE PAID BY ADDRESSEE CHICAGO, IL 60605 1 NORTHERLY ISLAND PRECIPICE MUSEUM BUSINESS REPLY MAIL 10:00 AM - 10:00 PM FIRST-CLASS MAIL SGO SGO Paul Wang Please visit our website for further information. Member www.precipice.com PERMIT NO. 0000 PRECIPICE MUSEUM 1 NORTHERLY ISLAND CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60605 CITY ST SGO SGO Cody Mallo Member UNITED STATES PRECIPICE MUSEUM NO POSTAGE NECESSARY IF MAILED 1 NORTHERLY ISLAND IN THE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60605 Water Elemental Museum Promotional Pamphlet Ashley Mallo Member PRECIPICE MUSEUM Would you like to know more? 1 NORTHERLY ISLAND CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60605 Simply fill out the information card below and mail it in for information regarding exhibits, membership, new technologies, job opportunities, guest LITERATURE speakers, and all other information privy Harness solar rays SGO SGO Becky Fixel to Precipice members. Mailings are free to everyone. You can also find more information at our website, www.preci- Member Directions Parking i i i pice.com. Public rental space available From the South: for private occasions. Gather geothermal energy PRECIPICE MUSEUM Take I-94 North to I-290 East. Take exit 1 to 1 NORTHERLY ISLAND Lake Shore Drive. Turn right onto Museum CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60605 Campus Drive. From the North: Capture the wind Solar Take I-94 South to I-290 East. Take exit 1 to Learn the power of the Lake Shore Drive. Turn right onto Museum sun and how to harness Campus Drive. tha that energy for use. Ride the tide Would you like to know more about the Precipice Museum? Would you like to get involved with the healing of the Earth? Would you simply like to get more mail? If so, please fill out this card From the West: Take I-290 East to exit 1, Lake Shore Drive. SGO SGO Turn right onto Museum Campus Drive. From the East: Ge Georthermal Explore how the natural Exp zip code Emily Mallo Member Take I-90/I-94 West to I-290 East. Take exit 1 heat of the earth can hea to Lake Shore Drive. Turn right onto Museum Campus Drive. create energy in your own cre home. hom Experience the effect of a cradle-to- Would you like to be added to our email list? Please check here. PRECIPICE MUSEUM cradle building, focused on the Earth P R EC IP ICE 1 NORTHERLY ISLAND Parking is located on Musuem Campus. All CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60605 bus lines and shuttles run directly to the Preci- Win Wind and how to use her elements for State pice Gateway entrance walk. Handicapped Wa Watch the wind turbines drop-off also available. col collect and create en- erg ergy. the betterment of mankind. City Tida Tidal Stroll the greenroof gate- Stro THE wa way for a chance to see tida tidal energy harvesting at Experience the only museum of its kind. work. wor Clint Smyth Member Sky Skyline View the magnificent Vie PRECIPICE MUSEUM Chi Chicago skyline and the 1 NORTHERLY ISLAND CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60605 Lak Lake Michigan horizon line from the Precipice’s greenroof deck. email address The Precipice Museum and send it in. Chicago, Illinois Address Name Membership Cards
  58. 58. Thank you to all my professors that pushed me to keep striving for more. Especially, thank you to Paul Wang for supporing me through- out the Master Thesis studio. His dedication to architecture, design, DQG WKH LQGLYLGXDO VWXGHQW LV D JUHDW LQÁXHQFH DQG ZLOO QRW EH IRUJRW- ten. Thank you to my understanding boyfriend, Clint Smyth, whose dedi- cation to education, architecture, and design mirrors my own. This made it easy to understand that sometimes homework was just more important to get done than going out. Thank you to all my friends who did not give me too much trouble when I had to cancel plans last minute. $QG ÀQDOO WKDQN RX WR P HQWLUH IDPLO LQG %UXFH -HUHP $VK- ley, Cody, Emily. Thank you for all of your support and understand- ing when I wasn’t able to come see all of your softball/baseball/foot- ball/track/gymnastics events because of this glorious work. I know you can see now that it was all worth it. I love you all and I sincerely thank you for your support. Without you all, I would not be here today. CREDITS
  59. 59. HARNESS THE HORIZON THE OR OR The Precipice Water Museum Jessica Mallo Graduate Project www.jrmallo.com jrmallo@yahoo.com

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