Mozambique Floods 2000

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Mozambique Floods 2000

  1. 1. Mozambique Floods 2000 Case study to highlight the physical and human causes of the flood and how the risk and effects of flooding are managed in an LEDC. You may have to compare this to the Mississippi flood.
  2. 2. Location: • Mozambique is located on the south- east coast of Africa. It is a relatively poor and undeveloped country
  3. 3. Physical & Human causes of the flood Physical Causes Human Causes Continuous heavy rain for more than 5 Destruction of the grasslands in the high weeks in Jan/Feb. plateaus of southern Africa which normally act to soak up rainfall and A total of 1163mm fell compared to an release it slowly into the rivers. average of 177mm! Draining of the wetlands along the rivers In late Feb hurricane Eline struck bringing for farming – these marshy areas normally more torrential rain. store floodwaters. Huge growth of urban areas in South Africa creating lots of impermeable areas.
  4. 4. Impacts of the flood • Many 1000s died, 1 million homeless, huge loss of personal possessions and livelihoods. • Disease and malnutrition were common in the months after the flood due to a lack of medical supplies, clean water and food. • The few bridges and roads that were in the country were washed away – economic and social problems.
  5. 5. How is the flood risk managed? Reduce flood risk Manage effects River flow monitoring stations funded by International aid from charities like the the EU were built to give people warning Red Cross and MEDC governments. about the floods, but the size of the floods washed these away so no warning US and UK army helped to rescue people was given to people. in helicopters. There is no major flood prevention Huge refugee camps were set up for the scheme or hard engineering in place homeless, but conditions in camps were because Mozambique can not afford it poor – no sanitation, little food and lack of medical supplies etc Poor infrastructure (lack of roads etc) made it difficult to transport supplies.

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